The writing process


Grammar, Usage, and Spelling



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Grammar, Usage, and Spelling

 Subject-verb agreement

 Pronoun-antecedent agreement

 Pronoun case, number, and gender

 Placement of modifiers

 Appropriate tense with no awkward shifts

 Appropriate word choice to achieve vivid description and clarity

 Special usage problems such as subject-verb agreement with indefinite pronoun

 Spelling, including commonly confused words

 Active voice (primarily)

Sentence structure


  • Complete sentences without run-ons, fragments, or comma splices

  • Appropriate subordination and placement of modifiers

 Structural variety and sentence complexity (verbal phrases, noun clauses)

 Parallel structure within lists, among clauses and phrases




ELEVENTH GRADE STUDENT CHECKLIST FOR EDITING




Punctuation

 Commas to separate items in a series

 Comma after direct address

 Commas to set off non-restrictive clauses, appositives, and other phrases including parenthetical expressions

 Commas before conjunctions in compound sentences

 Commas with nominative absolutes

 Parentheses, hyphens, suspended hyphens, and slashes

 Colons and semicolons

 Ellipses

 Underlining or italics with book, video, movie, and ship titles

 Quotation marks with titles of poems, short stories, and chapters and with direct quotations

 Quotation marks with end punctuation (after periods, before or after question marks)



  • Periods with abbreviations

  • Apostrophes

Grammar, Usage, and Spelling

 Subject-verb agreement (all)

 Pronoun-antecedent agreement

 Pronoun case, number, and gender

 Placement of modifiers

 Appropriate tense with no awkward shifts

 Active voice (primarily)

 Clarity (no ambiguous, stilted, or artificial language)

 Word choice (variety, vivid description, accuracy, lack of redundancy)

 Spelling

 Special usage problems such as suspended hyphens; words versus numerals; double negatives; and subject-verb agreement with noun clause as subject, with intervening phrases, and with subjunctive mood

 Sentence structure



  • Complete sentences without run-ons, fragments, or comma splices

 Structural variety and sentence complexity (verbal phrases, noun clauses)

  • Appropriate subordination

  • Placement of modifiers

 Parallelism of all types


TWELFTH GRADE STUDENT CHECKLIST FOR EDITING

Punctuation

 Commas to set off non-restrictive clauses, appositives, and other phrases including parenthetical expressions

 Commas to separate items in a series

 Comma after direct address

 Commas with nominative absolutes

 Colons and semicolons

 Hyphens, dashes, parentheses, brackets, slashes, and ellipses

 Underlining or italics

 Quotation marks


  • Abbreviations

  • Apostrophes

Grammar, Usage, and Spelling

 Subject-verb agreement

 Pronoun-antecedent agreement

 Appropriate verb tense with no awkward shifts

 Avoidance of split infinitives

 Active voice (primarily)

 Pronoun case, number, and gender


  • Word choice (variety, vivid or colorful description, precision and accuracy)

  • Avoidance of wordiness and redundancy

 Clarity (no ambiguous, stilted, or artificial language)

 Special usage problems such as suspended hyphens; words versus numerals; double negatives; number and noun modifier; compound noun modifiers (adjective-noun and noun-noun); subject-verb agreement with intervening phrases and clauses; and agreement in subjunctive mood

 Spelling

 Sentence structure



  • Introductory adverb clauses

 Structural variety and sentence complexity (verbal phrases, noun clauses)

  • Appropriate subordination and placement of modifiers

 Parallelism of all types

SIX TRAITS WRITING ASSESSMENT
CONVENTIONS

5 Paper – Mostly Correct

There are very few errors in my paper; it wouldn’t take long to get this ready to publish.



  • I have used capitals correctly.

  • Periods, commas, exclamation marks, and quotation marks are in the right places.

  • My spelling is accurate.

  • Every paragraph is indented to show where a new idea begins.

  • My grammar/usage is consistent and shows control.



3 Paper – About Halfway Home


A number of bothersome mistakes in my paper need to be cleaned up before I am ready to publish.

  • Spelling is correct on simple words. It may not always be right on the harder words.

  • Most sentences and proper nouns begin with capitals, but a few have been overlooked.

  • Paragraphs are present, but not all begin in the right spots.

  • A few problems with grammar and punctuation might make a reader stumble or pause now and again.

  • My paper reads like a first draft; I was more concerned with getting my ideas down than making sure to edit my paper.



1 Paper – Editing Not Under Control Yet


It would take a first reading to decode, and then a second reading to get the meaning of my paper.

  • Speling errer our commun, evin on simpl werdz.

  • My paper, have errors in punctuation? and grammar that send the reader back two the beginning from a sentence to sort thing out

  • I’ve got capital letters scattered in All Over tHe place or NOT at all.

  •  I haven’t got the hang of paragraphs yet.

  • The truth is, I haven’t spent much time editing this paper.


VOICE


5 Paper – Really Individual and Powerful

  • I have put my personal stamp on this paper; it’s really me!

  • Readers can tell I am talking right to them.

  • I write with confidence and sincerity.

  • My paper is full of feelings, and my reader will feel what I feel.

  • I’m not afraid to say what I really think.

  • You can tell I wrote this. No one else sounds like this!





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