Using transitions



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USING TRANSITIONS

TRANSITIONS

  • PURPOSE

TRANSITIONS

  • *Coherence*
  • In the end, you want your essay to be a unified whole
    • a strong link chain, if you will. 
  • The technical term for this chain effect is COHERENCE.

TRANSITIONS

  • *Coherence*
  • Coherence points to
    • not only the logical flow of ideas
    • but also the inter-connectedness of ideas
  • In other words, how the ideas relate to each other. 
  • This is where TRANSITIONS come in: 
    • they help build coherence.

TRANSITIONS

  • *No sentence is an island*
  • Poor Writing =
    • Poor Writing is characterized by –
      • a lack of coherence
      • incoherence, disjointedness, rambling
      • short, choppy, unrelated sentences

TRANSITIONS

  • *No sentence is an island*
  • Poor Writing =
    • The writer has not demonstrated any relationships between ideas: 
      • Each desert-island-sentence floats alone
        • in the ocean-paragraph
        • with no bridge connecting them. 
      • Consequently, just like someone stranded on an island, the idea soon shrivels and dies.

TRANSITIONS

  • *Transitions are bridges*
  • Transitions are the BRIDGES between sentences

TRANSITIONS

  • *Transitions are bridges*
  • Some of the relationships they show include
    • example/illustration
    • cause or effect
    • comparison or contrast
    • emphasis
    • sequence
    • and summary.   

TRANSITIONS

  • *From Paragraph to Paragraph*
  • Once each paragraph becomes a cohesive whole
    • coherent
    • connected logically
  • Then we use transitions to connect coherent paragraphs to each other, too. 

TRANSITIONS

  • *From Paragraph to Paragraph*
  • In order to build a larger point, we can employ transitions between paragraphs to
    • reference
    • contrast or
    • continue
  • a previous idea.

TRANSITIONS

  • *The Whole Essay*
  • Thus, the final essay represents a series
    • of associations
    • of relationships
    • of links
    • of bridges
  • between ideas. 

TRANSITIONS

  • *The Whole Essay*
  • Because of this interconnectedness, the writer's thesis is
    • logical
    • sound and
    • coherent...
  • Brooklyn, NY

TRANSITIONS

  • *The Whole Essay*
  • …and the reader can easily follow the course of the argument, “crossing” from one point to another.
  • Portland, OR

TRANSITIONS

  • To carry this metaphor to its conclusion 
  • Transitions provide the valuable infrastructure necessary for a reader to travel uninterruptedly between each of the island-states,
  • and the final unified essay created with them has become like a centralized form of government uniting a group of island-states under one flag (title).

TRANSITIONS

  • Hawaii
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Philippines
  • Greece

TRANSITIONS

  • FORMS & FUNCTIONS

TRANSITIONS

  • Transitions provide links between the following:  
    • SENTENCES
      • Also, the temperature of the oven must be set on high to achieve this goal.

TRANSITIONS

  • Transitions provide links between the following:  
    • PARAGRAPHS
      • Another reason I dislike Mondays involves highway traffic.

TRANSITIONS

  • Transitions provide links between the following:  
    • SECTIONS
      • As noted in the previous chapter, the theme of equivocation dominates Shakespeare's Macbeth.

TRANSITIONS

  • Transitions often come in the following forms: 
    • SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS
      • since, because, if, when, although
    • COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS
      • and, but, yet, or, nor, for, so

TRANSITIONS

  • Transitions often come in the following forms: 
    • PREPOSITIONS
      • after, during, behind, beyond, during
    • ADVERBS
      • once, never, always, frequently

TRANSITIONS

  • LISTS

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • ADDITION
    • additionally, in addition, and, again,
    • and then, also, besides, equally important,
    • finally, further, furthermore, moreover, nor,
    • too, next, lastly, what’s more, moreover,
    • then, first/second (-ly) 

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • ALTERNATIVE
    • alternatively, similarly,
    • correspondingly, in the same way 
  • SIMILARITY
    • similarly, also, in the same way,
    • just as, so too, likewise, equally

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • COMPARISON
    • by/in comparison, similarly,
    • in the same way, in like manner,
    • likewise, by the same token,
    • in a similar fashion, in relation to,
    • in respect of, with reference to,
    • with regard to, a propos, vis-à-vis 

