c Recycling just one/two aluminum can/cans saves enough energy to power a TV or a computer for three/six hours. Did you know that? Respostas pessoais.
Circulado: one; can; three
7 What do you know about recycling cans in Brazil? Read the box and check your answers.
“A reciclagem da latinha tem levado o Brasil à liderança mundial na atividade, consecutivamente, desde 2001. Em 2014, o Brasil manteve o recorde mundial de reciclagem de latas de alumínio para bebidas, com o índice de 98,4%. Foram 289,5 mil toneladas de sucata de latas recicladas, o que corresponde a 22,9 bilhões de embalagens, o que corresponde a 62,7 milhões/dia, ou 2,6 milhões/ hora. Atualmente, em aproximadamente 60 dias, uma latinha de alumínio para bebidas pode ser comprada, utilizada, coletada, reciclada, envasada e voltar às prateleiras para o consumo.”
Respostas pessoais. Professor/a, sugere-se discutir as questões com os/as estudantes de modo a chamar a atenção para o fato de que nem todo lixo produzido deve ser descartado em lixeiras, mas parte dele deve ser separada para reciclagem. Recomenda-se debater com eles/elas os problemas resultantes do descarte do lixo em locais impróprios, tais como a proliferação de animais que causam doenças; o acúmulo de água em recipientes, o que pode causar a proliferação do mosquitoAedes aegypti; o entupimento de ralos e galerias de águas pluviais; o acúmulo de lixo em rios e córregos, provocando enchentes etc.
8 Discuss these questions with your classmates.
a What are the dangers (to people and the environment) of discarding waste incorrectly?
b What should be done to avoid this situation?
c How does recycling contribute to avoiding these problems?
d How is waste treated in your home? At your school? In your community?
e What do you usually do when something (clothes, belongings, a household appliance, a container etc.) is in good condition, but is no longer of use to you?
f Can you think of any economic or environmental impact of recycling?
Discuss Is any of the information about recycling new to you? What?
“Em 2014, somente a etapa de coleta (compra de latas usadas) injetou cerca de R$ 845 milhões na economia nacional, gerando emprego e renda para milhares de pessoas. [...]
Além dos benefícios sociais e econômicos, a reciclagem de latas de alumínio também favorece o meio ambiente. O processo de reciclagem utiliza apenas 5% da energia elétrica e libera somente 5% das emissões de gás de efeito estufa quando comparado com a produção de alumínio primário, segundo dados do International Aluminium Institute. É notória a importância das latas de alumínio para a atividade [de] reciclagem no Brasil, já que, por reforçar a consciência ecológica da população, acaba por estimular a coleta de outros materiais.”
Available at . Accessed on January 14, 2016. Suppressions for pedagogical purposes (omission of excerpts with inadequate language level or advertising) marked with […]. Occasional linguistic adjustments to fit standard language marked with [ ].
1 Look at these symbols. Do you know what they represent?
Respostas pessoais. Professor/a, as respostas serão indicadas na atividade 2.
2 Match each symbol from activity 1 to its description.
I the Green Dot (indicates that the manufacturer financially contributed to the cost of recovery and recycling) d
II the Tidy Man (indicates that it is necessary to carefully dispose of litter) a
III glass (prompts people to recycle glass) b
IV aluminum (prompts people to recycle aluminum) c
V polyethylene terephthalate (indicates that a product is made from polyethylene terephthalate and is fully recyclable) e
3 Now discuss these questions.
Respostas pessoais. Professor/a, sugere-se perguntar aos/às estudantes se eles/elas perceberam que a existência de uma diversidade de símbolos sugere uma maior consciência da sociedade sobre a importância de reciclar e de cuidar corretamente do lixo. Sugere, também, uma preocupação das empresas em informar ao consumidor a origem “verde” de suas embalagens, mostrando que elas se importam com o meio ambiente, além de estimular a reciclagem correta desses materiais. Isso diminui a produção de lixo e a exploração de algumas matérias-primas, contribuindo para um planeta mais saudável.
a Where do you usually find the symbols presented in activity 1?
b Why do companies stamp them on their labels and containers? How can this initiative help the environment?
c In your opinion, is recycling enough? What else can we do to avoid polluting the environment with trash?
