Wisbech & Fenland Museum Museum Square Tel 01945 583817 Wisbech



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Part of a letter pasted on card and dated at London, 31.1.1802 Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.



105

DESCARTES
FIRST NAME/S: René
DATES: 1596 - 1650
OCCUPATION: Philosopher and Geometrician
NAME OF RECIPIENT: The Rev. Father Mercenne
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Rationalist philosopher and mathematician He was anti scholasticism and conceived his task to be to re-found human knowledge on a basis secure from scepticism. Virtually founded co-ordinate or analytical geometry and made major contributions to optics.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.104 (FILM 6: 7-8)
FORMER REFERENCE: I.21
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in French, with margin, annotated, Fragile

(Not clear whether by the author or another hand) dated 17.11.1642

Published in? As Letter no. 113, tome 3, page 607.

Also with Stamped auctioneer’s mark (rosette with ‘D’ in centre) and no.409?

2. Auctioneers Document Cover


CONTENTS:

1. Awaiting translation.

2. Lot 78 Puttick & Simpson 7.8.1847


106

DESIZE
FIRST NAME/S: Raymond, Comte
DATES:
OCCUPATION: Defender of Louis Louis XVI before the Convention of 26.12.1792
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Le Chevalier d’ Isvernois?
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.103 (FILM 33: 8-9)
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.13
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1 + envelope
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Plombière 21.7.1825 Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.



107

DESNOYER

FIRST NAME/S: Charles


DATES:
OCCUPATION: French Theatre Manager /? Man of Letters
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Regnier
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.104 (FILM 33: 10; FILM 34: 1)
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.14
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Paris 4.9.1853. Written on the headed note paper of the Good

Ambigu - Comique
CONTENTS:

He writes on behalf of his “Pensionaire” Mlle. Muillier an artist of much talent who wishes to join the company of the Comédie Francaise.


108



DICKENS
FIRST NAME/S: Charles John Huffam
DATES: 1812 - 1870
OCCUPATION: Novelist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. C. H. Townshend

2. Dr. J. Elliotson

3. C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Began his career as a reporter in Doctors Commons and moved on to journalism in several newspapers. His first books Sketches by Boz and Pickwick Papers were published in1836. Many successful and popular novels followed. In his later life he gave public talks and wrote pamphlets plays and letters. One of Britain’s most successful authors of all time.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.105.1

105.2


105.3 (FILM 34: 2)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.23; 23 a & b
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: dated at Tavistock House, 17.5.1855 Good

Letter: from Devonshire Terrace, undated Good

Letter: dated at Devonshire Terrace 23.7. ? Good

Supplementary document


CONTENTS:

1. Signed inscription sent with a set of books

2. Accepts his invitation to dinner and to meet CHT. Supplies Forster’s address.

3. He will dine with Townshend but at what time? He is too busy even to be mesmerised!



109

DICKENS
FIRST NAME/S: Henry Fielding
DATES: 1849 -
OCCUPATION: Barrister
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 2. Curator of the Wisbech and Fenland Museum
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.47

2003.48
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.20a


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Note: dated 10.4.1945 Good

2. Letter: dated at Egerton Place 17.10.1905 Good
CONTENTS:

1. This Explanatory Note refers to a case now in the Wisbech and Fenland Museum. The then curator, Mr. Cope, wrote to Henry Dickens enquiring whether or not this was a personal relic of his father’s.

2. A similar case had been presented to his father but many more were subsequently made. The one in question probably belonged to CHT.


110

DODDERIDGE
FIRST NAME/S: Philip
DATES: 1702 - 1751
OCCUPATION: Eminent Non-Conformist Divine
NAME OF RECIPIENT: His wife, Mercy
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

The youngest and second surviving child of 20 siblings who lost his father at the age of 13. He desired to enter the dissenting ministry and was aided by Dr. Samuel Clark Presbyterian minister in St. Albans who paid for his education at the Presbyterian academy run by John Jennings in Kibworth, Leics. He began his ministry there in 1723 but was not ordained until 1730 by which time he was principal of a new dissenting college for ministers in Northampton. He did much to unite non-conformity and attacked bigotry. He was a hymnologist second only to Watts. He died and was buried in Lisbon while on a visit to friends.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.106.1 (FILM 34: 3)

106.2 (FILM 34: 4)

106.3
FORMER REFERENCE: I.22
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated at London 18.8.1748 Stained &

Fragile

2. Letter: dated 26.7.1734 Good/Stained



3. Print of engraving Good

CONTENTS:

1. Written in affectionate terms with details of his visits to friends who send her greetings. Gives the day of his return.

2. Intentions of his return journey at the end of which he will be pleased to see her.

3. Portrait with crest


111

DRAKE
FIRST NAME/S: Nathan
DATES: 1766 - 1836
OCCUPATION: Essayist and Physician
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Apprenticed to a general practitioner in York he finished his medical studies in Edinburgh and settled in Sudbury in Suffolk where he became a lifelong friend of Dr. John Mason Good. He moved to Hadleigh where he lived for the rest of his life. His essays were numerous but a more ambitious work was Shakespeare and his Times.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.107 (FILM 6: 9-10)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.21
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Hadleigh 12.2.1827 Good
CONTENTS:

He is sending a note of introduction for CHT to the publishers Longman & Co. and wishes him success.



112

DUCAREL
FIRST NAME/S: Andrew Coltee
DATES: 1713 - 1785
OCCUPATION: Antiquary
NAME OF RECIPIENT: The Rev. Mr. Byrch of Canterbury
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Normandy but brought up in Greenwich. From his youth he was devoted to the study of antiquities. Elected a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in 1737; became a fellow of The Royal Society in 1762. Appointed keeper of the library at Lambeth. He digested and methodised the State Papers at Whitehall with Ayloffe and Astle.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.108.1 (FILM 34: 5-6)

108.2 (FILM 34: 7-8)

108.3
FORMER REFERENCE: V.22
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated at Doctors Commons 15.7.1760 Good

2. Receipt: dated 31.7.1773 Good

3. Print of engraving Good


CONTENTS:

1. To which of the Monasteries at Canterbury did the ground belong? He will, when informed, make a search for the original grant.

