Wisbech & Fenland Museum Museum Square Tel 01945 583817 Wisbech



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52

CALAME
FIRST NAME/S: Alexandre
DATES: 1810-1864
OCCUPATION: Swiss Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Romantic landscape artist. His Lake of Thun, a subject often painted by him, is his only work in the National Gallery.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.49.1a & b

FORMER REFERENCE: VI.10


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1 + envelope
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French dated at Geneva, 9.11.1855 Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.



53

CALMET

FIRST NAME/S: Augustin


DATES: 1672-1757
OCCUPATION: Learned Benedictine
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Reverend Fathers of the congregation of Vaune and St. Hiddulphe
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Celebrated exegetist. Published a commentary on the Bible between 1707 and 1717. It was translated into English in 1726. He was the author of many other theological tomes.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.50 (FILM 19: 10; FILM 20: 1)
FORMER REFERENCE: I.12
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French, undated Stained/ fragile
CONTENTS:

Complaining of the improprieties of the clergy of the orders of Vaune and St. Hidulphe and proposing a new regulation for the congregation.




54

CANNING
FIRST NAME/S: George
DATES: 1770-1827
OCCUPATION: Statesman
NAME OF RECIPIENT: A. Aitkin Esq.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in London and studied at Oxford and Lincoln’s Inn. Entered parliament as a supporter of Pitt in 1794. In 1822 after the suicide of Castlereagh he stepped into his shoes as foreign secretary. Became prime minister in 1827 but died the same year.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.51 (FILM 29: 7)
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.10

NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1


TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at the Foreign Office, 9.3.1826 Good
CONTENTS:

Acknowledgement and thanks for a letter and gift.



55

CARLYLE
FIRST NAME/S: Thomas
DATES: 1795-1881
OCCUPATION: Man of Letters
NAME OF RECIPIENT: J. Hessey, partner to John Taylor, publishers
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Scotland into a poor home he entered Edinburgh University at an early age. After graduating he was first employed as a teacher before beginning to write articles for the Edinburgh Encyclopaedia and becoming absorbed in German Literature. In 1826 he married Jane Welsh Carlyle and a few years later they moved to London. His best known work is Sartor Resartus. He wrote works on the French Revolution and Frederick the Great. They drew a social circle of elite intellectuals around them which included the young Tennyson and the popular preacher Edward Irving. His wife kept diaries which Carlyle edited and published after her death.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.52. (FILM 29: 8)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.10
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter dated at Pentonville, 29.9.18 Good
CONTENTS:

Informs his publishers that he will reach Dover on the morrow where he will remain for a month, returning at the time that his “Life of Schiller” will be published. He asks that it be attractively bound and printed in the style of Bowring’s Translations.




56

CARNE
FIRST NAME/S: John
DATES: 1789-1844
OCCUPATION: Traveller and Author
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Messrs. Taylor and Hessey.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He was a member of Queen’s College Cambridge but he never resided long enough to earn a degree. He brought out a volume of Poems in 1820 and soon thereafter commenced his travels. He went to Constantinople, Greece, Palestine and Egypt. On his return he wrote articles for The New Monthly Magazine under the title Letters from the East. They were reproduced in a volume which went to a third edition. He became known by other men of letters but was more renowned for his story telling than as a writer. He suffered ill health in his later life.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.53 (FILM 29: 9-10)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.9
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Berkley Square, 14.4.1824 Good
CONTENTS:

He will bring on the morrow his article for The Magazine which he has altered to their specifications.



57

CARRACCI
FIRST NAME/S: Ludovico
DATES: 1554-1619
OCCUPATION: Italian Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Carlo Ferrante
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

A family of painters of whom Ludovico was a cousin, were born in Bologna. They founded an influential academy of painting circa 1582.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.54.1 (FILM 30: 1)

54.2


54.3

FORMER REFERENCE: I.13


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated at Bologna, 17.5.1616 Good

2. Two lined pages, dated May, 1945 Good

3. Auctioneers Document Cover, for sale dated 7.8.1847 Good


CONTENTS:

1. Regrets his absence which had annoyed the recipient. Trusts the paintings have been well received. Would like to spend time with him and see the works of Pordenone. States his intention to paint the tablet of St Margarita and to complete it by Easter

2. Transcription of the above by Dr. Francesco Catelli and Palla Giovacchino of the Italian Army, then, 1945, stationed at Bowthorpe Hall, Wisbech.

3. Lot 44 of Puttick and Simpson - “Carrache (Carracci Lodovico)”




58

CARY
FIRST NAME/S: Henry Francis
DATES: 1772 - 1844
OCCUPATION: Translator of Dante
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Messrs. Taylor and Hessey
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

First notable translator of Dante into English. Born in Gibraltar. Educated at Oxford, he entered the church in 1796. His annotated complete works of Dante with a Biographical Note and the Italian text published in a superior edition by Taylor and Hessey in 1819 made him famous.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.55 (FILM 30: 2)
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.11
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated 17.5.1824 Good
CONTENTS:

Advising of a proof correction he had overlooked while proof reading “Chatterton’s Life”.



59

CASE
FIRST NAME/S: Adelaide, Mrs.
DATES:
OCCUPATION: Authoress of “The Siege of Lucknow”
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C .H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.56.1 a& b (FILM 30: 3)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.11
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1 + envelope
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated Tuesday 21st Good
CONTENTS:

Reply to Townshend’s request for her autograph.




