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. Accessed on February 4, 2016. Occasional linguistic adjustments to fit standard language marked with [ ].

a Was Emma Watson criticized for her speech?



Yes. She said she received threats within 12 hours of delivering the speech.

b Did her speech influence other famous people? Who?



Yes. Malala Yousafzai told Emma Watson she decided to call herself a feminist after hearing her speech at the UN.

c Considering the discussions in the “Linguistic literacy” section on page 163, how do you interpret the saying “It has been a tricky word. When I heard it the first time, I heard some negative responses and some positive ones. I hesitated in saying am I feminist or not?”?



Respostas pessoais. Professor/a, espera-se que os/as estudantes percebam que a hesitação de Malala em usar o termo “feminista” estava relacionada a uma compreensão errada desse conceito.
Página 168

2 Analyze the highlighted and the underlined parts of the texts in activity 1. Then, in your notebook, match the halves to form sentences about them.

a The yellow parts refer to II

b The gray parts refer to I

c The underlined parts refer to III

I Emma’s and Malala’s exact words (direct speech).

II Emma’s and Malala’s speech rewritten by the authors of the texts (reported speech).

III words/expressions used by Emma and Malala, which are also used by the authors of the texts.

3 Read an excerpt of Emma Watson’s speech and an excerpt of a text about it. Then, in your notebook, choose the correct statement about the use of direct speech.

For the record, feminism, by definition, is the belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities. It is the theory of the political, economic and social equality of the sexes. I started questioning gender-based assumptions a long time ago. When I was eight, I was confused at being called “bossy” because I wanted to direct the plays that we would put on for our parents. But the boys were not.

When at 14, I started being sexualised by certain elements of the media.

Emma Watson’s speech, page 164

[…] and at 14 when she was “sexualised by certain elements of the media”. Watson’s speech also called feminism “the belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities” […].

Women’s rights work, page 166

AMANDA SAVOINI

a It is possible to change the words spoken even if they are placed between quotation marks (“ ”).

b The exact words spoken are placed between quotation marks (“ ”) and there is no change in these words.

c It is necessary to change the tense of the original speech.

Resposta: b

4 Analyze the yellow parts in the texts in activity 1 again. Then, in your notebook, choose the correct statements about reported/indirect speech.

a It is always placed between commas.

b It is usually used to talk about the past, so the tense of the original speech normally changes.

c Verbs like “say”, “tell” and “ask” are used.

d The word “that” can be used to introduce the reported words.

e There is no change in the words reported.

Resposta: c; d

5 Focus on the yellow parts again. Can you guess Emma’s and Malala’s exact words? Write the answers in your notebook.



Respostas possíveis: I began questioning gender-based assumptions at age eight, when I was called “bossy” whilst boys were not.; The perception of man-hating is something that has to stop.; I received threats within 12 hours of making the speech.; I decided to call myself a feminist after hearing your speech.; My father, Ziauddin, is an example to all men and calls himself a feminist.; I planned to ask you whether you identified as a feminist, but I decided not to when I saw that you have never used the word to describe youself.
Página 169

6 Now focus on the gray parts. Can you report Emma’s and Malala’s words? Write the answers in your notebook.



Respostas possíveis: Emma said that she was raging, she declared that if they were trying to put her off of doing this work, it did the opposite.; Malala said it had been a tricky word and that, when she heard it the first time, she heard some negative responses and some positive ones, so she hesitated in saying if she was a feminist or not.; Malala told Emma that, after hearing her speech, she decided there was no way and there was nothing wrong in calling herself a feminist. She then declared that she is a feminist and that everyone should be feminists because feminism is another word for equality.; Emma urged people not to make it scary to say they are feminists.; She said she wanted to make it a welcoming and inclusive movement and invited people to join hands and move together so they could make real change. She said Malala and she were pretty serious about it, but they needed other people.

7 Compare these reported sentences. Both are grammatically correct, but there is a slight difference in meaning. What is it?



Sentence “a” emphasizes the idea that the reported fact refers to something said in the past (so the past tense is used). Sentence “b” emphasizes the idea that the reported fact is still true in the present, when it is reported (so the present tense is used).

a

Emma Watson said she had planned to ask the [18-year-old] Nobel Peace Prize winner whether she identified as a feminist […].



b

Emma Watson said she had planned to ask the 18-year-old Nobel Peace Prize winner whether she identifies as a feminist…

AMANDA SAVOINI

WRITING LITERACY

Scientists who make a difference

Before writing

Ciências da Natureza

1 Four scientists were mentioned in the “Contextualization” section. Do you remember them? What did they do to make a difference in the world?



The scientists mentioned were Alexander Fleming (who discovered penicillin), Charles Darwin (who developed the Theory of Evolution), Nicolaus Copernicus (who discovered that the planets in the Solar System revolve around the Sun) and Oswaldo Cruz (who eradicated several tropical diseases in Brazil through vaccination).

2 Now look at the pictures of these scientists. What do you know about them?



Respostas pessoais. Professor/a, informações adicionais sobre os/as cientistas mencionados nesta atividade encontram-se no Guia Didático, página 249.

I Miguel Nicolelis



FABIO BERRIEL/FUTURA PRESS


Página 170

II Stephen Hawking



TRISTAN FEWINGS/GETTY IMAGES



III

Stephanie Kwolek



HAGLEY ARCHIVE/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY/LATINSTOCK

3




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