Wisbech & Fenland Museum Museum Square Tel 01945 583817 Wisbech



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Part of a page cut from the guest register of the Loire des Voyageurs at Good

Marseilles

2. Note explaining the origin of above. Dated January 1861 Good


CONTENTS:

1. Contains signature

2. Given to him by the manager of the inn


175

KEAN

FIRST NAME/S: Charles John


DATES: 1811 ? - 1868
OCCUPATION: Actor
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Dr. Elliotson

2. Unknown gentleman

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Second son of Edmund Kean. His parents separated and he quarrelled with his father. He settled on an acting career. His name opened up the stage to him and he made a fair start, soon reconciled and acting with his father. He married Ellen Tree and toured with her in America. As manager/actor at the Princess’s Theatre he became famous for a series of Shakespearian revivals. From 1863 - 1866 he went on a world tour and retired soon afterwards


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.169.1

169.2 (FILM 39: 1-2)


FORMER REFERENCE: IV.32
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Note: undated Good

2. Letter: dated 22.7.1841 Good
CONTENTS:

1. Declining an invitation.

2. Longer version of the above hoping to witness on a future occasion the ‘scene’ his friend has described to him.


176

KEATS
FIRST NAME/S: John
DATES: 1795 - 1821
OCCUPATION: Poet
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Benjamin Haydon
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

As a medical student in London he was introduced to Shelley by Leigh Hunt. Hunt published his first sonnets in the “Examiner”. Two collections of his poems and his long poem Endymion were published before he sailed for Italy where he died of Tuberculosis. His letters are some of the most celebrated in the English language.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.170.1 (FILM 39: 3)

170.2 (FILM 39: 4-5)


FORMER REFERENCE: III.37
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter dated at Hampstead 31.12.1817 Fragile

2. Poem (64 lines) Good

Supplementary transcription of above, undated Good


CONTENTS:

1. He desires Cripps’s direction. He cannot see him on Sunday as a friend is to come for the day. He will see him soon. Mentions meeting Wordsworth.

2. Entitled To Miss...


177

KEMBLE A.

FIRST NAME/S: Adelaide


DATES: 1814? - 1879
OCCUPATION: Vocalist /Author
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Youngest Daughter of Charles and Maria Theresa Kemble. Sang professionally for the first time in 1835. She sang in several European cities before her first appearance at Covent Garden in Nov. 1841 in “Norma.” She bade farewell to the stage in Dec. 1842 before she married. She found a new outlet in story writing. Her first series alone were successful. Some considered her the greatest English singer of the century.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.171
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.33
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at London 15.5. 1841 Good
CONTENTS:

Confirming the day and time when he was invited to call.




178

KEMBLE J. P.
FIRST NAME/S: John Philip
DATES: 1757 - 1823
OCCUPATION: Actor, the older brother of Charles Kemble and Mrs. Siddons
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Charles Polidori, Grandfather of Dante Gabriel Rossetti
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Studied for the Catholic priesthood in Douai as a young man but had no calling so took up the stage and gained vast experience in Wolverhampton, York and Edinburgh and in Dublin and Cork. He first acted in London at Drury Lane as Hamlet in Sept 1783. In the 19 years he remained with Drury Lane Theatre he presented over 120 characters. He then purchased a small share in Covent Garden and travelled abroad. His final appearance was as Coriolanus in June 1817. He died in Lausanne 6 years later.


REFERENCE: WISFM. 1890. 5
FORMER REFERENCE: V.33
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: undated Good

Given to the Wisbech and Fenland Museum, 1892, by Christina Rossetti.


CONTENTS:

He encloses a complimentary ticket for a new play and hopes to meet him the following Sunday.



179

KIALLMARK
FIRST NAME/S: George Frederick
DATES: 1804 - 1887
OCCUPATION: Musician
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown gentleman
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Especially remembered for his playing of Chopin’s works. In 1842 opened an academy for the study of the piano. He was a fine player but his compositions have not survived.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.172
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.30
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Percy Street 25.10? Good
CONTENTS:

He sends an arrangement of a song exactly as it was when the recipient played it.



180

KING
FIRST NAME/S: Edward King
DATES: 1735? - 1807
OCCUPATION: Miscellaneous Writer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown gentleman
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Erudite but eccentric writer of obscure works. His main work was Munimenta Antiqua, observations on ancient castles. He quarrelled with the Society of Antiquaries and with Louis Dutens


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.173 (FILM 39: 6-7)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.34
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Beckenham, Kent 22.7.1799 Good
CONTENTS:

He expresses appreciation for the book that he has been sent and encloses in return some small tracts he has written. A second edition of his book: The Morsels of Criticism is to be published and he will be sending a copy to his correspondent.




