University of madras [Established under the Act of Incorporation XXVII of 1857 – Madras University Act 1923]



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SECOND SEMESTER



CORE PAPER 3 - LOGIC AND SCIENTIFIC METHODS II
I Difference between deduction and induction, Problem and postulates

of induction.


II Kinds of Induction – Simple enumeration, perfect enumeration, analogy.
III Mill’s Experimental Methods.
IV Scientific Induction: Stages, Hypothesis, observation, experiment,

advantages and disadvantages.


V Fallacies – MAL observation, Non – Observation, hasty

generalization, Barren Hypothesis.

Books for Study:


  1. Irving M. Copi – Introduction to Logic, 4th Edn.,

  2. Bhelonath Roy – Textbook of Deductive Logic

  3. T.M.P. Mahadevan – Introduction to Logic.

  4. T.N. Ganapathy – Invitation to Logic.

  5. Cohen and Nagel, Introduction to Logic and Scientific Methods



CORE PAPER 4 WESTERN PHILOSOPHY II





  1. Berkeley : Esse est percipii – Solipcism

  2. Hume: Theory of impressions and ideas – Refutation of causality – Denial of self – Scepticism

  3. Kant: Synthesis of rationalism and empiricism – Synthetic apriori judgments – Categories – Phenomena and noumena.

  4. Hegel: Absolute Idealism, concrete universal, Dialectic method

  5. Bradley: Absolute Idealism, space and time, Degrees of Reality



Books for Study: (Relevant chapters only)


  1. Frank Thilly, ‘A HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY’, central Book Depot, Allahabad, 1965.

  2. B.A.G. Fuller, ‘A HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY’, Oxford & I.B.H. Pub.Co.

Delhi, 1969.

  1. W.T. Jones, ‘HISTORY OF WESTERN PHILOSOPHY’, Harcourt, Brace and

World, Inc, New York, 1952.

4. Sammuel Enoch, Stumpf, ‘Philosophy, History and Problems’,

McGraw Hill, 1971.

5. Y. Masih, ‘A CRITICAL HISTORY OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY’,

Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, 1975.


ALLIED PAPER 2 GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY
1. Introduction:
Definition nature and scope of psychology? Psychology as a science; Methods of Psychology – Experimental Method, systematic observation, Case Study Methods, Survey Method; Schools of Psychology: Structuralism, functionism, Behaviorism, psycho analysis.
2. Attention & Perception:
Sense and sensations
Factors of attention: subjective and objective, types of attention;

Process of perception, errors of perception.


3. Learning, Laws of Learning, Methods of Learning, Learning curve,

theories of learning.



  1. Remembering and forgetting; theories of memory; recall and recognition

retention curve, causes of forgetting, amnesia, improving memory.

  1. Personality Development: Definition, Types of personality, personality

tests, improving personality.
Reference:


  1. C.T. Morgan, R.A. King, J.R. Weiszz, J. Schopler – Introduction to Psychology, Seventh Edition, Mc Graw Hill International Edition, Psychology Series, 1987.

  2. E.R. Hilgard, R.L. Atkinson, R.C. Atkinson – Introduction to Psychology – 7th Ed. Harcourt – Brace Jovannovich Inc.1979.

  3. Arno, F Witting and Gurney William III Psychology – An Introduction – McGraw Hill Book Co., International Student Edition, 1984.reI Definition and Scope of Logic, Logic and Psychology, Logic and Sociology, Laws of thought.

  4. Murphy, General Psychology

  5. Bose, G.D. General Psychology.



11. B.A. DEGREE COURSE IN POLITICAL SCIENCE

SYLLABUS

SEMESTER-I -- PAPER I

INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL THEORY – PAPER – 1
Unit I

Definition, Meanings and Scope of Political Science – Elements of state – State and Nation – Distinctive features of the State – its Functions.

Unit – II

Theories on the origin of state – Divine right Theory – Force Theory – Patriarchal Theory – Matriarchal theory – Evolutionary theory – Social contract theory.


Unit – III

Sovereignty – Monistic and Pluralistic Theories – Types of Sovereignty – location of sovereignty.


Unit – IV

Law: Definition, Meaning and Nature – Sources of Law – Kinds of Law – law and morality – Liberty: Definition and Meaning – kinds of liberty – Safeguards of liberty.


Unit – V

Definition, Meaning and kinds of liberty – citizenship – Rights and Duties – fundamental Rights – Human Rights and UNO.


