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National Forest Geomatics Center (NFGC)

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6.31 National Forest Geomatics Center (NFGC): The center will

  • Develop standards (Code) for forest mapping within the Forest Sector to enable smooth integration of databases and exchange within and between Sectors;

  • Assist in establishment of State Forest Department Geomatics Units and provide them technical support to grow;

  • Provide regular training courses for development of GIS for forestry planning within the Sector;

  • Assist in digitizing / editing/ integration of GIS databases of All-India importance within State Forest Domain and other domains;

  • Provide value added standard RS products on a five year cycle of direct use in working plan preparation and other studies of State’s FD.

6.32 State Forest Data Centers (SFDC): The State Data Centers will consist of two arms viz. States Forest Geomatics Unit and State Forest Statistical Unit, which will link with corresponding units in FSI and ICFRE respectively.

The Statistical Unit will be another arm of SFDC and work closely with Geomatics Unit. It will be responsible for organizing attribute data needed for Annual Administrative reporting and making a databank of all historic information. This arm will work closely with ICFRE two yearly statistical reporting and receive traing and other technical support from ICFRE.

6.33 Working Plan Modernization: This module is a logical corollary of information and technology (IT) induction in the forest sector. The planning system will immensely benefit from introduction of modern tools like remote sensing, GPS, GIS and database management systems. The opportunity will be made use of to provide linkage between forest planning and Sate Forestry data Centers proposed in the 11th Five Year Plan. As FSI, among new activities, is proposed to include supply and demand studies, the State Forestry planning will be strengthened to provide support to nation wide activities (e.g. landscape level strategic planning) and certificate regarding availability of resources for starting new ventures. Working Plan preparations will be benefited from FSI two yearly forest mapping activities, forest inventory and survey of trees resources out side forests, farm forestry and waste land afforestation. For modernization of planning, State FD will be provided human resources, technology and technical support. Pilot projects are proposed to be formulated and implemented by main regions on the topic.

6.34 Community Capacity Building for Sustainable Management of NTFP: Again, this is a very important activity closely linked with conservation and sustainable use of forest biodiversity. It is proposed to undertake a rapid nation wide assessment of NTFP resources and the rate of annual changes on account of subsistence use and commercial sales and market prices and benefit to local communities from NTFP and to develop a system of sustainable forest management planning and community capacity building to achieve this goal. For the purpose, a forest biodiversity conservation network will be established and system of 5 yearly reporting on State of Forest Biological Diverty introduced. Wildlife Institute of India could play an important role in planning and implementation of this module building on biodiversity mapping by NRSA and nation wide field inventory by FSI.

E. Wildlife Research and Training

6.35 Building capacity to manage wilderness resources through effective training programmes for various target groups and developing human resources through Master degree programme in Wildlife Science are the major mandates of the Institute. In order to rapidly build capacity it is proposed to conduct customized training programme for various target groups (forest and wildlife managers; para military and enforcement agencies; custom and revenue officials etc.) of varying duration at headquarters as well as in field locations in national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.

6.36 It is also necessary to sensitize the judiciary, politicians, senior administrators, armed forces about various facets of wildlife conservation through short-term training programmes. Currently, the Institute is offering a Master degree programme in Wildlife Science every alternate year with a limited intake of 10 students. In response to the growing demand for trained manpower it is proposed to offer this course every year; increase the number of seats; diversify this course into an integrated six-year course leading to a doctorate degree and introduce greater flexibility in both curriculum design and delivery of the course. To implement the proposals indicated above in, an enhanced allocation of Rs. 1250 lakhs is proposed.

6.37 The Institute has recently developed a ‘Research Priority Matrix’ based on a landscape approach. A review of research priority has indicated several ‘gap’ areas. New thrust areas have also been identified in consultation with the stakeholders. In order to meaningfully address the wildlife research needs of the country, the Institute’s research agenda has to be substantially enhanced. There is a need to conduct ‘status surveys’ of key species especially those which have become endangered and are involved in wildlife trade. e-Knowledge portals have also to be developed for rapid and effective dissemination of data and information on wild species status, distribution and threats and on the species and the products involved in wildlife trade. Long term research on key species in identified landscapes have to be initiated/ continued using modern tools and technology (remote sensing, GIS, GPS, satellite telemetry etc). To implement the proposal indicated above, an allocation of Rs. 1500 lakhs has been proposed.

6.38 It is proposed to set up a National Wildlife Library and Documentation Centre in the XI Plan period. This would entail upgradation and further modernization of the existing library facilities. Efforts will be made to establish digital libraries through subscription of e-journals. It is proposed to provide cubicles with computer facilities inside the library to be used by visiting academics and senior researchers. A range of ‘value added’ services will be offered to various users for which manpower and financial resources in the library and documentation centre will have to be augmented. To implement the proposals indicated above, an allocation of Rs. 450 lakhs is proposed.

