The working group on


III b(1) Senior personnel



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III b(1) Senior personnel

1) One week courses @ 30 participants

  • 25 courses in Central / State Government/ Autonomous Institutions, @ (average) Rs. 3.10 lakhs

  • TA for the participants @ Rs 15,000 = Rs. 4.50 lakhs

  • Total per course 3.10 lakhs + 4.50 lakhs = 7.60 lakhs X 25 courses = 190 lakhs


2) Two/Three-day workshops @ 2.5 lakhs X 20 Workshops = Rs. 50 lakhs


Sl. No.

Component

Work

shops

Financial Requirements


Total

(2007-08)

(2008-09)

(2009-10)

(2010-11)

(2011-12)

1.

One-week Courses

25

190.00

209.00

229.90

252.89

278.179

1159.969

2.

Two/Three-day Workshop

20

50.00

55.00

60.50

66.55

73.20

305.25

 

Total

45

240.00

264.00

290.40

319.44

351.379

1465.219


III (b) (2) Class II/III personnel



Sl. No.

Component

Duration

No. of courses


Financial Requirements

Total

(2007-08)

(2008-09)

(2009-10)

(2010-11)

(2011-12)

1.

One-week Courses for Class II/III officers

One week

20

50.00

55.00

60.50

66.55

73.20

305.25



Grand Total (III (a) + III(B) I + III (b) II) = 1526.24 + 1465.22 + 305.25 = 3296.71

Annexure IV

IV. Domestic funding for Foreign Training of Forestry Personnel

(a) Short term courses – 80 officers/year @ (average) Rs. 12.50 lakh = 1000 lakhs
(For ACF/DCF /CF/CCFs)

(b) Long term courses – 10 officers/year @ (average) Rs 20 lakh = 200 lakhs

I Sponsoring officers (IFS, SFS, FROs) for participating in the international workshops/seminars/meeting/study tours @Rs.2 lakhs (approx.) for 25 officers = 50 lakhs.



Component

Financial Requirements

Total

(2007-08)

(2008-09)

(2009-10)

(2010-11)

(2011-12)

Long-term and Short-term Courses

1200.00

1320.00

1452.00

1597.20

1756.92

7326.10

Sponsoring forestry personnel for participating in International Workshops

50.00

55.00

60.50

66.55

73.20

305.25

Total

1250.00

1375.00

1512.50

1663.75

1830.12

7631.37


Annexure V
V Capacity building of other stakeholders

  • Other stakeholders – (Civil society organizations including NGOs, public representatives, social activists, educational institutions, nature-clubs/eco-club, panchayats, press & media persons etc.) – field visits, workshops, seminars, short-training courses etc.

  1. Integrated Outdoor Bound Management Programmes (workshops, seminars, training courses/exposure visits) – 40/year @ 2.5 lakh/event - Rs. 100 lakh

  2. Study Visits for creating Awareness – visit to best practices/study visits 100/per year @ 1.00 lakh/event Rs. 100 lakhs



Programme

Financial Requirements


Total

(2007-08)

(2008-09)

(2009-10)

(2010-11)

(2011-12)

Integrated outdoor bound management Programmes

100.00

110.00

121.00

133.00

146.00

610.00

Study Visits for creating awareness

100.00

110.00

121.00

133.00

146.00

610.00

Total

200.00

220.00

242.00

266.00

292.00

1220.00


Total: Rs.16488.73 lakhs

Proposed budget allocation for the Eleventh Five Year Plan

(Rupees in lakhs)

S. No.

Component

Year-wise allocation

Total

(2007-08)

(2008-09)

(2009-10)

(2010-11)

(2011-12)




1

IGNFA

313.50

344.85

379.33

417.26

458.97

1913.91

2

RFAs

397.50

437.25

480.97

529.06

581.95

2426.74

3


In-service Training



















(a)

Training of IFS officers

250.00

275.00

302.50

332.74

366.00

1526.24

(b)

Courses for Senior Personnel of Other Services

240.00

264.00

290.40

319.44

351.379

1465.219

I


Class II/III Personnel of Other Services

50.00

55.00

60.50

66.55

73.20

305.25

4

Foreign Training of Forestry Personnel

1250.00

1375.00

1512.50

1663.75

1830.12

7631.37

5

Training of Other Stakeholders

200.00

220.00

242.00

266.00

292.00

1220.00




Sub Total

2701.00

2971.10

3268.21

3594.80

3953.62

16488.73

6

Outsourcing of Services
















243.00

7.

