Topic 6: The Sermon On The Mount



Download 3.1 Mb.
Page18/40
Date30.04.2018
Size3.1 Mb.
#42738
1   ...   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   ...   40

Activity One


Enquiry Questions

Generic Skills

Values and Attitudes

Regarding Jesus’ new interpretation of “Do not break your promise” in the Mosaic Law, what was the new ethical requirement for human relationship? How did the new ethical requirement fulfill the spirit of “Do not break your promise”?

Collaboration skills, communication skills,

critical thinking skills



Rationality, justice, common good, critical, openness


Teaching Steps:

Step 1: Teacher does warm-up exercise with students by asking them to think about and discuss the reasons for making vows.

  • Teacher guides students to think about:

      • In modern society, under what circumstances do people need to prove all he/she said is true?

      • In modern society, how do people prove all he/she said is true?

  • Teacher shows “PowerPoint 1” (Know More about Vows) as an introduction, allowing students to understand that oaths have a legally binding power on those who made them in the modern society. If any person, having lawfully sworn in a judicial proceeding, makes a false statement, or willfully makes contradictory statements of fact, he shall be liable to imprisonment and to a fine. Teacher divides students into groups and asks them to discuss:

      • Have you ever had any experience of making vows? What did you vow?

      • Is making vows the only way to make others believe in what you said? Are there any other ways?


Step 2: Teacher points out:

  • In Matthew 5:33-37, Jesus reinterpreted “Do not break your promise” in the Mosaic Law. He taught people that not only should they keep their promise, but should make no vows at all. Why did Jesus interpret “not to break promise” as “not to make vows”? What was the new ethical requirement for human relationship implied?

The Six Antitheses (2) Activity One 3-2
Step 3: Teacher carries out “The New Requirements for the Six Antitheses’ activity with students. Help them understand the new ethical requirement concerning “Do not break your promise” and how the new ethical requirement can fulfill the spirit of the Law.

  • Teacher shows “PowerPoint 2” (“4. Do not break your promise” of The New Interpretation and the Spirit of the Six Antitheses (2): Vows, Revenge and Love for Enemies, pages 6-7) and helps students understand the historical background of Jesus’ teaching on “Do not break your promise”.

  • Teacher asks students to form groups according to the grouping in the previous period. Teacher then asks them to read Matthew 5:33-37 and find out Jesus’ new ethical requirement of the law “Do not break your promise”. Teacher also asks students to explore the kind of interpersonal relationship that is required in Jesus’ reinterpretation. Then ask students to complete the first row “Do not break your promise” on “Worksheet 1”.

  • Teacher asks students to discuss the following question:

      • How did Jesus’ new ethical requirement fulfill the spirit of the Law “Do not break your promise”?

  • Teacher shows “PowerPoint 2” (“4. Do not break your promise” of “The New Interpretation and the Spirit of the Six Antitheses (2): Vows, Revenge and Love for Enemies) and helps students understand the spirit of the law “Do not break your promise”. Also, help students understand how the new ethical requirement “Do not use any vow when you make a promise” can fulfill the spirit of the law “Do not break your promise”?

  • Teacher summarises:

      • Jesus emphasised that the spirit of law “Do not break your promise” is being honest and faithfully putting one’s words in practice. In fact, it is not necessary for people to guarantee by making vows.

      • Jesus hoped that people would take up the responsibility to improve the world. If people are sincere towards each other, vows are not necessary.


Step 4: Teacher discusses with students:

  • Jesus reinterpreted the law “Do not break your promise” so as to teach people to tell the truth and put their words into practice faithfully. What is the positive impact of the new interpretation on human relationship?

  • Is trustworthiness important to human relationship in our daily life and everyday operation of our society? Why?

  • What would the world be if people do not make vows any longer? How can we attain such an ideal world?

The Six Antitheses (2) Activity One 3-3


Step 5: Teacher summarises:

  • Jesus reinterpreted the law “Do not break your promise” and brought up new principles for human relationship. He taught that one should simply tell the truth and faithfully put his words into practice. By so doing, one shows respect for others and oneself, and helps build a human relationship based on mutual trust.

  • Besides, Jesus also wanted people to understand that a good person do not need to make vows, for there is no need for a person who always speak the truth to guarantee anything through vows.

