Unit 6: The Gilded Age



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Advanced Placement United States History

Unit 6: The Gilded Age


Chapters 17, 18, 19, and 20 in the Divine text and parts of Chapters 10 and 11 in Fast Track to a 5
The AP student’s primary responsibility is to read each assigned section of the textbook and add notes from the reading to the course notes. To better understand the reading, students should focus on the “terms to identify” and “concepts to grasp” and be prepared for a quiz on any of these items. The teacher’s role is to clarify the significance of the readings, terms, and learning targets, and to show the student how they fit into the “big picture” of American history. If the student does not fully understand a term or concept, he/she must ask in class.


Monday, January 5: “Settling the West: Miners, Ranchers, and Farmers” (Ch. 17; pp. 492-508)

6-1
Homestead Act (1862); who received the land?

6-2

Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) [see also p. 531]

6-3
Exodusters

6-4

Joseph Glidden, barbed wire

6-5

Oliver Kelley, the National Grange, Farmers’ Alliance

6-6

1890 census, Frederick Jackson Turner’s “Significance of the Frontier in American History” (Turner’s thesis)




A
Describe the impact of Hispanic people on the Southwest

B

Describe farm life on the Great Plains (pp. 502-503)

C

Describe changes in farm techniques and technology in the late 19c (pp. 503-504)

D

Describe how American agriculture was transformed in the last third of the 19c




Tuesday, January 6: “Settling the West: Miners, Ranchers, and Farmers”



Wednesday, January 7: “Crushing the Native Americans” (Ch. 17; pp. 480-491)

6-7

“one big reservation,” “concentration,” “small reservations”

6-8
buffalo soldiers” (see pp. 488-489)

6-9

“Custer’s Last Stand,” the Sioux War

6-10

Ghost Dances, Sitting Bull, Wounded Knee Massacre

6-11

Helen Hunt Jackson’s A Century of Dishonor, assimilation policy, Carlisle Indian School

6-12

Dawes Severalty Act (1887)

6-13

extermination of the buffalo




E

Describe the geography, climate, and natural environment of the “Great American Desert” (the Great Plains).

F

Describe the lifestyle of the Plains Indians.

G

Summarize the effects of assimilation policy on Native Americans.




Thursday, January 8: “Crushing the Native Americans”



Friday, January 9 to Friday, January 16

Friday and Monday, January 9 and 12: Jeopardy! (in class)

Midterm Exams: Multiple-Choice Exam on Tuesday, January 13; Short Answer/Essay on Friday, January 16 (9:00-10:20)



Friday, January 16 (12:00-1:30): Jeopardy! Championship Round

Tuesday, January 20: “An Industrial Empire” (Ch. 18; pp. 510-529)

6-14
Commodore” Cornelius Vanderbilt, New York Central RR

6-15

transcontinental railroad (Union Pacific and Central Pacific)

6-16

“watered stock,” rebates, pools, consolidation

6-17

J.P. Morgan

6-18
Bessemer process

6-19
vertical integration, Andrew Carnegie, Carnegie Steel Co.

6-20

Carnegie’s “(Gospel of) Wealth,” philanthropy

6-21

John D. Rockefeller, Standard Oil Co.

6-22
trusts, holding companies

6-23

Alexander Graham Bell’s telephone; Thomas Edison’s inventions




H

Summarize the railroad’s impact on economic and social life.

I
Summarize the impact of advertising, department and chain stores, and mail-order catalogs on the economy.

J

Were the late 19c industrialists “robber barons” or “captains of industry?”




Wednesday, January 21: “An Industrial Empire”



Thursday, January 22: “Labor” (Ch. 18; pp. 529-537)

6-24

Horatio Alger’s “rag-to-riches” stories (see also p. 589)

6-25

Urian Stephens and Terence Powderly, Knights of Labor

6-26

Samuel Gompers, American Federation of Labor (AFL)

6-27

Great Railroad Strike of 1877

6-28

Haymarket Riot

6-29

Homestead Strike, Henry Clay Frick, Pinkertons




K

Describe pre-1900 working conditions (pp. 529-530).

L
Describe women in the workforce and the “feminization” of some jobs.

M

C&C the goals and methods of the Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor.




Friday, January 23: “Labor”



Monday, January 26: “Urbanization and Immigration” (Chs. 19 and 22; pp. 538-550, 639-641)

6-30
skyscrapers, Louis Sullivan, Frank Lloyd Wright

6-31
electric elevators, streetcars

6-32

dumbbell tenements; Jacob Riis’ How the Other Half Lives

6-33

New Immigrants”

6-34

political machines, bosses; Tammany Hall, William Tweed

6-35

Thomas Nast (cartoonist) (see p. 552)

6-36

birds of passage, “Americanization”

6-37

Mexican immigration, coyotes, barrios

6-38

Chinese and Japanese immigration, Angel Island




N

Describe the problems of the cities (pp. 542-543).

O
Describe immigrant life in the cities (pp. 547-548).

P

C&C the “new” immigrants with the “old.”




Tuesday, January 27: “Urbanization and Immigration”



Wednesday, January 28: “Social and Cultural Change” (Ch. 19; pp. 550-555; 560-566)

6-39

new woman,” end of femme couverte,

6-40
social Darwinism, Herbert Spencer, “survival of the fittest”

6-41

Henry George’s Progress and Poverty

6-42

Edward Bellamy’s Looking Backward, 2000-1887

6-43
Walter Rauschenbusch, Social Gospel, Washington Gladden

6-44

settlement houses, Jane Addams’s Hull House

6-45

child labor (see also pp. 588-589)




Q

Describe Victorian morality.

R
Describe changes in late 19c family life (pp. 553-554).




Thursday, January 29: “Urbanization and Immigration”



Friday, January 30: “Urbanization and Immigration”

Mid-Unit 6 Quiz


Monday, February 2: “Gilded Age Politics” (Ch. 20; pp. 572-583)

6-46
Munn v. Illinois (1877); Wabash case (1886), Interstate Commerce Act (1887), Interstate Commerce Commission

6-47

Garfield assassination, Charles Guiteau

6-48
Pendleton Civil Service Act (1883)

6-49

Sherman Antitrust Act (1890)

6-50

National Farmers’ Alliance (see also p. 505), Southern Alliance, Colored Farmer’s Alliance

6-51

Thomas Watson, Leonidas Polk, Mary E. Lease

6-52

Ocala Demands, People’s (Populist) party, Omaha platform




S

Explain the “party deadlock” of the late 19c

T
Summarize the key legislation passed by the Billion-Dollar Congress (1890).

U

How did the Populist party platform address the problems and complaints of late 19c farmers?




Tuesday, February 3: “Gilded Age Politics”



Wednesday, February 4: “Silver and Gold” (Ch. 20; pp. 583-598)

6-53
Panic of 1893

6-54

Jacob Coxey’s army

6-55

Pullman Strike, Eugene V. Debs, In re Debs (1895)

6-56

Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, income tax, Pollock v. Farmer’s Loan and Trust, Co. (1895)

6-57

William Jennings Bryan, “cross of gold” speech

6-58

Election of 1896: candidates, issues, results

6-59

McKinley assassination, Leon Czolgosz




V

Explain the “mystique of silver” (p. 591).




Thursday, February 5: “Silver and Gold”



Friday, February 6

Unit 6 Test (The Gilded Age)



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