Unit 7 Adverbs and Prepositions Fly away, fly away In the bowl of the sky

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Titles (p. 198) Write each of the titles correctly.

100. i am the mummy (book)

101. drops of rain (poem)

102. the shaggy dog (movie)

103. fame or fortune (book chapter)

104. los angeles times (newspaper)


Unit 6: Pronouns

Subject Pronouns, Object Pronouns, and Possessive Pronouns (pp. 216, 218, 220, 222) Write each sentence correctly.

105. Holly attended the safety patrol meeting with Maria and (I, me).

106. (Us, We) elected a president.

107. (Our, Ours) votes go to Maria.

108. The new president is (her, she).

109. Maria thanked Lu and (me, I).

Double Subjects (p. 228) Write each sentence correctly.

110. The Chens they own a shop.

111. My dad and I we work there.

112. Mrs. Chen she locks up.

113. Fred he is our last customer.

114. His job it makes him late.

we and us with Nouns (p. 230) Write each sentence, using we or us.

115. The crowd saw _____ swimmers.

116. _____ students cheered loudly.

117. The winners were _____ friends.

118. The coach praised _____ winners.

119. _____ reporters made notes.

Unit 7: Adverbs and Prepositions

Adjective or Adverb? (pp. 246, 250, 252) Write the correct word.

120. Al prepared (careful, carefully).

121. He spoke quite (clear, clearly).

122. The speech went (good, well).

123. Mrs. Lee smiled (proud, proudly).

124. She said he had done (good, well).

Negatives (p. 254) Rewrite each sentence, using only one negative.

125. Hasn't nobody seen my sneakers?

126. I don't never clean my room.

127. I can't find no hangers.

128. There isn't no room in my closet.

129. Won't no one help me?

Prepositional Phrases (pp. 256, 258, 262) Write the prepositional phrase. Underline the preposition once and its object twice.

130. We learned about Twelfth Night.

131. This comedy by Shakespeare is fun.

132. Who plays the part of Viola?

133. Viola dresses in men's clothing.

134. People are fooled by her.

Adverb or Preposition? (p. 264) Copy the underlined word, and label it adverb or preposition.

135. People heard a noise above them.

136. They looked up curiously.

137. In the sky was a glider.

138. It landed near the lake.

139. The pilot stepped out proudly.

140. Reporters walked over.


Extra Practice

1. Adverbs

• An adverb is a word that tells how when, or where.

• Adverbs can describe verbs.

• Many adverbs end with -ly.

• Write the adverb that describes each underlined verb.

Example: Joy waited impatiently. impatiently

1. Her parents carefully planned the trip.

2. They all boarded the train eagerly.

3. The train arrived at the station early.

4. They traveled far to the hotel.

5. Joy excitedly looked at all the sights.

6. The tired travelers would unpack later.

• Write the adverb that describes the underlined verb in each sentence. Then write whether it tells how when, or where.

Example: Dan recently visited Washington, D.C. recently when

7. His friend Russ lives there.

8. Russ and Dan took the bus downtown.

9. They immediately headed for the National Air and Space Museum.

10. First, they watched the museum's film on flying.

11. Afterward, the boys ate lunch in the cafeteria.

12. Russ sadly waved good-bye to Dan at the train station.

• Write each sentence, using an adverb. The word in parentheses tells what kind of adverb to write.

Example: _____ an inch of rain fell in one hour. (when)

Yesterday an inch of rain .fell in one hour

13. The rain hammered _____ on the roof (how)

14. _____ we were dry and warm. (where)

15. Cars moved _____ along the wet roads. (how)

16. Sections of School Street were _____ closed. (when)

17. We hoped that Dad was not stuck _____. (where)

18. _____ he told us what had happened. (when)


2. Comparing with Adverbs

• To compare two actions, use -er or more with an adverb.

• To compare three or more actions, use -est or most.

• Use -er and -est with most one-syllable adverbs.

• Use more and most with most adverbs of two or more syllables.
• Copy the correct form of the adverb for each sentence.

Example: Jon arrived (sooner, soonest) than Neil. sooner

1. Leah skates (more often, most often) than Rita does.

2. Of the four, Neil tries (harder, hardest).

3. Rita skates (more smoothly, most smoothly) of all.

4. I can lace my skates (faster, fastest) than Leah can.

5. She glides (more gracefully, most gracefully) than I.
• Write each sentence, using the correct form of the adverb in parentheses.

