University of madras [Established under the Act of Incorporation XXVII of 1857 – Madras University Act 1923]


B.A. DEGREE COURSE IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION



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12. B.A. DEGREE COURSE IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION


SYLLABUS

SEMESTER-I – PAPER I

PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION



UNIT – I INTRODUCTION

Meaning, Nature and Scope of Public Administration – Growth and Development of Public Administration – Public and Private Administration.


UNIT – II APPROACHES

Public Administration and other social sciences – Public Administration : An Art or Science


UNIT – III PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZATION

Organization – Definition – Principles of Organization: Hierarchy, Span of Control, Unity of Command, Delegation – forms of organization – Line – Staff and Auxiliary Agencies.


UNIT – IV KINDS OF ORGANISATION

Department – Public Corporation – Independent Regulatory Commission – Board


UNIT – V – DEVELOPMENT IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

New Public Administration – Private – Public Partnership – Citizens – Charpter


Books Recommended for Study

  1. Avasti and Maheswari, Public Administration (Agra: Lakshmi Narain, 1998)

  2. Mohit Bahattacharya, New Horizons of Public Administration

  3. Shriram Maheswari, Administrative Theory: An Introduction (New Delhi: Macmillan India Ltd., 1998)

PAPER-II- ORGANIZATION THEORY



UNIT – I INTRODUCTION

Meaning, scope and importance of Organization – Bases of Organization – Purpose, process, people and place.


UNIT – II – THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION

Classical Theory: Human Relations theory, Neo – classical and Neo – humanism theory.


UNIT III – ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

Goals and forms of Organization: functions of organizations-Management of organizations( Personnel, Financial production, Marketing)


UNIT IV – ORGANIZATIONAL DYNAMICS

Organizational Change – Organizational effectiveness – Organizational development and Control


UNIT –V ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR

Organizational behaviour – Individual and Group Organizational Conflict – Conflict Resolution, Organization and Society.


Books recommended for study:

  1. Prasad, L.M. Organization Theory and Behaviour

  2. Harmon M.M. and Mayer R.T. Organizational Theory for Public Administration

  3. Agarwal R.D. Organization and Management

  4. White L.D. Introduction to the Study of Public Administration

ALLIED I : Indian Constitution:


UNIT – I

Salient features of the constitution – Preamble – Federal systems – Fundamental Rights and Duties – Directive Principles of state policies – Amendment procedure.


UNIT – II

Union Executive – President – Elections – term of office – procedure for removal. His executive, legislature, judiciary and emergency powers – Vice President – Elections term and functions – Prime Minister – Cabinet.


UNIT III

Union Parliament – Lok Sabha – Rajya Sabha – qualifications and disqualifications for membership in the Parliament – Compositions and functions – constitutional relations between the two functions.


UNIT IV

Judiciary – Supreme Court – appointment and removal of judges – constitutional provision for safeguarding independence of judiciary – jurisdiction of Supreme Court – Original – appellate – advisory – power of judicial review.


UNIT V

State government – Governor as head of the state – mode of appointment – tenure appointment and removal. His executive, legislative, judicial and discretionary powers – Chief Minister – Cabinet – State Legislatures – High Court.


Books Recommended for study

  1. D.D. Basu – Introduction to the Constitution of India, Prentice Hall of India.

  2. J.R. Siwach – Dynamics of Indian Government and Politics, Sterling Publishing House.

  3. M.V. Pylee – An Introduction to the Constitution of India, vikas publishing house.

SEMESTER –II PAPER -III

ADMINISTRATION IN WESTERN GOVERNMENTS– I

(U.K., U.S.A., AND FRANCE)

UNIT – I

Concept of Modern Administration – Types and Classification of Constitution – Parliamentary System – Presidential system – Collegiate system.


UNIT – II

United Kingdom The Salient features of British Administrative system – Executive, Legislative, Judicial branches – Power and Functions – British Civil Service – Rule of law – Party System – Pressure Groups.


UNIT – III

United States of America: Salient Features of American Administrative System – Executive legislative and judicial branches – powers and functions – separation of powers – judicial review.


UNIT – IV

France: Salient features of the French Administrative System – Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branch – Powers and Functions – Administrative law political party – public services.



Books recommended for study:

  1. Rideley and Blondel – Public Administration in France

  2. Vishnoo Bhagawan and Vidhya Bjushan – World Constitutions, New Sterling Publishers

  3. Kapur A.C – Select Constitutions, New Delhi – S. Chand and Co.,

  4. Johari V.D. – Selected Modern Governments

PAPER IV


ADMINISTRATION IN ASIAN GOVERNMENTS

(China, Japan & Sri Lanka)



UNIT – I

Concept of Asian Administration – Types and Classification of constitutions


UNIT – II

China: Salient features of China’s Administrative system – Executive, Legislative and judicial branches – powers and functions – public services – political parities.