60

CATALANI
FIRST NAME/S: Angelica
DATES: 1782 - 1843
OCCUPATION: Actress and singer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Famous singer of the Regency period. Performed in major theatres across Europe. Her debut in England was at the Kings Theatre in London on 12th December, 1806.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.57.1 (FILM 30: 4)

57.2 (FILM 30: 4)

57.3

57.4
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.11


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 4
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Payslip of the Theatre Royal, Cork, dated 23.7.1826 Good

2. Payslip of the Theatre Royal Cork dated 22.8.1814 Good

3. Press cutting Good

4. Press cutting dated 31.12.1843 Good
CONTENTS:

1. For Mr Kean’s season- 1814 and for July 1826

2. A note of Madame Catalini’s takings during a 4 day visit to Cork

3. A letter dated at Florence, 6.1.1844, addressed to a German journalist objecting to the fourth announcement of her “death” in a German newspaper. The French have done the same twice and the English once. This letter was however a hoax for she was by this date already dead.

4. Detailed obituary but concludes by noting that her death was denied in a Parisian paper.

61

CECIL
FIRST NAME/S: William, Baron Burghley
DATES: 1520-1598
OCCUPATION: Statesman
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Bourne, Lincs. Studied at Cambridge and Grays Inn, became secretary of state in 1550. Appointed chief secretary of state under Elizabeth I and continued in the post for 40 years. He was the architect of Elizabethan greatness, influencing pro-protestant foreign policy, securing the execution of Mary Queen of Scots, preparing for the Spanish Armada. In 1572 he became Lord High Treasurer, continuing till his death.

.

REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.58.1 (Missing, but transcribed)



58.2

FORMER REFERENCE: I.14


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: Missing

2. Print of engraving Good
CONTENTS:

1. Not known (request for money, 1578?)

2. Portrait of Lord Burghley.


62

CHALMERS
FIRST NAME/S: Thomas
DATES: 1780-1847
OCCUPATION: Theologian
NAME OF RECIPIENT: The Rev. J.B. Cunninghame of Harrow
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Anstruther. Ordained in 1803.Became a minister in Glasgow in 1815 where his oratory took the city by storm. Prof. of moral philosophy at St Andrews in 1823 and of Theology at Edinburgh in 1827. In 1843 he led 470 ministers out of the established church to form the Free Church of Scotland.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.59 (FILM 4: 4-5)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.12
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Glasgow, 23.8.1817 Good
CONTENTS:

He discusses matters of Doctrine and the Church in the community as well as a variety of personal matters. His recipient is obviously quite well known to him on a professional basis. He mentions Jeremy Taylor and also Mr. Wilberforce.




63

CHALON
FIRST NAME/S: Alfred Edward
DATES: 1780-1860
OCCUPATION: Portrait and Subject Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He founded with his brother John and 6 others The Evening Sketching Society which continued for 40 years, a full account of which will be found in The Recollections and Letters of C. R. Leslie. He became a full member of the Royal Academy in 1816. He was the first to paint Queen Victoria after her accession. A portrait painter in watercolours he was extremely popular.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.60 (FILM 4: 6-7)
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.12
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated 10.12.1827 Good
CONTENTS:

Enclosed was a drawing, Beethoven’s songs and “Lane’s conditions.” He enquires after Mrs. Townshend’s health and recommends that she read The Adventures of Cherubina

Asks to be remembered to Demetrius.


64

CHAMISSO
FIRST NAME/S: Adalbert von
DATES: 1781-1838
OCCUPATION: German Poet/Biologist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Professor?
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Adalbert von Chamisso was a well-known Poet and husband of “Bettina” the lady to whom Goethe addressed his “Letters to Bettina”. He was born in the Champagne region of France but his parents were driven to Prussia by the Revolution. In Geneva he joined Mde de Stael’s literary circle and later studied in Berlin. He accompanied a Russian expedition around the world as Naturalist 1815-1819 and on his return was appointed keeper of the Berlin Botanical Garden. He is also known for his fairy tale Peter Schlemihl (1813), the story of the man who lost his shadow.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.61 (FILM 30: 5)
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.12
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in German, undated. Good

Purchased from Puttick & Simpson in October 1847.


CONTENTS:

65

CHANTREY
FIRST NAME/S: Sir Francis Legatt
DATES: 1781-1841
OCCUPATION: Sculptor
NAME OF RECIPIENT: William Collins
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Served an apprenticeship with a carver named Ramsay in Sheffield after which he set up as a portrait painter in crayon and oils. He worked in Dublin and Edinburgh before moving to London. His first bust in marble was for the parish church in Sheffield. He competed successfully for the statue of George III in Guildhall. Knighted by William IV in 1835.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.62 (FILM 30: 6-7)
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.39
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: undated Stained
Mrs. Collins gave this letter to CHT. It was presumably her husband who drew the portrait of Sir Walter Scott upon it. This information was written by Townshend on the original folder containing the autograph of Sir Thomas Lawrence in which Chantrey’s letter was found.

CONTENTS:

Chantrey was expecting to see Collins at dinner the next day.


66

CHARLES II
FIRST NAME/S: Charles
DATES: 1630-1685
OCCUPATION: King of England
NAME OF RECIPIENT: His sister, Henrietta Maria, Duchess of Orléans
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

The Court had moved from London on account of the plague, going first to Salisbury and then to Oxford. It was while at the former place that the King made an excursion to Lulworth, where news of the victory over the Dutch was brought to him.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.63.1 (FILM 30: 8-9)

63.2
FORMER REFERENCE: I.15


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2 + supplementary documents
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION

1. Letter: dated at Lulworth 16.9.1665 Stained and faded

“From Pick” written on the bottom left hand corner of the

letter refers to the auctioneer.