Contingencies/ Critical Gaps
















330.00

8.

Grand Total
















17061.73

Or 17062


Institutions for Organizing/Sponsoring Courses for the Personnel of Other Services

S. No.

Name of the Institute



Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education, Dehradun and its institutes



Indian Plywood Industries and Training Institute, Bangalore



Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun



Forest Survey of India, Dehradun



Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal



Centre for Environmental Education, Ahmedabad



Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy, Dehradun



National Academy of Customs, Excise and Narcotics (NACEN), Faridabad




Tata Energy Research Institute, Delhi



Institute of Rural Management, Anand



Indian Institute of Public Administration, Delhi



National Police Academy, Hyderabad



Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie (LBSNAA)


List is not exhaustive and will be updated as and when required

D. Wildlife Research, Training and Education

(i) Wildlife Training and Academics

Building capacity to manage wilderness resources through effective training programmes for various target groups and developing human resources through Master degree programme in Wildlife Science are the major mandates of the Institute. In order to rapidly build capacity it is proposed to conduct customized training programme for various target groups (forest and wildlife managers; para military and enforcement agencies; custom and revenue officials etc.) of varying duration at headquarters as well as in field locations in national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.

It is also necessary to sensitize the judiciary, politicians, senior administrators, armed forces about various facets of wildlife conservation through short-term training programmes. Currently, the Institute is offering a Master degree programme in Wildlife Science every alternate year with a limited intake of 10 students. In response to the growing demand for trained manpower it is proposed to offer this course every year; increase the number of seats; diversify this course into an integrated six-year course leading to a doctorate degree and introduce greater flexibility in both curriculum design and delivery of the course. To implement the proposals indicated above in, an enhanced allocation of Rs. 1250 lakhs is proposed.

(ii) Research Programme

The Institute has recently developed a ‘Research Priority Matrix’ based on a landscape approach. A review of research priority has indicated several ‘gap’ areas. New thrust areas have also been identified in consultation with the stakeholders. In order to meaningfully address the wildlife research needs of the country, the Institute’s research agenda has to be substantially enhanced. There is a need to conduct ‘status surveys’ of key species especially those which have become endangered and are involved in wildlife trade. e-Knowledge portals have also to be developed for rapid and effective dissemination of data and information on wild species status, distribution and threats and on the species and the products involved in wildlife trade. Long term research on key species in identified landscapes have to be initiated/ continued using modern tools and technology (remote sensing, GIS, GPS, satellite telemetry etc). To implement the proposal indicated above, an allocation of Rs. 1500 lakhs has been proposed.



(iii) National Wildlife Library and Documentation Centre

It is proposed to set up a National Wildlife Library and Documentation Centre in the XI Plan period. This would entail upgradation and further modernization of the existing library facilities. Efforts will be made to establish digital libraries through subscription of e-journals. It is proposed to provide cubicles with computer facilities inside the library to be used by visiting academics and senior researchers. A range of ‘value added’ services will be offered to various users for which manpower and financial resources in the library and documentation centre will have to be augmented. To implement the proposals indicated above, an allocation of Rs. 450 lakhs is proposed.



(iv) Computer & GIS Centre

The importance of state-of-the-art computer facilities in a training and research institution cannot be over-emphasized. From VIII Plan onwards, the Institute has made considerable investment in setting up of a modern computer & GIS facility. This facility has to be continuously upgraded to keep abreast with latest technology advancements. The huge quantity of data gathered during the All India Tiger Population Estimation needs to be properly stored and retrieved using a modern Information Storage System using sophisticated computer hardware and software systems. It is also proposed to extend the existing local area network to a wi-fi system across the sprawling Institute’s campus covering various hostels, guest houses and faculty residences. To implement the proposals indicated above, an allocation of Rs. 450 lakhs is proposed.



