Urdu poets and writers of Jammu-Kashmir and Kashmiri origin by Muslim Saleem



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Mohan Lal Gupta
Freedom fighter Mohan Lal Gupta’s name is revered by one and all in Jammu-Kashmir for his editorial dexterity, knowledge, simplicity, humility, social service etc. Mohan Lal Gupta was born on October 17, 1097 was born in Chhanni Himmat in Jammu district. After passing matric in 1928, he went to Lahore and stayed at Lahore Congress Committee’s office Zafar Manzil. Later, Mohan Lal Gupta did Adeeb Alim from Punjab University and Hindi Honours from Prayag University, Allahabad. During his student days, Gupta became active in freedom struggle and developed ties with Maulana Zafar Ali Khan, Maulana Akhtar Ali Khan, Shair-e-Mashriq Allama Iqbal, Prof. Mohammad Baqar, Saifuddin Kichloo, Dr. Satyapal, Ram Lubhaya Tair, Mahatma Gandhi, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, Vijay Laxmi Pandit, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Sarojini Naidu etc. and was imprisoned along with some of them in Borstel Jail in Lahore. After release from jail, Gupta returned to his hometown where his family members made him to marry. He was appointed a teacher in 1931. In 1941, Mohan Lal Gupta went to Wardha Ashram for three months and imbibed training for making hand-made paper. At Wardha, Mahatma Gandhi gave him a folding spinning wheel. He started weaving clothes and wearing them also. He retired from government service in 1965 and started imparting free education to students at Chhanni Himmat village. Gupta had devoted himself entirely to education. He penned a number of books on Urdu teaching and learning. Even during twilight of his life, he was worried about the future of Urdu. His disciple Amin Banjara published Mohan Lal Gupta’s biography “Gumnaam Shakhseeyat” during his lifetime and published as his first book in 1984.
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Muslim Saleem
Muslim Saleem, the author of this directory – Urdu poets and writers of Jammau-Kashmir and Kashmir origin – belongs to Dar race. His forefathers had migrated from Srinagar about 250 years back. Muslim Saleem’s great grandfather Ramzan Dar lived in Sialkot where his three sons and four daughters were born. Dr. Khalifa Abdul Hakim was Muslim Saleem’s granduncle while Muslim Saleem’s father Dr. Saleem Wahid Saleem was a great poet. (see blog: http://www.saleemwahid.blogspot.com for poetry of Dr. Saleem WahidSaleem)
Muslim Saleem (born 1950) is a great Urdu poet, writer and journalist and creator of massive directories of Urdu poets and writers on different blogs. These directories include 1. Urdu poets and writers of India part-1 2. . Urdu poets and writers of India part-II 3. Urdu poets and writers of World part-I 4. Urdu poets and writers of World part-II, 5. Urdu poets and writers of Madhya Pradesh, 6. Urdu poets and writers of Allahabad, 7. Urdu poets and writers of Shajahanpur, 8. Urdu poets and writers of Jammu-Kashmir and Kashmiri Origin, 9. Urdu poets and writers of Hyderabad, 10. Urdu poets and writers of Augrangabad, 11. Urdu poets and writers of Maharashtra 12. Urdu poets and writers of Tamil Nadu, 13, Urdu poets and writers of Karnataka 14. Urdu poets and writers of Gujarat, 15. Urdu poets and writers of Uttar Pradesh, 16. Urdu poets and writers of Canada, 17. Urdu poets and writers of Burhanpur, 18. Urdu poets and writers of West Bengal 19. Female Urdu poets and writers, 20. Hindu Naatgo Shuara etc. These directories can be seen on :-
1. www.khojkhabar.com 2, www.muslimsaleem.wordpress.com 3. www.urdunewsblog.wordpress.com, 4. www.khojkhabarnews.wordpress.com. 5. www.poetswritersofurdu.blogspot.in 6 www.muslimsaleem.blogspot.in 7. www.saleemwahid.blogspot.in
(Life) Muslim Saleem was born in 1950 at Shahabad, Hardoi, Uttar Pradesh in India, brought up in Aligarh, and educated at Aligarh Muslim University. He is the son of the well-known Urdu poet Saleem Wahid Saleem. He has lived in Bhopal, India since 1979.