181

KITCHENER M.D.
FIRST NAME/S: William
DATES: 1775? - 1827
OCCUPATION: Miscellaneous Writer & Epicure
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Hessey
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Qualified to practise medicine only in Scotland and having a considerable inheritance he lived an independent life entertaining distinguished guests and pursuing scientific interests. He experimented in the culinary arts and his lunches and dinners were famous as were his weekly conversaziones. He was an intimate friend of Dr. John Haslam As well domestic economy he studied and wrote on Optics and the construction of telescopes. He had a taste for music and song.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.174
FORMER REFERENCE: III.38
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated 27.2.1824 Very Faded
CONTENTS:

Apologises he is too ill to attend the dinner but asks that Hessey will seek out and introduce himself to his friend Milford.


182



LA PLACE
FIRST NAME/S: Pièrre Simon, Marquis de
DATES: 1749 - 1827
OCCUPATION: Astronomer/Mathematician
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. M. le Baron Maurice

2. M. le Baron de Stael


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Prof. of Maths. At the Ecole Militaire, Paris. His work Celestial Mechanics 1799-1825 is a landmark in applied Maths. In his study of the gravitational attraction of spheroids he formulated the fundamental differential equation in physics which now bears his name.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.175.1

175.2
FORMER REFERENCE: II.44


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in French dated 22.9.1815 Good

2. Letter: in French dated at Paris 13.12.1814 Good

CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.

183

LALANDE
FIRST NAME/S: Joseph Jérôme, Le Français de
DATES: 1732 - 1807
OCCUPATION: Astronomer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Madame la Baronne
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

In 1751 he was sent to Berlin by the French Academy to determine the moon’s parallax. He became director of the Paris Observatory. He produced the most comprehensive star catalogue of his time (1801).


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.176
FORMER REFERENCE: II.40
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French dated at the College of France 7.6.1803 Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.



184

LAMARTINE
FIRST NAME/S:Alphonse Marie Louis de
DATES: 1790 - 1869
OCCUPATION: Poet/Statesman/Historian
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Best known work was his first volume of lyrical poems. He became a member of the provisional government in the 1848 revolution acting as minister of foreign affairs. He returned to literature and wrote the history of his time.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.177
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.31
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: undated Good
CONTENTS:

Accepts the invitation with double pleasure as he will be seeing his friend again and meeting Dickens.



185

LAMB
FIRST NAME/S: Charles “Elia” and Mary his sister
DATES: 1775 - 1834

1764 - 1847


OCCUPATION: Essayist

Writer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Hessey

2. Unknown gentleman
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He was a clerk in the East India Co. when he wrote Tales from Shakespeare with his sister Mary and other stories for children. He published his collected verse and prose in 1818 and was invited to join the staff of the “London Magazine”. His best known work followed, Essays of Elia written under his pseudonym.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.178.1

178.2 (FILM 39: 8)


FORMER REFERENCE: III.39
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated 2.2.1827 Good

2. Letter: dated at Enfield 9.9.1827 Good
CONTENTS:

1. He has been ill all winter and cannot visit

2. A cleverly contrived reply to someone who has asked his opinion of a poem. Started in the 3rd person he deliberately ends in the 1st person, demonstrating how quickly we become self-centred.

186

LAMENAIS
FIRST NAME/S: Félicité
DATES: 1782 - 1854
OCCUPATION: Priest & Writer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: M. Verre
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Essay on Indifference towards Religion brought him fame but his other writings combined Roman Catholicism with political liberalism and were condemned by the Pope in 1832. He sat in the Constituent Assemble till the coup which established Louis-Napoléon as dictator.
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.179.1

179.2
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.32


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Note: in French dated 20.6. ? Good

2. Slip of paper, Undated Good
CONTENTS:

1. You told me about a young man who interested you. If he is reliable and can write with some intelligence then you had better send him to me. Give me a note from yourself and have him deliver it into my hand.

2. Quotation from Confucius with brief explanation.


187

LANCE
FIRST NAME/S: George
DATES: 1802 - 1864
OCCUPATION: Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown gentleman
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Lance entered Haydon’s studio as a pupil under the age of 14 and remained there 7 years. When given an exercise of painting fruit he discovered his talent for still life in which he excelled throughout his career and for which he became renowned.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.180 (FILM 39: 9-10)
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.34
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: from Bloomsbury undated Good
CONTENTS:

He will keep his correspondent’s picture at his house until he comes to town and collects it. He has heard the Royal Academy will be very full this year and that a thousand pictures are to be returned- some by quite distinguished artists. His own is to be hung in the Octagon room with which he should be satisfied. It was sold before it left his house and he has an order to copy it for an even larger sum than the original.




