University of madras [Established under the Act of Incorporation XXVII of 1857 – Madras University Act 1923]



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SEMESTER I



PAPER I -MAIN CURRENTS IN INDIAN HISTORY UPTO A.D. 1206








UNIT - I: Background and Sources - Indus Culture – Vedic Age.

UNIT - II: Buddhism and Jainism - Sixth Century B.C. -Rise of Magatha -Greek

Influence -The Mauryas.


UNIT - III: Satavahanas – Kushanas – Guptas – Administration and Culture.
UNIT - V: Arab Conquest of Sind - Mahmud of.GhaZni Mahmud Of Ghor.

BOOKS FOR REFERENCE


1. Bhasham A.L., 2001, The Wonder that was India, Rupa and Co., New Delhi.

2. Bharathiya Vidhya Bhavan,The History and Culture of the Indian People, Vol. I, II &

III, Bombay.

3. Majumdar R,C., The Ancient India.

4. Nilakanta Sastri K.A., The Age of Nandas and Mauryaus.

5. Romila Thapar, Ancient India.


6. Sharma, L.P., History of Ancient India.
7. Sharma, L.P., History of Medieval India. 1987, New Delhi.

8. Srivastava, A.L., History of Medieval India.

9. Pandey, A.B., Early Medieval India.

10. Ishwari Prasad, Medieval India.



PAPER II - TOURISM - PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE
UNIT – I: Definition and Fundamentals of Tourism – Concept of Domestic and International Tourism – Components of Tourism.
UNIT – II: Tourism through the Ages – Classification of Tourism – Economic, Social, Cultural and Environmental impact.
UNIT – III: Tourist Resources in India I – Types of Resources – Land forms – Art and Architecture, Monuments, Sculptures – Fairs and Festivals.
UNIT – IV: Tourist Resources in India Ii – Religious Resources – Places of Pilgrimage – Hindus Muslim, Christian, Jain, Buddhist, Sikhs – Shrines – Temples – Places of Tourist interest in Tamil Nadu
UNIT – V: Tourism Administration of India – Ministry of Tourism – Aims, Objectives – Functions – State Tourism Departments – Public Sector Agencies – ITDC, TTDC, Private Travel Agencies – Future Prospects of Tourism.
BOOKS FOR REFERENCE:
1. Bhatia, A. K., Tourism Development, Principles and Practices.

  1. Ratandeep Singh, Dynamics of Modern Tourism.

  2. Sinha, R.K., Growth and Development of Modern Tourism.

  3. Lajpathi Rai, Development of Tourism in India.

  4. Douglas Foster, Travel and Tourism Management.

  5. Burbant, A.J., and Medik, S., Tourism, Past, Present and Future.

  6. Lavkush Mishra, Religious Tourism in India.

  7. Pushpinder, S.Gill, Tourism, Economic and Social Development.

SECOND SEMESTER

PAPER III - MAIN CURRENTS IN INDIAN HISTORY A.D. 1206 TO A.D. 1757.

UNIT - I: Delhi Sultanate - Slave Dynasty - Khalji.

UNIT - II: Tughlaqs - Sayyads and Lodis - Administration of Delhi Sultanate - Islamic Culture.

UNIT - III: Bhamini Kingdom - Vijayanagar Empire -Bakthi Movement.

UNIT - 1V: Outline of the political history of the Mughals - Administration and Culture.

UNIT - V: Marathas and Sikhs - The Coming of Europeans - Battle of Plassey.

BOOKS FOR REFERENCE:

1. Banerjee, A.C., New History of Medieval India.

2. Pandey, A.B., Later Medieval India.

3. Srivastava, A.L., History of Delhi Sultanate.

4. Sharma, S.R., Mughal Empire.

5. Habibullah, A.B.M., The Foundation of Muslim Rule in India.

6. Sarkar, J.N., Shivaji and His times.
7. Tripathi, R.S., Rise and Fall of the Mughal Empire.
8. Majumdar, R.C., The Mughal Empire.
9. Chopra, India under the British Rule.
10 Ramsay Muir, Making of British India.

PAPER IV - TOURISM AND TOURIST RESOURCES IN INDIA

UNIT – I: Tourist Resources in India – Types of Resources – Natural Land forms – Climate – Flora and Fauna, Water Bodies.
UNIT – II: Cultural and Historical – Art – Architecture – Historical Monuments – Culptures – Fairs and Festivals – Handicrafts.
UNIT – III: Religious Resources – Shrines and Centres – Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, Silk, Muslims and Christians.
UNIT – IV: Tourism in India – A Profile – Ministry of Tourism – Governement of India – Aims and Objectives – Functions of State Tourism Department.
UNIT – V: Public Sector Tourism Agencies – India Tourism Development Corporation – Tamilnadu Tourism Development Corporation – Places of Tourist importance in Tamilnadu.