(v) Strengthening Wildlife Forensic Facility

During the X Plan period the Institute has set up a modern wildlife forensic facility in response to the growing need for identifying the species and their parts/ products involved in wildlife trade. Apart for analyzing the samples received on the basis of morphometry techniques for which the Institute has developed basic protocols and infrastructure, there is a need to strengthen the wildlife forensic capability by establishing a state-of-the-art DNA facility for developing DNA profiles of key species and using modern techniques for analyses of specimens received in wildlife offence cases from various enforcement agencies. It is proposed to set up a Central Wildlife Forensic Facility (CWFF) at the Institute during the XI Plan period along with four Regional Wildlife Forensic Laboratories in Regional Wildlife Warden offices in Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai. The CWFF will mainly be the R&D centre to develop and standardize various techniques and protocols for identifying plant and animal parts and products involved in wildlife trade. In order to meet the safety, security and sanitation issues relating to wildlife forensic analyses, it is proposed to construct a separate building to house the forensic facility. To implement the proposals indicated above, an allocation of Rs. 1000 lakhs is proposed.



(vi) Strengthening Wildlife Research Laboratories

During the IX and X Plan periods, the Institute had set up research laboratories to service the research and training activities. There is a need to further upgrade these facilities and to develop modern analytical capabilities for dealing with soil, water, plant and animal samples. The Wildlife Health and Wildlife Genetics laboratories set up in the X Plan need to appropriately strengthened. To implement the proposals indicated above, an allocation of Rs. 450 lakhs is proposed.



(vii) Establishment Expenses

In order to meet the salary and wages and other benefits Institute’s permanent and contractual staff, travel and office expenses etc. an allocation of Rs. 1600 lakhs is proposed.



(viii) Strengthening of Academic and Other Infrastructure

In order to fulfill the Institute’s growing mandate of strengthening wildlife conservation, there is a need to strengthen the academic infrastructure in form of research laboratory buildings, hostels for researchers and students and international student/ trainees. Similarly, faculty houses, staff quarters, community centre etc. have also to be added in the campus. The repair and maintenance cost of buildings, internal roads, air conditioning units, power generators etc have to be met. To implement the proposals indicated above, an allocation of Rs. 2200 lakhs is proposed.



Broad Budget Break-up of Activities proposed in the XI Plan

1. Wildlife Training & Academics

S.No.

Activity

Amount (in lakhs)

1

Conduct of 9 months PG Diploma Course

300

2

Conduct of 3 months Certificate Course

150

3

Conduct of 2 years M.Sc. Course in Wildlife Science

150

4

Conduct of Customized Training Programmes

250

5

Activities of Specialized Cells and Activities related to Wildlife Conventions/ Treaties (CBD/ CMS/ CITES/ CMS/ IWC etc.)

400

Total

1250


2. Research Programme

S.No.

Activity

Amount (in lakhs)

1

Ongoing Wildlife Research Projects

750

2

New Wildlife Research Projects

600

3

e-Knowledge Portal

150

Total

1500


3. Establishment of National Wildlife Library & Documentation Centre

S.No.

Heads

Amount (in lakhs)

1

Procurement of Books

100

2

Subscription of Journals

150

3

Subscription of Electronic Resources

165

4

Upgradation of Bar Code Technology

50

5

Procurement of Hardware and Software

30

6

Training of Library Professionals

5

Total

500


4. Strengthening of Computer/GIS Centre

S.No.

Heads

Amount (in lakhs)

1

Upgradation/Procurement of Computer Systems & Peripherals

250

2

Software License Renewal/Purchase/Service Support

175

3

Network/ Wi-Fi enhancement

25

4

Subscription/Upgradation of Internet Leased line connectivity

35

5

Skill enhancement of computer staff including participation in workshops/seminars

15

Total

500


5. Strengthening of Wildlife Forensic Facility

S.No.

Activity

Amount (in lakhs)

1

Ongoing Wildlife Forensic Research and Development Activities

162

2

Construction of new Wildlife Forensic Laboratory Building

140

3

Procurement of Equipment and Analytical Tools

698

 Total

1000.00


6. Strengthening of Wildlife Research Laboratories

S.No.

Activity

Amount (in lakhs)

1

Procurement of Analytical Equipments & Tools

300

2

Procurement of Glassware, Chemicals, etc.

