Western Nevada College Course Syllabus Biology 223 – Anatomy and Physiology – Spring 11

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Western Nevada College Course Syllabus

Biology 223 – Anatomy and Physiology – Spring 11

Instructor: Holly O’Toole

E-mail: Instructor: otooleh@wnc.edu Division Chair: bdillet@wnc.edu

Phone: (office) 423-8330 ext 2231 Cell: ____________________

Website: http://www.wnc.edu/~otooleh/

Office: #3 Piñon (or Sage 104)

Office Hours






By appt.

4 – 5 pm

4 – 5 pm

2:30 – 5:30 pm

By appt.


Office hours, WNC email, and phone. Make sure that your email and phone number on file with WNC are accurate. I cannot contact you if this information is incorrect. For quicker response time, email me at otooleh@wnc.edu and not through WebCampus.

Cancelled Class Hotline: 775-445-3030 or 1-866-532-5118 or http://www.wnc.edu/academics/hotline/

Lecture: 7-9:45 pm (T) VRGH 304

Lab: (F02)1-3:45 pm (T) Sage 104

Lecture Text:  Tortora and Derrickson, Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 12th or 13th ed., John Wiley and Sons.

Laboratory Texts:  Allen and Harper, Laboratory Manual for Anatomy and Physiology , John Wiley and Sons and Allen and Harper, Cat Dissection:  A Laboratory Guide   John Wiley and Sons

Reference Texts:  Elaine N. Marieb, Anatomy and Physiology Coloring Workbook:  A Complete Study Guide
Additional reading sources assigned during the semester
Student Evaluation:

Grades based on:

Exams (65%)

Lab Quizzes & Group Activities (26%)

Muscles Mini-Tests (9%)

Grading Scale

90-100% A- 90-92, A 93-100

80-89 % B- 80-82, B 83-86, B+ 87-89

70-79% C- 70-72, C 73-76, C+ 77-79

60-69% D

<60% F or W

Course Description:

Offers detailed study of cellular functions and the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. Primary for physical education, pre-nursing and other pre-health majors. NOTE: For programs that require BIOL 223 and 224, both courses must be completed at the same institution if taken outside Nevada. Four credits.

Course Prerequisite: Prerequisites: BIOL 190 & BIOL 190L with a grade of C or better or CHEM 121 with a grade of C or better or meet nursing program chemistry requirement
Specific Course Objectives:

  1. Gain factual knowledge (terminology, classifications, methods, trends) about Human Anatomy and Physiology I.

  2. Learn fundamental principles, generalizations, or theories of Human Anatomy and Physiology I.

  3. Learn to apply course material (to improve thinking, problem-solving, and decisions) in Human Anatomy and Physiology I.

  4. Develop specific skills, competencies and points of view needed by professionals in the field most closely related to Human Anatomy and Physiology I.

  5. Acquire an interest in learning more by asking questions and seeking answers about Human Anatomy and Physiology I.

Linkage of course to educational program mission and program outcome:

This course is designed to apply toward a WNC degree and/or transfer to other schools within the Nevada System of Higher Education, depending on the degree chosen and other courses completed. It may transfer to colleges and universities outside Nevada. For information about how this course can transfer and apply to your program of study, please contact a counselor.

Programs of Study: Nursing (AAS)
Examination, Quiz, and Assignment Information:

  1. The pedagogy of this class will include lecture, discussion, and laboratory exercises.

  2. Exams will be based on lecture, discussion, and the text. Exams will not be cumulative, but information from previous material may be needed to answer questions.

  3. Exam questions may consist of multiple choice, true/false, calculations, fill-in, and matching, short answer, and essay. Short answer and essay should be answered concisely and accurately for full credit.

  4. The muscles mini-test dates are on your syllabus and will be administered during lecture of that week.

  5. The laboratory quizzes will cover materials presented in the laboratory. They will not be cumulative, but information from the previous material may be needed to answer questions.

  6. Lab quizzes will be given at the beginning of each lab class period. The two lowest lab quiz scores will be dropped. No makeup quizzes will be given. If you are more than 10 minutes tardy you will not be given a quiz. The cat & torso model practicum quiz score may NOT be dropped and will count as a double quiz score.

