Western Nevada College Course Syllabus Biology 223 – Anatomy and Physiology – Fall 15

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Western Nevada College Course Syllabus

Biology 223 – Anatomy and Physiology – Fall 15 (rev. 8-13-15)

Instructor: Professor O’Toole

E-mail: Instructor: holly.otoole@wnc.edu Director: Scott Morrison

Phone: (office) 423-7565 ext 2233 Cell: _____________________

Office: 316 VRGH (or Sage 104)

Office Hours






3:00 - 4:00 pm

4-5 pm

By appt.

1-4 pm

By appt.


Make sure that your email and phone number on file with WNC are accurate. I cannot contact you if this information is incorrect.

Email Holly.OToole@wnc.edu or WNC online.

Cancelled Class Hotline: 775-445-3030 or 1-866-532-5118 or http://www.wnc.edu/academics/hotline/

Lecture: 5:30-8:15 pm (T) TBA

Lab: 5:30-8:15 pm ( (Th) Sage 104

Lecture Text:  Download for free: Openstax Anatomy and Physiology, http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/anatomy-and-physiology

J. Gordon Betts, ISBN-978-1-938168-13-0

Lecture Software: Visual Body Anatomy and Physiology 3D (be careful to download what you want: Mac, PC, Ipad, Droid, etc) (Cost $60.00)


Laboratory Texts:  Allen and Harper, Laboratory Manual for Anatomy and Physiology 4th ed., (looseleaf) John Wiley and Sons and Allen and Harper 9780470917534 (used or earlier editions are fine)

Reference Texts:  Elaine N. Marieb, Anatomy and Physiology Coloring Workbook:  A Complete Study Guide (any edition)
Student Evaluation:

Grades based on:

Exams (65%)

Lab Quizzes & Group Activities (26%)

Cat Pract. & Muscles Mini-Tests (9%)

Grading Scale

90-100% A- 90-92, A 93-100

80-89 % B- 80-82, B 83-86, B+ 87-89

70-79% C- 70-72, C 73-76, C+ 77-79

60-69% D

<60% F or W

Course Description:

Offers detailed study of cellular functions and the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. Primarily for physical education, pre‐nursing and other pre‐health majors. NOTE: For programs that require BIOL 223 and 224, both courses must be completed at the same institution if taken outside Nevada. May be repeated a maximum of two times within the last five years. Four credits.

Course Prerequisite: Prerequisites: BIOL 190 & BIOL 190L with a grade of C or better or CHEM 121 with a grade of C or better or meet nursing program chemistry requirement
Specific Course Objectives: Upon successful completion of BIOL 223, Human Anatomy and Physiology I, (defined as a 75% course score or better) learners will be able to:

The information in the parentheses after a course objective refers to the specific general education (GE) learning outcome that the objective meets.  Objectives without this information are not linked to WNC’s general education program.

Describe the anatomy and physiology of the tissues in the human body, the integumentary, skeletal (including the major articulations), muscular and nervous (to include the cranial nerves and special senses) systems of the body (GE #1);

Illustrate and explain the function of cell and tissue types in the human body (GE #1);

Illustrate and explain the function of biomolecules at the sub-cellular and cellular level in the human body (GE #1);

Draw conclusions from experimentally derived data in the laboratory (GE #1, #4).
Course Topics: All students will have in-depth (first semester of a lab-based two-semester sequence) knowledge of the human integumentary, muscular, skeletal (including major articulations), nervous, systems, and their applications to human health and some fundamental pathology to each organ system. In addition, all learners will have in-depth knowledge of the language of anatomy and physiology, the four major classes of biomolecules, cellular anatomy and physiology, introduction to tissues in the human body and introductory intermediary metabolism.
Linkage of course to educational program mission and program outcome:

This course is designed to apply toward a WNC degree and/or transfer to other schools within the Nevada System of Higher Education, depending on the degree chosen and other courses completed. Transfers as BIOL 223 in the NSHE. It may transfer to colleges and universities outside Nevada. For information about how this course can transfer and apply to your program of study, please contact a counselor.

Programs of Study: Nursing (AAS)
Examination, Quiz, and Assignment Information:

  1. The pedagogy of this class will include lecture, discussion, and laboratory exercises.

  2. Exams will be based on lecture, discussion, and the text. Exams will not be cumulative, but information from previous material may be needed to answer questions. Text messaging with your cell phone during an exam or quiz is forbidden. If you are caught text messaging during the quiz or exam you will fail the course, not just the quiz or exam. Your cell phone must be turned off or on silent and placed in your bag.