(Education): Muslim Saleem studied right from class 1 to BA honours in AMU schools and University. He completed his primary education from AMU Primary School, Qazi Para Aligarh (Now converted into a girls school of AMU). He passed high school exam from AMU City School, Aligarh and B.A. Hons (Political Science) from Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh. Later, Muslim Saleem did M.A. in Arabic from Allahabad University during his stay in Allahabad.
(Career) Muslim Saleem began his career as a journalist in the Urdu-language newspaper Aftab-e-Jadeed, Bhopal. He is multilingual journalist having worked on top posts with Dainik Bhaskar (Hindi), Central Chronicle (English), National Mail (English), News Express (English) and most recently as the chief copy editor of the Hindustan Times in Bhopal. At present, Muslim Saleem is English news advisor to Directorate of Public Relations, Government of Madhya Pradesh. (as on December 1, 2012).
(Works and awards) Muslim Saleem has been appointed as Patron of Indo-Kuwait Friendship Society. He is the author of Aamad Aamad, a compilation of his poetry published by Madhya Pradesh Urdu Academi. Several of his couplets are well known in the Urdu language. He won the Yaad-e-Basit Tarhi Mushaira, a poetry competition, in 1982. In 1971, Muslim Saleem was awarded by Ismat Chughtai for his Afsana “Nangi Sadak Par” at AMU Aligarh. His ghazals and short stories have been published in Urdu-language publications Shair, Ahang, Asri, Adab, Agai, Naya Daur, Sada-e-Urdu, Nadeem and other periodicals and magazines. His work in service of the Urdu language was recognized in a special 2011 edition of the periodical Abadi Kiran, devoted to his work. Evenings in his honour have been organised in a number of cities. Muslim Saleem is currently compiling a massive database of poets and writers of the Urdu language, both historic and currently active.
(Translation of Muslim Saleem’s work in English): Great scholar Dr. Shehzad Rizvi based in Washington has translated Muslim Saleem’s ghazal in English even though they have never met. Dr. Rizvi saw Muslim Saleem’s ghazals on websites and was so moved that he decided to translate them.
(Praise by poets and writers) Great poet and scholar of Urdu and Persian Dr. Ahmad Ali Barqi Azmi has also written a number of poetic tributes to Muslim Saleem. Dr. Azmi and Muslim Saleem are yet to meet face to face. Beside this, great short-story writer and critic Mehdi Jafar (Allahabad, Bashir Badr (Bhopal), Jafar Askari (Lucknow), Prof. Noorul Husnain (Aurangabad), Kazim Jaffrey (Lahore) and a host of others have written in-depth articles defining Muslim Saleem’s poetry.
(Muslim Saleem on other websites) Muslim Saleem’s life and works have been mentioned on Wikipedia, www.urduadab4u.blogspot.in, www.urduyouthforum.org and several other website. In fact, www.urduyouthforum.org has given credit to Muslim Saleem for lifting a number of pictures and entries from Muslim Saleem’s websites and blogs.
(Address) : Muslim Saleem, 280 Khanugaon, VIP Road, Bhopal-462001
Mobiles: 0 9009217456 0 9893611323 Email: muslimsaleem@rediffmail.com saleemmuslim@yahoo.com
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(Dr) Mushtaq Ahmad Vani
(Dr) Mushtaq Ahmad Vani iz counted among noted writers of Jammu & Kashmir. He was born on March 3, 1960 at Sarwal locality in Bahuta (Marammat) village of Doda district. He did his MA in Urdu from Jammu University and got his PhD from the same university on his research thesis “Taqseen ke baad Urdu novel mein tehzeebi buhran”. His first collection of story “Hazaron gham” was published in 2001, collection of critical articles “Aieena dar Aieena” in 2004 and second collection “Meetha Zahar” in 2008. At present he is a teacher in the department of education. He also pens poetry, but no collection has been published so far.
