Topic 6: The Sermon On The Mount

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  1. Barclay, William. (1975). Gospel of Matthew Vol. 1 (Chapter 1 to 10). Philadelphia: The Westminster Press. pp. 114-122.

  2. 華人基督徒查經資料網站:

To be the Salt and Light of the World Teacher’s References Material 2 2-1

Material 2: Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

To be the Salt and Light of the World Teacher’s References Material 2 2-2

  1. Physiological needs: the most basic level, e.g. food, water, air, sleep, sex and the dispose of bodily waste.

  2. Safety needs: the basic level, e.g. security of body, health, employment, property.

  3. Social needs: higher-level needs, e.g. having a supportive and communicative family, love, friendship and other kinds of intimate relationships with people.

  4. Needs of love and belonging: higher-level needs, e.g. self-confidence, self-respect, dignity, achievements and respect from others.

  5. Needs for self-actualisation: highest-level needs, including striving to be the best, expressing creativity, appreciating life, remaining impartial, feeling closeness to others, and being independent and proactive, etc. This level comes into focus only when the lower-level needs are mostly or entirely satisfied.

  6. Needs for self-transcendence: highest-level needs, referring to peak spiritual experiences in life. In such experiences, people transcend their ego and unite with God, the universe and everything on earth.

To be the Salt and Light of the World Teacher’s References Material 3

Material 3: Shedding Light on Anti-War Movements
In 2005, Cindy Sheehan, an American became the leading light of a series of anti-war campaigns by starting the anti-war protest after the Iraq War outside President Bush’s Prairie Chapel Ranch. People called her ‘Peace Mom’ because her 24-year-old son, Casey, died in the Iraq war.
Sheehan expressed that, thousands of innocent Iraqis were killed in the war. Her protests against the war were supported by people who lighted candles all across the country, hoping to strive for peace.
Sheehan’s ‘Anti-war Candle-Light’ rally had aroused strong anti-war feelings not only among the Americans, but also people all over the world, urging the U.S. forces to withdraw from Iraq. Her first blog entry titled ‘This is George Bush’s Accountability Moment’ was stirring. More than 1,000 people responded to her entry on the same night and most people supported her. (
Candle-lights symbolised the anti-war spirit. They did not only shine outside the president’s ranch, but also all across the U.S. as well as in different parts of the world, leading people to contemplate the destruction brought by wars and encouraging people to take a more active part in anti-war campaigns. Dim yet meaningful candle-lights had shed light on world peace!
Online reference:

To be the Salt and Light of the World Worksheet 1

Worksheet 1: Teachings on being the salt and light on earth
With reference to the PowerPoint slides and based on the functions of light and salt, work out what Jesus intended to teach about contributing oneself to make this world better.


Possible Meanings






  • Making things to be seen

  • Providing guidance

  • Giving warnings




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