2. Auctioneer’s document cover
CONTENTS:

1. Refers to the triumph of English ships, under Lord Sandwich, over the Dutch. Many ships were captured that day of which the value is not yet known. There would have been more if the weather had been better.

2. Lot 57, Puttick and Simpson, 7.8.1847.


67

CHARLES IV
FIRST NAME/S: Charles
DATES: 1748 - 1819
OCCUPATION: King of Spain
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Portico, Italy. The son of Charles III (who reigned 1759-88). His government was largely in the hands of his wife, Maria Luisa and her favourite, Manuel de Godoy. Nelson destroyed his fleet at Trafalgar and in 1808 he abdicated under pressure from Napoleon and spent the rest of his life in exile


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.64.1 (FILM 30: 10; FILM 31: 1)

64.2


64.3
FORMER REFERENCE: II.16
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in Spanish in the autograph of Manuel de Godoy, lover of the Good

King’s wife, but signed by the King. Dated 4.2.1808.

2. French translation of the above. Written on the same kind of paper. Good

3. Small Paper
CONTENTS:

1.

2.



3. Contains only the signature of Don Manuel de Godoy

68

CHARLES V
FIRST NAME/S: Charles
DATES: 1500 - 1558
OCCUPATION: Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Henri II of France
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Rival to Francis I of France. Constant war between them.

He sacked Rome and imprisoned the Pope. He confirmed the Edict of Worms which had condemned Luther. In 1552 Charles was defeated by Maurice of Saxony and Protestantism was legally recognised. He divided the empire between his son Philip II of Spain and his brother Emperor Ferdinand I and retired to a monastery.
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.65.1 (FILM 20: 2)

65.2


65.3
FORMER REFERENCE: I.16
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in Latin dated at Brussels 18.4.1548 Stained

2. Auctioneer’s Document Cover Good

3. Print of Engraving Good


CONTENTS:

1.

2. Lot 51, Puttick and Simpson, 7.8.1847



3. Portrait of Charles V


69

CHARLES IX
FIRST NAME/S: Charles
DATES: 1550 - 1574
OCCUPATION: King of France
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Second son of Henri II and Catherine de’ Medici. He was completely subject to his mother whose counsels drove him to authorize the massacre of Huguenots on St Bartholomew’s day, (1572) which haunted him till his death.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.66
FORMER REFERENCE: II.15
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION

Document in old French on parchment dated? Poor, stained

and Brittle


CONTENTS:


70

CHERUBINI
FIRST NAME/S: Luigi
DATES: 1760 - 1843
OCCUPATION: Composer and director of the Paris Conservatoire from 1822
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Spontini
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Florence and studied in Bologna and Milan. Wrote operas in Neapolitan and French style and later ecclesiastical works.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.67 (FILM 22: 9)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.17
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter in French dated? 1878 Good
CONTENTS:

Acknowledging the receipt of 1440 francs paid to him by order of the King.




71

CHESTERFIELD
FIRST NAME/S: Philip Dormer, 4th Earl of
DATES: 1694 - 1773
OCCUPATION: Statesman, Orator and Man of Letters
NAME OF RECIPIENT: His son
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Became MP in 1715.Ambassador to Holland in 1726. Antagonist to Robert Walpole. Became principal secretary of state in 1746. Intimate with Swift and Pope. Best known for his guide to manners: “Letters to my Son”.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.68 (FILM 4: 8-9)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.19

NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1


TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter undated Good
CONTENTS:

To his son on the shortest and best way to learn a language. Published as no. LXIII.




72

CHRISTINA
FIRST NAME/S: Christina
DATES: 1626 - 1689
OCCUPATION: Queen of Sweden and patron of the arts
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Philip IV of Spain
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Succeeded Gustav II Adolph, her father. Negotiated the peace of Westphalia (1644) ending the 30 years war. Attracted some of the best minds in Europe to her court. Abdicated in 1654 in favour of Charles X Gustav. Received into the Catholic church (proscribed in Sweden) and went to Rome where she remained as a pensioner of the Pope.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.69.1 (FILM 4: 10; FILM 5: 1)

69.2
FORMER REFERENCE: I.17


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter (duplicate) in French dated in Rome, 13.12.1656 with watermark. Fragile

2. Auctioneer’s document covers Good
CONTENTS:

1.


2. Lot 64 Puttick & Simpson, 7.7.1847
73

CLARE
FIRST NAME/S: John
DATES: 1793 - 1864
OCCUPATION: Labourer/Poet
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Helpstone, Northants. Though almost without schooling he wrote verse on botanical and rural subjects. “Poems Descriptive of Rural Life” had a good reception in 1820. His following two collections were failures largely due to a change in fashion. Despite some patronage, he was forced to live in poverty and spent the last 23 years of his life in asylums in Essex and Northampton where he continued to write poetry..