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(Dr) Naeem-un-Nisa Mirza
(Dr) Naeem-un-Nisa Mirza, a new-age writer. She was born on January 5, 1968 at village Behrot in Rajouri district. After education in the home district, she did MA Arabic and Phd from Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh. At present, she is assistant professor and head of Arabic Department in Government Post-graduate College, Rajouri. Dr. Naeem-un-Nisa Mirza had been inclined towards Urdu poetry and short story. But wrote books on criticism and research like “Arabi Grammar”. Her book “Maulana Abdul Hakeem Silakoti: Hayat aur karnaame (bahawala arabi adab) was well received. Amin Banjara wrote in the preface of the book that in the book Dr. Naeem-un-Nisa Mirza has on one hand dealt with Islamic studies, sufi cult and Temuri race and on the other has painted a picture of that era’s culture and art. At present, collection of her Urdu articles is under preparation.
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Naz Nizami
Naz Nizami 1 Naz Nizami 4 Naz Nizami 2 Naz Nizami 3*******************************************************
Noor Shah
Noor Shah is one of the important short story writers of Kashmir. He was born in 1938 in Srinagar’s locality Dal Gate. He joined government service and served for many years with the Department of Rural Development. He also edited magazine “Dehat Suhar”. He has now retired from government service but his journey of short stories still continues. Noor Shah started writing since adulthood in 1958. First he wrote by the pen name Shahida Shireen and later switched to his real name and earned fame as a short story writer in a short span of time. At present, Noor Shah is the president of a non-government organisation Urdu Academy Kashmir. His famous short stories include Be-ghaat ki Nao, 2. Neeli jheel, kale saaye, 3. Veerane ke phool, 4. Man ka aangan udas-udas, 5. Paayal ki zanjeer 6. Ao so jaayen 7. Intikhab-e-Urdu Adab 8. Geele Patharon ki mahak 9. Adhi raat ka sooraj 10. Lamhe aur zanjeeren 11. Be-samar sach 12. Barf aur sannate 13. Udan 14. Bund kamre ki khidki.
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Noor-uz-Zaman Noor
Noor-uz-Zaman Siddiqui Noor’s name is counted among stalwart Urdu poets of Jammu-Kashmir even though he did not have a direct connection with Kashmir. Since he spent his entire life in government service in the state, literary people consider him as a Kashmiri. He was born on January 1, 1936 at village Ibrahimpur of Kannauj tehsil in Farrukhabad district of Uttar Pradesh. He passed BA in 1957 and MA Urdu in 1959 from AMU Aligarh. He moved to Jammu in 1962 and joined as teacher. Later, he rose to the post of senior lecturer. Noor retired on July 31, 1993 and died on July 13, 2001. Noor started penning poetry since 1952. Noor-uz-Zaman Noor believed in quality and not quantity. He along with his friends found “Anjuman Farogh-e-Urdu, Jammu-Kashmir” in 1964. He was made president of “Bazm-e-Faogh-e-Urdu Jammu” when the association was formed in the year 1997. He remained its president till his last breath. Noor had full command on poetic metres (Urooz) and a host of young poets learnt the intricacies of poetry from him. After the death of Noor-uz-Zaman Noor, his disciple Wali Mohammad Aseer Kishtwari collected his pieces of poetry and published them by the title “Khazeena-e-Noor
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OP Shakir
Om Prakash Shakir is a noted short story writer of Jammu-Kashmir apart from being a drama writer and director. He belongs of Akhnoor tehsil. After serving the Department of Education as teacher for long, he joined P.D.P. Shakir’s literary journey began in 1968 through the drama “Badla”, which was written and directed by him. He still pens dramas and takes part regularly in the annual drama festival of the state Cultural Academy. His first collection of short stories “Mausam-e-sarma ki pehli bearish” was published in 2005 and second one “Jeeta hoon main” in 2007. Shakir also pens poetry and is a disciple of Arsh Sehbai. His first collection of poetry “Hadees-e-dil” is yet to see light of the day.
