Voices Plus Rogério Tilio (organizador) Richmond Página 1 voices plus 3 rogério tilio



Download 8.79 Mb.
Page7/92
Date08.12.2018
Size8.79 Mb.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   ...   92
. Accessed on January 12, 2015. Suppressions for pedagogical purposes (omission of excerpts with inadequate language level or advertising) marked with […].
Página 27

BRICS

“BRICS is the acronym for an association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. […] The BRICS members are all developing or newly industrialised countries, but they are distinguished by their large, fast-growing economies and significant influence on regional and global affairs. […]”

Available at . Accessed on January 26, 2016. Suppressions for pedagogical purposes (omission of excerpts with inadequate language level or advertising) marked with [...].

a What view do the BRICS members have toward science and technology in the future?



They have a positive view of science and technology, which they consider will lead to human progress in the future. Through cooperation, they will be able to address global and regional socio-economic challenges.

b How does BRICS’ view of science and technology compare to that of the United States?



Respostas possíveis: Both BRICS’ and American views are grounded on optimism, considering that technological and scientific changes are expected to make life better in the future. BRICS’ view draws on cooperation among the countries by means of exchanging and trading of experiences, knowledge, products and services. The American view, on the other hand, seems to be, according to the research, more self-contained. Professor/a, além de estabelecer uma comparação entre as visões futurísticas de ciência e tecnologia entre os Estados Unidos e os países que compõem o BRICS, é interessante conscientizar os/as estudantes de que a visão otimista e de progresso na ciência e na tecnologia não se limita apenas a países desenvolvidos, como os Estados Unidos, posto que países em desenvolvimento (como os membros do BRICS) também compartilham dessa visão de progresso e têm buscado meios de realizá-la, apesar dos desafios.

Discuss
• In your opinion, can the American survey be generalized and extended to the Brazilian context? How does it compare to our reality?

Professor/a, recomenda-se conscientizar os/as estudantes sobre a especificidade da pesquisa desenvolvida com/pelos estadunidenses, chamando a atenção deles/delas para o fato de que a visão dos Estados Unidos sobre os avanços tecnocientíficos é particular e não deve ser generalizada. Aparentemente, a realidade brasileira possui sua própria visão acerca das expectativas e das predições quanto aos avanços científicos e tecnológicos do futuro. Com base nas respostas que os/as estudantes deram ao questionário da atividade 2, e também considerando os planos de desenvolvimento do Brasil para os próximos anos, eles/elas podem comparar as visões brasileira e estadunidense.

LINGUISTIC LITERACY

Expressing future time (I)

Professor/a, o uso do tempo futuro é sistematizado no “Language reference”, página 195. Sugere-se usar a seção a seu critério.

1 These excerpts were taken from the text “U.S. Views of Technology and the Future”, on pages 22 and 23. Read them and answer the questions in your notebook.

“The American public anticipates that the coming half-century will be a period of profound scientific change […].”

“Overall, most Americans anticipate that the technological developments of the coming half-century will have a net positive impact on society. Some 59% are optimistic that coming technological and scientific changes will make life in the future better, while 30% think these changes will lead to a future in which people are worse off than they are today.”

a What are the sentences in bold about?
I Simple predictions.
II Predictions based on present evidence (as stated in the text).
III Plans.

Resposta: I

b What do the sentences say about the events they predict?


I The sentences refer to future events as intentions.
II The sentences refer to future events as possibilities.

Resposta: II

c What other words from the excerpts have future connotation? “Coming”, “anticipate” and “future”.


Página 28

2 Which word is used for making predictions in English? Pay attention to the only word that is present in all the sentences in bold in activity 1. “Will”.

3 Read one more excerpt from the survey report “U.S. Views of Technology and the Future”. Then, based on the sentences in bold, answer yes or no to these questions in your notebook.

“Fewer than half of Americans – 39% – expect that scientists will have developed the technology to teleport objects, and one in three (33%) expect that humans will have colonized planets other than Earth.”

a Are these sentences predictions? Yes

b Do they predict teleportation and space colonization? Yes

c Are these technologies available yet? No

d Are they expected to be available in 50 years? Yes

e Do the sentences predict that the development of these technologies will be completed in the future? Yes

4 Choose the structure used in order to predict that an action will be completed by a particular moment in the future.

a will + verb in base form

b will + have been + verb in past participle



Resposta: b

5 What does this excerpt mean?

“[…] one in three (33%) expect that humans will have colonized planets other than Earth.”