  3. Exam questions may consist of multiple choice, true/false, calculations, fill-in, and matching, short answer, and essay. Short answer and essay should be answered concisely and accurately for full credit.

  4. All exams need to be turned into the instructor. Failure to do so will result in an F on the exam.

  5. The muscles mini-test dates are on your syllabus and will be administered during lecture of that week.

  6. The laboratory quizzes will cover materials presented in the laboratory. They will not be cumulative, but information from the previous material may be needed to answer questions.

  7. Lab quizzes will be given at the beginning of each lab class period. The two lowest lab quiz scores will be dropped. No makeup quizzes will be given. If you are more than 10 minutes tardy you will not be given a quiz. The cat & torso model practicum quiz score may NOT be dropped and will be averaged into the mini-test grade.

  8. Objectives and grades will be posted on WNC online. Any posted power points are to be printed by the students. Check WNC online often.

  9. You must take all exams to pass the course. Exams will be given at the times noted in the course schedule. Once exams begin, you will not be permitted to leave the room without turning in your exam. Once turned in, the exam will be considered complete and will not be returned.

  10. There are no provisions made for missing an exam, therefore, 0 points will be averaged into the grade for exams missed. Makeup exams may be permitted, at the discretion of the instructor, when clear, documented reasons are provided. Make up exams will not be given for full credit.

  11. I will not withdraw failing students. Student who are failing or earning a grade that they are not satisfied with may withdraw themselves by the withdraw date.

  12. Be sure and take advantage of the Companion website that comes with your text.

  13. Points, up to100% of the total points from that week’s quiz, may be deducted for habitual tardies, early departures, or disruptive behavior. Disruptive behavior includes talking when I am talking, chatting, giggling, texting with classmates during lecture. Applying makeup during lecture is also not allowed. This semester, I will ask you to leave class if you engage in behaviors that keep other students from hearing instruction or distracts other students during the learning or quizzing process. If habitual tardies are a problem for the class, I will lock the door at the time when class begins. If you leave lecture during class, do not come back in. It is disruptive.

  14. Grades and quiz/test scoring concerns/disagreements/rescoring are issues to be dealt during my office hours. Please do so.

Further Information:

Presentation, lab and additional assignments are part of the course. The class schedule is tentative and will be updated as needed. To do well in a college course demands that your work, personal life, and health allow for you to make your coursework a priority.


Attendance is required and I will record it. A student is permitted to miss 3 classes. However, more than three absences may result in a grade reduction. Perfect attendance is worth 15 points extra credit which will be averaged into your mini-test grade. You may have no absences, no tardies, and no instances where you leave class early to earn perfect attendance.

Student Classroom Conduct:

WNC is committed to providing a safe effective learning environment for students, faculty, and staff. Disruptive student conduct is subject to strict disciplinary action.

This is a college classroom. You are expected to arrive on time and stay for the entire class period. Late arrivals and early departures are disruptive for the entire class. Three late arrivals/early departures will count as one absence. No children or pets are allowed in class or in the lab. Turn pagers to silent and cellular phones off when you come to class.

Behavior that impedes the teaching/learning process including: private conversations; leaving during a guest lecture; late arrivals and early departures; texting, phone, or pager calls; and behaviors that do not contribute to the course learning environment is unacceptable. I reserve the right to administratively fail or withdraw any student who presents behavioral issues that impede the learning environment. Use of any conduct or harassment that threatens the quality of this learning environment will result in immediate removal from the class.


Any student determined to be cheating or assisting or participating with another student in dishonest behavior will be immediately withdrawn from the course or receive a grade penalty. The penalty for cheating at WNC is outlined on the WNC website. An Honor Code is inherent in ethical societal behavior: “I will not lie, cheat, steal, nor tolerate those who do”. Come to me if students are violating that code.

Laboratory Safety Guidelines:

  1. No eating, drinking, smoking, handling contact lens, or applying cosmetics in the laboratory.

  2. Lab space is tight. Backpacks are to be placed in a designated area of the lab, not on or under lab tables.

  3. Restrain long hair and remove dangling jewelry during dissections.

  4. Work surfaces will be washed at the beginning and end of class and whenever a spill occurs.

  5. Safety glasses must be worn. You may provide your own.

  6. Personal protective equipment (aprons and gloves) will be worn when doing experiments where contamination is possible. All protective equipment will be removed when leaving the laboratory.

  7. When working with human blood and other body fluid samples, you are to handle only your own sample.

  8. Laboratory work areas will be cleaned up at the end of class and all equipment and materials returned to the proper location.

