Wisbech & Fenland Museum Museum Square Tel 01945 583817 Wisbech



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Part of a letter in French. Not signed. Very faded
CONTENTS:

Awaiting transcription/translation




31

BONAPARTE
FIRST NAME/S: Joseph
DATES: 1768-1844
OCCUPATION: King/diplomat/soldier
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Eldest surviving brother of Napoleon. King of Naples and Sicily 1806-8; King of Spain 1808-13. His army was defeated by Wellington at Victoria. Exiled to New Jersey but lived in Florence during his final years.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.29 (FILM 27: 2)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.14
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter in French, dated: at Mortefontaine, year 11 [1803] Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting transcription/translation




32

BONAPARTE
FIRST NAME/S: Lucien
DATES: 1775-1840
OCCUPATION: Prince of Canino
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

The second surviving brother of Napoleon. He was made a member of the Council of Five Hundred and was successful as minister of the interior and as ambassador to Madrid. Denounced Napoleon’s policy toward Rome. As he fled to America he was captured by the British and imprisoned till 1814 when he returned to Italy.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.30 (FILM 27: 1)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.5
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Part of a letter in French dated: 15.4.1816 Good

CONTENTS:

Awaiting transcription/translation


33

BOOTH
FIRST NAME/S: William
DATES: 1829-1912
OCCUPATION: Founder and General of the Salvation Army
NAME OF RECIPIENTS: 1. Church at Holbeach Drove
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Nottingham. He began “The Christian Mission” in London’s East End in 1865 which in 1878 developed into The Salvation Army and spread throughout the world.


REFERENCE: 1.WISFM. 1966. 10 (FILM 27: 3-4)

2. WISFM 2003.41


FORMER REFERENCE: VI.7 & 8
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter dated, London 1.5.1854 Good

Not CHT collection. Presented to the Wisbech and Fenland Museum by

Mrs. E.A. Coates 7.9.1966.

2. Tenancy Agreement dated: 2.4.1890 Good

CONTENTS:

1. Letter of encouragement. Very personal - to the believers in Holbeach Drove whom he had previously met. News of great spiritual blessing on his preaching at meetings in London and encouragement to pray for revival.

2. Agreement for one year lease of the Assembly Room, Main Street, Sutton Bridge.



34

BOWERBANK
FIRST NAME/S: James Scott
DATES: 1797-1877
OCCUPATION: Geologist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown woman
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Until 1847 he remained an active partner in his family business. In his leisure time he pursued his many scientific interests. He joined the Mathematics Society of Spitalfields and remained a member until it was incorporated into the Astronomical Society in 1845. In 1836 he and friends originated the London Clay Club. In 1840 he published Fossil Fruits of the London Clay. In 1842 he was elected a member of the Royal Society. Sponges were the object of his greatest interest and upon which he produced his greatest writing. On his death the British Museum purchased his entire collection of objects which formed a major part of their natural history section.


REFERENCE: WISFM. 1942.13 (FILM 27: 5-6)
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.9
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter dated at Highbury Grove 10.2.1851 Good

Not CHT collection. Presented to The Wisbech and Fenland. Museum by the Honourable Alexandrina Peckover, 24.1.1942.


CONTENTS:

Assurances for the preservation and safety of a fossilised specimen sent to him by Mr. Peckover which was being examined by Professor Forbes.




35

BOWLES
FIRST NAME/S: William Lisle
DATES: 1762-1850
OCCUPATION: Poet, Antiquary
NAME OF RECIPIENT: William Jerdan
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Northamptonshire, studied at Oxford. Became chaplain to the Prince Regent in 1818. He was a forerunner in his poetry to the English Romantic movement. His work was admired by S. T. Coleridge.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.31
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.2
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter dated: Bremhill 28.3.1828 Good

CONTENTS:

His Parish History* has been advertised in The Literary Gazette four times and he only requested it be advertised in 3 issues. He fears there has been an error.

*The Parochial History of Bremhill, 1828.