2. Signed by Ducarel, Astle and Airlift for a quarter’s wages.

3. Portrait of Ducarel showing his blind eye.




113

DUMAS (père)
FIRST NAME/S: Alexandre
DATES: 1802 - 1870
OCCUPATION: Novelist and playwright
NAME OF RECIPIENT: M. Verteuil of letter and all 3 notes
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He wrote the History of France into novels. He spent 2 years in exile in Brussels and helped Garabaldi in Italy.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.109.1

109.2


109.3

109.4
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.15


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 4
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in French, undated - from LEGOUVÉ Good

2. Note in French - from DUMAS Good

3. Note in French - from GOZLAN Good

4. Note in French - from LECOMTE Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.



114

DUTENS
FIRST NAME/S: Louis
DATES: 1730 - 1812
OCCUPATION: Antiquarian & Philosopher
NAME OF RECIPIENT: M. Senebier [Librarian in Geneva]
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

French Huguenot who chose to live in England. He took Orders in the English Church in order to serve as chaplain to the English Embassy in Turin. Wrote a 6 volume life of Leibnitz in 1768. The Duke of Northumberland became his lifelong patron and he was given the living of Elsdon. He was an F.R.S. and Historiographer to the King, George III.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.110 (FILM 34: 9-10)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.25
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French, dated in London 5.7.1783 Good
CONTENTS

Awaiting translation.



115

EASTLAKE

FIRST NAME/S: Sir Charles Lock


DATES: 1793 - 1863
OCCUPATION: Painter and President of the Royal Academy
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Director of the National Gallery from 1855. Made his name with 2 full length portraits of Napoleon sketched while Napoleon was a prisoner on H.M.S. Bellerophon in Portsmouth harbour in 1815.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.111
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.21
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at London 18.5.1847 Good
CONTENTS:

He has not forgotten the request for a small painting and will supply it when he has one ready.




116

EDGEWORTH M.
FIRST NAME/S: Maria
DATES: 1767 - 1849
OCCUPATION: Novelist
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Wrote collections of Tales to illustrate her father’s philosophy of education and later wrote novels of fashionable life. She managed her father’s Irish estates which viewed with Anglo-Irish detachment. She helped establish the social novel, and was also the first English novelist to create recognisable child characters


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.112 (FILM 7: 1-2)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.24
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Poem of 68 lines, signed and dated October 1821 Good
CONTENTS:

Entitled: “Pregny” and addressed to Mde. Emily Moilliet whose husband was now the owner of the villa of that name which was once owned by the Empress Josephine. She recalls its former history and glory when filled with domestic happiness and frequented by royalty. She calls upon Emily to use her skills to paint a picture of the house which will recall to her such happy and enriching times spent within it.



117

EDGEWORTH R.

FIRST NAME/S: Richard Lovell


DATES: 1744 - 1817
OCCUPATION: Irish M.P. / Estate Owner/ Educationalist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: James Keir Esq. of Birmingham
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Father of Maria Edgeworth. He was an admirer of the French philosopher, Rousseau. His work as an amateur inventor included reclamation of bogs in Ireland and improved road building. He invented an early form of telegraph which lacked support. His name appears with that of his daughter in her early works.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.5.113 (FILM 7: 3-4)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.25
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated 29.8. ? Good
CONTENTS:

Having read an extract from the recipient’s new book he writes to congratulate him on his success. He says that his son will call on him when next in the area


118



EDWARDES
FIRST NAME/S: Sir Herbert Benjamin
DATES: 1819 - 1868
OCCUPATION: Major General in the Indian Army
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. C. H. Townshend

2. Major Edward Lake


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Hero of a siege of rebel tribesmen along with Lake’s assistance. He was described by his superior officer (Henry Lawrence): “Since the days of Clive no one has done as Edwardes.” This was the high point of Edwards’s life and the action upon which his fame rested.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.114.1

114.2
FORMER REFERENCE: III.26


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: Dated 26.7. ? Good

2. Final page from a letter. No date Good

CONTENTS:

1. To CHT from his cousin Edward Lake* who was a colleague of Major-general Edward’s in India. He encloses a page from Edwards’s last letter to him as he knows Townshend wanted his signature.

2. The extract from Edwards’s letter mentioned above in which he informs Lake about mutual friends and colleagues.

* For another reference to this cousin as a boy see Facts in Mesmerism by

CH. Townshend, Hippolyte Baillière, London, 1844, 2nd ed. pp.58-59.



119

EGG
FIRST NAME/S: Augustus Leopold
DATES: 1816 - 1863
OCCUPATION: Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Became a student at the Royal Academy in 1836. His first work of importance “The Victim”was exhibited in Liverpool and engraved in Gems of European Art. He became an Academician in 1860. Died during a tour in Africa.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.115
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.22
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1 + envelope
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note undated at Kensington Good
CONTENTS:

Acceptance of an invitation for 11th June




120

ELIZABETH I
FIRST NAME/S: Elizabeth
DATES: 1533 - 1603
OCCUPATION: Queen of England
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. & 3. Henri IV King of France
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Well educated and brought up in the Protestant faith. She was imprisoned by her sister Mary I in the Tower of London. Acceded to the throne in 1558. Mary’s Catholic legislation was repealed by her first minister Burghley and the Church of England fully established. Repression of Catholics led to the attempted invasion of England by the Spanish Armada which failed in 1588. At Elizabeth’s death the Tudor dynasty came to an end and the throne passed peacefully to the Stuart King James VI of Scotland.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.116.1 (FILM 26: 7)

116.2


116.3 (FILM 26: 8-9)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.26; I.23
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter in French, one page with seal dated at Greenwich, 3.7.1602 Good

2. Auctioneer’s document cover. Good

3. Letter: in French dated 1. 4 Two pages with watermark Fragile


CONTENTS:

1. Respecting the appointment of one Pierre Parry as an ambassador to Henri IV’s Court.

2. Lot 86, Puttick & Simpson, 7.7.1847.

3. Awaiting translation.



121

ELLIS
FIRST NAME/S: William
DATES: 1794 - 1872
OCCUPATION: Missionary and writer on Madagascar and Polynesia
NAME OF RECIPIENTS: 1. Unknown

2. A. Peckover esq.

3. Ditto

4. Ditto


5. Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

From 1816 to 1824 he served with The London Missionary on several Polynesian Islands. After his return to Britain he became chief foreign secretary to the mission. His “Polynesian Researches” was well received and favourably reviewed by Southey in the Quarterly Review. Ellis became editor of the Annual The Christian Keepsake. His first wife died and he married Sarah Stickney, who had some literary success of her own. Although retired from the mission the directors asked Ellis to visit Madagascar in 1852. There was concern over the persecution of Christians by Queen Ranavolona and interference by the French. The former caused Ellis many difficulties in three visits which he made to the island. His fourth visit which he made after the Queen’s death lasted 5 years during which time he helped to establish self-government, constitutional liberty and the freedom of the church. Connection with Wisbech.


REFERENCE: WISFM 1942.9.1 (FILM 7: 5-6)

9.2 (FILM 7: 7-8)

WISFM 2003.35.117.1

117.2 (FILM 7: 9-10)

117.3
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.16
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 5
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated at Newgate Street 10.3.1836 Good

2. Letter: 1.2.1832 Good

3. Note of thanks: undated, from 50 Albermarle Street Good

4. Letter: dated at London 18.3.1836 Good

5. Letter: dated at Hoddesdon 25.9.1847 Good

Supplementary documents
CONTENTS:

1. Regarding obtaining a portrait of Thomas Clarkson to make an engraving to be inserted in The Christian Keepsake.

2. Letter accompanying books sent to A. Peckover.

3. He would like to receive any notices in the Wisbech press about the recent breakfast he attended.

4. Thanking subscribers to Mr. Clarkson’s picture for permission to take an engraving from it. Giving the engravers’ guarantee that all care will be taken of it and any damage paid for. Could the portrait be packed and sent as soon as possible and could he be sent a short biographical sketch of Clarkson.