  7. Objectives and grades will be posted on Webcampus. My lecture notes will not be posted. Any posted power points are to be printed by the students. Check Webcampus often.

  8. You must take all exams to pass the course. Exams will be given at the times noted in the course schedule. Once exams begin, you will not be permitted to leave the room without turning in your exam. Once turned in, the exam will be considered complete and will not be returned.

  9. There are no provisions made for missing an exam, therefore, 0 points will be averaged into the grade for exams missed. Makeup exams may be permitted, at the discretion of the instructor, when clear, documented reasons are provided. Make up exams will not be given for full credit.

  10. I will not withdraw failing students. Student who are failing or earning a grade that they are not satisfied with may withdraw themselves by the withdraw date.

  11. Be sure and take advantage of the Companion website that comes with your text.

  12. Points, up to100% of the total points from that week’s quiz, may be deducted for habitual tardies, early departures, or disruptive behavior.

  13. Grades and quiz/test scoring concerns/disagreements/rescoring are issues to be dealt during my office hours. Please do so.

Further Information:

Presentation, lab and additional assignments are part of the course. The class schedule is tentative and will be updated as needed. To do well in a college course demands that your work, personal life, and health allow for you to make your coursework a priority.


Attendance is required and I will record it. A student is permitted to miss 3 classes. However, more than three absences may result in the student being failed or given a W for the course.

Student Classroom Conduct:

WNC is committed to providing a safe effective learning environment for students, faculty, and staff. Disruptive student conduct is subject to strict disciplinary action.

This is a college classroom. You are expected to arrive on time and stay for the entire class period. Late arrivals and early departures are disruptive for the entire class. Three late arrivals/early departures will count as one absence. No children or pets are allowed in class or in the lab. Turn pagers to silent and cellular phones off when you come to class.

Behavior that impedes the teaching/learning process including: private conversations; leaving during a guest lecture; late arrivals and early departures; texting, phone, or pager calls; and behaviors that do not contribute to the course learning environment is unacceptable. I reserve the right to administratively fail or withdraw any student who presents behavioral issues that impede the learning environment. Use of any conduct or harassment that threatens the quality of this learning environment will result in immediate removal from the class.


Any student determined to be cheating or assisting or participating with another student in dishonest behavior will be immediately withdrawn from the course or receive a grade penalty. The penalty for cheating at WNC is outlined on the WNC website.

Laboratory Safety Guidelines:

  1. No eating, drinking, smoking, handling contact lens, or applying cosmetics in the laboratory.

  2. Lab space is tight. Backpacks are to be placed in a designated area of the lab, not on or under lab tables.

  3. Restrain long hair and remove dangling jewelry during dissections.

  4. Work surfaces will be washed at the beginning and end of class and whenever a spill occurs.

  5. Safety glasses must be worn. You may provide your own.

  6. Personal protective equipment (aprons and gloves) will be worn when doing experiments where contamination is possible. All protective equipment will be removed when leaving the laboratory.

  7. When working with human blood and other body fluid samples, you are to handle only your own sample.

  8. Laboratory work areas will be cleaned up at the end of class and all equipment and materials returned to the proper location.

  9. Report all spills or accidents, no matter how minor to the instructor.

  10. Hands will be washed after cleaning work surfaces, when hands become contaminated, and when leaving the laboratory.

  11. WNC does not have insurance to cover students on campus. All students should carry personal medical insurance.

Lab Study Tips:

  1. Read labs ahead of time, do questions on labs before lab when possible.

  2. Know your lab objectives for the weekly lab quiz.

  3. Know the assigned diagrams in the lab manual for that week’s lab quiz.

  4. Do the reviewing and using your knowledge at the end of each exercise. These questions are fair game on lab quizzes and exams.