4 Read this extract and check your answer to question “c” in activity 3.
Professor/a, sugere-se perguntar aos/às estudantes se pensaram na redução e na reutilização de materiais quando discutiram o item “c” da atividade 3. Recomenda-se também questionar se eles/elas já ouviram falar dos 3Rs: reduzir, reutilizar e reciclar.
“Over-consumption and the garbage it creates is a growing problem for today’s society. Each year we recycle more, but we also create more garbage. It is a problem we all help to create, but not everybody is on board with also helping with the solution – consume less and reduce, reuse and recycle.”
Excerpt from the text available at . Accessed on January 31, 2016.
5 Read this text. Then discuss the questions with your classmates.
Available at . Accessed on March 17, 2016.
Most favoured option
Reducelowering the amount of waste produced
Reuseusing materials repeatedly
Recycleusing materials to make new products
Recoveryrecovering energy from waste safe disposal of waste
Least favoured option Página 136
a What extra actions are suggested to help the environment?
Because the actions range from the most favored (reduce) to the least favored (dispose) option.
c How often do you do these actions?
6 Now read the title of the text in activity 7. Can you guess what the 9 R’s stand for?
7 Read the text and check your guesses in activity 6. Then, in your notebook, decide whether statements a-e are true or false.
The 9 R’s are: reduce, reuse, recycle, repair, remake, refuse, remember, respect and restore.
GREENPEACE AUSTRALIA PACIFICBLOG
BREAKING NEWS, COMMENTARY AND TIPS FROM
BY RASHINI SURIYAARACHCHI / GREEN LIVING / 26 JUNE, 2015
BEYOND REDUCE, REUSE, RECYCLE: THE 9 ‘R’S OF A SUSTAINABLE LIFE
“When it comes to recycling, Australians have a great reputation. In the past few decades, recycling has gone mainstream, with a two or three bin system now available for most people at home, in their workplace, and out and about in public.
According to Planet Ark, 85% of Australians now think that recycling at home is the right thing to do. That’s not surprising, because the last two generations have had a brilliant anti-waste motto drilled into them: reduce, reuse, recycle.
Reduce, reuse, recycle is great. They tell us to use less, find ways to use things we have again [and] in different ways, and to help turn what we can’t use into something new. But what about sustainability beyond the three ‘R’s? When problems of mass-production, excessive marketing, and overconsumption are so systemic — we need to go further to fix them.
The way we’re sold and told to buy products means that it can seem easier to purchase a new version of a broken product than to fix it.
When buying a new item of clothing is cheaper than getting an old one repaired – why bother? Because the production of new clothes has a massive impact on the environment, climate, and the people making them.
And if you’ve ever felt like your mobile phone has inexplicably stopped working just as your contract was about to finish – there might be a reason why. Academics are putting down this sudden failure to a built-in obsolescence – which can be great for technology companies, but is a disaster for our planet.
If we change our first response from‘where can I get a new one?’to‘how can I fix this?’,we can start to change this consumer culture.
Reusing and recycling can be great ways to deal with anything you realise you need or don’t need. But when you can’t find an exact replacement within what you already own, you’ll need to get crafty.
Enter upcycling. Where recycling takes consumer products and breaks them down to make other products – upcycling turns low value consumer products into new items that ideally are of higher value or need. It’s the deliberate action of seeing a need and filling it not with a new product, but rather a mix of those you have or aren’t using.
As long as you ensure you’re making things you really need, upcycling can be a great way to give your old things a new life. […]
A big part of changing what we as consumers deem acceptable is letting companies and retailers know. Not only does refusing unnecessary items like disposable straws, plastic bags, and single-use cutlery reduce our consumption – it also sends a powerful message to those around you.
Let’s redefine our concept of what we need, and learn to say no to things we don’t.
A big part of being able to refuse single-use items at all is remembering to bring something reusable instead. Cloth shopping bags, stainless steel water bottles and travel containers are all great – that is, if you’ve remembered to bring them with you.
If you make it normal to leave your house with your keys, wallet, and [reusable] coffee cup, or keep spare cutlery and containers with you at work – next time you’re at your favourite [café], you’ll be able to say no to single-use items.
Every choice we make has an impact on the planet. While individually, this impact seems small, when you add everyone up and zoom out – the picture starts to look very different.