5. Regarding a candidate in a coming election. His vote is already committed elsewhere.




122

ENNERMOSER
FIRST NAME/S: Joseph
DATES: 1787 - 1854
OCCUPATION: Austrian writer on Medicine and Philosophy
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

For many years a Professor at Bonn where he published a work on Animal Magnetism. He visited London in May 1850. See also file for MAYO


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.118
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.17
NO. O F DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: in German dated 15.5.1848
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.



123

ETTY
FIRST NAME/S: William
DATES: 1787 - 1849
OCCUPATION: Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Mr. Wethered
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Determined to be a painter from early childhood he first completed his apprenticeship as a printer and then with the help and support of his family studied painting at the Academy school at Somerset House, under Collins and Haydon. He achieved some success of a plodding kind. After a short trip to Italy in 1816 his career took off. He continued to study art all his life even when producing masterpieces. Not till his last years did he benefit financially. His brother Walter supported him with money all his life.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.119
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.23
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at York 30.6.1848 Good
CONTENTS:

It is raining and he has little strength. He expects to go to Scarborough in the early part of the week so he advises his friend not to come to him in York till later. He looks forward with pleasure to walking with him in the Minster




124

FARADAY
FIRST NAME/S: Michael
DATES: 1791 - 1867
OCCUPATION: Chemist/ Experimental Physicist/ Natural Philosopher
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

In 1813 he was engaged by Sir Humphrey Davy as his assistant at the Royal Institution. In 1827 he succeeded to Davy’s chair of chemistry. His major work is the series “Experimental Researches on Electricity” (1839-1855) covering a wide range of discoveries unparalleled in the history of pure experimental science up to his day.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.120
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.24
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at The Royal Institution 17.11.1857 Good
CONTENTS:

Acknowledges receipt of Prince Napoleon’s report.




125

FARISH
FIRST NAME/S: William
DATES: 1759 - 1837
OCCUPATION: Jacksonian Professor of natural and experimental philosophy at Cambridge
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He was the first person who sought to apply chemistry to the arts and manufacturing and to combine with its study practical aspects of mechanics and engineering.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.121 (FILM 8: 1-2)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.23
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Cambridge 30.9.1823
CONTENTS:

Informal and friendly assurance that after much effort he has arranged the transport that Townshend required.



126

FAUCIT
FIRST NAME/S: Helen, afterwards Lady Martin
DATES: 1817 - 1898
OCCUPATION: Actress
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown Gentleman
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Acted with William Macready at Covent Garden Theatre in the 1840s. She was immensely popular as a person as well as a star and a favourite of Macready.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.122
FORMER REFERENCE: III.27
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: dated at Brompton Square 14.3. ? Good/Faded
CONTENTS:

Thanks for his compliance with a request made to him.




127

FÉLIX
FIRST NAME/S: Rebecca
DATES: 1825 - 1854
OCCUPATION: Sister of Mademoiselle Rachel, Tragedienne and actor in her own right
NAME OF RECIPIENT: M. Verteuil
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Favourite sister of the “Greatest tragedienne of our age” Rachel Félix. She was from a poor Jewish family and became the star of the Theatre Français in Paris in the 1850s. She had a feted and brilliant career and later performed in the USA. Rebecca followed her sister on to the stage in comedy and dramatic roles. Her career had hardly begun when her health broke down and she died in 1854, aged 26. Rachel died aged 36 in 1857

See Memoirs of Rachel by Madame de B., Hurst and Blackett, 2 vols. 1858. For Rebecca see Vol. 2, p.169ff
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.123
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.19
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: undated Good
CONTENTS:

Request to the manager of the theatre asking for two tickets.



128

FIELDING
FIRST NAME/S: Anthony Vandyke Copley
DATES: 1787 - 1855
OCCUPATION: Water Colour Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Mrs.

2. Mr. Wethered jnr. Esq.


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

One of the most fashionable drawing masters of his day. He devoted himself to the Water Colour Society whose president he was from1831 to his death. Had his greatest success painting the Sussex Downs. He never went abroad.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.124.1

124.2 (FILM 35: 1)

FORMER REFERENCE: IV.25
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S CONDITION:

1. Note: Good

2. Letter: at London 9.7.1842. Good
CONTENTS:

1. Encloses the bill for her lessons including the amount for the drawing which her husband wishes to keep.

2. His drawing will be returned as soon as it comes from the gallery. Would his remittance be by bank order as cash is not safe in the post? Could the balance be sent by post office order as he is leaving London until next spring?


129

FOSTER
FIRST NAME/S: John
DATES: 1812 - 1876
OCCUPATION: Critic/Historian/Biographer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. & 2. C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Though he studied law at University College and was called to the bar at the Inner Temple in 1843 his life was spent in literary pursuits. He was for ten years editor of The Examiner. His writing was prolific and his relationships in Victorian society vast. His final work was a 3 volume biography of Dickens who had been a lifelong friend


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.125.1

125.2
FORMER REFERENCE: V.24; III.28


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2 + envelope
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated at London 29.7.1848 Good

2. Note: dated 1.7.185 6 Good
CONTENTS:

1. Acceptance of an invitation to dinner.

2. Agrees with pleasant anticipation to meet with him on 17th at 7 o’clock. And describes CHT in enigmatic terms: “that excellent man who has helped to do so much for us, where we needed it so much.”


130

FOX C. J.
FIRST NAME/S: Charles James
DATES: 1749 - 1806
OCCUPATION: Statesman
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Mr. Holmes, coachmaker, of Long Acre.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Became a liberal MP aged 19. In 1772 resigned over American policy. He was foreign secretary in 1782, 1783 and 1806. He supported the French Revolution and strongly opposed the war with France.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.126 (FILM 35: 2-3)
FORMER REFERENCE: I.24
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Cheltenham 17.7.1804 Stained
CONTENTS:

He requires a carriage to be sent to him as soon as possible for rent during his three week stay.



