Material 2: Original Intentions of Righteous Acts To be good for the sake of goodness The purposes of almsgiving, praying and fasting were helping those in need with love and compassion, cultivating a closer relationship with God and learning self-discipline by repenting respectively.
Praises and rewards are transient. Only God’s rewards are everlasting, and thus worth pursuing.
God’s rewards are not materialistic but spiritual.
Live closer to God: If a person seeks to walk with God in his life, obeying Him and seeking a life of goodness, he will live closer to God, experience joy and have no fear. At the end, he will finally meet God with joy.
Gain more opportunities to serve God and others: Worldly rewards refer to an easier life. But Godly rewards refer to more opportunities to serve God and our neighbours. The more we obey God, the more important responsibilities will be given to us. Thus, the better our talents will be brought into full play.
Gain inner satisfaction. If we do the right thing, obey God and follow His way regardless of what it may bring, our satisfaction will be much greater than the total material losses.
Barclay, William (1956). The Gospel of Matthew. Vol. I Edinburgh: The Saint Andrew Press. pp. 181-184.
True Piety Teacher’s References Material 3 2-1
Material 3: Pray to God According to Jesus’ teachings in the Lord’s Prayer, the proper attitude and contents of a prayer are as followed: Prayers should be simple, direct and serious. They do not have to be long. They are not meant to manipulate God or to ask for God’s blessings in return because God already knows what everyone needs.
In a prayer, one should ask for the coming of the Kingdom of God, such that more people will know about the truth of God.
A prayer should ask for God’s provision of our daily needs. One must believe that God is the provider and we will have everything we need.
It should ask for God’s forgiveness for the wrongs we have done, as we forgive the wrongs done by others to us.
It should ask for God’s protection, such that we are strengthened to overcome temptation and to follow the truth.
Jesus’ teachings on prayer: It addresses God as our Father, showing our close relationship with God, who lovingly cares for the needs of His children. Therefore, when we pray, we can trustfully and wholeheartedly ask Him for what we want, just like how children and their father interact.
The first three petitions are related to God and His glory. We have to give God His supreme place, so that all things are arranged properly.
The latter three petitions are related to our needs. We ask for our needs at present, in the past and the future, namely, food, forgiveness and deliverance.
Food is a necessity for living. Asking God to provide food is to tell God what we need for the present. We make this petition because we believe that God is the Creator and the Sustainer of all lives;
We also ask for God’s forgiveness and grace. We make this petition because we believe that Jesus Christ is our Saviour;
We also ask for help in overcoming temptation, and therefore placing our future in God’s hands. We make this petition because we believe that the Holy Spirit is the Comforter, the Strengthener, the Illuminator, the Guide and the Guardian of our life.
True Piety Teacher’s References Material 3 2-2
The True Meaning of Forgiveness (Mt 6:14-15): Our forgiveness to others is closely related to God’s forgiveness to us, but it is not a cause-and-effect relationship which suggests that “God will forgive us only if we forgive others.”
The verse emphasises that if a person has experienced God’s forgiveness, it is unimaginable that he refuse to forgive others.
God is loving and forgiving. Everyone has experienced His forgiveness. Therefore, everyone can forgive others.
Barclay, William (1956). The Gospel of Matthew. Vol. I Edinburgh: The Saint Andrew Press. pp .214-216.
iviano, Benedict T. (1990). The Gospel According to Matthew. In R. Brown & J. Fitzmyer, (Eds.). New Jerome Biblical Commentary (pp. 641). Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
Word Biblical Commentary, Vol.33A, Matthew 1-13 (pp.136-154).
True Piety Worksheet I Teacher’s References Answers
Worksheet 1:Hypocrites in Jesus’ eyes (Suggested answers)