100

3

Equipment Maintenance and Support

50

Total

450.00


E. Forestry Education

Physical and Financial Targets during the XI Five Year Plan



(i) Grant-in-Aid to the Universities

The ICFRE, pursuant to its mission objectives, provides grants to develop technical capabilities and strengthen infrastructure for forestry faculties in the Universities imparting Forestry Education at the Graduation and Post-Graduation levels. ICFRE has developed suitable norms for providing Grant-in-Aid to these universities. 26 Universities including F.R.I. Deemed University are recipient of the Grant-in-Aid, as of now. With the popularization of these professional courses in the Universities, greater support would be needed by these Universities in making infrastructure to run these courses for meeting the subject driven deemed for the professionally qualified manpower in the sector. A provision of Rs.4800 lakhs is proposed for the XI Five Year Plan in Grant-in-Aid to Universities.



Financial Targets

(Rs. In Lakh)

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

Total

600.00

800.00

1000.00

1200.00

1200.00

4800.00


(ii) H.R.D. Programmes

The Scientists joining ICFRE at Scientist –B level come from different streams such as chemistry, zoology, Bio-technology, genetics etc. To introduce these newly recruited scientists to the basic forestry, the Directorate of Education in ICFRE organizes training on “Basic Forestry” for them. Further knowledge of forestry & new technical issues emerging in the field of forestry for our Scientists working in the Institutes also require to be updated from time to time.. These courses would enable them to appreciate areas of forestry research and from practical point of view and provide them adequate orientation towards field related problems.

Besides, an advance course on “Research Methodologies and Managements” would be organized for senior scientists, by out-sourcing it to premier Institutes of Research and Management such as IARI/ ASCI etc. This will provide them an insight to all the aspects of research management including project management, socio anthropological & marketing research etc. and would enable them to undertake forestry research on the principles of sound scientific principles. The course on Research methodology would provide knowledge on statistical tools and techniques as applied to forestry research, experimental design, testing of hypothetic Analysis, of variance etc.

The ICFRE being the apex body of Government of India, dealing in the field of Forestry Research and Education. It employs nearly 2300 personnel. The ministerial staff not only deals with establishments related matters but also handles accounts, procurement of stores & inventory, contracts and other financial transactions related to consultancy services etc. As such it is necessary to hone up their skills and knowledge related to rules and regulations, standing instructions from the Government, drafting and vetting of agreements, contracts etc. It is proposed that staff at various level in group B & C categories shall be provided training through recognized institutes in office procedures, rules/ regulations and other related matters, once in five years so that they get opportunities to continuously upgrade their skills.

The need to build capacity of Officers and Scientists in conformity with global levels is felt to deal with contemporary issues efficiently. This shall be achieved by foreign training courses for Officers and Scientists. It will enhance capacity to keep pace with new technological advancements and help achieve objectives of ICFRE. Three foreign training programmes (30 persons) are proposed annually at a total cost of Rs. 500 lakh for the XI Five Year Plan period.

Physical and Financial Targets

(Rs. In Lakh)

Sl.

No.

Training

No. of Training Courses

Amount per year

Amount for 5-years

1

Basic Forestry

4

16.00

80.00

2.

Research Methodology

4

32.00

160.00

3.

Refreshers Courses for Group B & C

4

14.00

70.00

3.

Foreign Training

3

(30 persons)



100.00

500.00

Total

162.00

810.00


F. Forestry Extension

Physical and Financial Targets during XI Five Year Plan.

(Rs in Lakh)

Sl.

No

Items of Work

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

Total

1.

Mass Media Campaign

160.00

160.00

160.00

160.00

160.00

800.00

2.

Establishment of VVKs

1,000.00

1,000.00

1,000.00

1,000.00

1,000.00

5,000.00

3.


Stake holders Meeting for Transfer of Technologies Workshops, Seminars

160.00

160.00

160.00

160.00

160.00

800.00


4.

Publicity Van & Extension Equipment

110.00

110.00

220.00

40.00

40.00

520.00





Total

1,430.00

1,430.00

1,540.00

1,360.00

1,360.00

7,120.00

SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS


A. General

  • Each important scheme/programme requires input of research as it encounters problems during its course of implementation. It is, therefore, essential that every sizable scheme/programme has an inbuilt component of research. This would facilitate mobilization of more resources for carrying out project related research.

  • Apex environment and forestry research bodies like ICFRE ought to make use of strengths and capabilities of the SAUs, private sector and NGOs to pursue national research agenda. In other words, apex organizations like ICFRE should be technically and financially capable to farm out research to partner entities like SAUs, industry and NGOs. A Research Grant Fund (RGF) may be instituted for the purpose.