131

FOX W.
FIRST NAME/S: William Johnson
DATES: 1786 - 1864
OCCUPATION: Preacher/Politician/Author
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Dr. Elliotson
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Largely self-educated and winner of minor literary prizes he trained for the independent ministry at the Hommerton College and his first congregation was at Fareham. By 1812 he had adopted Unitarian beliefs. With much effort he became a consummate rhetorician. His sermons stimulated controversy. He wrote more and more for the critical reviews. He became editor of the Monthly Repository the magazine of the Unitarians. In 1831 he purchased the copyright and made it an organ of political and social reform. Hazlitt pronounced Fox superior to Irving as a preacher. Bulwer, Talfourd, Forster, Macready and Browning were among his intimate friends. He joined the Anti Corn Law League and was elected M.P. for the working class constituency of Oldham and his later exertions were mainly confined to Parliament. The great aim of his life was to benefit the classes from which he had sprung.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.127
FORMER REFERENCE: V.1
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: dated at Bedford Square 12.3.1850. Good
CONTENTS:

Requesting that the doctor call on him as he is not well.




132

FRANCIS I
FIRST NAME/S: Francis
DATES: 1494 - 1547
OCCUPATION: King of France
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

As Count de Angoulême he succeeded Louis XII as King. He combined many of the aspects of medieval chivalry with the Renaissance prince. The dominant feature of his reign being his rivalry with the Emperor Charles V.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.128 (FILM 8: 3)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.27
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Document: in old French dated at Fontainebleu in December? Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.




133

FRANKLIN
FIRST NAME/S: Sir John
DATES: 1786 - 1847
OCCUPATION: Arctic Explorer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Joined the navy at 14 and was present at the battle of Trafalgar. He became governor of Van Dieman’s Land (Tasmania) from 1834 to 1845. He then led an expedition to find the Northwest Passage. He received the credit for this discovery although he and his crew perished. Their remains, along with a document detailing their expedition, were not discovered until 1858.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.129 (FILM 35: 4)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.29
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1 + envelope
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Portland Place 15.6.1830 Good
CONTENTS:

Thanks Townshend for the sonnets he has sent him on the unsuccessful expeditions to find a Northwest Passage and invites him to an evening party on the following Saturday.




134

FREDERICK WILLIAM II
FIRST NAME/S: Frederick William
DATES: 1744 - 1797
OCCUPATION: King of Prussia
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Provost of Geneva
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Reigned from 1786 - 1797. Son of Frederick The Great and father of Frederick William III


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.130 (FILM 35: 5)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.29
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French, dated at Breslau 25.8.1782 Good
CONTENTS:

Asking him to name someone to replace him when he leaves his post of Provost.



135

FREDERICK AUGUSTUS
FIRST NAME/S: Frederick Augustus, Duke of York
DATES: 1763 - 1827
OCCUPATION: Soldier
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Col. Ferrers
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

The ‘Grand old Duke’ of nursery rhyme fame. Second son of George III. British Commander- in-Chief (1798-1809). His reform of the army proved of lasting benefit especially to Wellington.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.131 (FILM 35: 6)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.28
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Stable Yard 7.11.1821 Good
CONTENTS:

Respecting a guard of honour to receive the King upon landing at Greenwich the next day.




136

FRIPP
FIRST NAME/S: Alfred Downing
DATES: 1822 - 1895
OCCUPATION: Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

English Watercolorist


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.132
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.26
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: dated at Golden Square 31.7.? Good
CONTENTS:

Enclosed with the copy of the sketch which he had ordered. Mr Fripp had painted it for the named sum of £8.




137

GALL
FIRST NAME/S: Franz Joseph
DATES: 1758 - 1828
OCCUPATION: Phrenologist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

As a physician in Vienna he evolved a theory along with his pupil Spurzheim in which a person’s characteristics and traits were traced to particular areas of the brain. His lectures were popular but he was driven out of the city, accused of teaching materialism. They went to Paris and from there Spurzheim took the practice of Phrenology to England and America and Gall returned to Vienna.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.133 (FILM 35: 7)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.42
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Rough Paper: with money sums in pencil on reverse. Note in French Good

dated at Paris 2.8.1815


CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.



138

GARRICK

FIRST NAME/S: David


DATES: 1717 - 1779
OCCUPATION: Actor/ Theatre Manager / Playwright
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 2. George, his brother in Bath.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Won fame playing Richard III. Dominated the English stage for 30 years. As manager of Drury Lane theatre he introduced innovations in lighting and scenery.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.134.1

134.2 (FILM 35: 8-9)

FORMER REFERENCE: I.25
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Playbill: dated 14.11.1767 Good

2. Letter: dated at Drury Lane Theatre 12.12.1775, after he had played

Hamlet + envelope

CONTENTS:

1. For Garrick playing in Zara etc.

2. Thanks his brother for his letter. He has just come off the stage from playing Hamlet and his hand is trembling so he can hardly write with a bad pen. Johnson is in a bad humour. He is to play The Cholerick Man Monday next and intends to give it his best shot. Both his brother’s sons are well. Mr. Carrington is coming to see him when he is better. He wonders why. Foote has arrived in good spirits and has asked after him.
139

GEORGE III
FIRST NAME/S: George
DATES: 1738 - 1820
OCCUPATION: King of England
NAME OF RECIPIENT: The Chief Justice of the Isle of Ely
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Eager to govern as well as reign he caused considerable friction. Along with Lord North was responsible for the loss of the American colonies. In 1810 he suffered the recurrence of a mental illness and the Prince of Wales was made Regent.


REFERENCE: WISFM. 1942.11.1 (FILM 20: 5-6)
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.20
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Conditional Pardon with seal, dated the Court of St. James 24.11.1785 Good

Presented to the museum by the Hon. Alexandrina Peckover on 24.1.1942


CONTENTS:

Life sentence for sheep stealing commuted to one year with hard labour in the Isle of Ely House of Correction for Samuel Barrett.




140

GEORGE IV
FIRST NAME/S: George
DATES: 1762 - 1830
OCCUPATION: King of England
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Justices for the Isle of Ely
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Became Prince Regent in 1810. Rebelled against a strict upbringing and went through a form of marriage ceremony with Mrs. Fitzherbert a Roman Catholic, which was later declared invalid. In 1795 he married princess Caroline of Brunswick who he tried to divorce when he was King. Her death in 1821 ended a scandal in which the people sympathised with the Queen.


REFERENCE: WISFM 1855.35.1 (FILM 21: 1-2)

35.2 (FILM 21: 3-4)

35.3 (FILM 20: 7-8)

35.4 (FILM 20: 9-10)


FORMER REFERENCE: VI. 21 & 22
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 4

Presented to the Wisbech & Fenland Museum in July 1855 by T.S.Watson esq. deputy chief bailiff of the Isle of Ely


TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Conditional Pardon dated at the Court of St. James 16.4.1828 Torn

2. Conditional Pardon dated at the Court of St. James 15.5.1829 Stained

3. Conditional Pardon dated at Windsor 31.5.1830 Good

4. Conditional Pardon dated at Windsor 31.5.1830 Good
CONTENTS:

1. Sentence of death for William Caster and Isaac Quince commuted to transportation to New South Wales for life, Robert Newsam for 14 years and William Newman and Joseph Letteridge for 7 years.