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.70.1 (FILM 5: 2-3)

70.2 (FILM 31: 2-3)


FORMER REFERENCE: III.13
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated at Helpstone, May 1820 Good

2. Page Good

3. Page Good

Supplementary document
CONTENTS:

1. Acknowledges the receipt of a parcel from his addressee which contained medicine for his father. He is now employed in writing songs for a music seller. He hopes he will receive a visit from him at Helpstone again when Clare, who was very gloomy during his first visit, promises to be more cheerful. He apologises for his manner of letter writing as he does not do it often.

2. Two poem one on either side: To The Clouds published in “The Village Minstrel”

Vol I p.147 in 1821 and Written on a Birthday 20th Year.

Supplementary Document: Outline of Clare’s life and publishing history of his poetry.


74

CLARKE
FIRST NAME/S: Edward Daniel
DATES: 1769 - 1822
OCCUPATION: Traveller/Antiquarian/Mineralogist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1.& 2. C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Graduated M.A. from Jesus College Cambridge in 1794. In the years that followed he worked as a private tutor and travelled on the continent, especially in Italy. He wrote a journal and began his collection of minerals and antiquities. There followed a journey with a pupil and four others, one of which was Malthus, through Scandinavia, Finland and Lapland. In January 1800 Clarke was in St. Petersburg and on the sea of Azov in the June. From there he went south into Greece with artists who made 40 drawings while he collected more than 1000 coins. He took back to England several marble statues which survived a shipwreck off Beachy Head. His collections were presented to Cambridge University and his travels came to an end. In 1805 he was ordained and in 1809 presented to the rectory in Yeldham, Essex where he remained till his death. He continued to write and lecture about his travels and collections and to experiment with minerals. He invented a gas blowpipe.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.71.1. a+b. (FILM 5: 4-7)

71.2
FORMER REFERENCE: III.14


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated at Cambridge 30.5.1820 Good

2. Letter: dated at Cambridge 26.11.1820 Good

CONTENTS:

1. Thanks for an introduction to Southey and for sending him his autograph. He in return sends Townshend a specimen of Lord Byron’s handwriting. See under “Byron.”

2. Replies to Townshend’s invitation to dine out with himself and the poet Wordsworth. He would gladly have gone but for a lecture to be given by him to his local philosophical society. He invites Townshend to come and bring Wordsworth with him.




75

COBDEN
FIRST NAME/S: Richard
DATES: 1804 - 1865
OCCUPATION: Merchant and Politician
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Thomas Capern Esq.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

“The Apostle of Free Trade”. In the calico business before travelling abroad. Helped found the Anti-corn law League in 1838. Become an MP in 1841.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.72
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.13
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Manchester 14.7.1852 Good
CONTENTS:

When next in London he will see him but does not know when that will be.



76

COLERIDGE
FIRST NAME/S: Henry Nelson
DATES: 1798 - 1843
OCCUPATION: Literary executive of Samuel Taylor Coleridge
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Nephew of STC. Married Sara Coleridge, the poet’s daughter in 1829. Writer of his own minor works. His most signal service was the preservation of Coleridge’s “Table Talk” which he had taken down straight from his lips.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.73.1 (FILM 5: 8-9)

73.2
FORMER REFERENCE: III.15; V.11


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2

TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated 13.8.1840, addressed Poste Restante to the Townshends Good

at Innsbruck

2. Letter: dated at London 17.7.1841 Good
CONTENTS:

1. Returns thanks for the books; makes some philosophical observations on life and travel. He comments that Mesmerism will demand the utmost attention to master the facts but that he is not prejudiced against the subject but open to hearing about it. He describes he scene at Lowood from where he is writing. He speaks of making a new acquaintance in the Rev. Heinrich Macaulay, Master of Repton School and near neighbour of Sir Francis Burdett to whom he has addressed some elegant Latin verses exhorting him to attend to his parliamentary duties.

2. Invitation to dine and the names of the other guests.


77

COLERIDGE
FIRST NAME/S: (David) Hartley
DATES: 1796 - 1849
OCCUPATION: Man of Letters
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Of difficult and hypersensitive character he was affected by the separation of his parents and was brought up at Greta Hall by Robert Southey. His well-to-do relatives provided him with an Oxford education which was fully justified by his intellectual abilities. Having gained an Oriel Fellowship he was removed on the grounds of intemperance. Despondence drained his energies for the rest of his life which consisted of wandering the countryside dispersed with short periods of teaching and some flashes of mental energy and literary production. Among the latter were biographies of Lancashire worthies and a volume of poems. He excelled at the Sonnet form. Two volumes of poetry and two of prose were edited by his brother Derwent in 1851.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.74
FORMER REFERENCE: V.11
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Paper: Fragile
CONTENTS:

Two lines of verse signed by Hartley Coleridge, eldest son of the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge.



78

COLERIDGE
FIRST NAME/S: Samuel Taylor
DATES: 1772 - 1834
OCCUPATION: Poet/Literary Critic/Philosopher
NAME OF RECIPIENTS: 1. Hessey

2. Derwent Coleridge, his son.

(Portfolio VII.51 contains 2 poems by Derwent Coleridge)
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

His small output of poetry proves his gift but he is known also for his critical writing and his theological and politico-sociological works. He began the weekly paper “The Friend” in 1809. While staying in London with friends during the latter part of his life his weekly lectures became popular amongst intellectuals and the literary elite.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.75.1 (FILM 31: 4-5)

75.2 (FILM 31: 6-7)


FORMER REFERENCE: III.16
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2 (See Supplementary file)

TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: [dated 19.1.1824] Good

2. Fragment of a Letter: dated at Ashby De La Zouch 3.3.1807 Fragile


CONTENTS:

1. His good health will enable him to send off Copy every other day and he is ready for the proofs when they are ready. He gives instructions for the compositors and details of enclosures.