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Pritpal Singh Betab
Pritpal Singh Betab is a noted name in Urdu ghazal and nazm. He hails from border village Khari Dharmsaal in Poonch district. But he was born Punjab’s city Ambala on July 26, 1949. He did his BSc in 1972 from Gandhi Memorial Science College, Jammu and LLb (professional) in 1975 from Jammu University apart from passing the test of Kashmir Administrative Services. He joined government service after practising law for some time and joined Indian Administrative Service in 1993. He has retired now.
Pritpal Singh Betab’s literary journey began since adulthood. At the outset, he consulted Lala Manohar Lal Dil and Pandit Maikash Kashmir and on their advice became a disciple first of Josh Malsiyani and then Sahir Sialkoti. His poetry books include: 1. Pesh Khema (1981) 2. Sarab Dar Sarab (1984), 3. Khudrang (1995), 4. Cactus Aur Gulab (Hindi-1999), 5. The Third Strand (English-1999), 6. Mauj-e-Reg (2003), 7. Nazm Ikkisween Sadi (2008) and 8. Shahr-e-ghazal (Hindi-2008). His book “Pesh Khema” was adjudged as the best book by Jammu and Kashmir Cultural Academy. He was bestowed with “Bhasha Bharti Samman” by Central Institute of Indian Languages, Mysore (Karnataka) and other awards while magazines like Shair, Mumbai, Sabaq-e-Urdu, Allahabad and Sarsabz, Dharmshala have brought out special issue on him. A Jammu University research scholar, Naheed Jaan, was awarded M Phill degree for writing research thesis on Pritpal Singh Betab.
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Dr Rafique Anjum
Dr Rafique Anjum (also Dr Anjum Awan) is a paediatrician by profession. He is a promising Urdu and Gojri poet, scholar and researcher of Jammu & Kashmir. He received State level award for Excellence in Literature in 2007 and is a member of General Council of Jammu and Kashmir Academy of Art, Culture and Languages. He has served as Registrar and Consultant Paediatrician in GMC Strinagar and is presently serving JK Health services as Graded Child Specialist at Rajouri. Publications: 1. Khwab Jazeeray(Urdu Poetry)1993. 2. Dil Darya(Gojri Poetry)1995.Best book Award twice 1996. 3. Kora Kagaz(Gojri short stories)1996. 4. Soghaat (Gojri Poetry Revised & Enlarged edition)2004. 5. Kaash! (Urdu Poetry Revised & Enlarged edition)2005.
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Rasa Javidani
The valley of Bhaderwah gave rise to many a poet and writer, tallest among them was Rasa Javidani, whose real name was Abdul Quddoos. His forefathers had migrated to Bhaderwah from Islamabad (Anantnag), Srinagar in connection with business and then settled down there permanently. Rasa Javidani was born on July 13, 1901. He did honours in Persian from Punjab University, Lahore and became a teacher of Persian. Rasa Javidani passed away on May 27, 1979. Rasa Javidani is a name to reckon with in Kashmiri and Urdu poetry. He made some good experiments in Urdu poetry forms. His collections of poetry include “Nairang-e-Khayal” and “Tohfa-e-Kashmir” in Kashmiri and “Lala-e-Sehra” and “Nazm-e-Suraiyya” in Urdu.