36

BOWRING
FIRST NAME/S: Sir John
DATES: 1792-1872
OCCUPATION: Linguist/ Writer/ Traveller
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. J. Hessey Esq.

2. C. H. Townshend


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Through working in a merchant’s house after leaving school he acquired 6 European languages and later was able to translate 6 others. In later life he lived in the orient and learnt Arabic and Chinese. He entered into business on his own in 1819 and travelled abroad for commercial purposes. As a friend of Jeremy Bentham he became editor of the Westminster Review where he wrote varied articles about his travels and political views. He also published anthologies of Polish, Servian, Magyar and Cheskian Poetry. He prepared a long series of reports on the public accounts of various European States. After several failed attempts he was elected to parliament in 1841 where he frequently spoke on commercial and fiscal questions and supported the abolition of the Corn Laws. The latter half of his life was spent travelling in the Far East and Pacific and carrying out diplomatic and trade missions for the British Government.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.32.1 (FILM 27: 7)

32.2
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.3; IV.4


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter dated: 15.5.1824 Good

2. Letter dated: 16.5.1828 Good
CONTENTS:

1. A eulogy on the death of Lord Byron who he claims he had the privilege of meeting.

2. He thanks CHT for his book and looks forward to meeting him as he has heard ‘golden opinions’ of him from their many mutual friends.

37

BRITTON
FIRST NAME/S: John
DATES: 1771-1867
OCCUPATION: Antiquary and Topographer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: William Jerdan
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

The publisher of a dramatic miscellany to which Britton contributed engaged him (and Edward Brayley) on a 3-volume work The Beauties of Wiltshire which first appeared in 1801. A larger work, The Beauties of England and Wales in 15 or more volumes was completed in 1815. He then contributed to several encyclopaedic works. Thereafter his attention turned to architectural antiquities. From 1823-5 he worked with Pugin on Specimens of Gothic Architecture. He did much towards the preserving of ancient monuments in Britain.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.33
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.5
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter dated: 17.4.1828 Good
CONTENTS:

Enclosing a book by Underwood for his perusal and promotion.




38

BROCKEDON

FIRST NAME/S: William


DATES: 1787-1854
OCCUPATION: Painter, Author, Inventor
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Son of a Devon watchmaker he inherited and managed his father’s business from the age of 15. He also taught himself drawing and at the age of twenty was encouraged and generously sponsored to go to London and study art at the Royal Academy. From 1812 -1837 he regularly contributed to the exhibitions of the Academy and the British Institution. He painted abroad and was elected a member of the Academies of Rome and Florence. He travelled frequently in the Italian and Swiss Alps and cooperated in the production of many illustrated books and travel guides of those regions. Early in his career he patented many minor but useful inventions and became a partner in a firm producing his own replacement for corks in bottles. He also patented inventions for various applications of vulcanised India rubber.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.34
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.6
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note dated: 20.12.1831 Good
CONTENTS:

Acceptance of an invitation.




39

BROUGHAM
FIRST NAME/S: Henry Peter, Lord
DATES: 1778-1868
OCCUPATION: Lord Chancellor
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Chas. Dickens

2. Unknown


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Scottish born and educated. Called to the English bar in 1808 and entered Parliament in 1810. Accepted a peerage and the chancellorship in 1830. Assisted in carrying the Reform Bill and other law reforms.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.35.1

35.2
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.7; IV.8


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: undated Good

Letter: dated 19.4.1836 Good

CONTENTS:

1. Apology for not visiting as he had been kept in the House of Lords till 8.30pm.

2. He has been unwell as a result of an accident and thus delayed from returning thanks for the valuable new edition sent to him by his correspondent.




