. Accessed on January 19, 2016. Occasional linguistic adjustments to fit standard language marked with [ ].
5 Now read the texts. Did Razia Jan, Farles Calle and Iqbal Masih use any of the strategies youmentioned in activity 3?Respostas pessoais.
6 Copy the chart in your notebook and complete it with information from the texts.
Reason(s) to take action
Positive consequences of their actions
Opened a school for girls.
The Taliban had forbidden girls from going to school in Afghanistan; there were no girls’ schools in Deh’Subz.
It made a difference in girls’ and women’s lives; learning English at school is important for their future.
Helped organize The Children’s Peace Movement.
She was tired of witnessing violence, seeing friends and family members get killed and fearing for their own safety.
Exposed the adult population of Colombia to the impact of the civil war on children; set up peer counseling groups for war- affected children; taught kids about forgiveness and how to deal with hurt.
Talked to other children who worked at carpet factories and spoke at meetings.
He had been a debt slave as a small child.
He gave many carpet worker children the courage to leave their owners.
7 In your notebook, answer these questions based on the texts in activity 4.
a How do you think learning English can help girls and women in Afghanistan?
Professor/a, espera-se que os/as estudantes percebam que, ao ter acesso à educação e ao estudo de uma língua estrangeira, as mulheres (e as pessoas em geral) podem se tornar mais autônomas, buscando outros conteúdos e conhecendo outras culturas e visões de mundo, o que lhes possibilita ter uma visão mais crítica e, mais pragmaticamente, obter melhores empregos, viajar para outros países etc.
b Why did Iqbal become a “danger” for the owners of carpet factories in Pakistan?
Because he raised awareness of child slavery in carpet factories and encouraged the kids to escape from there. Página 161
8 In your opinion, what is the role of education in the stories presented in activity 4?
Respostas pessoais. Professor/a, espera-se que os/as estudantes percebam que a educação empodera pessoas em situação de opressão, como nas histórias apresentadas.
9 Malala Yousafzai was born in 1997 and is one of the most well-known young education advocates in the world. Her birthday, July 12, was declared Malala Day by the United Nations in 2013. Read this excerpt of her speech at the Youth Assembly at the United Nations and answer the questions in your notebook.
Professor/a, informações adicionais sobre Malala Yousafzai encontram-se no Guia Didático, página 248.
“[…] Dear brothers and sisters, do remember one thing. Malala Day is not my day. Today is the day of every woman, every boy and every girl who have raised their voice for their rights. There are hundreds of human rights activists and social workers who are not only speaking for human rights, but who are struggling to achieve their goals of education, peace and equality. Thousands of people have been killed by the terrorists and millions have been injured. I am just one of them. So here I stand… one girl among many. I speak – not for myself, but for all girls and boys. I raise up my voice – not so that I can shout, but so that those without a voice can be heard. Those who have fought for their rights: their right to live in peace; their right to be treated with dignity; their right to equality of opportunity; their right to be educated.
Dear friends, on the 9th of October, 2012, the Taliban shot me on the left side of my forehead. They shot my friends too. They thought that the bullets would silence us. But they failed. And then out of that silence came thousands of voices. The terrorists thought that they would change our aims and stop our ambitions, but nothing changed in my life except this: weakness, fear and hopelessness died. Strength, power and courage [were] born. I am the same Malala. My ambitions are the same. My hopes are the same. My dreams are the same.
Dear sisters and brothers, I am not against anyone. Neither am I here to speak in terms of personal revenge against the Taliban or any other terrorist group. I am here to speak up for the right of education of every child. I want education for the sons and the daughters of all the extremists, especially the Taliban. […]
Dear sisters and brothers, we realise the importance of light when we see darkness. We realise the importance of our voice when we are silenced. In the same way, when we were in Swat, the north of Pakistan, we realised the importance of pens and books when we saw the guns.
The wise saying ‘The pen is mightier than [the] sword’ was true. The extremists are afraid of books and pens. The power of education frightens them. They are afraid of women. The power of the voice of women frightens them. […]
I remember that there was a boy in our school who was asked by a journalist, ‘Why are the Taliban against education?’ He answered very simply. By pointing to his book he said, ‘A Talib doesn’t know what is written inside this book.’ They think that God is a tiny, little conservative being who would send girls to the hell just because of going to school. The terrorists are misusing the name of Islam and Pashtun society for their own personal benefits. Pakistan is [a] peace-loving democratic country.
Pashtuns want education for their daughters and sons. And Islam is a religion of peace, humanity and brotherhood. Islam says that it is not only each child’s right to get education; rather it is their duty and responsibility.
Honorable Secretary General, peace is necessary for education. In many parts of the world, especially Pakistan and Afghanistan, terrorism, wars and conflicts stop children [from going] to their schools. We are really tired of these wars. […] Poverty, ignorance, injustice, racism and the deprivation of basic rights are the main problems faced by both men and women.
Dear fellows, today I am focusing on women’s rights and girls’ education because they are suffering the most. There was a time when women social activists asked men to stand up for their rights. But this time we will do it by ourselves. I am not telling men to step away from speaking for women’s rights; rather, I am focusing on women to be independent to fight for themselves.
Dear sisters and brothers, now it’s time to speak up.
So today we call upon the world leaders to change their strategic policies in favor of peace and prosperity. […]
We call upon all communities to be tolerant – to reject prejudice based on caste, creed, sect, religion or gender; to ensure freedom and equality for women so that they can flourish. We cannot all succeed when half of us are held back. […]
Dear brothers and sisters, we want schools and education for every child’s bright future. We will continue our journey to our destination of peace and education for everyone. No one can stop us. We will speak for our rights and we will bring change through our voice. We must believe in the power and the strength of our words. Our words can change the world. […]
So let us wage a global struggle against illiteracy, poverty and terrorism and let us pick up our books and pens. They are our most powerful weapons.
One child, one teacher, one pen and one book can change the world. Education is the only solution. Education first.”