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Sabir Mirza
Sabir Mirza is a good poet. He was born on May 7, 1947 at village Behroot in district Rajouri. He obtained degrees of MA Urdu and PhD from Jammu University. He was an employee of Jammu-Kashmir Cultural Academy from where he retired as deputy secretary some years ago. His published works include “Sooba-e-Jammu-Kashmir ke ilaaqai adab par Urdu ke asaraat” (PhD thesis), Bagh-e-Bararaan (collection of pahadi poetry) and Khushoo-Numa (collection of Urdu poetry. He has participated in some local, state-level as well national-level mushairas. ************************************************************************
Dr Saleem Wahid Saleem
Dr Saleem Wahid Saleem was a poet par excellence. He was born in a Kashmiri family. He died in 1981 in Lahore. Dr. Saleem Wahid Saleem did BUMS from Aligarh Muslim University Tibbiya College and went to London for higher studies, where he also served as announcer of BBC Persian Service in the fifties. Dr. Saleem Wahid Saleem was closely associated with Faiz Ahmad Faiz and other progressive writers of his time. His poetry is of very high level. Dr. Saleem Wahid Saleem did many a translation with élan. His translation of Umar Khayyam’s ruba’is received rave reviews from the writers of his time like Tufail Ahmad (Nuqoosh), Nasir Zaidi (Adab-e-Lateef) and others. Since the last century of his life passed in seclusion from society, people forgot his contribution to Urdu. In the year, 2010, his translation of Khayyam’s ruba’is titled “Khayyam-e-Nau” has been published in Lahore. His kulliyat are also going to be published soon. For more information, kindly see www.saleemwahid.blogspot.com. Dr. Saleem Wahid Saleem was the nephew of Dr. Khalifa Abdul Hakim Dar and Dr Atauallah Butt (founder principal of AMU Tibbiya College, Aligarh).
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Saran Singh
Sardar Saran Singh was born on October 27, 1936 in village Kanhama, tehsil Gulmark in Baramulla district of Kashmir. After getting degrees of FSc and BSc, he was sent to Dehradun for higher education by the Forest Department. In October 1966, he was selected for Indian Forest Service and retired as Chief Conservator of Forests on October 31, 1994. He became a member of Jammu-Kashmir Public Service Commission for three years since 1999. Sardar Saran Singh started his literary journey since 1952 with short story writing. He is a reputed name in Pujabi short stories. He is a good translator as well and has translated his short stories in Urdu and Kashmiri. “Nangi dhoop” is the Urdu translation of his short stories, which was published in 2006. He has also written a novel in Kashmiri that was published in 2007. He has published five collections in Punjabi. At present, he is busy giving Urdu version to his 25 selected short-stories.
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Shaikh Amin
Shaikh Amin (Full name Shaikh Mohammad Amin). He was a liberal-minded secularist and a noted social worker. He was also a leading light for a number of business and trade organisations of J&K and outside the state. He was thoroughly committed to the cause of Urdu and remained associated with Urdu academic and literary associations till his last breath. His first book “Tameer-e-Kirdar” was published in 2004. He also wanted to published selected works of Urdu poets, but his wish remained unfulfilled.
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Shaz Sharqi
Shabbir Ahmad Qazi “Shaz Sharqi” was born on June 8, 1949 in Bhaderwah. After taking degree from Bhaderwah Degree College he obtained degree of MA Geography from AMU, Aligarh in 1974 apart from certificates in painting and photography. Due to his fascination of Urdu, he also did MA in Urdu. On September 16, 1978, he associated himself with the Higher Education Department and retired from service recently. (as on April 30, 2011). Prof. Shaz is at present principal of Kalra College of Education, Udhampur. His books in Urdu include “Sada-e-dil” (2005) and “Mahakte gul (collection of naats) (2008). He compiled and published the collection poetry of his father Asad Bhaderwahi title “Nazm-e-Bareen” in 2000 and “Arsh Sehbai : Sakhseeyat aur fan” in 2008. Shaz Sharqi, a disciple of Arsh Sehbai, writes poetry in chaste and simple language on noble issues and subjects.