ALLIED PAPERS – B.A HISTORY AND TOURISM

AN OUTLINE HISTORY OF THE MODERN WORLD A.D. 1900 – 1945
UNIT –I: Introduction – Modern Imperialism – Meaning, forms and nature – Causes – Imperialistic Rivalries in Africa – American Imperialism – Japanese Imperialist Expansion – Russo – Japanese War.
UNIT – II: The first World War – Nature, Causes, Courses, Course and Effects - Treaty of Versailles – the League of Nations.
UNIT - III: The Russian Revolution (1917), Menshevik and the Bolshevik – communism – Modern China – Revolution in 1911 – Sun Yat Sen and Chiang Kai – Sheik.
UNIT – IV: National Awakening in Asia – National Movements in Turkey, Egypt, Indonesia, Indo-China, India.

UNIT – V: Fascist Italy – Nazist Germany – II World War – Establishment of the U.N.O.


BOOKS FOR REFERENCE
1. Gamberedcie, M.R., - World History Picture and Story

2. Harry Browne - World History, the Twentieth Century

3. Drerey E. Wood - This Modern World

4. Saksena, N.S. - 20th Century World History, Highlights and Trends

5. George W. SouthGate - An Introduction to World History

6. Ben Finger - Concise World History

7. David Thomson - World History from 1914 to 1950

8. Alice Magneir and John - History of the World

Conrad and Appel


AN OUTLINE HISTORY OF THE MODERN WORLD A.D. 1945 – A.D. 2000
UNIT – I: Introduction – The World after the War – The UNO at work – Emergence of Blocs – Western Bloc and Communist Bloc – Cold War and Economic Assistance.

UNIT – II: Awakening in Africa – Birth of Independent States – Quest for African Identity and Unity – South Africa and Nelson Mandela.

UNIT – III: Asian Countries – Struggle for Development – Asia in World Affairs – Asian Relations Conferences, 1947,1948 – Colombo Conference 1950 – Non-alignment Movement – Bandung Conference 1955 – Middle East – Israel and Palestine.

UNIT – IV: Latin America in World Affairs – Latin American Countries – Cuba under Fidel Castro – The USA’s policy.

UNIT – V: Revisionism in Russia – Glasnost and Perestroika Collapse of USSR – Unipolar World and USA as the Super Power – European Union – Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation – Major Trends in Science and Technology – Nuclear, Space and Communication.
BOOKS FOR REFERENCE:

1. Gamberedcie. M.R., World History Picture and Story.



2. Harry Browne, World History, the Twentieth Century

3. Drery E. Wood, This Modern World.

4. Saksena, N.S., 20th century World History, Highlights and Trends.

5. George W. SouthGate, B.A., An Introduction to World History.

6. Ben Finger, Concise World History
7. David Thomson, World History from 1914 to 1950.

8. Alice Magneir, John Conrad and Appel, History of the World.

9. John Hatch, Africa Today and Tomorrow.

10. Ronal Segel, African Profiles.

11. Nelanbangi Sithole, African Nationalism.
STUDIES IN NATIONALISM
UNIT – I: Nationalism –Concept, meaning and definition – Theories of Nationalism – Colonisation – Anti-colonial struggles – Rise of Nationalism.
UNIT – II: China – 1911 revolution – Sun Yat Sen – KMT – Chinese Communist party – People’s Republic of China.
UNIT – III: South East Asia – Dutch Colonisation of Indonesia – Nationalism struggle in Indonesia – French Colonization of Indo-China – Liberation of Vietnam.

UNIT – IV: Colonisation of Middle East – Arab Nationalism – Nationalist struggle in Egypt.
UNIT – V: Africa – Colonisation of Africa – Anti-colonial struggle in Africa – African Nationalist Movement in South Africa.

BOOKS FOR REFERENCE:
1. Hall, D.G. E., 1981, History of South East Asia, Mac Millan Education Ltd., London.

2. Clyde and Beers, History of East Asia.

3 Fisher, S.N., The Middle East.

4 Harrison Church, R.J., West Africa.

5. Baril Davidson, The Growth of African Civilisation East and Central Africa to the Late 19th Century.
HISTORY OF INDIA A.D. 1858 TO A.D. 1964
UNIT – I: India under the Crown – Lytton, Ripon, Curzon – Constitutional Development 1858, 1861, 1892.
UNIT – II: Socio-Cultural Development of India in the 19th Century – Socio-Religious Reform Movements – Western Education – Aligarh Movements.
UNIT – III: Factors leading to the emergence of Indian Nationalism – Founding of the Indian National Congress – Moderates – Radical Nationalists - Swadeshi Movement – Act of 1909.
UNIT – IV: Gandhian Era – Home Rule Movement – Government of India Act 1919 – Civil-Disobedience Movement.
UNIT – V: Act of 1935 – Quit India Movement 1942 – Mountbatten Plan – Partition and Independence 1947 Constitution of 1950 – Era of Nehru – Five Years Plans and Foreign Policy.