2. Contains the poem “Metrical Lessons”, a stanza on each side of the page.


79

COLERIDGE
FIRST NAME/S: Derwent
DATES: 1800 - 1883
OCCUPATION: Clergyman/Schoolmaster/Writer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Second son of the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Did much to shape the course of elementary education in England. He was a linguist and biographer.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.76.1. a + b (FILM 31: 8-9)

FORMER REFERENCE: V.10


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1+ envelope
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Chelsea, 4.7.1843 Good
CONTENTS:

Invitation to dine after church the following Sunday.




80

COLIGNY
FIRST NAME/S: Gaspard de, seigneur de Châtillon
DATES: 1519 - 1572
OCCUPATION: Admiral of France
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Huguenot leader who fought in the wars of Francis I and Henri II and in 1552 was made Admiral of France. In 1557 he became a protestant and commanded the Huguenots during the second and third Wars of Religion. Catherine de’ Medici made him one of the first victims of the Massacre of St Bartholomew’s Eve.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.77 (FILM 26: 6)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.20
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French dated 13.3.1553. Fragile
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.




81

COLLINS
FIRST NAME/S: Charles Allston
DATES: 1828 - 1873
OCCUPATION: Pre-Raphaelite painter and author
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Never succeeded in satisfying his own aspirations as a painter. The later years of his life were devoted to literature: a series of essays, articles and two novels. Ill health, acute suffering and death at 45 saw this early promise unfulfilled. He was married to Chas. Dickens’s daughter, Kate.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.78.1

78.2
FORMER REFERENCE: V.12


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1 + envelope
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Regents Park 25.4.1860 Good
CONTENTS:

He has a prior engagement which he will cancel in order to join Townshend’s party

He addresses CHT as “My Dear Physician.”


82

COLLINS
FIRST NAME/S: Sir William
DATES: 1788 - 1847
OCCUPATION: Landscape, Portrait and Figure Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Entered the Royal Academy Schools at 19. Became famous with the picture “The Sale of the Pet Lamb” in 1812. Acquired valuable patrons, was prodigious in his output throughout his life and his works were, and still are, immensely popular. He had two sons, Charles Allston Collins and William Wilkie Collins the novelist.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.79
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.14
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: dated at London 17.10. 1843 Good
CONTENTS:

The picture will be ready in a fortnight.



83

COLLINS
FIRST NAME/S: (William) Wilkie
DATES: 1824 - 1889
OCCUPATION: Novelist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

In business till he was 22 when he entered Lincoln’s Inn. At 27 when he was called to the bar he had already established his writing career. Close friend of Chas. Dickens with whom he collaborated in writing. His output was large. He took the trouble to be informed about medicine, drugs chemistry and hypnotism which aided and authenticated his crime novels. His claims to lasting fame are “The Woman in White” and “The Moonstone.”


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.80.1

80.2 (FILM 31: 10; FILM 32: 1)

80.3 (FILM 32: 2-3)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.13; V.14; III.17
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3 + 2 envelope
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Harley Street 25.4.1860 Good

Letter: dated at London 29.6.1859 Good

Letter: dated at Regents Park 5.6. C.1857 Good

Supplementary document re: dating


CONTENTS:

1. He accepts Townshend’s invitation to dine the following day

2. A letter of thanks and congratulations on receiving CHT’s newly published book of poems. He has been at Gadshill with Dickens and is sorry he will not see Townshend before he leaves. Wishes him Bon Voyage.

3. Dickens had told him that Townshend desired his brother’s address which he supplies. It gives him the chance to affirm that he still believes in the supernatural origin of a ghost story.




84

DOCUMENTS RELATING TO THE BARONS COLERAINE
NAME/S OF AUTOGRAPH: RECIPIENTS:

1. Charles I 1600 – 1649 1st Baron Hugh Hare 1606? - 1667

2. W. Raylton 1st Baron Hugh Hare

3. Charles I 1600 - 1649 1st Baron Hugh Hare

4. Wentworth et.al. 1st Baron Hugh Hare

5. Charles II 1630 - 1685 /Sir Edward Nicholas

1593 - 1669 1st Baron Hugh Hare

6. Philip Herbert, Earl of Pembroke & Montgomery

1584 - 1650 1st Baron Hugh Hare

7. Ditto


8. Edward Montague, 2nd Earl of Manchester

1602 - 1671 2nd Baron Henry Hare

9. Arthur Capel, Earl of Essex. 1631 – 1683 2nd Baron Henry Hare
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES:
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.81.1 - 81.9 (FILM 19: 3-7); (FILM 22: 3-7)

[3,4,5,6] [1,2,6,8,9]


FORMER REFERENCE: I.18
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 9
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Commission dated 19.6. ? Good

2. Bill dated May 1635 Good

3. Licence dated 31.7.1637 Good

4. Document dated 8.2. 1632 Stained and fragile

5. Document dated at Whitehall 10.5.1661 (with transcription) Faded and damaged

6. Letter dated at Cockpitt St. James, 22.7.1643 Good

7. Warrant, dated 22.7.1643 Good

8. Certificate Good

9. Letter dated at Cashiobury 6.2.1668 Good


CONTENTS:

1. Characteristic endorsement concerning the date of the next parliament

2. For £7 13s 9d

3. To take partridges for 7 miles round Totteridge, Herts.

4.

