To guide you in understanding many of the main topics we will be studying in this course. This does not



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Anatomy and Physiology L3

Course Outline


The purpose of this course outline is to guide you in understanding many of the main topics we will be studying in this course. This DOES NOT mean that every point will be covered or that there will not be additional information added. However, this is a fairly good guide concerning what to expect.

Unit 1: Levels of Organization


Chapter 1 Introduction
Topics to be familiar with:


  • Be able to define and explain the relationship between anatomy and physiology

  • List and describe the major characteristics of life

  • Explain what is meant be the characteristics of life

  • Describe the location and contents of the major body cavities

  • Name the major organ systems and be able to list the organs associated with them

  • Be able to describe the generals functions of each body system

  • Properly use the directional terms relative to body positioning, body sections, and body regions


Research Paper: Diabetes (mini-unit)


  • Be able to understand and discuss normal and abnormal function of the pancreas as it relates to glucose, glycogen, glucagon, and insulin within the body.

  • In-depth study of diabetes and its effects on all systems of the body

 Diabetes and Obesity will be covered in this unit



Unit 2: Systems that Cover, Support, or Move the Body


Chapter 4 Tissues


  • Define what a tissue is and describe the level in organization of the human body

  • Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue

  • Name the types of epithelial tissue and identify an organ in which each is found

  • Describe the general types of connective tissue

  • Describe the major cell types and fiber of the connective tissue

  • List the types of connective tissues within the human body

  • Distinguish between the three major types of muscle tissue

  • Describe the general characteristics and functions of nerve tissue

  • Be able to discuss cancer and the effects it has on various parts of the body. Be sure to discuss how cancer spreads throughout the body

Chapter 6 Integumentary




  • Describe the structure of the various layers of the skin

  • List the general function of each of these skin layers

  • Summarize the factors that determine skin color

  • Describe the accessory organs associated with the skin

  • Explain the function of each accessory organ

  • Explain how skin functions to regulate body temperature

  • Be able to explain how the integumentary system maintains homeostasis

  • Be able to describe several disorders and diseases associated with the skin

Chapter 7 The Skeletal System




  • Describe the general structure of a long bone and list the functions of its parts

  • Classify bones according to their shapes, origins, and composition

  • Distinguish between the different types of bone markings and be able to give examples of bones where they are found

  • Explain how bones grow and develop

  • Describe how the effects of sunlight, nutrition, hormonal secretions and exercise on bone development

  • Identify the major types of fractures and how they are repaired

  • Discuss the major functions of the skeleton

  • Distinguish between the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton, and name the major parts of each

  • Locate and identify the bones and the major features of the bones that compromise the skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage, pectoral girdle, upper limb, pelvic girdle, and lower limb.

Chapter 8 Muscular System



  • Muscular system: including structure of a skeletal muscle, names of skeletal muscles, actions of skeletal muscles

  • Physiology of Muscular system involved in muscle contraction and exercise physiology

  • Skeletal system and problems of…

Unit 3: Transport


Chapter 12 and 13 Blood and Cardiovascular

  • Disorders of Cardiovascular system

  • Structure of heart

  • Pathway of blood flow throughout the cardiovascular system

  • Cardiac rhythms

Blood and common diseases


Unit 4: Systems that Control by Communication


Chapter 9 Nervous System

General Characteristics:

 2 Main divisions of the Nervous System

Central Nervous system (CNS)-

Peripheral nervous system (PNS)-

Nervous Tissue – 2 main types

Neurons as functional unit of the nervous system

Specialized Structures




Unit 5: Metabolic Processing Systems


Chapters 15 and 16 Respiratory and Digestive

Diabetes discussed in Unit 1

Nutrition and Metabolism as related to obesity discussed in Unit 1

Identify and explain function of respiratory organs

Distinguish between pulmonary ventilation, external and internal respiration

Identify and describe structures and process of digestion



Anatomy and Physiology L2 and L3

The outlined course description for both L2 and L3 briefly provides the topics for which the content is based for both classes. You will see that cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes have been highlighted. It is my belief, due to these three diseases ranking in the top six causes of death in the U.S.; for which heart diseases and cancer are the top two, they cannot be ignored as integral topics for research for those that are choosing to take a class in Anatomy and Physiology. It is then, that these three topics will guide the research that is required at both levels. Beyond that, the level of expectation in all areas of class distinguishes the two levels.



Requirements and Expectations:
L2 and L3: Once per semester, each student will bring in a current article of interest in any area of anatomy, physiology, research or medicine to share with the class. This is to provide the class with a global look at what is going on outside the classroom.

L2: A moderate level of proficiency in verbal and written work is expected in all areas of class. Although essay and written format is expected from students at this level, comparatively it is less than at the L3 level.

Required: Three group presentations on the above three diseases to include a public service announcement appeal to them. (More details to follow).



L3: A high level of verbal and written proficiency is expected in all areas of class. Additional detail is to be expected from students in lecture, notes, tests and all written assignments. The ability to communicate succinctly on essay sections of testing as well as both oral and written research assignments is required.

Required: Two research papers, done by each individual student, based on the current research related to cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. Each student will do a review of the literature (ROL) pertinent to the topic to determine what pertinent research has been done in the past five years in the field of cause, treatment/cure or just a greater understanding of the process of these diseases. The paper must be typed according to APA format (American Psychological Association). Although most students are familiar with MLA, APA is the style used for almost all medical and science research. There will also be an oral presentation of your paper to the class. More details to follow.

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