Example: Joe swims _____ of all the children. (smoothly)

Joe swims most smoothly of all the children.

6. Lori can float _____ of all the girls. (long)

7. Al climbed into the pool _____ than Joe did. (slowly)

8. Henry swam the two laps _____ of all the swimmers. (quickly)

9. Move your arms up and.down _____ than I did. (gently)

10. Of everyone, Wayne swims _____ (straight)

• Rewrite each sentence, using the kind of comparison shown.

Example: Charlie listens to the coach carefully. (two actions)

Charlie listens to the coach more carefully than I do.

11. After hitting the ball, Kelly runs swiftly. (two actions)

12. Sal practices tirelessly. (three or more actions)

13. Toby comes early to practice. (two actions)

14. Alex stays at the field late. (three or more actions)

15. Charlie swings a bat confidently. (two actions)

16. Ben plays enthusiastically. (two actions)

17. The crowd arrived at the game early. (three or more actions)

18. The coach speaks kindly to each player. (two actions)


3. Adjective or Adverb?

• Use adjectives to describe nouns or pronouns. Use adverbs to describe verbs.

• Do not confuse good and well. Good is always an adjective. Well is an adverb unless it means "healthy."
• Write adjective or adverb to name each underlined word.

Example: Our teacher paints landscapes well. adverb

1. Our teacher is giving a good lesson in watercolor.

2. He painted a landscape with dark thunderclouds.

3. First, he lightly sketched the landscape on paper.

4. Then he spread a thin coat of water over the sky.

5. He swiftly brushed paint across the wet area.
• Write each sentence, using the correct word. Label it adjective or adverb.

Example: Mindy had the flu, but now she is (good, well).

Mindy had the flu, but now she is well. adjective

6. Mindy and Sue's day at the museum was quite (good, well).

7. They looked (careful, carefully) at a Mary Cassatt painting.

8. The mother holds the child (gentle, gently) in her arms.

9. The child watches the father (curious, curiously).

10. Cassatt painted scenes of family life (good, well).

• Write the word in parentheses that correctly completes each sentence. Then write a sentence, using the other word in parentheses correctly.

Example: Sandy draws landscapes (skillful, skillfully).

skillfully As an artist, Sandy is skillful.

11. Today she works (happy, happily) in the park.

12. The sun is shining (bright, brightly).

13. Ducks swim in the pond (quiet, quietly).

14. Two boats sail (swift, swiftly) across the water.

15. Sandy (quick, quickly) makes a sketch.


4. Negatives

• A negative is a word that means "no" or "not."

• Do not use double negatives in a sentence.
• If the sentence has a double negative, write the two negatives. If the sentence is correct, write correct.

Example: Al had never been to no circus before. never no

1. The circus wasn't really in a big tent.

2. I didn't see no man with the peanuts.

3. None of the clowns could skate very well.

4. The juggler didn't drop none of his props.

5. The woman had no more balloons.

6. Nobody wanted to stay for the whole show.

• Write each sentence, using the correct word.

Example: Doesn't (anyone, no one) want to see the elephants?

Doesn't anyone want to see the elephants?

7. Those two elephants (have, haven't) no riders.

8. We can't find (any, no) seats in this section.

9. I've never been (anywhere, nowhere) like the circus.

10. Isn't (anybody, nobody) holding on to the rope?

11. Wasn't there (anyone, no one) to catch her?

12. I (will, won't) never forget the excitement.
• Write a negative statement to answer each question. Use a different negative in each sentence.

Example: Do you need to earn money this summer?

I don't need to earn money this summer.

13. How can you earn money in your neighborhood this summer?

14. Is selling juice at a sidewalk stand a good idea?

15. Did you ever think of having a circus?

16. Would any of your friends help you?

17. Is there anyone who can make costumes?

18. Will you have enough time to get ready?


Extra Practice

5. Prepositions

• A preposition relates the noun or the pronoun that follows it to another word in the sentence.

• The object of the preposition is the noun or the pronoun that follows the preposition.
• Write the preposition in each sentence.

Example: The ship had disappeared without a trace. without

1. What had happened to the crew?

2. The answers were hidden in the ship.

3. No one except the diver had seen the ship.

4. She dove skillfully into the deep water.

5. What would she discover at the bottom?

6. The mystery would be solved by the diver.

• Copy each sentence. Underline the preposition once and the object twice.