40

BUCHANAN
FIRST NAME/S: Claudius
DATES: 1766-1815
OCCUPATION: Clergyman, Missionary in India
NAME OF RECIPIENT: D. Mac Nabb esq.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Scottish born he went to London at an early age and struggling to support himself he became acquainted with the Rev. John Newton of St. Mary’s Woolnoth who introduced him to Mr. Henry Thornton who provided the funds for him to go to Cambridge and qualify for ordination. He became a friend of Charles Simeon and commenced his clerical life as Curate to John Newton. The following year he took up a chaplaincy in India. He became vice-provost of the college at Fort William until the teaching staff was reduced after which he undertook a series of tours investigating the state of the church and the nature and extent of other religions. He returned to England in 1808 and gave his time to promoting the Indian church and its needs.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.36 (FILM 2:1-2)
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.9
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated 21.12.1805 Good

CONTENTS: Reply to an enquiry about clergymen’s fees in Penang




41

BUFFON

FIRST NAME/S: George Louis le Clerc, Comte de


DATES: 1707 - 1788
OCCUPATION: Naturalist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown English woman
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born at Montbard and studied in Dijon. Devoted his life to science. He became director of the Jardin du Roi in 1739. His ideas brought a fresh interest to natural science.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.37 (FILM 2:3-4)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.7
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French dated at Montbard, 7.3.1776 Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.

(Expresses joy at a letter from the woman and Mr. Necker, and plans to meet her in Paris on her return from England).

42

BUNSEN
FIRST NAME/S: Christian, Karl, Josias, le Chevalier
DATES: 1791 - 1860
OCCUPATION: Prussian Diplomat and Scholar
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Dr. Elliotson
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He studied theology at the university of Göttingen . He was a friend of King William Frederick IV and urged him accept liberal ideas. He was minister to the Papal court at Rome 1824-1838; ambassador to Berne 1839-41 and to England from 1841 – 1854, but he was recalled because he supported alliance with the Western powers in the Crimean War. A scholar of note he wrote on religion, language, literature, history and law. He married an English wife, Frances Waddington.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.38 (FILM 27: 8-9)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.7
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: undated from Carlton Terrace Good
CONTENTS:

Thanks him for his proposal respecting his magnetic phenomena. Introduces Dr Taegert who wishes to meet him and watch his experiments.




43

BURDETT
FIRST NAME/S: Sir Francis
DATES: 1770 - 1844
OCCUPATION: Politician
NAME OF RECIPIENT: H. H. Townsend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Married the daughter of Thomas Coutts the Banker. Entered parliament and became a champion of free speech and parliamentary reform (he had lived in France during the Revolution). He made a constant effort to expose the grievances of the day, particularly the many instances of the suspension of Habeas Corpus. The act was finally ameliorated at his insistence. After the 1807 election in which he was successful Burdett sat for Westminster for 30 years and fought consistently for the cause of reform - parliamentary, legal and constitutional. He was known for his generous philanthropy.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.39
FORMER REFERENCE: III.8
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated 4.8.1820 Good
CONTENTS:

As soon as business is done he intends to visit Townsend at Busbridge on his way to Bognor and take the pony (sic) for Sophia.



44

BURDETT-COUTTS

FIRST NAME/S: Angela Georgina


DATES: 1814 - 1906
OCCUPATION: Philanthropist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Peckover Esq.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in London. Inherited the fortune of her grandfather Thos. Coutts in 1837, which she used to alleviate suffering and endow churches and colonial bishoprics. Received a peerage in 1872.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.40.1

40.2a & b (FILM 27: 10; FILM 28: 1)

40.3

FORMER REFERENCE: III.9


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2 + 2 envelopes
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter dated 16.8.1848 Good

2. Letter + envelope dated 21.11.1868 Good

3. Envelope dated 12.7.1869 Good


CONTENTS:

1. Thanking him for his book on Scotland

2?

3. Contains a note stating: “The letter contained in this envelope together with the future Lord Passover’s draft reply, on loan to the Rose and Crown” dated 3.4.1958.




