Voices Plus Rogério Tilio (organizador) Richmond Página 1 voices plus 3 rogério tilio

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. Accessed on February 2, 2016.


4 Read some descriptions of the jobs of both teachers and other instructional/noninstructional school staff. Then complete the text in your notebook with the words/expressions from the box.

bus drivers/bus monitors

food service personnel
guidance counselors
school nurses
school psychologists
school social workers
security personnel
teacher aide(s) (2x)
teaching assistant(s) (3x)
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“[…] (A) ______ Teachers usually perform duties that include planning educational experiences for students, providing classroom instruction, supervising students in noninstructional periods such as lunch and study hall, attending faculty and other professional meetings, participating in school conferences with parents, supervising extracurricular activities and attending school functions such as school open houses.

[…] The (B) ______ teaching assistant provides direct instructional support to students under the general supervision of a certified teacher. The (C) ______ teaching assistant works as a member of a team in the classroom where the teacher has ultimate responsibility for developing and planning the educational program. (D) ______ Teaching assistants (sometimes referred to as paraprofessionals) work with individuals or groups of students.


The (E) ______ teacher aide is a [noninstructional] school employee. (F) ______ Teacher aides (sometimes referred to as paraprofessionals) provide [nonteaching] services such as assisting students with behavior or physical needs, grading papers and proctoring exams under the supervision of the building principal.


The (G) ______ secretary/clerk provides direct or indirect services to students, school personnel and parents. […]

The school (H) ______ custodian/cleaner maintains the facility. He or she takes care of and oversees the maintenance and cleanliness of the building and grounds and frequently deals directly with the staff and students. […]

(I) ______ Bus drivers/bus monitors are in charge of the safety and well-being of the children, as well as the vehicle itself as they transport students to and from school. […]

(J) ______ Food service personnel work directly and indirectly with the staff and students. They maintain the kitchen and food supplies and inventory and order supplies and food that they also prepare, serve and sell. […]

(K) ______ Security personnel help provide a safe environment for students and staff at our schools. They work in and outside the buildings during the school day, after school and at evening functions, as directed.


Registered professional (L) ______ school nurses provide care to the students and staff and act as a community resource. They maintain records documenting the children’s health. They assess for medical, emotional, social and family problems; screen for vision, hearing and scoliosis; medicate as ordered; coordinate services in emergencies; address the needs of the medically fragile child; assess students for substance ingestion; arrange school physical examinations; and prepare referrals and reports to other agencies.


(M) ______ School psychologists conduct individual psychological tests and assess students with disabilities and gifted children. They diagnose learning difficulties of children and suggest programs; investigate causes of personality and social maladjustments; and supervise diagnostic and remedial measures and procedures used by teachers and supervisors. They give pupils individual instruction in overcoming their difficulties; confer with teachers and parents with regard to the learning and behavior problems of children; and advise teachers, principals and the superintendents of schools with regard to all matters relating to psychological problems of children.


(N) ______ Guidance counselors confer with pupils on extracurricular, curricular and personal problems, school policies and related problems; confer with parents, teachers, specialists and community agencies on the educational, health, social and vocational problems of pupils; give instruction in school orientation, curriculums and courses of study, further education, occupational information and related topics; maintain current and reliable information on higher education, special training and occupational opportunities; assist pupils with employment problems; prepare, maintain or supervise the maintenance of pupils’ cumulative records; and advise the superintendent, principals and other staff members in regard to all matters relating to educational and vocational guidance services.


(O) ______ School social workers perform case work service with individual pupils to correct certain personal, social or emotional adjustments; they perform case work service with parents as an integral part of helping pupils increase their parents’ understanding, participation and use of appropriate resources; consult and collaborate with other school personnel to establish and plan for respective roles in modifying the pupil’s behavior. […]”

Available at . Accessed on February 2, 2016. Suppressions for pedagogical purposes (omission of excerpts with inadequate language level or advertising) marked with […]. Occasional linguistic adjustments to fit standard language marked with [ ].

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Discuss Which of the jobs in activity 4 are present in your school? Are they the same as the ones described in the text or are they only similar to them? What are the similarities and differences? Which of them do you think would be important in your school? Why?

5 Do you know any other school-related jobs that were not mentioned in the text?

Respostas pessoais. Professor/a, recomenda-se aceitar e encorajar as contribuições dos/as estudantes a respeito de outras funções que não foram contempladas no texto. Entre elas estão o cargo de diretor/a (school principal/headmaster/head teacher) e de bibliotecário/a (librarian), com seus/ suas respectivos/as funcionários/as de apoio (assistant principal, administrative assistant, library assistant etc.).

6 Read this text and discuss with your classmates: is it possible to say that each and every member of the school staff is an educator?

Professor/a, sugere-se chamar a atenção dos/as estudantes para o papel de educador/a que todos/as assumem na sociedade em geral e na escola em particular. Apesar de apenas determinados cargos terem um papel instrutivo, todos os membros da comunidade escolar desempenham papel de educadores/educadoras, inclusive os/as próprios/as estudantes, uma vez que a educação é um fenômeno que vai muito além da escolarização.

“Aos professores compete o papel de garantir a aprendizagem dos alunos, por meio das atividades de ensino. Às merendeiras, a educação alimentar; aos encarregados da limpeza e manutenção, a educação ambiental; às auxiliares de bibliotecas, dos laboratórios, de vídeos, a educação para a cultura, para a comunicação, para o lazer; aos que trabalham nas secretarias, a educação para a gestão democrática, para a responsabilidade cidadã.”

BRASIL. Ministério da Educação. Secretaria de Educação Básica. Funcionários de escolas: cidadãos, educadores, profissionais e gestores. Brasília, 2008, p. 63. Disponível em

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