Books recommended for Study:
Raphael, D.D., Problems of Political Philosophy, Macmillan;New Delhi

Roy, Amal and Mohit Bhatacharaya, Political Theory: ideas and institutions, The World press: calcutta

Appadurai, A., Substance of Politics, Oxford University Press, New Delhi.

PAPER II

CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA






Unit – I

Evolution of Indian Constitution – East India Company – Regulating Act 1773 to 1858 – Proclamation of Queen Victoria - Indian Council Acts 1861 to 1898.
Unit – II

Emergence of Provincial Government – Act of 1909, 1919 – Failure of Dyarchy.

Unit – III

1935 Government of India Act-salient Features – Cripps Mission – Cabinet Mission – Constituent Assembly.


Unit – IV

National Movement and Constitutional Development – Congress Party – Muslim League – Leadership.


Unit – V

Constitution of India – Preamble – Salient Features - Parliamentary Democracy in India.

Books Recommended for Study:


  1. Pylee M V , Constitutional Government in India, Asia Publishing House, Bombay, 1977.

  2. Aggarwal R C, Constitutional Development and National Movement of India, S.Chand & Co, New Delhi, 2004.

  3. Basu, D D, Introduction to Indian Constitution, Prentice Hall, New Delhi, 2004.

ALLIED –I POTICAL SOCIOLOGY

UNIT –I


Meaning- Intellectual foundations of Political Sociology-the problem of social order –coercion theory-intrest theory .

UNIT-II


The concept and process of socialization-Political relevance of adult socialization-socialization and political personality-socialization into political roles

UNIT-III

Culture and politics –The political culture and democracy-political participation- opportunities and resources of political participation – The political context of participation

UNIT-IV


Election and the political process-Election and party system- the origin and development of political parties

UNIT -V


Violence-Violence and the state-The causes and origin of popular Violence-Factors inhibiting political violence-forms of political violence-violence in economically developed societies
BOOKS RECOMMENDED FOR STUDIES
1.Robert E.Dowse and John A Hughes (1975) Political Sociology,John wiley and sons,London
SEMESTER – II PAPER – III WESTERN GOVERNMENTS (UK, USA, FRANCE AND SWISS)

Unit – I :

United Kingdom: Salient features of the constitution – The Executive, the Monarchy Cabinet and Council of Ministers – The Prime Minister-The parliament – House of commons :- its composition – the speaker and his role – Parliamentary Privileges – the House of Lords as the Highest court of Appeal – The Party System.
Unit – II

The USA: The Salient features of the constitution – The president – the legislative, executive and judicial, powers of the president – the house of representatives –Senate- tenures, composition and functions.


Unit – III

France-The fifth Republic of 1958 – the Salient features of the constitution – the President – the method of election – His constitutional powers – His executive powers – The Prime Minister and his Cabinet – Parliament -Political party system


Unit – IV

Switzerland – the salient features of the constitution - method of division of powers – the federal council as plural executive – its composition and functions.

The national councils: The federal assembly; composition, tenure and functions

-the councils of states as second chamber – compostion and functions.

-Direct democratic devices – referendum - initiative – recall.
UNIT –V

Comparison of polititical systems of U.K ,U.S.A,SWISS and FRANCE.



Book Recommended for study:

V.D. Mahajan : Select Modern Governments, New Delhi: S. Chand and Co.

A.C. Kapur: Modern Constitutions, New Delhi: S. Chand and Co.

PAPER-IV

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS








Unit I

Nature and Scope of International Relations – as a field of study – Balance of power- cold war .


Unit II

Elements of National Power – National Interest – Diplomacy – the significance of Diplomacy in the context of international terrorism.

Unit III





Arms – control and Disarmament-Nuclear proliferation – Nuclear Non- Proliferation treaty – collective security – Role of UNO.-and Regional organizations:NATO,SEATO-SAARC
Unit IV

International Morality –World Public Opinion – Terrorism-its kinds


Unit V

North – south dialogue-issues- Poverty – Population Explosion – Pollution – International Unity.