5. Signature of exemption from attendance at Parliament in Ireland upon proxy.



6. Letter of permission for 1st Baron Colraine to hunt on the Earl of Pembroke’s lands

7. Warrant granting the above permission.

8. Admission of 2nd Baron Colraine as a gentleman of the Privy Chamber of Charles II.

9. Announcing the 2nd Baron Colraine’s appointment as deputy lieutenant of the counties of Herts.&Wilts.



85

COMBE
FIRST NAME/S: George
DATES: 1788 - 1858
OCCUPATION: Phrenologist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown gentleman
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born into poverty he was largely self-educated and attended classes at the University of Edinburgh where he watched Dr.Spurzheim, the founder of the phrenological movement, dissect a brain and listened to him lecture. He became his disciple and the leader and defender of his cause both in Britain and America. He wrote the best seller among the working class “Essay on the Constitution of Man”.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.82 (FILM 32: 4)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.15
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Edinburgh 2.1.1824 Good
CONTENTS:

Enquiry as to whether his letter about the Phrenological Journal had been received.




86

CONDER
FIRST NAME/S: Josiah
DATES: 1789 - 1855
OCCUPATION: Bookseller/Author/Editor
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Mr. Henry of Fleet Street
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Inherited his father’s book selling business where he had worked from the age of 13.Self educated. He was the owner and manager of The Eclectic Review 1814-1837 and editor of the Patriot, representing the principles of evangelical nonconformity, from1832 till his death. He was also a preacher and hymnologist.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.83
FORMER REFERENCE: V.16
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated 18.9.1824 Good
CONTENTS:

He can supply further Religious Poems when wanted by the printer.




87

COOPER
FIRST NAME/S: Sir Astley
DATES: 1768 - 1841
OCCUPATION: Surgeon
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Dr. Elliotson
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Studied in London and Edinburgh and lectured on anatomy at St. Thomas’s Hospital (1789) and at the College of Surgeons (1793) where in 1813 he became professor of comparative anatomy. He raised surgery from its primitive state to a science. He was the first man to tie the abdominal aorta when treating an aneurysm.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.84
FORMER REFERENCE: III.18

NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1


TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: undated Good
CONTENTS:

An assurance of help whenever he can give it.




88

CRABBE
FIRST NAME/S: George
DATES: 1754 - 1832
OCCUPATION: Poet
NAME OF RECIPIENT: J. Murray esq.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He trained as a surgeon but turned to literature. He was ordained in 1782 and held livings in Suffolk and Wiltshire.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.85
FORMER REFERENCE: II.21
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Trewbridge 2.4.1819 Good
CONTENTS:

Seeking Murray’s advice about the Tales he is writing.




89

CROKER J.
FIRST NAME/S: John Wilson, of the Admiralty
DATES: 1780 – 1857
OCCUPATION: Politician and Essayist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Edward Jesse esq. of Birmingham
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Brought up in Ireland he distinguished himself as a scholar before graduating from Trinity College, Dublin. He spent 2 years at Lincolns Inn before being called to the Irish bar. He entered the House of Commons where he became a friend of Canning and made an impression by his speeches on Catholic emancipation and his pamphlet A Sketch of Ireland Past and Present which went to 20 editions and was reprinted again in 1884. He became chief secretary for Ireland during the Peninsula wars and was an intimate friend of Wellington throughout the latter’s life. He became a major contributor to the Quarterly Review contributing 260 articles and reviews on varied topics. He served for many years as Secretary to the Admiralty where his devotion to duty gained him a high reputation. He was a strong influence behind Sir Robert Peel’s short government, though he refused to take office himself, but when the latter returned to office in 1841 he and Croker disagreed and opinion brought their relationship to a bitter end.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.86 (FILM 5: 10; FILM 6: 1)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.20
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Holyhead 7.11.1801 Good
CONTENTS:

He has arrived safely at Holyhead after, presumably a stormy night at sea. He is going directly to London and hopes Ned can join him there. He gives his address and lodging.




90

CROKER T.
FIRST NAME/S: Thomas Crofton
DATES: 1798 - 1854
OCCUPATION: Irish Antiquary and Folklorist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Cayley?
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Collected folklore in Ireland for the poet Tom More.

Worked as a clerk at the admiralty 1818-1850 His Fairy Legends and Traditions of Southern Ireland won praise from Sir Walter Scott and it was translated into German by the brothers Grimm.
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.87 (FILM 32: 5)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.19
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: with watermark, dated at the Admiralty 7.4.1828 Good
CONTENTS:

Explanation of how he comes to be dining with him and Sir William Betham on the following Wednesday when they will hear from the latter about the Sudan.




91

CROLY
FIRST NAME/S: George
DATES: 1780 - 1860
OCCUPATION: Author and Divine
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Jerdan, editor of the Literary Gazette.

