Topic 6: The Sermon On The Mount



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Activity Four





Enquiry Questions

Generic Skills

Values and Attitudes

In Hong Kong, who have proven themselves to be the salt and light of the world through contributing themselves to make the world better?

Critical thinking skills, information technology skills

Critical attitude, enterprise, self-reflection


Teaching Steps:

Step 1: Teacher raises the question:

  • In Hong Kong, who have proven themselves to be the salt and light of the world through contributing themselves to make the world better?


Step 2: Teacher carries out ‘Beyond Boundaries’ activity with students. Lead students to realise that some Hong Kong citizens are willing to serve as the salt and light of the world, contributing themselves to make the world better.

  • Teacher shows ‘PowerPoint 4’ (‘Beyond Boundaries’) to introduce Lau Wan-ling, who was willing to contribute herself to make the world better.

  • Teacher discusses with students by referring to the PowerPoint:

    • How did Lau Wan Ling contribute herself to make the world better?

    • Who would benefit from what Lau had done? Did she herself benefit from that? What were the impacts on the quality and meaning of her life?

    • How would you comment on Lau’s contribution?

  • Teacher can show students more about Lau’s contributions to the society by visiting the following website: http://www.gnci.org.hk/web_card/select_ecard.php?ecard_content_id=686.


Step 3: Teacher discusses the questions below with students, exploring how people can be the salt and light in Hong Kong:

  • What aspects in Hong Kong can be improved so that people can lead a better and happier life?

  • With reference to the story of Lau Wan-ling, what difficulties will Hong Kong citizens face if they want to be the salt and light of the world?

  • How can these difficulties be dealt with?

To be the Salt and Light of the World Activity Four 2-2
Step 4: Teacher summarises:

  • There is no constraint on time and place for being the salt and light of the world. Even Hong Kong citizens can serve as the salt and light to make the world better. For instance, Lau Wan-ling changed the world with her medical expertise.

  • Difficulties are unavoidable when one contributes to the world. Nevertheless, one can take it easy and work on it step by step. In that case, not only can one contribute to make the world better, but his/her quality of life will also be enhanced.



To be the Salt and Light of the World Extended Activities


Extended Activities:


  1. Teacher can make use of ‘Teachers’ Reference: Material 3’ (Shedding Light on Anti-War Movements) to share with students stories about people being the salt and light of the world in modern society. Teacher can also encourage students to find more ways to contribute oneself to make the world better in newspapers, magazines or the websites below:

    1. Make Trade Fair: http://www.maketradefair.org/en/index.htm

    2. Projects on Rebuilding Schools: http://www.hkcc.org.hk/rcsp/index.htm (Chinese only)

    3. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF):http://www.msf.org.hk/about/index_1.htm

    4. ORBIS: http://www.orbis.org.hk/bins/index.asp?cid=589-594-605&lang=12




  1. Teacher asks students to think about the following questions with reference to the information collected:

  • Which activity or project can best enable people to contribute themselves to make the world better?

  • How can you contribute yourself to make the world better?

  • How will one’s quality of life change if he/she actively takes part in those activities or projects?

  • Are you willing to participate in those activities or projects, so as to lead a high-quality life which benefits not only yourself but also others? Why or why not?




  1. Teacher can invite students to do sharing in the following period.

To be the Salt and Light of the World Teacher’s References Material 1 4-1
Material 1 - The Characteristics and Symbolic Meanings of being the salt and light of the world
“You are like salt for the whole human race. But if salt loses its saltiness, there is no way to make it salty again. It has become worthless, so it is thrown out and people trample on it.” (Matthew 5:13)
Background information of Salt

  1. In ancient Jewish communities and the Middle East, people consumed salt in briquettes, meaning bricks of salt mined from salt mines or wells. All Jewish families had their own piece of salt briquette for seasoning. Once the salt briquettes lost the saltiness, they would be dumped and become stones that people trampled on.




  1. In old Jewish customs, when a Jew became an apostate but then return to the faith, he/she had to lie across the door of the Synagogue and invite people entering to step on him. Some Christian groups adopted this custom: whoever had been expelled from the church, before being received back, he had to lie at the door of the church and say to those entering: “Trample on me for I am the salt that has lost its saltiness.”


Characteristics of Salt

Salt has the following characteristics:



  1. Salt was associated with purity and was offered as sacrifices: Romans believed that salt was the product from the two purest things, the sun and the sea. so salt was viewed as the purest of all things. Jews would offer sacrifices with salt to God at the end of each day.

  2. Salt was the most common preservative: In the ancient world, salt was the most widely used preservative to keep food and things from rotten.

  3. Salt adds flavour to things: The most common use of salt is for seasoning. Salt has to be dissolved before it is used for seasoning.


To be the Salt and Light of the World Teacher’s References Material 1 4-2



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