Voices Plus Rogério Tilio (organizador) Richmond Página 1 voices plus 3 rogério tilio

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. Accessed on February 2, 2016.


The title of the text refers to charity work. Does working in the voluntary sector mean working for free? Does it necessarily involve charity?

Are you interested in any of the jobs mentioned in this section? Why?

Would you like to work in the voluntary sector in another country? Why?

In your opinion, why is the voluntary sector important?

Exploring further

Go online and look for other jobs in the voluntary sector. Share your findings with your classmates.


Self-study and learning skills for the 21st century

1 Read this excerpt and discuss the questions with a partner.

“Many students think that being a good student means just showing up for classes, taking a few notes, reading the textbooks, and studying right before the tests. However, learning, like many other activities, involves a complex set of skills that require practice. For example, if you wanted to become a good basketball player, you would have to learn how to dribble, pass, shoot, rebound, be a team player etc., and you would have to practice these individual skills over and over in order to improve them. Similarly, studying involves learning a complex set of skills, such as note taking, test taking etc. that must be practiced in order for you to become a good student. […]”

Excerpt from the text available at . Accessed on January 22, 2016.

a Why does the text suggest a comparison between basketball and studying?

Because if you want to be good at basketball, you need to practice and have a lot of discipline, which is also required if you want to be a good student.

b Do you practice what is being recommended in the text? Respostas pessoais.

c Do you see any benefits in being an autonomous student? How autonomous are you?

Respostas pessoais. Professor/a, pode ser interessante explicar aos/às estudantes que existem dois tipos de autonomia no processo de aprendizagem: individual, que é aquela em que os/as estudantes buscam mecanismos para melhorar sua aprendizagem, e sociocultural, na qual eles/elas são capazes de utilizar seus conhecimentos formais em suas práticas socioculturais (NICOLAIDES & TILIO, 2011). Como esta seção lida com study skills, o foco recai sobre a autonomia individual.
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2 How good are you at organizing your study time? Read these tips and, in your notebook, substitute the symbols with the subtitles from the box in order to complete the text.

Account for project time / Allot enough time for study / Allow for flexibility

Make use of your free hours between classes / Schedule a weekly review / Schedule daily reviews / Study at the same time daily


4 People who make a difference

Seven Ways to Better Organize Your Study Time

1. (A) ______ Allot enough time for study.

[…] While 6 hours may be too much for one student, it may be what is necessary for another.
Therefore, you must examine your own needs and then allot your time appropriately.

2. (B) ______ Make use of your free hours between classes.

If your schedule permits, the hours between classes can be used to review notes before a class or to begin an assignment.

3. (C) ______ Study at the same time daily.

Having specific hours set aside each day will maintain the systematic organization of your schedule and keep you actively involved in studying.

4. (D) ______Schedule a weekly review.

Plan to review each [class’s] notes [from beginning] to end once a week. This only takes a short time and will reduce the amount of study time needed before an exam.

5. (E) ______ Schedule daily reviews.

Spend 15-20 minutes reviewing your notes immediately following [a] class or when classes are done for the day. Again, this will reduce the amount of study time needed before an exam.

6. (F) ______ Account for project time.

Remember to allow an appropriate amount of time during the course of the week for long-term projects (i.e. papers, group projects, journals etc.)

7. (G) ______ Allow for flexibility.

Although your schedule should be very systematic, you should allow for some flexibility. It is important not to overschedule, thus allowing for a variety of ‘[nonacademic]’ activities.”

Available at . Accessed on January 22, 2016. Occasional linguistic adjustments to fit standard language marked with [ ]. Suppressions for pedagogical purposes (omission of excerpts with inadequate language level or advertising) marked with […].

3 Do you usually follow any of these tips? Do you believe that they could help your learning process become more effective? Which one(s) would you prioritize? Respostas pessoais.

4 Would you add any other tips to the list? Which one(s)? Respostas pessoais.

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5 Read this cartoon and answer the questions in your notebook.


a Which skill did the man learn at school? How useful is it?

He learned to take tests, but this probably wouldn’t be of any help in the real world.

b What criticism does the cartoon make of schools? Do you agree with it?

It criticizes schools for not preparing students for real life. Respostas pessoais.

6 Look at the diagram about some basic 21st-century skills. What do the 4 C’s stand for?

Critical thinking, communication, collaboration and creativity.


Information available at ;

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