  • Forestry and environment research by its very nature is multi-disciplinary and multi- sectoral. The research initiatives, therefore, in the sector need to be coordinated at the conception, formulation and implementation stage at the highest level. This would require exchange of adequate and appropriate information amongst all the research stakeholders, and ultimately lead to integration and dovetailing of the objectives of their strengths and capabilities. All India Forestry/Environment Coordinated Research Programmes on themes of multisectoral interest coordinated by ICFRE are intended to be launched.

  • The research programmes and schemes should be flexible as well as rolling in nature. Based on regular evaluation and monitoring of progress, there should be provision of intermediate course correction of as also for continuance or strengthening or termination of the schemes.

  • Bottom up approach in research is the need of the hour with essential provision for proper input from local community projecting its research requirements. This will make research programmes people centric, and usable and adaptable by the community.

  • It is well understood now that research pertaining to natural resources should be carried out at ecosystem level. This holistic research approach is essential for understating the sum total effect of individual elements of the ecosystem and for replication of research results. The researches of environment and forest sector should not be done in isolation but in a holistic manner taking into account the influences and interaction of other natural elements and resources.

  • System of quinquennial review (QR) of the research projects should be introduced which should be undertaken by a committee of outside experts in respect of each research institute, as also in respect of important research projects/programmes of the ICFRE/CPCB/individual institutes. An expert committee may be constituted to critically examine the findings of the QR, and make suitable recommendations.

B. Forestry and Wildlife Research

  • Forestry research is required to be in tune with the national priorities. It, therefore, requires reorientation to be of use and utility to the farmers and rural communities. Forestry research needs to reorient itself to fit into the national priorities, e.g., poverty alleviation, literacy and drinking water supply. This would mean focus on farmers and communities to enable them produce more from their landholdings, and consequently earn more. The research would, thus, need to be focused on integrating planting of trees and other non-traditional herbs and shrubs with the traditional agricultural crops with overall aim of increasing useful biomass production.

  • Apex environment and forestry research bodies like ICFRE ought to make use of strengths and capabilities of the SAUs, private sector and NGOs to pursue national research agenda. In other words, apex organizations like ICFRE should be technically and financially capable to farm out research to partner entities like SAUs, industry and NGOs. A Research Grant Fund (RGF) may be instituted for the purpose.

  • Environmental services generated by forests including watershed protection, biodiversity conservation and carbon sequestration need to be quantified and appropriately valued. Appropriate research needs to be commissioned for quantification and valuation of the forests. Research also needs to be initiated to develop a recognized system and set of processes and procedures for proper valuation of the services from forests to enable proper accounting of such services in the national economy. Valuation exercise must encompass the spectrum of forest types, soils, topography and other related parameters, and different combinations thereof.

  • There is need to develop legislative framework to regulate the availability of good quality planting material in the market on the lines of Seed Act of the agriculture sector. The legislative framework would need to be supplemented by research on development of cost effective protocols and technologies for mass propagation of planting stock.

  • Each important scheme/programme requires input of research as it encounters problems during its course of implementation. It is, therefore, essential that every sizable scheme/programme has an inbuilt component of research. This would facilitate mobilization of more resources for carrying out project related research.

  • Realizing the future prospects of value of biodiversity, it is essential that the Phytodiversity of the country be properly documented in a structured format with predefined information parameters. ICFRE should launch an All India Coordinated Phytodiversity Network Project for the purpose.

  • To take care of the issues relating to import, export, trade and exchange of forest genetic materials, it is proposed to establish a National Bureau of Forest Genetic Resources (NBFGR) on the lines of NBPGR.

  • Forestry and environment research by its very nature is multi-disciplinary and multi- sectoral. The research initiatives, therefore, in the sector need to be coordinated at the conception, formulation and implementation stage at the highest level. This would require exchange of adequate and appropriate information amongst all the research stakeholders, and ultimately lead to integration and dovetailing of the objectives of their strengths and capabilities. All India Forestry/Environment Coordinated Research Programmes on themes of multisectoral interest coordinated by ICFRE are intended to be launched.

  • The research programmes and schemes should be flexible as well as rolling in nature. Based on regular evaluation and monitoring of progress, there should be provision of intermediate course correction of as also for continuance or strengthening or termination of the schemes.

