Key Question: How are you defining this thing or idea?
Key Words and Phrases: List, define, tell everything you know, brainstorm, identify, relate prior knowledge, describe, explore the meaning
Design: the topic is in the middle, smaller circle. Everything you know about the topic is in the larger circle. A box, that may be included, around the entire map is a “Frame of Reference” that is used to answer the question “How did I learn this?” (The frame of reference can be used around any of the maps
Common Uses: Brainstorm for writing, used as a starting point during the prewriting stage, defining words, identifying audience and author’s point of view
Key Question: How are you describing this thing? What adjectives best describe it?
Key Words and Phrases: Describe, use vivid language, describe feelings, observe using the five senses
Design: The topic being described is in the center bubble. The outer bubbles contain adjectives and adjective phrases describing the topic.
Common Uses: Describing things, identifying qualities, character traits, attributes and/or properties of things. The Bubble Map is a tool for enriching students’ abilities to identify qualities and use descriptive words.
Writing Mode: Descriptive Writing
The Bubble Map
Second Thinking Map
The Double Bubble Map
Thinking Process: Comparing and Contrasting
Key Question: What are the similar and different qualities of these things?
Key Words and Phrases: Compare/contrast, discuss similarities and differences, prioritize essential characteristics, distinguish between, differentiate
Design: In the center circles are the words for the two things being compared and contrasted. In the middle bubbles, use terms to show similarities. In the outside bubbles, describe the differences. If there are too many similarities or differences, students should prioritize and keep only the most important.
Common Uses: A tool for comparing and contrasting two things.
Writing Mode: Comparison Essay
The Double Bubble Map
Comparing and Contrasting
Comparing enhances meaning
The square root function
Presentation created and modified using the following resources.