2. Sentence of death for Walter Baker, John Mansey, and Isaac Mason commuted to transportation to New South Wales

3. Sentence of death commuted to transportation to New South Wales or Van Diemen’s Land for William Thompson and 4 others

4. Sentence of death commuted to two years imprisonment for James Chamberlain and to six months for Henry Smith.


141

GESSNER
FIRST NAME/S: Salomon
DATES: 1730 - 1788
OCCUPATION: Painter and Poet
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Pastoral Poet who also painted and engraved landscapes. He ran a publishing house in Zurich publishing books he had written and illustrated himself. His engravings are of real merit.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.135 (FILM 35: 10)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.31
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in German dated 24.7.1762 Good

Documents in supplementary file.


CONTENTS:

Concerning publication of a script, possibly on the subject of Shakespeare.


142



GIBBON
FIRST NAME/S: Edward
DATES: 1737 - 1794
OCCUPATION: Historian/Author
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Mr. Francis Hugonin of Petersfield
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Famous for his 5 volume work The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire written between 1776 and 1788


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.136.1 (FILM 8: 4-5)

136.2


136.3

FORMER REFERENCE: III.30


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated at Lausanne 19.5.1784 Stained

2. Attached to the above is an extract (clipping) from an original letter

written by Gibbon and published in his Letters I, p168 Good

3. Card (a) with Note (b) dated 8.5.1791 and a further Note (c),

not in Gibbon’s hand, dated at Guildford in 1822 Good


CONTENTS:

1. He gives instructions about the payment of accounts to the recipient who seems to be his accountant or at least in charge of his financial affairs and his property while he is abroad. He describes his comfortable and pleasant situation in Lausanne. He says that he has “vigorously resumed the prosecution of his history.”

2. In the above letter he mentions C.J. Fox and in this extract he describes Fox’s visit to him in Lausanne in September 1788 and comments on his character.

3. “Concerning the Latin history of Thuanus” (a); “The manuscript of Gibbon” (b); “written by Dodson tutor and chaplain to Lord Sheffield”(c).



143

GIFFORD
FIRST NAME/S: William
DATES: 1756 - 1826
OCCUPATION: First editor of the Quarterly Review, (1809 - 1824)
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown in Tunbridge Wells
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Orphaned as a child he achieved an Oxford education through patronage. He possessed much satirical acerbity, little merit as a poet and as a critic was unduly biased.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.137 (FILM 8: 6-7)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.27
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Cowes 20.9. ? Damaged/ Stained

From which all personal names have been obliterated.

CONTENTS:

Tongue in cheek account of a visit first to some friends who were not at home in the remote village where he had promised to spend a few days with them. Post being delivered only once a week it finally reached him. He then set off for the Isle of Wight taking with him Douglas (?) who made his journey miserable by his continually quoting juvenile poetry in his ear, being impertinent to the people, insolent to the waiters and a mountebanke to everybody. His correspondent who is having problems during his stay, taking the waters at Tonbridge Wells is not having half the sufferings that he has been experiencing for 10 days! His host on the Island has gone sailing and left him behind as he is ill with a fever, a head cold and an inflammation of the eye. Apart from this it seems a nice place - the views are good! The rent is low and it would benefit him to leave Tonbridge Wells and come and join them in Cowes. He enquires after his friend’s lady companions. Does one take the waters and does the other ever ask after him? Do come and join them. He has made a great effort to write this with a bandage over one eye!



144

GIRARDIN

FIRST NAME/S: Emile de


DATES: 1806 - 1881
OCCUPATION: Author
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Chas. Dickens
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

French journalist, he was editor of La Presse 1836 - 56 and 1862 - -66, La Liberté 1866 - 70 and La France in 1874. Actively interested in politics and social betterment, he served for a time in the Chamber of Deputies. He also wrote plays and novels.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.138 (FILM 36: 1)
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.23
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French dated at 81 Champs Elyseé 26.2.[1856] Good
CONTENTS:

An invitation to Mr. & Mrs. Dickens to dine with him and to meet Mrs. and Miss Lowe and Mlle.George Sand. The dinner is described in Forster’s Life of Dickens Vol. III, p.116.




145

GLOUCESTER
FIRST NAME/S: William Frederick, 2nd Duke of, nephew of George III
DATES: 1776 - 1834
OCCUPATION: Army Officer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown lady
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He was born in Rome and attended Trinity College Cambridge. He received the degree of LL.D. in 1796.he entered the army with a captain’s commission in 1789 and advanced to the rank of Field Marshal in 1816. He was made a Privy Councillor. He was nominated in 1833 Crown Trustee of the British Museum. He took little part in politics but distinguished himself by his advocacy of the rights of the Negro both in parliament and as president of the Africa Institution. During the Regency he acted with the opposition. He took the side of the queen during the parliamentary proceedings against her. He supported Catholic emancipation but voted against the reform bill in 1832. He was married (1816), without issue, to Princess Mary, daughter of George III.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.139.1 (FILM 8: 8-9)

139.2 (FILM 8: 10; FILM 9: 1)


FORMER REFERENCE: III.31
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: Dated at Gloucester House 21.7.1813 Good

2. Letter: Dated at Gloucester House 24.6.? Good
CONTENTS:

1. Acknowledgement of a letter informing him of the sudden and premature departure of Miss Brooke.

2. Acknowledging a letter and a receipt received and thanking Miss Brooke for the message received.

146

GOETHE
FIRST NAME/S: Johann Wolfgang von
DATES: 1749-1832
OCCUPATION: Poet
NAME OF RECIPIENTS: 2.Curator of Wisbech and Fenland Museum

3. Probably the Grand Duke Saxe Weimar


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He trained as a lawyer and became privy councillor to, and a steadying influence upon, the young Duke of Weimar, the small principality where Goethe settled for the rest of his life. Prolific writer of poetry and novels. He had a towering influence on German literature.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.140.1(1-3)

140.2 (FILM 36: 2-3)

140.3 (FILM 36: 4)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.32
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 5
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. 3 Slips of Paper: one dated 14.1.1831 Good

2. Letter in German, signed by Goethe, dated at Jena 15.4.1817 Good

3. Paper containing 7 Lines of Poetry, signed by Goethe, Torn

dated at Weimar, 29.5.1823.

Supplementary documents


CONTENTS:

1. Containing examples of Goethe’s signature

2. Addressed to “Your Excellency” describing a theatrical performance he has seen. He also refers to “our scientific matter.” Maybe a reference to a bar of platinum sent to him by the Russian Emperor.

3. A stanza from a work entitled “Antworten bei einem gesellschaftlichen Fragespiel” and is called “Die Dame” (See Goethe’s Sammtliche Werke, 1850 vol. I, p.34).