188

LANDON (L.E.L.)
FIRST NAME/S: Elizabeth Letitia
DATES: 1802 - 1838
OCCUPATION: Poet
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Possibly Hessey
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

She was known by William Jerdan from childhood. Her first poem appeared in the Literary Gazette in 1820 and she was soon employed in doing reviews. She produced an incessant stream of poetry from year to year but was the subject of much rumour and innuendo. She also supported an impoverished family. Her marriage on the rebound from a broken engagement was not propitious. Her husband was the governor of Cape Coast Castle where after a few months she died in unexplained circumstances.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.181
FORMER REFERENCE: III.40
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: undated Faded, almost

illegible


CONTENTS:

A note accompanying some songs.



189

LANDOR
FIRST NAME/S: Walter Savage
DATES: 1775 - 1864
OCCUPATION: Author
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Chas. Dickens
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He was sent down from both Rugby School and Trinity College Oxford but despite this and his difficult character he became an outstanding Classicist. His major work is the prose dialogue Imaginary Conversations (1824-29)


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.182.1 (FILM 40: 1-2)

182. 2 (FILM 40: 3-4)

182.3
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.35
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: undated [late 1841] Good

2. Page of original MS with corrections Fragile/Torn

(Given to CHT by Miss Southey)

3. Lines, signed and dated 2.8. [1850] Good
CONTENTS:

1. Sent to Dickens on hearing of the death of his brother-in-law

2. As above

3 Written on the posthumous publication of Death’s Jest Book by Thos. Beddoes who had died the previous year, 1849. Refers to his Genius being the greatest since Shakespeare.

Supplementary transcription and annotation of the above letter.


190

LANDSEER
FIRST NAME/S: Sir Edwin Henry
DATES: 1802 - 1873
OCCUPATION: Painter & Sculptor
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Dr. Elliotson

2. Chas. Dickens


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Trained by his father to sketch animals from life he exhibited at the Royal Academy from the age of 13. Dogs and Deer were his main subjects often with a backdrop of the Scottish Highlands. In 1867 he modelled the bronze lions at the foot of Nelson’s Column in Trafalgar Square.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.183.1

183.2


WISFM 2003.49
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.36; IV.37
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Note: dated 28.12.1839 Good

2. Letter: undated Good

3. Card with printed portrait, erroneously dated 1874 Good

(Presented to the Wisbech and Fenland Museum by Mr. G.E. Cooke? 1874)
CONTENTS:

1. Regretfully refusing an invitation.

2. Due to a previous engagement he cannot be in town and attend the meeting to which Dickens had invited him.

3. Landseer at his drawing board.




191

LANSDOWNE
FIRST NAME/S: Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquis of, Earl of Shelburne
DATES: 1780 - 1863
OCCUPATION: Politician
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Mrs. Smythe Brown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He succeeded Pit as MP for Cambridge University in 1806. In 1852 was requested to form an administration but declined and served without office in the Aberdeen coalition.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.184 (FILM 9: 8-9)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.41
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Southampton 2.6.1805 Good
CONTENTS:

With flattering remarks as to their long friendship he hopes he and Lady Lansdowne will see her on their return to town. He asks her to tell her brother that he has received his letter. He extends an invitation in his wife’s name for her to visit them soon.




192

LAVATER
FIRST NAME/S: Johann Kaspar
DATES: 1741 - 1801
OCCUPATION: Physiognomic
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Also Theologian and writer. Became known through a volume of poetry. Wrote a book with Goethe’s help which attempted to elevate Physiognomy into a science. Was fatally wounded while tending the injured at the capture of Zürich by Masséna


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.185.1 (FILM 40: 5-6)

185.2


185.3

185.4 (FILM 40: 7)


FORMER REFERENCE: II.41; II.42; II.43
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 4
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in German dated at Zurich 27.11.1784 Good

2. Card: with engraved border and inscription in Swiss German Good

dated 4.12.1796

3. Card: decorated, inscribed in Swiss German and dated 29.10.17 Good

4. Pen Drawing: mounted and signed Good


CONTENTS:

1. Awaiting translation.

2. Signed by Lavater for Maria Barbara

3. Initial ‘L’ in right lower corner

4. The drawing of an African head, labelled “rohe, sinnliche, hërte, crasse” - uncultured, sensual and harsh, in a word, crass. This is Lavater’s subjective view. The face would probably be described completely differently by a modern viewer.