Respecting the [Earth] is making a choice to understand the gravity of our actions, and to think about the planet we stand on when we’re making them.
Right now, a lot of people are taking more than they give from the Earth.
The way we’re working through the world’s resources is unsustainable and dangerous. Something’s got to give. […]”
Available at . Accessed on January 14, 2016. Occasional linguistic adjustments to fit standard language marked with [ ]. Suppressions for pedagogical purposes (omission of excerpts with inadequate language level or advertising) marked with […].
a The idea of recycling is adopted by most people in Australia. True
b Different bins for recyclable trash can be found only in public areas. False
c The habit of recycling came naturally to the Australians. False Página 138
d The 3 R’s are not enough to help the environment. True
e The other 6 R’s can only be achieved if people change their mindset. True
8 Look for the highlighted words/expressions in the text and think of their meaning. Then answer these questions in your notebook.
a Which word is a synonym for “trash can”? bin
b Which expression means “programmed to become obsolete”? built-in obsolescence
c Which are two opposites of “reusable”? disposable and single-use
d Which word means “to consume more than needed”? overconsumption
9 Find these sentences in the text. Then pay close attention to the words in bold and answer in your notebook: what do they refer to?
Professor/a, sugere-se chamar a atenção dos/as estudantes para o fato de que os pronomes destacados podem se referir a algum elemento da própria frase ou de alguma frase anterior.
a “That’s not surprising, because the last two generations have had a brilliant anti-waste motto drilled into them: reduce, reuse, recycle.”
“That” refers to the fact that 85% of Australians now think that recycling at home is the right thing to do.
b “They tell us to use less, find ways to use things we have again [and] in different ways […].”
“They” refers to reduce, reuse, recycle.
c “[…] it can seem easier to purchase a new version of a broken product than to fix it.”
“It” refers to a broken product.
d “When buying a new item of clothing is cheaper than getting an old one repaired — why bother?”
“One” refers to an item of clothing.
10 How is this text related to the importance of the 9 R’s? How can they minimize the problems presented in the excerpt in activity 4?
Professor/a, espera-se que os/as estudantes percebam que as ações do ser humano estão impactando o meio ambiente e, para neutralizar ou mudar tal situação, é necessária a prática dos 9 R’s, pois, ao fomentar o consumo consciente, estimulam a diminuição do consumo desnecessário, reduzindo os impactos ambientais por ele causados.
“The UNEP’s Global Environment Outlook 3 shows that the environment is deteriorating in many regions due to natural and man-made pressures. Such pressures include climate variability, rapid population growth and rising consumption trends that are leading to over-harvesting of resources, and the pollution of air, water and land […]. The report also points out that these environmental changes impact human livelihoods by reducing food security, increasing vulnerability to natural hazards and disease, and limiting opportunities for economic growth.”
Available at . Accessed on January 14, 2016. Suppressions for pedagogical purposes (omission of excerpts with inadequate language level or advertising) marked with […].
Which R’s are part of your life?
What has your school/community done to raise awareness about the 3 basic R’s? What about the other 6 R’s? Is there any action you could take?
Can an “anti-waste motto” be the solution to raise awareness of the need to adopt the 9 R’s?
Do you think the current recycling symbol should be altered to incorporate the other 6 R’s introduced in the text?
In your opinion, how feasible are the ideas proposed in the text? Which ones could you adopt?
Find out about local nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) that are engaged in any of the 9 R’s. What do they do? How can you help? Share your findings with your classmates.
1 Think of the worst environmental problems people in Brazil face nowadays. In your opinion, how will they affect future generations?
Professor/a, sugere-se estimular os/as estudantes a pensar em problemas que podem vir a afetar as futuras gerações do mundo, especialmente na comunidade em que vivem, mesmo que eles ocorram em outras regiões. Por exemplo, o derretimento das calotas polares pode subir o nível dos oceanos e fazer submergir áreas costeiras.
2 If you could send a message to future generations about those problems, what would you say?Respostas pessoais.
6 3 Listen to Prince Ea sending a message to future generations about the environment. Then copy sentences a-c in your notebook, choosing the appropriate options in bold.
“Richard Williams, better known by his stage name Prince Ea, is an American rapper and activist, known for discussing topics like politics, sociality, environmentalism and life issues.”