147

GOOD
FIRST NAME/S: John Mason
DATES: 1764 - 1827
OCCUPATION: Physician/Miscellaneous writer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Bensley, publisher
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Apprenticed to a general practitioner he followed this with further studies in London. Only later in life did he gain a degree in medicine and become a member of the Royal College of Physicians. He was proficient in many languages and wrote on topics, medical, classical and religious. His works displayed “extensive erudition, considerable judgment and some taste” yet they were “extremely dull and uninteresting” (DNB).


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.141 (FILM 9: 2-3)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.33
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION

Letter: dated 12.8.1814
CONTENTS:

List of books he requires for the next volume of [Dodsley’s] New Annual Register.




148

GRATTAN

FIRST NAME/S: Thomas Colley


DATES: 1792 - 1864
OCCUPATION: Author
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Gustave Wappers
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Ireland he also lived in France and the newly created state of Belgium where he was in the service of King Leopold and under whose influence he was sent as consul to the British state of Massachusetts in 1839. Here he was involved in negotiations over border disputes. In 1846 he resigned his consulship in favour of his son. He returned to England where he resided until his death. Throughout his life he wrote many travel books and historical tales and contributed to reviews and magazines on the continent and in America.“Highways and Byways or Tales of the Roadside” written in 1823 was his most popular work.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.142 (FILM 36: 5)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.26
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Anvers 8.3.1838 Good
CONTENTS:

He requests that M.Wappers, who was an artist, send the sketch for a publication as soon as possible.



149

GRAY
FIRST NAME/S: Thomas
DATES: 1716 - 1771
OCCUPATION: Poet
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Mary Antrobus

2. & 3. Leonard Whibley, Fellow of Pembroke College,

Cambs. and editor of the Correspondence of Thomas Gray
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Educated at Eton and a friend of Horace Walpole with whom he travelled in Europe. Many of his poems were written in Stoke Poges. It was here, where his mother lived, that he wrote his Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard in 1750 which made him the foremost poet of his time. He was offered the laureateship after Colley Cibber in 1757 but turned it down. His appointment of Prof. of Modern History at Cambridge was a sinecure. The rest of his life was not very productive.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.143.1 (FILM 9: 4-5)

FORMER REFERENCE: II.30


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated 29.7.1768 Stained/Repaired


Supplementary documents one page of Notes by Leonard Whibley of Cambridge University regarding the details of the letter and its provenance. Discussion on the provenance of the letter and about the seal on the letter, a gift to Gray engraved with the Figure of Justice.

Annotations by Whibley on the people mentioned by Gray in his letter and information on the letter’s history.


CONTENTS:

He informs his cousin of the appointment he has just received from the Duke of Grafton as Professor of Modern History at Cambridge with which he is surprised and delighted. He wishes her to spread the news among his friends. At the end of the letter he makes a short list of names who appear to have been contenders for the post.



150

GREATHEED
FIRST NAME/S: Bertie Bertie
DATES: 1759 - 1826
OCCUPATION: Dramatist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Grandson of the 2nd Duke of Ancaster. Resided in Italy in his twenties where he contributed to a group who printed his pieces in their private miscellany.

A blank verse tragedy by him was performed at Drury Lane in 1788 and failed after nine nights, despite its backing by Kemble and Mrs. Siddons.
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.144
FORMER REFERENCE: V.28
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Garstone Hereford, 23.10.1820 Good
CONTENTS:

Apologises that he has missed Townshend’s visit to West Bromwich as he is away staying with Mr. And Mrs. People. He hopes that he will soon be able to entertain him at Guy’s Cliff [his house near Warwick].




151

GRÉTRY
FIRST NAME/S: André
DATES: 1741 - 1813
OCCUPATION: Composer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He taught singing in Geneva where he was helped and encouraged by Voltaire. Found success in Paris with a comedy The Speaking Picture. He went on to produce fifty operas. The publication of his complete works has been undertaken by the Belgian Government.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.145 (FILM 36: 6)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.34
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note in French Stained

CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.

152

GUIZOT

FIRST NAME/S: François Pierre Guillaume


DATES: 1787 - 1874
OCCUPATION: Historian and Statesman
NAME OF RECIPIENT: [Lady Calthorpe Gough]
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Prof. of history at the Sorbonne. Served as a minister under Louis XVIII and became his chief advisor in 1840. He relapsed into reactionary methods of government and fled with Louis-Philippe to London in 1848.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.146
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.24
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: dated 25.6.1848 Good
CONTENTS:

Regrets that he and Madame Chabaud and her daughters cannot accept the invitation of Lady Charlotte Calthorpe Gough due to a prior engagement.



153

HAMANN
FIRST NAME/S: Johann George
DATES: 1730 - 1788
OCCUPATION: German Philosopher and Author
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Königsburg he was an anti-enlightenment writer who profoundly affected Kierkegaarde’s thinking. He was a friend of Herder the philosopher and writer and was helped in his career by Emmanuel Kant. He visited London in 1757/58.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.147
FORMER REFERENCE: VI. 25
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

One Page: in Latin signed and dated 12.4.1787 Good
CONTENTS:

Two lines of a Latin quotation from Quintilian.



154

HAYDON
FIRST NAME/S: Benjamin Robert, Sir
DATES: 1786 - 1846
OCCUPATION: Historical Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Dr. Elliotson

2. C. H. Townshend


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He led a tragic life. Determined to paint from an early age he was moderately successful but he quarrelled with the Academy and his supporters and sponsors. He accumulated large debts which dogged him through most of his career and for which he was several times imprisoned. The last 10 years of his life were more successful when he lectured on art. Five of his children died. When an exhibition of a series to illustrate “The best government to regulate without cramping the liberties of mankind” failed he committed suicide. Of his two surviving adult sons one also committed suicide and the other went insane.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.148.1 (FILM 36: 7-8)

148.2 (FILM 36: 9-10; FILM 37: 1-2)


FORMER REFERENCE: IV.27; VI 28
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: without date or address Good

2. Letter of two pages with drawings Good
CONTENTS:

1. He wants him to meet the doctors who have been treating his 6 year old boy who has been ill all his life. He describes his symptoms and his suffering. The child improved under Dr. Darling’s treatment but only for a while and is now worse

2. Gives thanks that his son Frank has been saved through Dr Darling’s treatment. He is now on his feet but looks like a “sheeted ghost”. The second page, left barely used, Haydon filled with drawings of a spear wielding figure. 5 Sketches demonstrating the development of the picture.