2. Hessey the publisher


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Regular contributor to periodicals. Accepted the living of St. Stephens, Walbrook. Gained a reputation for eloquence among its intellectual congregation.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.88.1

88.2 (FILM 32: 6)

FORMER REFERENCE: IV.15
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Note: undated Good

2. Note: undated Torn
CONTENTS:

1. An encouragement to review his work “Salathiel” (published in 1829)

2. Offering his services for?

92



CROMWELL
FIRST NAME/S: Oliver
DATES: 1599 - 1658
OCCUPATION: Protector
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born into a strongly Protestant family. He went to study at Cambridge but left there at 18 to take care of his mother after the death of his father. He briefly studied law at Lincoln’s Inn. He sat as an M.P. for Huntingdon during the parliament of 1628-29, during which he became a convinced critic of Charles I. During the Long Parliament he was an outspoken supporter of Puritanism. He fought against the Royalist forces at Edgehill and it was his cavalry that gained the victory at Marston Moor in 1644. He led the New Model Army to success at Naseby the following year under Fairfax. He failed to persuade Charles I to accept constitutional limitations. The latter escaped from Hampden Court to the Isle of Wight. Cromwell brought the King to trial and was one of the signatories to his execution in 1649. As the army commander and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland he ruthlessly conducted the continuing fighting there. He went on to subdue the Scots at Dunbar in 1650. He refused the offer of the crown in 1857. He reorganised the national church establishing Puritanism and gave the Irish parliamentary representation. After working to bring peace in Europe he died in London in 1660. After the Restoration he was convicted of Treason and his body disinterred and hung from the gallows. His son was forced into exile in France.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.89 (FILM 32: 7)
FORMER REFERENCE: I.19
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Document dated 31.12.1650 Stained
CONTENTS: Order for the payment of troops.

93

CROTCH
FIRST NAME/S: William
DATES: 1775 - 1847
OCCUPATION: Composer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Mr. Inglis
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Child prodigy from a poor background. Studied music at Oxford where he became professor of music at St John’s College in 1797.The genius he showed as a child and young man never flowered and his most lasting work is the oratorio “Palestine”.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.90.1

90.2


FORMER REFERENCE: V.17
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Note: undated Good

2. Print of an engraving originally from the European Magazine Good
CONTENTS:

1. Request to send him a volume of blank music paper.

2. Portrait of the composer in middle age.

94

CROWE
FIRST NAME/S: William
DATES: 1745 - 1829
OCCUPATION: Poet and Divine
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown publisher
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

His father was a carpenter by trade. He was a “poor scholar” of Winchester College and became a Fellow of New College, Oxford. In April 1784 he was elected public orator of the university and held the position till his death. He was rector of Stoke Abbas in Dorsetshire. He had a reputation for eccentricity. He was known to the poet Tom Moore and was a friend of Samuel Rogers.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.91 (FILM 32: 8)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.18
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: dated 12.4.1823 Faded
CONTENTS:

Instructions on where and how to send proof copies of verses and to whom.




95

CRUIKSHANK
FIRST NAME/S: George
DATES: 1792 - 1887
OCCUPATION: Artist & Caricaturist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Hessey, the publisher

2. C. H. Townshend

4. C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Prolific contributor to magazines of topical satirical sketches. He illustrated several children’s books and Oliver Twist for Dickens. Used his etchings and oil paintings in a campaign against drunkenness


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.92.1

92.2


92.3

92.4 (FILM 32: 9-10)


FORMER REFERENCE: IV.16
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 4 + 2 envelopes
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated at Pentonville 11.5.1824 Good

2. Letter: dated 12.5.1855 Good

3. Paper: dated 27.7.1854 Good

4. Letter: dated 28.4.1859 Good
CONTENTS:

1. Requires more drawing blocks. Could Hessey call on him one evening in the coming week about the cutting?

2. Could he call at Cruikshank’s home to look at a picture which he has just completed?

3. Signature and Date only.

4. Requires borrowing back his painting “Cinderella” to add some touches and exhibit it at the Hampstead Conversazione.

96

CUNNINGHAM
FIRST NAME/S: Allan
DATES: 1784 - 1842
OCCUPATION: Miscellaneous Writer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 2. Hessey the publisher

4. Jerdan, editor of the Literary Gazette


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Dumfriesshire. In London he was a parliamentary reporter and secretary to the sculptor Sir Francis Chantry. His various works included Scottish folk songs, poetry, biography, a play and sundry novels.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.93.1 (FILM 6: 2-4)

93.2 (FILM 33: 2)

93.3

93.4
FORMER REFERENCE: V.19; III.21


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 4
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Poem Good

2. Letter: dated at Pimlico 26.5.1824 Good

3. Poem: 5 verses Stained and

Damaged

4. Letter: dated at London 12.11.1829 Good


CONTENTS:

1. Bannocks of Barley written to a folk tune.

2. The song sent by Hessey for proof reading is correct. He could not accept his invitation as he had a prior engagement and his wife was ill.

3. Navarino Battle Chant written to celebrate the freedom of Greece from the Turks and the British victory and superiority at sea.

4. Seeking insertion of the above poem into the Literary Gazette.


97

CUVIER
FIRST NAME/S: Georges Leopold Chrétien Frederic Dagobert, Baron
DATES: 1769-1832
OCCUPATION: Comparative Anatomist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Professor Dumont
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

In 1795 he was appointed assistant professor of comparative anatomy at the Jardin des Plantes and in 1798 prof. of natural history at the Collège de France. After the restoration he was made Chancellor of the University of Paris. He was admitted to the cabinet by Louis XVIII and in 1831 under Louis-Philippe was made a peer of France. He originated the natural system of Animal Classification and established the sciences of palaeontology and comparative anatomy.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.94.1

94.2 (FILM 33: 1)


FORMER REFERENCE: II.18
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Printed address in book form Fragile