  5. Use lab time to do lab exercises: concentrating on lab objectives.

  6. Utilize Visual Library and/or an Anatomy Coloring Book.

Muscles Mini Tests: To learn the muscles in a doable manner without reducing their importance, the muscles will be tested four times during the course as mini-tests at the beginning of lecture on these dates. Objectives will be available on Webcampus. Be sure and utilize the Visual Library web site.

    • Principal Superficial Skeletal Muscles: February 8

    • Muscles of the Head and Neck: March 8

    • Muscles of the Thorax and Abdomen: April 12

    • Muscles of the Upper and Lower Limbs: May 10

Study Tips and Techniques: You should plan to spend at least ten to twelve hours outside class each week to pass the course. Higher grades will require more study time. It will help you to read the assigned material before class. I suggest you download and read the study tips posted on Webcampus. If you are having difficulty please consider one or more of the following:

  1. Meet with me during my office hours.

  2. Read the chapter, do the online quizzes, rewrite answers to the objectives.

  3. Start a study group with some of your classmates and study, study, study!!

  4. Take responsibility for your own grade.

  5. Log your study time. Be honest about how much time you are actually studying.

Extra Credit

Perfect attendance is worth 10 points which will be averaged into your mini-test grade. You may have no absences, no tardies, and no instances where you leave class early to earn perfect attendance.

An article synopsis can earn up to 15 points which will be averaged into the lab quiz grade. I select and assign articles. The student reads the article and prepares a one page overview of the article typed in Arial Font 11 with 1 inch margins. The overview is presented by the student orally on the selected day for 15 points.

Qualified, self-identified students with documented disabilities have the right to free accommodations to ensure equal access to educational opportunities at WNC. For assistance contact Disability Support Services on the Carson Campus in the Bristlecone Bld. Room 103 or call 775-445-3267 or 775-445-3266.


This schedule is a guide and subject to revision.



Lecture Topics (T)

Laboratory Topic (T)



Body System Overview

Chapter 1

Chemistry: Chapter 2

Ex 1 Anatomical Language, Directional Terms

Ex 2 Body Quadrants



Chemistry (cont)

Cellular Function: Chapter 3

Emphasis on Plasma Membrane

Opened Cat

Water, pH, and chemistry activities



Principal Superficial Skeletal Muscles Mini Test 1

Tissues: Chapter 4

Ex 5 The Plasma Membrane

Ex 3 Microscope



Exam 1: Body systems, chemistry, cell, and tissues

Integumentary System Chapter 5

Ex 6 Tissue Slides

Ex 7 Integumentary System



Skeletal Tissue Chapter 6

Axial Skeleton Chapter 7

ID bones and features: axial skeleton

Ex 8,9



Appendicular Skeleton

Chapter 8

ID Bones and Markings: appendicular skeleton: Case Study: Dem Bones



Muscles of Head and Neck Mini Test 2

Joints: Chapter 9

Joints and Synovial Movement

Ex 11 Joint Dissection



Exam 2: Integ., skeletal, joints

Nervous Tissue: Chapter 12

Ex 16  Nervous Tissue

Cat Dissection I & Torso Model Practice


Spring Break



More Nervous Tissue

Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves Chapter 13

Ex 17, 18 Spinal Cord & Spinal Nerves

Spinal Cord dissection

Cat Dissection II & Torso Model Practice



Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves

Chapter 13

Brain Chapter 14

Cat Dissection III & Torso Model Practice



Muscles Thorax & Abdomen Mini Test 3

More Brain & Cranial Nerves

Ex 20 Brain dissection

Ex 21 Cranial Nerves

Cat Dissection IV & Torso Model Practice



Exam 3: Nervous, spinal, brain,

Sensory, Motor, Integrative Systems Chapter 16

Ex 23 General Senses



Autonomic Nervous System

Chapter 15

Cat and Torso Model Practicum: Will not be dropped. Will count as double quiz score.



Special Senses Chapter 17

Ex 24 Special Senses

Eye Dissection



Muscles of Upper and Lower Limbs Mini Test 4

Muscular Tissue: Chapter 10

Built in day for lecture or lab schedule variations. May include lecture catch-up.



Exam 4: Sensory, motor integrative, ANS, special senses, muscles

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