155

HEBER
FIRST NAME/S: Reginald
DATES: 1783 - 1826
OCCUPATION: Bishop of Calcutta
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Miss Hill [part of the family of Rowland Hill]
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Brilliant Oxford scholar who won prizes for his poetry... Became rector of the living which was part of his country estate near Malpas in Shropshire. Excelled in his duties as a country clergyman. Bampton lecturer at Oxford in 1822 and in the same year preached at Lincoln’s Inn. He accepted the vacant see at Calcutta and travelled throughout India cheering and reconciling within the Church. He died suddenly in the midst of his duties. He published the first collection of hymns for the Christian Season in 1811 and a single volume of poetry in 1812.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.149 (FILM 37: 3-4)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.32
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: written at Hodnet [Salop.], undated Good
CONTENTS:

Afraid that he may receive undeserved notoriety not consistent with his reputation, he asks Miss Hill to say nothing about his verses which she copied and the hope he had expressed to her of their being published. That is for a future date. He would have trusted her discretion but was concerned that Mr. Townshend had also taken copies.



156

HEMANS
FIRST NAME/S: Mrs. Felicia Dorthea,
DATES: 1793 - 1835
OCCUPATION: Poet
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Jerdan esq.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

At the age of 14 her parents published her “Poems”. Despite harsh criticism she continued to write and publish and was admired by Shelley. She married at 19, had 5 children and then was, for reasons unknown, separated from her husband. She wrote prose essays and an unsuccessful tragedy produced at Covent Garden in 1823. Her poems were also published in America. Though popular at the time her work lacked depth of thought


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.150.1

150.2 (FILM 9: 6-7)


FORMER REFERENCE: IV.29
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter dated at Rhyllon St Asaphs 13.9. ? [1826] Good

2. MS of a poem Good
CONTENTS:

1. Having submitted lines in Memory of Bishop Heber she is submitting an altered copy.

2. Entitled “The Wounded Eagle” it is unsigned but a note in pencil attributes it to Mrs. Hemans.


157

HENRIETTE-MARIE
FIRST NAME/S: Henriette-Marie
DATES: 1609 - 1669
OCCUPATION: Queen of Charles I King of England
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Her brother the prince of Piedmont
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

The youngest child of Henri IV of France. Married Charles when aged 16. In 1642, under threat of impeachment she fled to Holland. A year later she returned to England. A daughter was born to her and the King during the Civil war. She fled to France in 1644. She visited England for two periods after the Restoration, but spent her remaining years in France


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.151 (FILM 37: 5)
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.26
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French dated at Henley 15.8.1629 Stained /Faded

See document in Supplementary File


CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.




158

HENRY IV
FIRST NAME/S: Henry of Navarre
DATES: 1553 - 1610
OCCUPATION: King of France
NAME OF RECIPIENT: unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born Henry of Navarre and brought up a Calvinist he became leader of the Protestant party. After the massacre of St Bartholomew he was spared by professing himself a Catholic, and for 3 years became a virtual prisoner of the French Court. In 1576 he escaped, revoked his conversion and resumed his command of the army in opposition to the Guises and the Catholic League. After the murder of Henri III he succeeded to the throne. In 1593 he became a Catholic again, unifying the country and by the Edict of Nantes Protestants were allowed freedom of conscience. He was assassinated by a religious fanatic


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.152 (FILM 37: 6)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.36
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French, signed but undated Faded
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.




159

HERAUD
FIRST NAME/S: John Abraham
DATES: 1799 - 1887
OCCUPATION: Writer and Journalist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Poet, dramatist and critic he also wrote for many and edited several periodicals. He was an intimate friend of the Carlyle’s and had many well-known acquaintances, among them Southey, Wordsworth, Coleridge and Lockhart.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.153 (FILM 37: 7)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.33
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Tavistock Square 10.9.1841. Good
CONTENTS:

Announcing that he will call the next Tuesday to converse a little on Mesmerism and will bring the dramatist Sheridan Knowles with him.




160

HERVEY
FIRST NAME/S: James
DATES: 1714 - 1758
OCCUPATION: Devotional Writer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown Lady
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

At Oxford he was tutored by John Wesley and was one of the early Oxford Methodists. His writings remained popular for a long time after his death. His Meditations and Contemplations went to 25 editions. His much more famous and much disputed work was Dialogues between Theron and Aspasio.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.154 (FILM 37: 8)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.35
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated 14.3.1756 Good
CONTENTS:

He desires information about a Mrs. Harrison who, he has been told is going to write a book, the nature, title and circumstances of which he knows nothing. He has also been told that the recipient can inform him about the same.


161

HOBHOUSE

FIRST NAME/S: John Cam, Baron Broughton


DATES: 1786 - 1869
OCCUPATION: Author and Statesman
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Intimate friend of Byron with whom he travelled through Spain and Portugal and on to Albania, Greece and Constantinople. He was best man at Byron’s wedding. They later travelled through Venice and Rome together. He became an MP in 1820 when he stood as an independent radical reformer and was active in that role for some years. He met Byron in Pisa in 1822 for the last time. As one of Byron’s executors he advised the burning of his Memoirs. He served in a variety of government posts until he retired in 1858 by which time he held Whig opinions, his radicalism having mellowed with age.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.155 a + b
FORMER REFERENCE: III.34
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1 + envelope
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter + envelope: dated at London 26.11.1827 Good
CONTENTS:

Acknowledging his receipt of Townshend’s letter and book of poems. He had spent a month with him at Rainsbury but had been away from London since that time.



162

HOOD
FIRST NAME/S: Thomas
DATES: 1799 - 1845
OCCUPATION: Poet and Journalist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown, probably Jerdan editor of the Literary Gazette.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Son of a bookseller and always of fragile health. Twice apprenticed he failed to complete his articles he turned to a literary career and was successfully launched by the publishers Taylor & Hessey, who were friends of his father. His success was due to his poetical powers combined with a unique humour and ability to play on words. Hard work, problems of debt and constitutional weakness led to his death at the age of 46.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.156.1 (FILM 37: 9-10)

156.2 (FILM 38: 1)


FORMER REFERENCE: III.35
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION

1. MS Poem of 3 pages (74 lines) with notes on the back Good

2. Letter: undated Good

Supplementary document. Annotations on above MS by Peter F. Morgan, Asst. Prof., Dept of English, Univ. College, University of Toronto who wrote that he was editing Hood’s letters.

CONTENTS:

1 .Witty poem called “The Kangaroos - A Fable” with a moral.

2. Request to forward a packet. Excuses for the delay of his poem.

163

HOOK
FIRST NAME/S: Theodore Edward
DATES: 1788 - 1841
OCCUPATION: Novelist and Miscellaneous Writer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown gentleman
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He wrote the words for the songs in his father’s comic operas. He was successful and popular but was one of those ridiculed in Byron’s English Bards and Scotch Reviewers

After procuring a post as account to the treasurer at Mauritius which was beyond his ability he returned home in disgrace and spent 2 years in gaol. He never repaid his debt and it hung round his neck all the rest of his very unhappy life. He wrote a series of novels under the title Sayings and Doings and became the founding editor of the John Bull magazine which proved him to be “the prince of lampooners.”
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.157
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.30
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: undated from Cleveland Square Good
CONTENTS:

Apologises for having missed his previous appointment. He has been “very much worried by sickness and inconvenience” and hopes shortly to have the pleasure of his company.