193

LAVINGTON
FIRST NAME/S: John
DATES: 1690? - 1759
OCCUPATION:

Presbyterian Divine

(Not George the Bishop of Exeter 1684 - 1762 as surmised by CHT and others later)
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Rev. Philip Dodderidge.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Lavington was the only Presbyterian pastor in the Exeter area unaffected in his theology by the movement towards Arianism initiated by the publication of The Scripture Doctrine of the Trinity in 1712 by Samuel Clarke. In the subsequent controversy he took a leading part on the orthodox side. In 1718 he drew up the formula of orthodoxy which for 35 years remained the condition of ordination by the Exeter Assembly. In concert with the Congregationalists Lavington set up a Western Academy at Ottery St Mary in 1752 for the training of an orthodox ministry. In 1753 the assembly repealed the resolution of 1718 thus making belief in the Trinity an open question. By this time the ministers of Cornwall had left the assembly.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.186.1 (FILM 40: 8-9)

186.2 (FILM 9: 10; FILM 10: 1)

FORMER REFERENCE: I.26
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated at Exeter 16.1.1736 Fragile/Torn

2. Letter: dated at Exeter 6.8.1739 Fragile/Damaged

Supplementary Document


CONTENTS:

1. He was favoured to receive a letter from Dodderidge the previous day. Determined to set aside his sons for the ministry, he sent them for training to London over 2 years ago under a fellow student of his. Had he known more of Dodderige at that time he would have sent his sons to him at Northampton. One of them took ill and lingered till 6 months ago and died in the purposes of the disposer of all souls. He has sent some money to pay the debts of one of Dodderidge’s congregation.

He has had news by his son in London of the increase of Arianism in Boston NE. as a result of Clarke’s publication, though there has been a work of the Spirit among the people of New Hampshire.

He thanks Dodderidge for his recent published sermon, sends greetings to mutual friends and expresses a wish to hear news from him when occasion permits.

2. He thanks him for his compiling of his Family Expositer. He has sent his surviving son to Bridgewater as he was so ill that he had to go to him but he is now recovered. There has been general agreement in his area that the state of public affairs requires the dissenting churches to set a day when all throughout the Kingdom should fast and pray together. They have requested the London churches to make the date known.

194

LAVOISIER
FIRST NAME/S: Antoine Laurent
DATES: 1734 - 1794
OCCUPATION: Chemist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: M. Senebier, librarian at Geneva
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

The founder of modern chemistry in 1788 he showed that air is a mixture of gases which he named oxygen and nitrogen. He devised the modern method of naming chemical compounds and was on the commission that devised the metric system. He was guillotined on a contrived charge of counter revolution.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.187 (FILM 40: 10; FILM 41: 1)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.46
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French dated at Paris 30.6.1777 Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.



195

LAWRENCE
FIRST NAME/S: Sir Thomas
DATES: 1769 - 1830
OCCUPATION: Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENTS: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Portrait painter who had his own studio in Bath by the age of 12.He painted a full length portrait of Queen Charlotte and was patronized by George III. In 1820 he succeeded Benjamin West as president of the Royal Academy.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.188.1

188.2 (FILM 41: 2-3)


FORMER REFERENCE: IV.39
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated at Russell Square 14.1.1827 Good

2. Letter: undated but addressed from the Hotel de Londres Good
CONTENTS:

1. Requesting that the recipient come with his servant in his carriage to visit him for an hour or two. Whether for a sitting is not clear.

2. Requests his correspondent to try to persuade Mr. Horace Vernet to change his appointment time with Sir Thos. from the following Monday to any other day. He has been invited to dine with Lord and Lady Granville on that day and does not want to refuse them.

196

LAYARD
FIRST NAME/S: Sir Austen Henry
DATES: 1817 - 1894
OCCUPATION: Excavator of Nineveh/ Politician
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Miss Hogarth

2. Unknown

3. C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

One of the leading archaeologists of the nineteenth century he was also a diplomat, an art connoisseur and a man of letters. He was born in Paris of British parents and grew up in Florence, Italy. At the age of 19 he spent 3 years in a legal office and then in 1839 set off on his first expedition. He began his exploration of Mesopotamia at Mosul where he discovered his first ancient monuments. After a stay of 2 months in Baghdad he gained consent to explore the territory of the Bakhtiyarai tribe. In 1845 he began excavations at Nimrud UN earthing Assyrian legal monuments and cuneiform inscriptions which he concluded were the visible remains of Nineveh the capital city of the Assyrian empire. After eight years he returned to London (1847). A year later he went to Constantinople as an aide to Sir Stratford Canning and from there went on to complete his excavation of the ruins. His journeys ceased from 1851 and he went on to become a Member of Parliament for Aylesbury and to continue writing about what he had discovered.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.189.1

189.2 (FILM 41: 4-5)

189.3
FORMER REFERENCE: V.35
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3 + envelope
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated at Piccadilly 11.5.1860 Good

2. Letter: dated at Piccadilly 12.5.1860 Good

3. Letter: dated at Piccadilly 16.5.1860 Good


CONTENTS:

1. He is ashamed of his nearly illegible handwriting but cannot resist taking a new steel

pen and making the enclosed as decent a specimen of calligraphy as he can execute. It will scarcely be an addition to Mr Townshend’s collection.

2. He gives a long quotation which he describes as true Mohommedan philosophy


3. He is sorry to say he is engaged next Wednesday otherwise he would have enjoyed meeting their friend and having the satisfaction of dining with Townshend.

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