  9. Report all spills or accidents, no matter how minor to the instructor.

  10. Hands will be washed after cleaning work surfaces, when hands become contaminated, and when leaving the laboratory.

  11. WNC does not have insurance to cover students on campus. All students should carry personal medical insurance.

  12. Dissections may not be videoed or photographed and posted on any online site.

Lab Study Tips:

  1. Read labs ahead of time, do questions on labs before lab when possible.

  2. Know your lab objectives for the weekly lab quiz.

  3. Know the assigned diagrams in the lab manual for that week’s lab quiz.

  4. Do the reviewing and using your knowledge at the end of each exercise. These questions are fair game on lab quizzes and exams.

  5. Use lab time to do lab exercises: concentrating on lab objectives.

  6. Utilize Visual Library and/or an Anatomy Coloring Book.

Muscles Mini Tests: To learn the muscles in a doable manner without reducing their importance, the muscles will be tested four times during the course as mini-tests at the beginning of lecture on these dates. Objectives will be available on WNC online. The pictures used will resemble those on the Anatomy Physiology Visual Library web site at http://www.edugen.com:30121/apvl/ Click on the Text book authored by Tortora and Derrickson.

    • Principal Superficial Skeletal Muscles: 9-15-15

    • Muscles of the Head and Neck: 10-13-15

    • Muscles of the Thorax and Abdomen: 11-10-15

    • Muscles of the Upper and Lower Limbs: 12-1-15

Study Tips and Techniques: You should plan to spend at least ten to twelve hours outside class each week to pass the course. Higher grades will require more study time. It will help you to read the assigned material before class. I suggest you download and read the study tips posted on WNC online. If you are having difficulty please consider one or more of the following:

  1. Meet with me during my office hours.

  2. Read the chapter, do the online quizzes, rewrite answers to the objectives.

  3. Start a study group with some of your classmates and study, study, study!!

  4. Take responsibility for your own grade.

  5. Log your study time. Be honest about how much time you are actually studying.


Qualified, self-identified students with documented disabilities have the right to free accommodations to ensure equal access to educational opportunities at WNC. If you have a disability for which you will need to request accommodations, please contact Susan Trist, Coordinator for Disability Support Services at 775-445-3268 or susan.trist@wnc.edu as soon as possible to arrange for appropriate accommodations.


This schedule is a guide and subject to revision. (rev. 8-13-15)



Lecture Topics (T)

Laboratory Topic (Th)



Body System Overview

Chapter 1

Chemistry: Chapter 2

Ex 1 Anatomical Language, Directional Terms

Ex 2 Body Quadrants



Chemistry (cont)

Cellular Function: Chapter 3

Emphasis on Plasma Membrane

Ex 5 The Plasma Membrane

Water, pH, and chemistry activities



Principal Superficial Skeletal Muscles Mini Test 1

Tissues: Chapter 4

Ex 3 Microscope

Ex 6 Tissue Slides



Exam 1: Body systems, chemistry, cell, and tissues

Integumentary System Chapter 5

Ex 7 Integumentary System



Skeletal Tissue Chapter 6

Axial Skeleton Chapter 7

ID bones and features: axial skeleton

Ex 8,9



Appendicular Skeleton

Chapter 8

ID Bones and Markings: appendicular skeleton: Case Study: Dem Bones



Muscles of Head and Neck Mini Test 2

Joints: Chapter 9

Joints and Synovial Movement

Ex 11 Joint Dissection



Exam 2: Integ., skeletal, joints

Nervous Tissue: Chapter 12

Ex 16  Nervous Tissue

Cat Dissection I & Torso Model Practice



Nervous Tissue

Anatomy of Nervous System Chapter 13

Ex 23 General Senses

Cat Dissection II & Torso Model Practice



Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves

Ex 17, 18 Spinal Cord & Spinal Nerves

Spinal Cord dissection

Cat Dissection III & Torso Model Practice



Muscles Thorax & Abdomen Mini Test 3 Brain Chapter 14

Ex 20 Brain dissection

Cat Dissection IV & Torso Model Practice



Exam 3: Nervous, spinal, brain,

More Brain and Cranial Nerves

Ex 21 Cranial Nerves

Cat Dissection V & Torso Model Practice







Muscles of Upper and Lower Limbs Mini Test 4

Autonomic Nervous System

Chapter 15

Ex. 22 ANS

Cat Dissection VI & Torso Model Practice



Muscular Tissue: Chapter 10

Cat and Torso Model Practicum: Will not be dropped. Grade averaged on Mini-test score



Exam 4: Brain, ANS, Muscles

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