UNIT – III

Japan: salient features of Japanese Administrative system – Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches – Powers and Functions – Political Parties – Public services – Pressure Groups.


UNIT – IV

Sri Lanka – Constitutional Development in Sri Lanka – New Constitutional Development of 1998 – features; President – Power and Functions – Political Parties – settlement of Peace Process.


UNIT - V

Comparison of Political systems of China, Japan & Sri Lanka


Books Recommended for Study

  1. Vishnoo Bhagawan and Vidhya Bhushan – World Constitutions, New Sterling Publishers.

  2. Kapur A.C. – Select Constitutions, New Delhi, S. Chand & Co.

  3. Johari A.C – Major Modern Political Systems

  4. Mahajan V.D – Selected Modern Governments

ALLIED II

HUMAN RIGHTS - THEORY AND PRACTICES



UNIT – I INTRODUCTION

Definition of Human Rights and Human Relations – Scope of Human Rights – need for the study of Human Rights.


UNIT – II CATEGORIES OF HUMAN RELATIONS AND HUMAN RIGHTS

Civil and Political Rights – Economic Relations and Human Rights – Social Relations and Human Rights.


UNIT III – HUMAN RIGHTS INSTITUTIONS – INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL

United Nations Human Rights Commission – National Human Rights Commission – State Human Rights Commission.


UNIT IV – INSTRUMENTS

UDHR, International Covenant and Civil and Political Rights, International Convent on Economic and social rights – Amnesty international


UNIT – V

National Human Rights Act – National Commission for Minorities, Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe and Women.


Books Recommended for Study

  1. UBHDP – Program – annual reports OUP – Aravind Kumar (ed), Human rights and social movements, Anmol Publishers, 1999.

  2. Mehta P.L. Meena Urma – human rights under the Indian Constitution 1999

  3. Arun Kumar Palai – National Human Rights Commission of Indian, Atlantic Publisher, 1999

13. B. A. DEGREE COURSE IN SANSKRIT
SYLLABUS
I Year

I Semester
Core Major Paper I – Lyric Poetry …..(4 Credits)

Text Prescribed :



  1. Gitagovinda of Jayadeva Samodadamodara – Ist sarga only.

  2. Krishnakarnamarta of Lilasuka Second taranga –verses 51 to 90 (both inclusive)

Unit I : Gitagovinda

Unit II : Krishnakarnamarta verses 51 to 60

Unit III : Krishnakarnamarta verses 61 to 70

Unit IV : Krishnakarnamarta verses 71 to 80

Unit V : Krishnakarnamarta verses 81 to 90


Core major Paper II – Prose – I …. (4 credits)

Text Prescribed : Pancatantra – Mitralabha (first 5 stories only)..


Unit I : Introduction and Story 1

Unit II : Story 2

Unit III : Story 3

Unit IV : Story 4

Unit V : Story-5
Core Allied : Paper – I ….. (5 credits)

Ancient Indian History – I(Up to 647 A. D.)

Unit I : Vedic Period

Unit II : Sutra Period

Unit III : Epic Period

Unit IV : Maurya Period

Unit V : Gupta Period & Harsha Period
II Semester
Core major Paper III – Poetry ……. ( 4 credits)

Text Prescribed : Raghuvamsa of Kalidasa (canto XIII only)..

Unit I : Introduction

Unit II : Text – Slokas – 1 – 20

Unit III : Text – Slokas – 21- 40

Unit IV : Text – Slokas – 41 – 60

Unit V : Text – Slokas – 61 – 79.
Core major Paper IV – Prose II ….(4 credits)
Text Prescribed : Sakunthala Kathasarah, Published by Fellowship of Sanskrit culture, Rangappan Street,West Mambalam, Chennai -33.

Unit I : Introduction

Unit II : Initial portion

Unit III : Middile portion

Unit IV : Final portion

Core Allied I - Paper II – Ancient Indian History – II …..(5 credits)

(from 647 AD to 1090 AD.)
Unit I : Post Harsha Period

Unit II : Pallava Period

Unit III : Chola Period

Unit IV : Later Chola Period

Unit V : North Indian History during 9th and 10th Centuries
Following are the options under Non-major –Electives in Sanskrit.

14. B.A. DEGREE COURSE IN SOCIOLOGY

SYLLABUS
Semester-I
Major Core: Paper – I Principles of Sociology
Unit –I: Introduction


  • Definition, Origin, nature and scope of sociology

  • Relationship between sociology and other social sciences(Anthropology, Psychology and Economics)

  • Primary concepts: Society- community- Institution- Association- Status and Role.

