The writing process



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Literary Examples


“He comes like a thief in the night.” – “Masque of Red Death” by Edgar Allan Poe

“The Wrath of God is like great waters that are damned for the present.” – “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” by Jonathan Edwards

“…in through glass the close line posts

Look like tall and sheeted ghost” – “Snow-Bound: A Winter Idyll” by John Greenleaf Whitier

“Poetry must be as new as foam and as old as the rock.” – from Journals by Ralph Waldo Emerson
”Still we live meanly like ants; though the fable tells us that we were long ago changed into men; like pygmies we fight with cranes.” – from Waldon by Henry David Thoreau

“If certain what this life was out –

That yours and mine should be

I’d toss it yonder like a Rind” – “If you were coming in the Fall” by Emily Dickinson

Big trees fell like toothpicks when Paul Bunyan swung his axe. _Unknown

“The forest was as quiet as a falling leaf.” – Unknown



I wandered lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o’er vales and hills.” –William Wordsworth

“He sat himself down away from the ships with a face as dark as night, and his silver bow rang death as he shot his arrow in the midst of them.” (1: 43/50) – The Illiad

“Menelaus saw him thus stride out before the ranks, and was glad as a hungry lion that lights on the carcass of some goat or horned stag, and devours it there and then, though dogs and youths set upon him.” (3: 21/23) – The Illiad

“Young men's minds are light as air, but when an old man comes he looks before and after, deeming that which shall be fairest upon both sides." (3: 108/131) –The Illiad
TONE WORDS


afraid

alluring


allusive

angry


apologetic

appalled


arrogant

attractive

audacious

benevolent

bitter

bold


boring

burned-out

calm

candid


cheerful

childish


cockamamie

cold


complimentary

condescending

confused

congenial

contemptuous

content


defensive

deplorable

depressive

detached


didactic

dignified

disgraceful

disoriented

disrespectful

dog-tired

dramatic

dreadful


dreamy

dull


emotional

enraged


enthusiastic

poignant



fanciful

flattering

freehearted

frigid


frivolous

frivolous

giddy

godless


gracious

gratifying

happy

hideous


hollow

homesick


horrific

hostile


humorous

humorous


idle

immature


immoral

impressive

infantile

infuriated

intolerable

irate


irreverent

joking


joyful

lethargic

light-minded

lovable


mad

mocking


mournful

moving


muddleheaded

nostalgic

objective

outspoken

patronizing

peaceful


perplexed

pitiful


playful

pleased


proud

provocative

quiet

rabble-rousing



resentful

restrained

sad

sarcastic



scandalous

seditious

seductive

sentimental

shameful

sharp


shocking

silly


slaphappy

somber


spaced-out

spectacular

spirited

stone-cold

sweet

sympathetic



tender

terrified

terror-struck

tired


tongue-in-cheek

touching


ugly

unashamed

undisturbed

upset


urgent

vexed


vibrant

wretched


wry

xenophobic

zealous


Instead of … Use…


INSTEAD OF

VERY
intensely

bitterly


exceedingly

surely


especially

unusually

truly

richly


mightily

powerfully

extremely

indefinitely

immeasurably

infinitely

severely

chiefly


shockingly

radically

slightly

incredibly

fully
INSTEAD OF

LIKE
enjoy

relish


choose

elect


prefer

select


admire

esteem


regards

respect


approve

endorse


appreciate

comprehend

understand
BE WORDS
is

am

are



was

were


be

being


been

INSTEAD OF BE

VERBS
appears

feels


smells

tastes


continues

remains


looks

seems


sounds

becomes


grows

turns


DEAD WORDS
abbreviations

a lot


always

bad


because

best


big

contractions

cover

cute


etc.

every


everything

fun


get

got


good

great


interesting

just


like

lots


many

numerous


nice

only


pretty

rather


said

scary


so

some


stuff

then


there

thing


very

well


you

your


yours

you know


super

all slang!