AMANDA SAVOINI

a 33% of Americans expect space colonization to be concluded in 50 years.

b 33% of Americans expect space colonization to have started in 50 years.

c 33% of Americans expect Earth to be colonized by other planets in 50 years.

6 Read about one of the future glimpses presented in the book 2052: A Global Forecast for the Next Forty Years, by Jørgen Randers. Then answer the questions.

The Death of Nuclear
Jonathon Porritt

In 2052, only two countries, France and China, will be generating any electricity from nuclear energy at all – and both will have decided to get out of nuclear altogether by 2065. I suspect there are few people who subscribe to such a view today. […]”

RANDERS, J. 2052: A Global Forecast for the Next Forty Years. Vermont: Chelsea Green, 2012, p. 110.
Página 29

a What is the prediction made in the paragraph? Do you subscribe to that view?



The prediction is about the generation of electricity from nuclear energy. Respostas pessoais.

b Besides being used for generating electricity, what are some other uses of nuclear power?



Respostas pessoais. Professor/a, os/as estudantes podem usar seu conhecimento de mundo para responder a esta pergunta. Além do uso da energia nuclear como fonte de geração de eletricidade, ela pode ser utilizada na fabricação de armas nucleares, no diagnóstico e na

c In your opinion, will such prediction be beneficial for humanity? Why?



Respostas pessoais. Professor/a, as respostas a esta pergunta provavelmente tenderão à reflexão que considera o uso da energia nuclear tanto de uma perspectiva positiva quanto de uma negativa, com base na resposta da atividade anterior. É possível complementar a resposta dos/as estudantes com comentários sobre os impactos positivos e negativos do uso da energia nuclear. Entre os impactos positivos estão seu baixo teor de poluição atmosférica, já que não são lançados na atmosfera gases prejudiciais, tais como metano e dióxido de carbono; a não dependência de fatores climáticos (como o vento, no caso da energia eólica, ou as chuvas, no caso das hidrelétricas); a grande oferta de combustível; e seu baixo custo operacional, por utilizar o urânio, que está disponível na natureza, como recurso primário. De uma perspectiva negativa, há o risco de acidentes nucleares pesquisa de diversas doenças (como raios X, tomografia e cintilografia), no tratamento de câncer (radioterapia), na esterilização de produtos médicos e farmacêuticos, no controle de pestes agrícolas, no aumento da variedade genética de plantas, na otimização da eficiência de fertilizantes e água em plantações, na conservação de alimentos e na solução de problemas ambientais (como efeito estufa e chuva ácida). (como Chernobyl); a energia nuclear impacta o meio ambiente durante a extração, o transporte e o descarte do urânio (que, por ser um lixo radioativo e prejudicial à saúde, não pode ser eliminado em aterros sanitários comuns) e durante o resfriamento dos reatores, aquecendo ecossistemas aquáticos; e o fato de o urânio ser um recurso não renovável e limitado a algumas localidades geográficas, de forma que seu uso contínuo levará a sua escassez.

Jørgen Randers is a professor at the Norwegian Business School and author of the book 2052: A Global Forecast for the Next Forty Years, in which he draws on his own experience and predictions of scientists, economists, futurists, and the like, to foresee the future he finds most likely to come forth.

7 Read this statement taken from activity 6. Then, in your notebook, choose the alternative that best rephrases it.

“In 2052, only two countries, France and China, will be generating any electricity from nuclear energy at all [...].”

AMANDA SAVOINI

a France and China’s action of generating electricity from nuclear energy will be in progress in 2052.

b France and China’s action of generating electricity from nuclear energy will start in 2052.

c France and China’s action of generating electricity from nuclear energy will be concluded by 2052.



Resposta: a

8 What linguistic structure is used to convey meaning in the statement from the previous activity? Will + be + main verb + -ing (“will be generating”).

9 Match the future tenses structures from the previous activities to their corresponding usage.

a future simple (will + verb in base form) III

b future progressive (will + be + verb + -ing) I

c future perfect (will + have + verb in past participle) II

I Used to express an event in progress at a particular time in the future.

II Used to express an event expected to be completed in the future.

III Used to predict future events or describe a simple event in the future.
Página 30

10 Think of the discussion about technological and scientific advancements in the future proposed in the “Reading literacy” section. What are some possible questions about the future of technology in the next 50 years? In your notebook, write some questions to ask your classmates. Respostas pessoais.