  • Uses of Sociology for Policy Makers, Professional Bodies, Development practitioners, social action groups etc.


Unit- II: Individual and Society


  • Definition and characteristics of society

  • Theories of origin of Society

  • Relationship between individual and society


Unit-III: Social Institutions


  • Marriage: Types of Marriage: Polygyny- Polyandry- Monogamy, Functions.

  • Family : Theories of Family, Types of Family; Patriarchal and Matriarchal

Families- Functions of Family.

  • Religion : Elements of Religion – Social Functions of Religion


Unit- IV: Groups


  • Classification of Group

  • Definition, characteristics and functions of primary, secondary and reference groups.


Unit- V: Socialization


  • Definition and theories of socialization

  • Types of socialization

  • Agencies of socialization: family- peer group- school- religion- mass media.


Text Books:
Bottomore, T.B (1972), Sociology: A Guide to Problems and Literature, George Allen and Unwin, Bombay.

Gisbert, Pascal.(1973), Fundamental of Sociology, Orient Longman, New Delhi.

Thomson, Harry. M (1995), Sociology: A Systematic Introduction, Allied Publishers, India.
Reference
Applebaum, Richard. P.,and William J. Chambliss (1997), Sociology, Addison Welsley Educational Publishers Inc, New York.

Giddens, Anthony (2001), Sociology, Fourth Edition, Polity Press, U.K.

Inkeles, Alex, (1982), Foundations of Modern Sociology, Prentice Hall, Inc. New Jersey.

Jayaram, N.(1998) Introductory Sociology, Macmillan, India.



Major Core: Paper – II Indian Society
Unit- I: Cultural and ethnic composition of Indian Society

  • Linguistic and racial composition

  • Religious and ethnic groups

  • Tribes of India


Unit- II: Roots of Hindu Social Organization

  • Varnashrama Dharma

  • Doctrine of Karma

  • Purusharthas

Unit- III: Caste and Class in India

  • Definition and characteristics of caste

  • Theories of origin of caste

  • Caste in modern India: changing trends and new identities

  • Interface of caste and class


Unit-IV: Marriage, Family and kinship


  • Marriage: Forms of marriage- Marriage, Dowry and Divorce practices in Hindu, Islam and Christian religions

  • Joint family: characteristics- functions –dysfunctions- changing trends in Joint family system

  • Kinship: Categories of kinship- terminologies- descent- usages of kinship



Unit-V: Social Change in India


  • Islamization and westernization

  • Sanskritization and secularization

  • Industrialization and Globalization



Text Books
Ahuja Ram (1999) Society in India: Concepts, Theories and Changing trends, Rawat Publications, Jaipur.

Karve, Irawati (1961), Hindu Society: An Interpretation, Poona.

Prabhu, P.H. (1970) Hindu Social Organization, Popular Prakasam, Chennai.
Reference

Beteille, Andre (1992) Backward Classes in Contemporary India, OUP, New Delhi.

Hutton, J.K., (1997) Caste in Modern India, OUP, New Delhi.

Bose, N.K (1975) Structure of Hindu Society, New Delhi.

Oberoi, Patricia,(1993) Family, Kinship and Marriage in India, OUP, New Delhi.

Singh, Yogendra, (1973) Modernization of Indian Tradition, Thompson Press, New Delhi.


----------


Allied Paper – I Social Psychology

Unit- I: Introduction


  • Scope and nature of social psychology

  • Methods of social psychology

  • Importance of social psychology


Unit- II: Personality and culture


  • Personality types and traits

  • Influence of culture on personality


Unit: III: Collective Behaviour


  • Crowd

  • Mobs

  • Riots


Unit-IV: Leadership


  • Characteristics of Leadership

  • Types of leader

  • Functions of leader


Unit- V: Aggression and prejudice


  • Types and causes of aggression

  • Types and causes of prejudice



Unit- VI: Attitude, Public Opinion and Propaganda


  • Attitudes and formation of attitudes

  • Dynamics of public opinion

  • Mass media and public opinion

  • Principles and Techniques of propaganda

  • Social effects of propaganda


Text Books:
Bhatia Hansraj. (1974) Elements of social psychology, somaiya publications, bombay.

Kimball Young (1963) Handbook of social psychology, routledge and kegan paul, Londan.

Lindgren, Henry Clay (1998) Social Psychology, Wiley Eastern Publications, New Delhi-1998.
References
Adinarayanan, S.P., Social Psychology, Longman, India.

Aronson. Elliot, Wilson D. Timothy and Akery M. Robert (1997) Social Psychology, Longman Publishers.