VIVID AND PRECISE WORDS


A

able

abandoned

abundant

accelerated

adequate

admired

adored

affectionate

afflicted

afraid

aggravated

agreeable

aggressive

agitated

alarmed

alienated

alone

amiable

ample

ancient

angry

anguished

annoyed

annual

anxious

apprehensive

arrogant

ashamed

assured

authoritative

average

awful


B

baffled

belligerent

benevolent

bewilderment

blissful

blistering

blue

blunt

bold

bored

bountiful

brainy

brave

brief

brisk

broken

brotherly

bulky

bullying

burned

busy


C

callous

capable

careful

caring

cautious

centuries

charitable

charming

cheerful

clever

colossal

combative

comical

competent

concerned

confident

confused

congenial

considerate

contented

continual

contrary

cordial

courageous

courteous

cowardly

cranky

crawling

cross

cruel

cursed

curious


D

daily

dangerous

daring

dawn

daybreak

daylight

dearth

decade

dedicated

defeated

defective

defiant

deficient

degraded

dejected

delayed

delighted

demolished

demoralize

depressed

desolate

despairing

desperate

despised

despondent

destroyed

determined

devastated

devoted

diminutive

disabled

disagreeable

discarded

discouraged

disgusted

dismal

displeased

dissatisfied

distrustful

disturbed

doubtful

downcast

downtrodden

dreadful

dreading

dusk

dynamic





E

eager

early

easy

ecstatic

eerie

effective

elated

empathetic

empty

enchanted

energetic

enormous

enraged

enthusiastic

estranged

evening

evil

exalted

excellent

excited

excluded

exhausted

extensive

exuberant





F

fair

faithful

fantastic

fat

fearful

fearless

few

fierce

firm

flash

forceful

forgiving

forlorn

forsaken

fragile

frail

frantic

friendly

frightened

furious

futile


G

gallant

generous

gentle

genuine

giant

gigantic

giving

glad

gloomy

glorious

glum

gradual

grand

gratified

great

great huge

grief-stricken

grim


H

happy

harmless

harsh

hated

hateful

healthy

heavy

helpful

helpless

heroic

hesitant

hilarious

hindered

honest

honorable

hopeless

horrible

hospitable

hostile

humiliated

humorous

hurt








I

immense

impaired

impatient

important

imprisoned

inadequate

incapable

incompetent

incompetent

inconsiderate

ineffective

inept

inferior

influential

innocent

inquisitive

insecure

insensitive

inspired

intense

intermittent

intimidated

intolerant

irritated





J

jilted

jittery

jolly

jovial

joyful

jubilant

jumpy

just


K

kind

knotted


L

large

late

lavish

leisurely

lengthy

liberal

light

little

lively

loads

loathed

lonely

lonesome

long

loose

lost

lousy

lovable

loving

low

lucky

luxuriant








M

magnificent

majestic

mammoth

manly

many

marvelous

massive

meager

mean

meek

mellow

mighty

mild

miniature

minute

miserable

mishandled

mistreated

modern

moments

moody

moral

mournful

N

nasty

neighborly

nervous

nice

noon

noonday

numerous








O

obliging

obnoxious

obsolete

obstinate

offended

old-fashioned

on edge

oodles

optimistic

ostracized

outdated

outraged

outstanding

overabundance

overjoyed

overlooked

overwhelmed


P

pained

panicky

pathetic

patient

peaceful

periodic

perplexed

perturbed

petite

pitiful

pleasant

pleased

plentiful

plethora

polite

portly

powerful

powerless

profuse

prompt

proud

punctual

puny

puzzled




Q

quick


R

rapid

receptive

record speed

regretful

rejected

relaxed

reliable

reprimanded

repulsive

resentful

reasonable

respectful

restless

revered

rich

robust

rude

rundown





S

satisfied

savage

scant

scarcity

scared

scornful

secure

sensitive

shaken

shaky

sharp

shivering

short

shy

sickened

sickly

skeptical

skillful

skimpy

slow

sluggish

smooth

soaring

sparing

sparse

speechless

speedy

spirited

spiteful

splendid

sporadic

stable

steady

stocky

stupendous

strained

stranded

strong

sufficient

sunrise

sunset

super

superb

sure

suspicious

swamped

sweet

swift

sympathetic








T

tall

tame

tardy

tearful

tender

tense

terrible

terrific

terrified

thoughtful

thrilled

truthful

tiny

tired

tolerant

tormented

tough

towering

traumatized

treasured

tremendous

troubled

trustworthy

twilight





U

unable

uncomfortable

understanding

uneasy

unfit

unhappy

unimportant

unloved

unpopular

unqualified

unselfish

unsound

unsure

upset

useless





V

vast

vicious

victorious

vindictive

violent

virile

vivacious

vulnerable





W

warm

weak

weary

wee

weekly

well-stocked

whirlwind

wicked

wide

witty

wonderful

worried

worthless

worthy

wrathful

yearly

years


Z

zealous
















































































































































































































PREFIXES




ante

before

antecede

anti

against

antiwar

bi

two, twice

biweekly

co

together, with

copilot

counter

against

counterattack

de

down, away

descend

dis

not

displease

ex

out

export

fore

in front

foreground

in

not

incorrect

ir

not

irregular

mid

middle

midway

mis

wrong

misread

non

not

nonstop

post

after

postdate

pre

before, in front

preview

re

again

rewrite

sub

under

subway

tele

far away

telephone

trans

across

transatlantic

un

not

unkind













SUFFIXES




ance

state of being

importance

ar

one who does something

liar

en

having nature of

golden

er

one who does something

baker

ery

place which

bakery

full

full of

successful

fy

form into

beautify

hood

state or rank

statehood

ible

able to

visible

ic

like, pertaining to

dramatic

ion

act, process of

action

ish

having nature of

wolfish

ist

one who

artist

less

without

toothless

ly

in the manner of

lovely

ment

action or process

payment

ness

state of being

friendliness

or

one who does something

actor

ous

state or condition

famous

ship

office or skill

championship

tion

act, process of

education





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