  • Bottom up approach in research is the need of the hour with essential provision for proper input from local community projecting its research requirements. This will make research programmes people centric, and usable and adaptable by the community.

  • It is well understood now that research pertaining to natural resources should be carried out at ecosystem level. This holistic research approach is essential for understating the sum total effect of individual elements of the ecosystem and for replication of research results. The researches of environment and forest sector should not be done in isolation but in a holistic manner taking into account the influences and interaction of other natural elements and resources.

  • Forestry research needs to move from the bounden of traditional silviculture to the realm of community welfare by focusing more on subjects, practices and problems that directly affect the economic well being of the local community. This would mean initiating and giving impetus by application of forestry science, to the research related to increasing productivity of private and community landholdings, removing or rationalizing barriers to the marketing and utilization of tree/forest produce, and developing management models of JFM based on the experience gained.

  • There is need to channelize forestry research into development of simple technological packages that could easily be adopted by the farming community for supplementing its income. The packages could relate to establishment of nursery for raising quality planting stock, incorporating tree component with agricultural crops, soil improvement, value addition to NTFP, legislative and regulatory measures to promote tree planting on private lands etc.

  • Present policy and legislative prescriptions need to be reviewed, analyzed, researched and adjusted to suit the changing developmental perspectives and scientific knowledge. This analysis can also be used to develop synergies between different statutes and to remove obsolescence, as also to decide upon the degree of decentralization of the particular statute. Research studies may also be launched to streamline the processes and procedures for statutory forestry clearances.

  • Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE) and its institutes should also focus on basic research, and on research relating to national or regional priorities and problems which cannot be handled by State Forest Research Institutions (SFRIs), such as genetics and tree breeding, wood science and technology, forest hydrology, chemistry of forest products and their utilization, bio-pesticides, global warming, biodiversity conservation and management, forest sociology including participatory management, and forest economics. Strong linkage should be ensured between SFRIs, ICFRE institutes and agricultural universities undertaking forestry research in the same State. Networking of scientists working in these research organizations on common problems needs to be ensured.

  • Long-term research on grassland ecology, fire, flood, invasive species, forest regeneration, wildlife diseases, inter-relationships and inter-dependence of species, groups and habitats, multidisciplinary integrated research encompassing scientific and socioeconomic aspects related to protected area management, reintroduction, rehabilitation, captive breeding of species, etc. should be undertaken in different eco-regions with proper funding by the government and with provision of facilities by the Forest Department. Research for making use of ethnic knowledge in wildlife conservation and management, and applied research to obtain intellectual property rights capable of benefiting the local communities and the country, should receive special attention.

  • There is a need to evolve proper standards for transportation of planting material, to reduce mortality during transit. A concept of cold chain needs to be developed and implemented to prevent loss during transit. Besides, proper packing, handling, storage and transit facilities also need to be developed and standardized.

  • Ecological relations of species with their environment should be documented, and ecological keystone species in major forest types should also be identified.

  • Key agents in biogeochemical cycles and energy flow chains should be identified, and quantification of the rates of nutrient and energy transfers should be ascertained.

  • Genetic markers for identification of plus strains of important tree species for forestry and utilitarian purposes should be developed.

  • Soil processes in forest ecosystems, particularly aboveground - belowground interactions including role of mycorrhizae in forest regeneration and rehabilitation should be studied, and indicators of soil quality be identified, and documented.

  • Carbon sequestration of degraded forests using forestry practices should be improved, and carbon sequestration by major forest types be evaluated.

  • The role of coarse woody debris in forest regeneration/restoration should be determined.

  • Pollutant sensitivity of major tree species and the response of forest to carbon dioxide and nitrogen enrichment should be determined. Also, the impacts of toxins and pollutants in perturbing biogeochemical cycles be studied.

  • Tree species for urban forest in different agro-climates should be identified.

  • Biodiversity database for major forest types should be developed and the uses of this biodiversity be documented.

  • The effect of changes in ecosystem structure and functioning in response to global biophysical and sociological impacts on the delivery of ecosystem services, both tangible and non-tangible, should be quantified, valued and documented.

  • The linkage of ecosystem services to human well-being should be determined, and the level of well-being dependency on ecosystem services for different forest types under different socio-economic conditions be evaluated.

  • Robust analytical framework and methodological foundations for valuation of ecosystem services and their delivery across social groups should be developed.

  • Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education should assess the local research needs of States, industry, local communities, farmers, and other user groups, and prioritize the same.

  • Government of India and the Forest Departments should encourage universities and organizations to take up research proactively, particularly the applied research. The topics/areas requiring baseline data collection and research should be identified, researchers be supported, and the findings of applied research be appropriately incorporated in the working/management plans.

  • Permission for conducting research by agencies other than the Forest Department should be given without arbitrariness and as quickly as possible. Norms for permitting such research may be developed to make the process transparent.

  • A quinquennial review (QR) of the research projects should be undertaken by a committee of outside experts in respect of each research institute. An expert committee may be constituted to critically examine the finding of QR, and make suitable recommendations.

  • The outlay on forest research needs to be very substantially enhanced.

  • Research for making use of ethnic knowledge in grassland and forest ecosystems followed by applied research to obtain intellectual property rights that are capable of benefiting the local communities and the nation.

  • Identification of proper clones for different agro-climatic and edaphic regions for commercial agroforestry should be carried out. Agroforestry models for rainfed areas should be developed.

  • Inventory, and characterization of the available grasslands in the country should be documented.

  • Long term research on grassland ecology, invasive species in grassland and forest ecosystems and their control with respect to protected area management should be carried out.

  • Food chain analysis of grassland and forest (including agroforestry) ecosystems needs to be studied and documented.

  • Carbon sequestration patterns in promising forestry, agroforestry and grassland systems should be studied and quantified.

  • Research on improvement of planting stock of important MPTS for their introduction in silvopastoral models of agroforestry with emphasis on developing vegetative propagation techniques for mass scale multiplication of elite clones needs to be commissioned.

  • Rehabilitation of disturbed habitats like mined areas ands problem soils like saline lands with a variety of tree and grass combinations.

  • More emphasis on short rotation nutritious fodder trees and shrubs for creating a fodder resource outside reserve forest lands so that the pressure on forests for forage is lessened.

  • Greater focus on scientific collection and handling of forest seeds, their conservation through proper seed storage options, development of ex situ seed orchards.

  • More research on prevention and management of invasive species both domestic as well as alien.

  • Designing and developing a sound analytical framework accommodating valuation of ecosystem services, both tangible and intangible, and their delivery across social groups.

  • Networking of ICAR and ICFRE programmes and scientists where the working areas in forestry related activities are interfacing.

  • Creation of nodal data base facilitating centers for processing and dispensing need based past and present forestry related information like research findings, etc. This shall be useful in avoiding duplication of research effort, fixing regional, national and global research & developmental priorities and to further formulate effective strategies.

  • Recognizing the long economic cycle of forestry species and in order to provide long term continuum in research and development efforts, there is need for initiating All India Coordinated Forestry Research Projects (AICFRPs) on prioritized research areas. This will help in effective transfer of adaptable research while strengthening the institutional capacities.

  • ICFRE should play the role of lead agency to plan and monitor research and educational activities in core areas of forestry.

  • Centres of excellence in identified fields of research should be established and strengthened in selected institutes.

  • There is a need to develop crop specific progeny blocks in the State Agricultural Universities and ICAR institutes. It should be made mandatory that the private nurseries should be provided scion material from the SAUs and ICAR Institutes.

  • Model nurseries need to be established by SAU’s with funding under NHM, in order to make them the source of nucleus planting material and also the source of identified quality planting material, on a large scale.

  • A small proportion of the exotic varieties imported into the country need to be deposited by the importers at crop specific research institutes for developing a gene bank for enrichment of germplasm.

  • To assess the status of the planting material, there is need for regular interface between the State Agricultural Universities and the State Horticulture Departments.

  • There is a need to develop crop specific standards starting from selection of poly bag, up to the stage of propagation. The standards should be applicable throughout the country.

  • A mechanism need to be evolved and made mandatory for procuring planting material only from identified sources to avail financial assistance from the Government Department.

  • The Nursery associations need to be involved in the certification process and also procurement of planting material, for new varieties.

  • The information on requirement and movement of planting material need to be exchanged between the indenting agencies and the Horticulture Departments of the State from where the material is sourced.

  • Inter State movement of planting material need to be regulated through the State mechanism to ensure traceability of source of origin.

  • Tissue culture units already established need to be exploited to the full potential.


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