  • We have the responsibility to improve the world. We should try hard to lead people to see their internal goodness, and let them know that they do not need to make vows. If people are sincere towards each other, vows are not necessary.




The Six Antitheses (2) Activity Two 3-1






Activity Two


Enquiry Questions

Generic Skills

Values and Attitudes

Regarding Jesus’ new interpretation of “An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth” in the Mosaic Law, what was the new ethical requirement for human relationship? How did this new ethical requirement fulfill the spirit of “An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth”?

collaboration skills, communication skills,

critical thinking skills



Rationality, justice, common good, appreciative


Teaching Steps:

Step 1: Teacher asks:

  • What would you do when people offend you? Will you take revenge?

  • Do you think the idea of “an eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth” is reasonable? Why?


Step 2: Teacher carries out “India’s Father of the Nation: Mahatma Gandhi” activity with students. Help them understand why some people can fulfill the spirit of no hatred and no revenge.

  • Teacher shows “PowerPoint 3” (India’s Father of the Nation: Mahatma Gandhi) as an introduction.

  • Teacher divides students into groups and asks them to discuss:

      • Do you appreciate the idea of striving for national independence with the spirit of no hatred and no revenge? Explain.

      • Why did Gandhi strive for national independence with the spirit of no hatred and no revenge?


Step 3: Teacher points out:

  • In Matthew 5:38-42, Jesus reinterpreted the meaning of “an eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth” in the Mosaic Law. He taught people not to take revenge on those who wronged them. Why did Jesus interpret the law in that way?

  • What was Jesus’ new ethical requirement for getting along with those who wrong us?

The Six Antitheses (2) Activity Two 3-2
Step 4: Teacher carries out “The New Requirements for the Six Antitheses” activity with students. Help them understand the new ethical requirement concerning the law “an eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth” and how the new ethical requirement can fulfill the spirit of the Law.

  • Teacher asks students to form groups according to the previous grouping. Teacher then asks them to read Matthew 5:38-42 and find out Jesus’ reinterpretation of the law “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth”. Teacher also asks students to explore the kind of interpersonal relationship required in Jesus’ reinterpretation. Ask students to complete the second row “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” on “Worksheet 1”.

  • Teacher asks students to discuss the following question:

      • How does Jesus’ new ethical requirement fulfill the spirit of the Law “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth”?

  • Teacher shows “PowerPoint 2” (“5. An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” of “The New Interpretation and the Spirit of the Six Antitheses (2): Vows, Revenge and Love for Enemies”) and helps students understand the spirit of the law “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth”. Also, help students understand how the new ethical requirement “do not take revenge on someone who wrongs you” can fulfill the spirit of the law “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth”.

  • Teacher summarises:

      • Jesus emphasised that the spirit of the law “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” is to restrict revenge to a one for one basis, prohibiting “over-revenge”. Jesus raised the spirit to a higher level by bringing up the new spirit of no hatred and no revenge.


Step 5: Teacher discusses with students:

  • Do you agree more with the principle of “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” or with Jesus’ principle of no hatred and no revenge?

  • Which principle is followed by the majority of Hong Kong citizens? Quote some examples to support your answer

  • Does “no hatred and no revenge” mean concession and weakness?

  • Some political and social movements were started based on the principle of “replacing violence with violence” while some adopted the “Nonviolence” method. An example of the latter was the movements of nonviolent resistance led by Gandhi, aiming to make India an independent country. Which method is more effective?

(Teacher can prepare some more cases, e.g. the comparison of the different responses of militarists and pacifists in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, or the South Africa Archbishop Desmond Tutu’s speech on promoting peace between Israel and Pakistan. http://palinfo.habago.org/archives/2007/03/23/13.58.58/)

The Six Antitheses (2) Activity Two 3-3


Step 6: Teacher summarises:

    • Jesus reinterpreted the law “an eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth” and suggested a new ethical requirement. He wanted people to get along with those who wrong them, so that there will be no hatred and revenge in the world.

  • Jesus hoped that people can keep their hearts free of hatred, and treat other people with kindness. Then, people can live with a joyful heart.


Step 7: Teacher hands out the “Students’ Reference: Material 1” (The Harm brought by a Revengeful Heart), explains briefly and wraps up the activity.

The Six Antitheses (2) Activity Three 3-1







Download 3.1 Mb.

Share with your friends:
1   ...   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   ...   40




The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2022
send message

    Main page