2. Letter attached to the above with sealing wax Good
CONTENTS:

1. Address given by Cuvier to l’Académie Française.

2. A dedication of the above address to Professor Dumont.


98

DANBY

FIRST NAME/S: Francis


DATES: 1793 -1861
OCCUPATION: Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Mr. William Wethered
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Waterford, Ireland he went at the age of 20 to Bristol where beginning with nothing but good friends, hard work and the talent of genius he achieved great success and was a constant contributor to The Royal Academy. He made an unfortunate marriage and lived from 1829 under the shadow of domestic scandal which dogged him for the rest of his life and excluded him from London Society. He lived for 12 years on Lake Geneva and the latter part of his life in Exeter. He had 46 pictures exhibited at the Academy.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.95 (FILM 33: 3-4)
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.19
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Gravesend 10.8.1842 Good
CONTENTS:

Reply to an enquirer wishing to purchase his picture “The Contest of the Pipe and the Lyre in the Vale of Tempi” with the price.




99

DARLEY
FIRST NAME/S: George
DATES: 1795 - 1846
OCCUPATION: Poet and Mathematician
NAME OF RECIPIENT: John Taylor (redirected in pencil to Hessey)
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

As well as being a major contributor to The London Magazine he was an accomplished mathematician and author of 4 textbooks on the subject. His Lyric poetry was of high quality and his essays chiefly in Dramatic Criticism.

REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.96
FORMER REFERENCE: III.22
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: undated Fair
CONTENTS:

Sent with “To Dramaticts”, a summary review of our National Drama since Shakespeare, for inclusion in The London Magazine.




100

DARWIN
FIRST NAME/S: Dr. Erasmus
DATES: 1731 - 1802
OCCUPATION: Physician and Poet
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Dr. Okes
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He was of fanatical & eccentric nature. In medicine he was no better than the men of his time. His poetry in classical style was appreciated, but his atheistic philosophy was disapproved of by his contemporaries His scientific interests included a botanic garden.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.97.1 (FILM 33: 5-6)

97.2


97.3
FORMER REFERENCE: I.20
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: c.1757 Fragile/stained/damaged

2. Page: undated Good

3. Engraving Good


CONTENTS:

1. Contribution to a discussion on Midwifery which he confesses is a science of which he knows nothing. His ramblings are lively and amusing.

2. Biographical note by Dr. E Clarke who knew Dr. Darwin. He gives the provenance of the above letter.

3. Portrait of Erasmus Darwin M.D. in middle to later life.




101

DAVID
FIRST NAME/S: Jacques Louis
DATES: 1748 - 1825
OCCUPATION: French Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown Englishman
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Studied in Italy and became known for his painting of classical themes and historic events. Pro-revolutionary he painted several of their leaders. Later imprisoned he narrowly escaped death. His masterpiece “The Rape of the Sabines” was painted in 1799. Banished in 1816 he died in Brussels.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.98 (FILM 6: 5-6)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.22
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French dated at Paris 14.6.1787 Good

(This document has been photographed Negs. R1/4-6)


CONTENTS:

102

DE LUC

FIRST NAME/S: Jean André


DATES: 1720 - 1817
OCCUPATION: Geologist/Meteorologist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: M. Senebier, keeper of the public library at Geneva
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Geneva and educated by his father to have anti-rationalist views. A prominent merchant and politician. When his business failed he settled in England. Had an extensive mineral and rock collection from his travels in Europe and throughout Britain. Became reader to Queen Charlotte. This made him financially independent and able to pursue his geological and other scientific studies. His chief discovery was the Dry Pile. He never accepted Cavendish’s proof of the decomposition of water or Lavoisier’s chemical theory. He was soon left in a minority.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.99 (FILM 20: 3-4)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.23
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Windsor 22.10.1787 Stained and

Damaged
CONTENTS:

A learned epistle consisting of three closely written pages in French concerning light, caloric etc.


103

DENMAN
FIRST NAME/S: Thomas
DATES: 1779 - 1854
OCCUPATION: Lord Chief Justice
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Chas. Dickens
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He came to London to read law in 1800. Called to the Bar 9.5.1806. He took his seat in Parliament after the general election of 1818. Became solicitor general to the Queen at the accession of George IV. Enthusiastic in the Queen’s cause. His popularity after her trial was immense. Sworn in as Lord Chief Justice 9.11.1832. Lifelong friend of Dickens and Lord Brougham.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.100
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.20
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated 7.5. 18? Good
CONTENTS:

He recalled the name of the poem he had quoted. He had got it right as to the general effect but not in the detail. He was in trouble with his wife for forgetting to send her apologies and to pass on the instruction she had given him for one of her numerous? Amanuenses.




104

D’EON
FIRST NAME/S: Charles Geneviève Louise Auguste André Timothèe, de Beaumont
DATES: 1728 - 1810
OCCUPATION: Political Adventurer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Richard Cosway, the painter
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Minor French Aristocrat of doubtful gender from birth. In 1755 sent to St. Petersburg as a secret agent of the King. He dressed and was received as a woman. Instrumental in bringing Russia into the Alliance then forming between France and Austria. Sent as Chargé d’Affaires to England until the arrival of the new ambassador, M. de Guerchy with whom he quarrelled violently. Secretly charged by the French King to examine into a scheme for the invasion of England. English society bet on the subject of his/her gender and many attempts were made to prove the case. On the death of D’Eon he was certified male.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.101 (FILM 33: 7)
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.18
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION


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