Example: Scientists were studying the ruins of an old city.

Scientists were studying the ruins of an old city.

7. Ashes from a volcano had buried the city.

8. The people had escaped before the disaster.

9. Now scientists were digging around the area.

10. Their discoveries explained daily life in the city.

11. They discovered different kinds of buildings.

12. The houses had beautiful paintings on the walls.
• Rewrite each sentence. Change the preposition, the object of the preposition, or both.

Example: Kim worked for the city.

Kim worked in a store.

13. Kim kept careful records about the city's history

14. Once she spent a whole day looking for clues.

15. Suddenly she noticed something colorful in the soil.

16. She had discovered an old piece of pottery.

17. The pottery was from the Chicago World's Fair.

18. This colorful dish had been made in 1892!


6. Prepositional Phrases

• A prepositional phrase is made up of a preposition, its object, and all the words between them.

• The preposition is underlined in each sentence. Write the prepositional phrase.

Example: Water covers a large part of the earth's surface.

of the earth's surface

1. The ocean floor lies under the water.

2. Many maps have been made of the ocean floor.

3. These maps are often used by sailors.

4. The maps guide them over dangerous rocks.

5. Their ships can travel safely through narrow places.

6. During their explorations, they use maps.
•ÊWrite the prepositional phrase in each sentence. Then underline the preposition once and the object twice.

Example: In the past, people drew maps. In the past

7. Today some maps are made by special computers.

8. Spacecraft take pictures of the earth and other planets.

9. Information from these spectacular pictures is stored.

10. On the computer screen, a detailed picture appears.

11. The mapmaker presses a few keys on his keyboard.

12. Maps in beautiful colors are often produced.

• Write each sentence, using a prepositional phrase.

Example: I found a pencil _____.

I found a pencil in my green knapsack.

13. I sketched a map _____.

14. It showed the way _____.

15. I drew a line _____.

16. I made a circle _____.

17. I gave the map _____.

18. We would meet _____.


7. Pronouns in Prepositional Phrases

• Use object pronouns as objects in prepositional phrases.

• Check the pronoun in a compound object by removing the other object.
• Copy each prepositional phrase. Underline the object pronoun.

Example: Ansel Adams loved nature and took pictures of it. of it

1. Yosemite National Park was special to him.

2. He photographed many parts of it.

3. His pictures have famous scenery in them.

4. Many photographers have learned from him.

5. For them. his pictures are excellent examples.
• Choose the pronoun in parentheses that correctly completes each sentence. Write the sentences.

Example: When Chirp landed, I took a picture of (he, him).

When Chirp landed, I took a picture of him.

6. Chirp and the other sparrows were familiar to (me, I).

7. I was writing an article about the robins and (they, them).

8. Sometimes I took pictures of (they, them).

9. The birds were not upset by (1, me).

10. I watched from a shed near (they, them).

• Rewrite each incorrect sentence correctly. For each sentence that is correct, write correct.

Example: Are you taking a picture of your sister and he?

Are you taking a picture of your sister and him?

11. Is there enough light to take a picture of Cal and her'?

12. You should sit between Lily and i on the couch.

13. I like the background behind David and them.

14. I will develop this picture for Katie and she.

15. This picture of Frank and he at the beach is excellent.


8. Adverb or Preposition?

• Do not confuse adverbs with prepositions. Prepositions introduce prepositional phrases. Adverbs do not.

• Write the underlined word. Label it adverb or preposition.

Example: Doug pulled a book off the shelf. off preposition

1. Something slipped over the edge.

2. It fell on the floor.

3. Doug picked it up.

4. He held the arrowhead in his hand.

5. Doug loved exploring outside.

5. He was often lucky in his explorations.

• A Write each adverb or prepositional phrase. Underline each preposition.

Example: The model train raced along the track. along the track

7. The long, metal track looped around.

8. The electric train clattered by.

9. Suddenly it disappeared into a dark tunnel. 10 Inside the tunnel, the conductor blew the whistle.

11. The train passed through the large mountain.

12. Then it rushed out, and the engine roared.
• Each sentence below has an adverb. Write another sentence, using that same word as a preposition.

Example: Alexander hurried inside.

I left my bicycle inside the cluttered garage.

13. Linda skipped along.

14. Stan leaped across.

15. Gina marched around.

16. Carlos jumped up.

17. Anna climbed down.

18. Ted stayed outside.


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