164

VAN HOVE
FIRST NAME/S: Hubertus
DATES: 1814 - 1865
OCCUPATION: Painter at The Hague
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Part of the Dutch Academic School of artists. In 1854 he moved to Antwerp where he worked with Leys. His earlier work included landscapes but he turned increasingly to 17th century interior scenes reminiscent of de Hooch.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.158
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.27
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated 9.7.1845 Good
CONTENTS:

He declines his honourable invitation but he has been ill for 8 days and is still not well.



165

HOWARD
FIRST NAME/S: Luke
DATES: 1772 - 1864
OCCUPATION: Pioneer in Meteorology
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Mr. D. P. Calliphrone
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Apprenticed as a chemist but largely self-taught in other subjects he became famous for his essay On the Modification of Clouds later incorporated into The Climate of London which gave him scientific fame. He became a F.R.S. but 3 later books on climate did not attract attention. He was a friend and one time partner with William Allen the Quaker philanthropist and lecturer on Chemistry. He likewise was philanthropically engaged. He was in correspondence with Goethe.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.159 (FILM 38: 2)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.29
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Tottenham 20.5.1841 Good
CONTENTS:

He has ordered 5 vols. of Milner’s Church History to be sent to him à propos to their recent conversation.




166 HUGO
FIRST NAME/S: Victor
DATES: 1802 - 1885
OCCUPATION: Author
NAME OF RECIPIENT? Mde. Casta (marked on the reverse)
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He was playwright, novelist, poet and politician. The most prolific French writer of the nineteenth century. As a democratic republican he went into exile after the coup in 1851, first to Brussels and then to the Channel Islands. During his stay on the latter he wrote his panoramic novel of social history Les Misérables. After returning to Paris in 1870 he became a senator.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.160 (FILM 38: 3)
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.28
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: to a lady signed and undated Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.



167

HUMBOLT
FIRST NAME/S: Baron Karl Wilhelm von
DATES: 1767 - 1835
OCCUPATION: Statesman and Philologist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Potsdam. He was a diplomat in Europe but worked on the languages of the East and South Seas.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.161 (FILM 38: 4)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.37
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1

TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:



Letter: in French dated at Paris 14.8.1818 Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.



168

HUNT (J. H) L.
FIRST NAME/S: (James Henry) Leigh
DATES: 1784 - 1859
OCCUPATION: Journalist and Poet
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Chas. Dickens.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Edited “The Examiner” which became a focus of liberal opinion and Hunt spent time in prison for attacking the Prince regent through his writing. His journal attracted leading Men of Letters such as Lamb, Shelley and Byron. He spent some time with the latter in Italy who, going off to Greece, abandoned him there with his family to near starvation. He was present at the death of Shelley.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.162(a + b) (FILM 38: 5-6)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.30
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1 + envelope
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Kensington 11.7.1840 Good
CONTENTS:

Thanks him for the document sent to his son and replies to comments made by Dickens about his intoxicated state on the last occasion they met.




169

HUNT (W.) H.
FIRST NAME/S: William Holman
DATES: 1827 - 1910
OCCUPATION: Pre-Raphaelite Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Studied at the Royal Academy and shared a studio with Rossetti and began with him and others the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood which emphasized, in their art, truth to nature. His best known work is his 1854 “The Light of the World.”


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.163
FORMER REFERENCE: V.31
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Kensington 14.5.1860 Good
CONTENTS:

Acceptance of an invitation.



170

JAMES II
FIRST NAME/S: James
DATES: 1633 - 1701
OCCUPATION: King of England
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Mr. Hyde
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Second son of Charles I. After the Restoration and during his reign (1685-1688) his actions in favour of Catholicism raised general indignation. William of Orange his nephew and son-in-law was formerly asked by leading clerics to. Invade. James escaped to France where he was welcomed by Louis XIV. He remained at St. German until his death.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.164 (FILM 38: 7-8)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.38
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: unsigned, written while Duke of York and dated at the Hague Good

2.5.?


Supplementary transcription undated of above Good
CONTENTS:

Promises to have patience and leave his fate in the hands of the lords. He is going on to Brussels via Brenda.


171

JAMESON
FIRST NAME/S: Anna Brownell
DATES: 1794 - 1860
OCCUPATION: Author
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Miss King
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born of Irish parents she started life as a governess. She made an unhappy marriage. Her husband settled in Canada but her attempt to be reconciled with him there failed and they were ever afterwards separated. She frequently visited Germany. She wrote a variety of non-fiction works on travel, but her best known work was on the history of art. She was a close friend of Lady Byron but they quarrelled a few years before her death.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.165
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.31
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: undated Good
CONTENTS:

Writing on behalf of Hyacinthe Littleton to request the favour of two franks belonging to Lord Lovelace to complete a collection.



172

JENNER
FIRST NAME/S: Edward
DATES: 1749 - 1823
OCCUPATION: Physician
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Miss Pon...? Of Dursley
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Having observed how an infection of the mild disease cowpox prevented later attacks of smallpox, in 1796 he inoculated a child with cowpox and then 2 months later with smallpox and the child failed to develop the disease. His discovery was violently opposed at first but within 5 years vaccination was being practised throughout the civilised world.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.166 (FILM 38: 9-10)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.36
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: undated Damaged
CONTENTS:

He makes reference to a recent incident and suggests a patient takes rhubarb for her complaint.




173

JERDAN

FIRST NAME/S: William


DATES: 1782 - 1869
OCCUPATION: Journalist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

After a struggling career in journalism he became editor of the “Literary Gazette”, a weekly review which he was associated with for 33 years. He gathered round him a gifted set of writers who became well known in their own right. From 1820-1830 its position in the literary world was supreme. He helped found the Royal Society of Literature and was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Antiquaries. The Gazette was eventually superceded in popularity by The Athenaeum.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.167
FORMER REFERENCE: V. 32
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Grove House 22.10. ? Good
CONTENTS:

Seems to be a letter expressly to oblige Townshend with his autograph. Discusses a charity and L.E.L.’s poetry that he seems to confuse with Townshend’s wife!




174

KARR

FIRST NAME/S: Alphonse


DATES: 1808 -1890
OCCUPATION: Journalist and Novelist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Used all the force of his sarcastic wit against a society which he saw sacrificing humanity and nature for the cult of progress. He was at one time or another editor in chief of Figaro, poet, sailor, pamphleteer, botanist and gardener and friend of Hugo, Lamartine, Dumas, Sand, Balzac etc.

Bibliography: Alphonse Karr, Prince de l’Esprit by C.A. Klein, 1994.
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.168.1

168.2
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.29


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S CONDITION:

1.


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