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Sayed Zulfiqar Ali Naqvi
Zulfiqar NaqviHe was born at Gursai village of Mendhar Tehsil in district Poonch in the year 1965 in jammu and kashmir state. Did his graduation from jammu university and then PG in English from AMU Aligarh in 1994. Did B. Ed from Jammu and BIAMS from Kolkata in 1997. Worked as lecturer in degree college Poonch on adhoc basis and as announcer at All India Radio Poonch for five years. Also worked as teacher and then Qualified PSC for plus two as lecturer in English. He is Urdu Poet and has authored two books of poetry. . . .. ZAAD E SAFAR . . .Published by Abbas Book Agency Lucknow. 2. UJALOO’N KA SAFAR:) published by URDU FOUNDATION MUMBAI.
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Tahir Muztar
Tahir Muztar is well-known journalist of Jammu-Kashmir, who also pens poetry. He had edited “Aahang”, Salsabeel and Political Times apart from daily Chinar and Nawa-e-Subh. Due to his political acument he had been political secretary to Chief Minister Farooq Abdullah. The first collection of Tahir Muztar’s poems “Neelam Ghar” was released in Jammu in 2000 under the aegis of Jammu-Kashmir Urdu Forum and Rasa Javidani Memorial Literary Society. Airing his views on “Neelam Ghar”, Prof Jagannath Azad writes, “Tahir Muztar has invented a new form of poetry by amalgamating Azad Nazm, Nasri Nazm, Nazm-e-Muarra and metred poetry (Paaband shairi).” Tahir Muztar’s poetic journey is still on. He had done a lot of work for television as well.
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Tanveer Bhaderwahi
Tanveer Bhaderwahi, a disciple of Pandit Kailash Nath Kaul Maikash Kashmiri, was born in his maternal home in Amritsar on February 29, 1940. After graduation, he did many services in non-government departments, but no service suited him. At last, he was appointed a teacher in the Department of Education. During the service, he did MA Urdu and PhD and was promoted as senior lecturer. Now, he has retired from service and serving the cause of Urdu. Though Tanveer Bhaderwahi is adapt at many forms of literature, but he is mainly inclined towards ghazal. His first collection of poetry “Partaw-e-Tanveer” was published in 1994 and second one “Manzar Manzar Aieena” in 2009. He has been secretary, president and patron of Iqbal Bazm-e-Adab, Bhaderwah.
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Prof Vijay Dev Singh
Prof Vijay Dev Singh is counted among veteran researches and critics apart from being an expert in distant education. He was born on December 28, 1955 at historical village Kor Jageer Nagrota. His father Thakur Purab Singh was in the police department. Had he wished, he could have made his able son a police officer. But due to love for Urdu, Thakur Purab Singh exposed his son to Urdu medium education since childhood. Thakur Vijay Singh obtained the degree of MA Urdu in 1981 and PhD in 1989 from Jammu University. He became a lecturer the same year. At present (as on April 30, 2011), Prof Vijay Dev Singh is professor and coordinator MA Urdu with the Directorate of Distant Education of Jammu University. His articles on distant education have been well received throughout the country and are likely to be published in the form of a book. He books include 1. Urdu state drama (1992), Prof Mohammad Mujeeb bataur drama-nigar (2005) and 3. Afkaar-e-Abid (2006). Besides, Prof Vijay Dev Singh has compiled several graduate and postgraduate-level books. Several students have completed M Phil and PdH under his guidance.
************************************************************************ Umar Farhat, poet. Rajauri, J-K. ************************************************************************
Vidya Ratan Aasi
Vidya Ratan Aasi is penning poetry for the last 10-15 year. He was born at Jammu’s old locality Chaugan Salathiyaan on July 11, 1938. He father’s name was Pandit Shankar Das. Right since childhood, Aasi has been a victim of poverty and misery, but at the same time he has been writing beautiful and meaningful poetry. “Dasht-e-Talab” is the title of his collection of poetry, which has been compiled famous Punjab short story writer Khalid Hussain. Aasi’s individual misery and sufferings have manifested themselves in his work. Noted critic and poet writes in his article “Aasi aur uski shairi” that most of Aasi’s works are based on his own feelings and experiences. ************************************************************************

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