Will humans be able to control the weather?
What inventions will be developed in the next 50 years?

11 Use the questions you wrote in the previous activity to interview your classmates and find out their opinions. Do you agree with them? Respostas pessoais.

12 Based on the discussions proposed in this unit, write down in your notebook your predictions for what will not happen in the next 50 years. Then, share and discuss them with your classmates. Respostas pessoais.

WRITING LITERACY

Survey report

Matemática

Before writing

1 In your opinion, what other topics regarding predictions for the next years could be researched?



Respostas pessoais. Professor/a, esta é uma atividade de brainstorming e espera-se que os/as estudantes listem possíveis tópicos de investigação, que podem estar relacionados ou não ao contexto mais próximo deles/delas. Na mesma linha de raciocínio do relatório lido na seção “Reading literacy”, eles/elas podem investigar, por exemplo, a visão dos brasileiros acerca de tecnologias emergentes nas próximas décadas.

2 Choose one of the topics you listed in the previous activity to plan a survey. These questions may help you.



Respostas pessoais. Professor/a, é importante que os/as estudantes delimitem o objetivo do questionário de acordo com o tópico de investigação escolhido, antecipando seu público-alvo e o local de aplicação da pesquisa. A respeito do público e do local, seria interessante que a pesquisa fosse realizada além da sala de aula. Faz parte do planejamento, ainda, pensar sobre como se dará a pesquisa, isto é, se será em papel, online ou por meio de entrevista pessoal, de acordo com o que lhes convier.

a What is your objective with this poll? Why is it relevant?

b Who is your audience?

c Will you carry out a paper, an online or a personal interview survey?

d How many people will answer the survey?

e Where will you conduct the survey?

3 Having your planning in mind, write five questions for the survey in your notebook.

Respostas pessoais. Professor/a, sugere-se ressaltar para os/as estudantes que as perguntas para o questionário devem ser elaboradas com base no objetivo delimitado na atividade anterior.

4 Now carry out your survey.



Tip
Be ready to provide enough copies, if a paper-based survey, or to have the respondents’ e-mails if you have opted to carry it out online. For personal interviews, remember to have sheets of paper or a notebook with you to write the answers down. If you prefer and the respondent agrees, you may record the interview to check the answers later.
Página 31

5 After conducting the survey, it is time to manage your findings. Display the results as percentages, considering the answers provided in relation to the total number of respondents. What findings do you have?



Professor/a, sugere-se que esta atividade seja monitorada, de modo que o cálculo da porcentagem seja acertado. Em seguida, os resultados devem ser interpretados à luz do objetivo da pesquisa.

6 The next step is writing a report about your survey. Use the text in the “Reading literacy” section, on pages 22 and 23, to help you answer the question: what is a survey report?



It’s a formal piece of writing which presents the results of a research.

7 In your notebook, match each element of a survey report to its description.

background and objective / conclusion / findings and discussion / methodology

a This is the last part of the report and it summarizes the main findings and key points of the discussion, which means that no new information is presented. Moreover, language is kept brief and to the point. conclusion

b This part presents information about respondents, like why and how many of them were included in the survey, how they were contacted and the method of data collection. methodology

c This is the main body of the report and it should clearly state the facts, present the author’s interpretation and explain the findings. findings and discussion

d This is the introductory part and it should clearly explain why the report is relevant/important, what the context of the report is and any necessary background information, as well as state its purpose. background and objective

8 Build an outline in your notebook and identify these elements in the survey you conducted in activity 4. Respostas pessoais.



Background and objective(s)




Methodology




Findings and discussion




Conclusion




NOTEBOOK NOTEBOOK

9 Consider the “U.S. Views of Technology and the Future”, on pages 22 and 23, as a model of report. Then, in your notebook, copy this excerpt about the adequate language to write a report, choosing the appropriate alternatives in bold to complete it.

What kind of language is used in reports?

Language should be (A) formal/informal language, but (B) complex/simple and (C) clear/unclear. Remember, the main aim of a report is (D) clear/unclear communication. By and large, sentences should be (E) long/short, relieved when appropriate by some complex sentences. […]”

Excerpt from the text available at



Download 8.79 Mb.

Share with your friends:
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   ...   92




The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2020
send message

    Main page