45

BURGER

FIRST NAME/S: Godfred August


DATES: 1748-1794
OCCUPATION: German Poet
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Associated with a group of poets in Gottingen who worked with folk songs and ballads. His ballad Lenore was translated into English by Sir Walter Scott. It had a major influence on the growth of Romanticism in Europe


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.41 (FILM 2:5)
FORMER REFERENCE: I.11
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter in German dated 5.10.1779 Stained
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.




46

BURKE

FIRST NAME/S: Sir Edmund


DATES: 1730-1797
OCCUPATION: Statesman, Philosopher, Author
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born and educated in Ireland. Entered Parliament in 1765. His main speeches and writings belong to 1770-82 when his party was opposed to Lord North’s American policy.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.42
FORMER REFERENCE: II.8
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note dated 20.12.1794 Good
CONTENTS:

Complimentary note to the author of the letters on the revolution in Geneva.



47

BURNS G.
FIRST NAME/S: Gilbert
DATES: 1760-1827
OCCUPATION: Farmer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Messrs Cadell & Davies, publishers

2. James Currie M.D. F.R.S. of Liverpool, biographer of

R. Burns

3. Dr. Currie.


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE: Brother of the Poet Robert Burns
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.43.1 (FILM 19: 8-9)

43.2.1-5 (FILM 2: 6-10; FILM 3:1-4)

43.3 (FILM 3: 5-6)
FORMER REFERENCE: 1.5; 1.6
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter dated at Grants Braes 19. Stained/Damaged

2. Letter of 17 pages dated at Dumfriesshire 28.10.1800. Stained

Consisting of 5 sheets, 17 folios of manuscript, numbered, and 3 blank.


3. One double sheet containing 2 ½ folios of manuscript Fragile/Damaged
CONTENTS:

1. Supporting their proposal of a new posthumous edition of his brother’s works. With draft advertisement.

2. Comments on his brother’s life and replies to the biographer’s queries and comments.

3. Appendix III to the 2nd edition of Vol. I of Dr. James Currie’s Works of Robert Burns

being an introduction to a letter.

48

BURNS R.
FIRST NAME/S: Robert
DATES: 1759 - 1796
OCCUPATION: National Poet of Scotland
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Peter Hill, bookseller
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born Alloway, Scotland. First child of seven born to a struggling but intelligent market gardener /agricultural labourer and his wife who was musically gifted.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.44.1-2 (FILM 28: 2-5)
FORMER REFERENCE: I.7
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Ellisland 17.1.1791 Fragile/damaged

2 pages; 4 folios

Partially printed in Dr. J Curries edition 1800, Vol 2 pp.325-27 no.CIV

CONTENTS:

Angry and bitter incomplete letter including a payment of 3 guineas towards the debt he owed. A long rant on poverty. He feels better for this - “vastly easier” than when he began the letter. He goes on to order 14 named books for himself and companions.


49

BURNSIANA
FIRST NAME/S: Robert
DATES: 1759 - 1796
OCCUPATION: National Poet of Scotland
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE: See above
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.45.1 - 45.17 [1] (FILM 28: 6- 9);

[3] (FILM 28: 10; 29: 1- 3)

[4] (FILM 3: 7)

[6] (Transcript)

[7] (FILM 3: 8- 9);

(FILM 3: 10);

(FILM 4: 1)

[12] (Transcript)

[17] (FILM 4: 2- 3)

FORMER REFERENCE: I.8; I.9; I.10


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 17

TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Two poems of 1787; 2 pages, 4 folios Stained / Fragile

2. Press cuttings pasted on card Good

3. Excerpts in the autograph of Burns: undated; 2 pages Fragile

4. Folder, with epitaph on reverse Good

5. Document Numbered 237

6. Envelope Good

7. Copy of Verses, Epitaphs etc 2 pages; 8 folios Fragile

8. Epitaph Fragile

9. Card Good

10. Booklet of poems containing those by Burns Good

11. Press cuttings from the Isle of Ely and Wisbech Advertiser

Dated 6.2.1929 Damaged

12. Pamphlet dated at Aberdeen 4.11. 1813 Stained

13. Advertisement Good

14. Card with Silhouette dated 1834 Good

15. Print of engraving, birthplace of Burns Stained

16. Print of engraving, Burns monument at Alloway Kirk Good

17. Poem Good


CONTENTS:

1. Auto Poem (40 lines) “Extempore reply to her (Clarinda’s) verses entitled ‘On Burns saying he had nothing to do’” signed ‘Sylvander.’