BOOKS FOR REFERENCE:
1. Sumit Sarkar, Modern India.

2. Majumdar, R.C. Freedom Struggle.

3 Aggarwal, Constitutional Development of National Movement.

4 Pandey, B.N., A Contemporary History of the Indian National Congress

(Vols 1,2, and 3)


WOMEN’S STUDIES
UNIT – I: Definition of Women’s Studies – Its Objectives – Scope – Theories of Feminism – Women’s Movements in the West.
UNIT – II: Women through the Ages – Indian Context – Women in Freedom Struggle – Pre-Gandhian Era and Gandhian Era.
UNIT – III: Rise of Feminist Movement and Women’s Organisations – Growth – Governmental and Non-Governmental Organisations – National, State Councils for Women – Achievements.
UNIT – IV: Role of women in Politics – Administration – Business – Industry – Women Entrepreneurs – Need for Reservation.
UNIT – V: Women and Law – Legal and Constitutional Rights – Marriage – Divorce – Property Rights – Labour Laws – Women in Modern Society.
BOOKS FOR REFERENCE:


  1. Tara Ali Aog, India’s Women Power.

  1. Rama Mehta, Socio-legal, Status of Women in India.

  2. Srinivas, M.A., The Changing position of Indian Women.

  3. Nanda, B.R., Indian women from Purdah to Modernity.

  4. Altenbar, A.S., Motilal Banarsi Dars, The Position of Women in Hindu Civilisation.

  5. Neena Desai, A Decade of Women’s Movement in India.

  6. Bovehur David, The Feminist Challenge, The Movement for Women;s Liberation in Britain and U.s.

  7. Banbs Olive, Faces of Feminism – A Study of Feminism as a Social Movement.

  8. Gandhi, M.K., Women and Social Justice.

  9. Radha Kumar, The Women’s Movement in India.


AIR TICKETING & FARE CONSTRUCTION








Unit – I: Air Transport: Airlines abbreviations, Codes and Definitions – Aircraft and in-flight services – Airport facilities and special passengers – Automation- Baggage- International regulations –Travel Guides.
Unit – II: Airfares and Ticketing-1: Arrangement of the tariff manuals – Terms and Definitions – Published fares – Currency regulations – Round and Circle trip fares – Journeys in different classes – Special fares – Discounted fares – Taxes –Ticketing instructions – BSP procedures – Stock control and security of accountable documents.
Unit – III: Air fares and Ticketing-2: Review of basic fare construction principles – The mileage system – Lowest combination principle – Round and circle trip fares – Journeys in different classes of service – Around the world fares – “Open Jaw” journeys – Special fares – Re-routings – Collection of fares.

Unit – IV: Tour Programmes: Terms and abbreviations – Types of tours – How and why tours are produced – Items included in a tour brochure – Booking conditions – Reservation procedures.
Unit – V: Travel Formalities: The Passport – Health certificates – Taxes, customs and currency – Travel insurance – General preventive measures – The Travel information manual (TIM) – Consequences of negligence.
BOOK FOR REFERENCE:


  1. Guides to IATA/ UFTAA Training courses and journals published by International Air Transport Association and Universal Federation of Travel Agent Association.

  2. Jagmohan Negi, 2004, Air Travel Ticketing and Fare Construction, Kanishka Publishers, New Delhi.

  3. Jagmohan Negi, 2004, International Tourism and Travel, S. Chand & Company Ltd, New Delhi.

9. B.A. DEGREE COURSE IN LABOUR MANAGEMENT



SEMESTER - I
PAPER - III - PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS
Unit - I:
Nature of Economics: Definition - Method nature of economic problem - Capitalism; Mixed economy - Socialism.
Unit - II:
Theory of Demand and Supply: Law of diminishing Marginal utility - Demand schedule - Elasticity of demand - Elasticity of supply.
Unit - III
Production and costs: Production Function - law of diminishing constant - increasing returns - Nature and type of costs - costs in short run and long run.
Unit - IV
Market structure: Forms of business organisation - perfect competition - Monopoly - Oligopoly
Unit - V
Marginal productivity theory - Theories of rent, wages interest and profit.
National income - Circular flow of income - various classification of National income - National income trends.
References:
Samuelson and Nardhu : Economic: Tata McGraw Hill 12th

Edition
D.M.Mithani : Fundamentals of Economic Analysis,

Bombay, Himalaya Publishing House.


K.K.Dowelt : Price theory, New Delhi, Syamlal

Charitable Trust - 1987.


McConell and Gupta : Economics - Part - I - Tata McGraw

Hill - 1989.


K.I.Son : An Introduction to Economics,

S.Chand and Sons, New Delhi.

.. 5 ..
Richard Lipsy and Posteniner : Positive Economics, Prentice Hall,

New Delhi.


J.K.Mehta and Mahesh Chand : A Guide to Modern Economics,

Somaya Publications, Bombay.





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