Baron, A. Robert Boon Byrne (1998) Social Psychology, Prentice Hall of India, India.
----------

SEMESTER – II

Major Core: Paper – III Classical Social Thinkers


Unit-I: August Comte

  • Law of three stages in Human Progress

  • Hierarchy of Sciences

  • Social Statics and Dynamics

  • Positivism


Unit-II: Herbert Spencer

  • Theory of Social Evolution

  • Organismic Analogy


Unit-III: Emile Durkheim

  • Social Facts

  • Sociology of Religion

  • Division of Labour

  • Organic and Mechanical Solidarity

  • Types of Suicide

Unit- IV: Karl Marx

  • Dialectical Materialism

  • Theory of Class Struggle

  • Alienation


Unit-V: Max Weber


  • Ideal Type

  • Verstehen

  • Bureaucracy

  • Types of Authority

  • Protestant Ethic and Spirit of Capitalism

  • Class, Status and Power


Text Books
Coser, Lewis. A. (1979) Masters of Sociological Thought: Ideas in Historical & Social Context, Harcourt Brance Jovanovidi, New York.

Fletcher, Ronald (1994) The Making of Sociology (2 Volumes), Rawat, India.



References
Aron, Raymond (1967) Main Currents in Sociological Thoughts (2 Volumes), Penguin Books, London.

Barnes, H.E.(1959) Introduction to History of Sociology, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Craib, Ian (1979) Classical Social Theory, OUP, UK.

Ritzer, George (1996) Sociological Theory, Tata Mc Graw Hill, New Delhi.

Timaseff, N.S. (1976) Sociological Theory: Its Nature and Growth, Random House, New York.

Major Core: Paper – IV Fundamentals of Social Research


Unit-I: Introduction

  • Meaning and significance of social research

  • Types of research: Pure and Applied

  • Scientific method, objectivity and subjectivity

Unit-II: Research Problem and Hypothesis

  • Identification and formulation of research problem

  • Definition and types of hypothesis

  • Sources of hypothesis

  • Formulation of hypothesis


Unit-III: Research Design

  • Types of research design: Descriptive – Explanatory- Exploratory Diagnostic – Experimental

  • Components of good research design


Unit-IV: Methods of Research and Data Collection

  • Methods of research: qualitative – quantitative – ethnography- case study- content analysis

  • Sources of data- Primary – Secondary- Tertiary

  • Tools of data collection: Observation- questionnaire- schedule- Interview Method


Unit-V: Basic Statistics & Report writing

  • Meaning and objectives of averaging. Definition and computation of Mean, Medium, Mode.

  • Components of research report

  • Requisites of a good report.


Text Books:

Kothari, C.R (1985) Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques, Wiley Eastern Ltd, New Delhi.

Young, P.V (1988) Scientific Social Surveys and Research, Prentice Hall, New Delhi.
References

Babbie, E.R (1979) Practicing Social Research, Wadsworth Publishing Company, California.

Keith(1996) Introduction to Social Research, Sage, London.

Singleton, Royce et al.,(1998) Approaches to Social Research, OUP, UK.


Allied Course (2) Social Anthropology


Unit-I: Introduction


  • Meaning and scope of Anthropology

  • Branches of Anthropology


Unit-II: Culture

  • Attributes of culture

  • Culture traits

  • Culture complex

  • Culture area

  • Culture integration

  • Enculturation and transculturation


Unit-III: Marriage and Kinship

  • Marriage: Typology by mate selection – levirate and sororate- hypergamy and hypogamy

  • Types of decent

  • Kinship: consanguinal and affinal

  • Kingship: tribe, class, moiety and phratry

  • Kinship Behaviour: joking and avoidance relationship


Unit-IV: Economic Organization


  • Property: Primitive communism- Individual- collective

  • Stages of Economy: Food gathering – Hunting –Fishing – Pastoralism- Cultivation

  • Systems of Trade Exchange: reciprocity- redistribution- barter and market


Unit- V: Political Organization


  • Brand, Tribe and State

  • Kinship and cheifdom

  • Primitive law and justice

  • Types of punishment


Unit-VI: Religion:


  • Religion : animism- animatism- bongaism-totemism

  • Magic : types and functions of magic

  • Magico- religious functionaries: Shaman- Priest- medicine man- sorcerer


Text Books:
Jha, Makhan (1994) An Introduction to Social Anthropology, Sagi Publications, New Delhi.

Lucy, Mair (1965) An Introduction to Social Anthropology, Oxford University Press.

Majumdar, D.N. & T.N. Madan (1994) Introduction to Social Anthropology, Mayoor Paper Backs, Noida

Beals, R, & Haijer, H (1960) Introduction to Anthropology, Mac Millan, New Delhi.



Reference:
Richney. H. Crapo (1999) Cultural Anthropology, Brown and Bench Mart.

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