First 26 lines of poem “On the Death of the Rt. Hon. Robt. Dundas Esq. of Arniston, late Lord President of the Court of Sessions.”

2. About the above and other Burns MSS in the Museum

3. Two pages in his autograph of excerpts from Gibbon’s “History of the Decline & Fall of the Roman Empire.”

4. Folder for epitaphs. “On A Young Lady”

5. MS cover from the sale where Burns documents were purchased.

6. Flattened envelope addressed to the Earl of Buchan.

7. Epitaph transcribed by Burns; 2 pages.

8. Printed clipping.

9. Burns’ birthday anniversary at Newcastle on Tyne 27.1.1817.

10. Tam O’ Shanter etc.

11. Regarding the Burns documents in the Wisbech Museum.

12. Promoting subscriptions for a monument to the memory of Robert Burns.

13. By the publishers Geo. Thomson of Edinburgh, Mr. Pleyel and Mr. Kozeluch of Vienna. Giving notice of their publication containing songs and poems by Burns with his permission.

14. Silhouette, profile and Seal of Burns.

15. Alloway Kirk with Burns monument.

16. The birth place of Burns.

17. Lines written by Burns on a marble sideboard at Aberfeldy.

50

BYRON
FIRST NAME/S: Lord George Gordon, 6th Baron
DATES: 1788 - 1824
OCCUPATION: Poet
NAME OF RECIPIENTS: 1. E.D. Clarke John Murray the publisher.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born into poor circumstances he inherited the title of his great-uncle when he was 10 and went on to Harrow and Cambridge where he led a dissipated life. His early collection of poems Hours of Idleness was badly reviewed and he replied in satirical vein before setting off on his Grand Tour of Iberia and the Levant. On his return he published the popular Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage (1812) and several other poems which made him the darling of London Society and giving to literature the concept of the ‘Byronic Hero.’ In 1815 he married Annabella Millbanke but was suspected of more than brotherly love for his half sister Augusta and was ostracised. He went to Europe where he met Shelley and was present when he drowned. He spent 2 years in Venice. Some of his best works belong to this period including Don Juan. He gave active help to the Italian Revolutionaries and in 1823 joined the Greek Insurgents who were fighting the Turks. He died at Missolonghi in 1824 aged 36.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.46.1a & b (FILM 29: 5-6)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.5
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter and Envelope: dated at Kings College, 25.10.1811 Good


CONTENTS:

Thanks Dr Clarke for his recent hospitality and invites him to dinner in his college rooms.

Envelope addressed by Lord Byron to John Murray Esq. from abroad.


51

BYRON
FIRST NAME/S: 1. Lady Annabella

2. Lady Ada Lovelace


DATES: 1. 1792-1860

2. 1815-52


OCCUPATION: 1. The Poet’s Wife

2. The Poet’s Daughter


NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Hester

2. Unknown


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES:

After the death of the poet Lady Byron led a retired life and settled ultimately in Brighton. She took an interest in the religious questions of the day and spent much of her income on charities. Ada married the Earl of Lovelace in 1835. She was known for her interest and proficiency in mathematics and was associated with Charles Babbage in his attempts to develop a calculating machine or early form of computer.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.47

WISFM 2003.35.48


FORMER REFERENCE: III.6
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated 24.10.? From Lady Byron Good

2. Letter: (black edged) from Lady Lovelace, dated, Ackham Park 25.7.? Good
CONTENTS:

1. Sending her the last number of a book and inviting her the following evening to meet guests.

2. Invitation for the unknown recipient to visit for a few days.


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