Books recommended for study:

1. J. C. Johari, International Politics : A framework for analysis : Prentice Hall.

2. G.R.Bestridge, International Politics, States, Poweer and Conflict since 1945 Wheatsheat Books.

3. Scholominj C. Gordon : Power and Principal in International Affairs : Harcourt Brace Jove Publishers.

4. Naik J.A.A. Text Book of International Relations, 90-95.

5. Gordon C. Schlomunj, Power Principles of International Affairs.


ALLIED II POLITICAL ECONOMY OF INDIA
Unit – I

Meaning of Political Economy and its significance – meaning and characteristics of development and under development – welfare state and social ideals of the Indian constitution.


Unit – II





Capitalist – Market Economy : Meaning – Features – merits and demerits. Mixed economy – meaning – features – merits and demerits. Socialist economy meaning features – merits and demerits.
Unit – III

Concept of economic development in India – determinants of development in India economic Planning – meaning – objectives – five year plan – planning under the new economic policy.


Unit – IV

New economic trends in the context of liberalization, Privatization and Globalisation impact of new economic reforms. Need for human resource development. Role of volutantry sector for development.


Unit – V

Political socialization and culture in India – Rural – Urban differences – Influences of family – class, religion, language, region and ideology in politics.



Books Recommended for study:

  1. Iqbal Narain, P.C. and Mathew, Politics in Change in India, Rawat Publication

  2. Raw V. Lakshman Essays on Indian Economy, Ashishas

  3. Chatterjee pandh, State and politics in India, OUP.

Title of the Paper :POLITICAL SCIENCE AN INTRODUCTION – I

Course : ALLIED FOR DEFENCE AND STRATEGIC STUDIES ONLY

Unit I Introduction

Definition, meaning and Scope of Political Science – State – Definition and meaning – Elements of States – State and Nation – The distinctive features of the State – State and its functions.


Unit II Theories of Origin of State

Theory of Divine Origin – Theory of Force. The Paticiarchal Theory – Matriarchel Theory – The Evolutionary Theory – Social contract theory of Hobbes. Locke and Rousseau.


Unit III Basic Political Concepts

Sovereignity – Monistic and pluralistic theories – merits and defects – law – nature of law – Source of Law – Liberty – Meaning, Civil liberty and political liberty – Safe Guards of liberty – equality – meaning extent of equality in Modern States – Equality and liberty.


Unit IV Forms of Government

Democracy – Definition, meaning and principles – Merits and demerits of democracy – Classification of Government; Unitary and federal, parliamentary and presidential forms of Government – Legislative – Executive – Judiciary.



Unit V Public Opinion, Political Parties and Pressure Group

Meaning, Nature, Type and Agents of public opinion – Political parties, their functions and types – Election – Importance of election and the franchise qualifications – conditions for good electrol process – pressure groups.


Books Recommended for Study


  1. A. Appadurai : Substance of Politics : Oxford University Press, India.

  2. Amal Ray and Mohit Bhattacharya: Political theory : Ideas and Institutions, Culcutta, The World Press.

  3. Macrids R.C (ed), Modern political System, Prentice Hall International

  4. Kapoor A.C, Principles of Political Science.

Title of the Paper :POLITICAL SICENCE AN INTRODUCTION – II

Course: ALLIED FOR DEFENCE AND STRATEGIC STUDIES ONLY
Unit I Introduction

Meaning, Definition, Nature and Scope of Political Science – Is Political Science a Science or an Art – Methods of Political Science.



Unit II State and Nation

Definition, Elements and functions of State – Distinction between state, society and association – distinction between Nation, Nationality and Nation State – Divine theory – Force theory – Social contract theory – Sovereignty – Austin's theory of sovereignty.



Unit III State and Individual

Law, its meaning and features – Rights, its kinds – Fundamental rights – Liberty, its kinds and safeguards – Equality – its relation with liberty and rights.


Unit IV Forms of Government

Democracy – Definition, meaning and principles – Merits and demerits of democracy – Classification of Government; Unitary and federal, Parliamentary and presidential forms of Government – legislative – Executive – Judiciary.


Unit V Public Opinion, Political Parties and Pressure Group

Meaning, Nature, Type and Agents of public opinion – Political parties, their functions and types – Election – Importance of election and the franchise qualifications – conditions for good electoral process – Pressure groups.



Books Recommended for Study

  1. A. Appadurai : Substance of Politics : Oxford University Press, India.

  2. Amal Ray and Mohit Bhattacharya: Political theory : Ideas and Institutions, Culcutta, The world Press.

  3. Macrids R.C (ed), Modern political System, Prentice Hall International

  4. Kapoor A.C, Principles of Political Science.





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