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • CONTRAST
    • in contrast, by contrast,
    • conversely,
    • on the other hand,
    • on the contrary,
    • but, however,
    • although, though,
    • otherwise, at the same time, notwithstanding, nevertheless, nonetheless, whereas, but, yet, besides, versus, while, instead 

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • CAUSE
    • because, since,
    • on account of, for that reason 
  • EFFECT
    • therefore, consequently,
    • accordingly, thus, hence, as a result 

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • CLARIFICATION
    • that is, that is to say,
    • in other words, to explain, to clarify,
    • to put it another way, to rephrase it
  • CONCESSION
    • to be sure, granted, of course, still, yet,
    • nevertheless, notwithstanding, however,
    • however much, even though  

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • DEDUCTION
    • then, in other words, in that case, otherwise,
    • this implies, if not, if so, thus 

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • EMPHASIS-INTENSIFICATION
    • even, indeed, in fact, in truth, truly,
    • definitely, emphatically,
    • unquestionably, undeniably,
    • of course, obviously, without reservation,
    • without a doubt, undoubtedly,
    • certainly, by all means, never,
    • always, perennially, eternally 

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • EXAMPLE/ILLUSTRATION
    • for example, for instance,
    • to illustrate, to demonstrate, namely,
    • specifically, take the case of,
    • in this case, on this occasion, in this situation,
    • as follows:
    • the following:  

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • EXCEPTION
    • but, yet, still, however,
    • in spite of, despite,
    • nonetheless, nevertheless,
    • sometimes  

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • PURPOSE
    • to that end, to this end,
    • for this purpose, for that reason,
    • so that, in order that, intentionally
  • QUALIFICATION
    • may, might, almost, nearly, very, truly, indeed,
    • probably, possibly, conceivably, perchance,
    • maybe, perhaps, always, never, frequently,
    • occasionally, although  

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • GENERALIZATION
    • generally speaking,
    • generally, in general,
    • on the whole, as a rule,
    • for the most part, in most cases,
    • usually, typically, characteristically,
    • naturally, normally, on average,
    • predictably, habitually,
    • by and large, more often than not 

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • NEW POINT (to a)
    • with regard to, with reference to,
    • as for, in terms of, now,
    • as far as – is concerned,
    • it follows that, turning to 

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • PROOF
    • because, for (that means “because”),
    • as, for that reason, since,
    • therefore, thus, hence,
    • evidently, obviously,
    • furthermore, moreover,
    • besides, indeed, in fact,
    • in addition, in view of the fact,
    • while, seeing as

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • OBVIOUSNESS
    • obviously, clearly, naturally,
    • of course, surely, after all, as expected
  • PLACE/POSITION
    • above, across, adjacent,
    • after, behind, below, beyond, in front of,
    • here, there, next, next to, near, nearby  

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • SEQUENCE/ORDER
    • first, second, next, then, finally, after,
    • afterwards, following, at this time, at this point,
    • this time, simultaneously, concurrently,
    • soon,  subsequently, while, meanwhile, when,
    • during, immediately, later, earlier, sometimes,
    • always, never, whenever, now, until now, once 

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • TIME
    • first, second, next, then, finally, after,
    • afterwards, following, at this time, at this point,
    • this time, simultaneously, concurrently,
    • soon,  subsequently, while, meanwhile, when,
    • during, immediately, later, thereafter, earlier,
    • sometimes, always, never, whenever, now, until
    • now, once, previously 

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • REPETITION
    • in other words, as I have noted,
    • as has been noted, as noted above,
    • as I have said,
    • in summary, to summarize,
    • in brief, rather, to put it more simply 

TRANSITIONS: Lists

  • SUMMARY
    • finally, lastly, thus, hence, therefore,
    • in conclusion, to summarize,
    • in sum, in summary, in brief, in short,
    • in a word, in the final analysis,
    • on the whole, overall, that is to say,
    • summing up, as accordingly,
    • as I have said/proven/shown, as a result,
    • consequently

SUMMATION

  • *TRANSITIONS*
  • Build coherence
  • Link ideas
  • Show relationship between ideas
  • “bridges”
  • “links in a chain”


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