6.39 The importance of state-of-the-art computer facilities in a training and research institution cannot be over-emphasized. From VIII Plan onwards, the Institute has made considerable investment in setting up of a modern computer & GIS facility. This facility has to be continuously upgraded to keep abreast with latest technology advancements. The huge quantity of data gathered during the All India Tiger Population Estimation needs to be properly stored and retrieved using a modern Information Storage System using sophisticated computer hardware and software systems. It is also proposed to extend the existing local area network to a wi-fi system across the sprawling Institute’s campus covering various hostels, guest houses and faculty residences. To implement the proposals indicated above, an allocation of Rs. 450 lakhs is proposed.

6.40 During the X Plan period the Institute has set up a modern wildlife forensic facility in response to the growing need for identifying the species and their parts/ products involved in wildlife trade. Apart for analyzing the samples received on the basis of morphometry techniques for which the Institute has developed basic protocols and infrastructure, there is a need to strengthen the wildlife forensic capability by establishing a state-of-the-art DNA facility for developing DNA profiles of key species and using modern techniques for analyses of specimens received in wildlife offence cases from various enforcement agencies. It is proposed to set up a Central Wildlife Forensic Facility (CWFF) at the Institute during the XI Plan period along with four Regional Wildlife Forensic Laboratories in Regional Wildlife Warden offices in Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai. The CWFF will mainly be the R&D centre to develop and standardize various techniques and protocols for identifying plant and animal parts and products involved in wildlife trade. In order to meet the safety, security and sanitation issues relating to wildlife forensic analyses, it is proposed to construct a separate building to house the forensic facility. To implement the proposals indicated above, an allocation of Rs. 1000 lakhs is proposed.

6.41 During the IX and X Plan periods, the Institute had set up research laboratories to service the research and training activities. There is a need to further upgrade these facilities and to develop modern analytical capabilities for dealing with soil, water, plant and animal samples. The Wildlife Health and Wildlife Genetics laboratories set up in the X Plan need to appropriately strengthened. To implement the proposals indicated above, an allocation of Rs. 450 lakhs is proposed.
Chapter 7


7.1 Forestry research

The following schemes/projects are proposed under the identified thrust areas to address major challenges of Forestry Research in a comprehensive manner

A.1 Indian Council of Forest Research and Education

(i) Development of Agroforestry/Social Forestry Models/ Participatory Forest Management/ Joint Forest Management

  • Development of agroforestry models for different agroclimatic zones

  • Development of sustainable models for social forestry plantations to meet the food, fuel, fodder requirements of rural poor and tribals

  • Evaluation of Forest Development Agencies (FDAs)

  • Monitoring of Works under Forest Development Agencies

  • Consultancy Projects related to JFM

Total Budget: Rs. 369.80 Lakhs

(ii) Soil and Water Conservation Including Integrated Water-Shed Management

  • Assessment of impact of deforestation on soil and water loss from forests

  • Development strategies for soil and water conservation in forest areas

  • Development package of practices for integrated watershed management

Total Budget: Rs. 150.55 Lakhs

(iii) Planting Stock Improvement

  • Development of clonal technologies for mass production of superior quality planting stock and to develop methods for clonal identification using DNA finger printing and other biotechniques

  • Genetic improvement of important timber and non timber forest tree species

  • Clonal testing and identification

  • Establishment of National Bureau of Forest genetic Resources

  • Improvement in seed storability of recalcitrant forest tree species

  • Research on seed production in clonal / seedling seed orchards

  • Research on mass production of healthy superior quality planting stock

Total Budget: Rs. 3307.80 Lakhs

(iv) Sustainable Forest Management

  • Development of biopesticides for control of important forest diseases and insect pests

  • Development of techniques for monitoring of build up diseases and insect pests in natural forests and plantations and their eco-friendly control measures

  • Certification of Forest Products particularly medicinal plants, non– timber forest products and quality planting material

  • Developing Criteria & Indicators for certification of forest products

  • Developing certification strategy of Sustainable Forest Management

Total Budget: Rs. 186.65 Lakhs

(v) Biodiversity Assessment, Conservation and Development

  • Establishment of preservation plots

  • Assessment of forest phytodiversity, threat status of wild plants and necessary action for their conservation

  • Establishment of Forest Phytodiversity Network in India

  • Research on Indigenous knowledge System

Total Budget: Rs. 616.79 Lakhs

(vi) Natural Regeneration of Important Species

  • Assessment of current status of natural regeneration of important timber and non-timber forest tree species

  • Development of strategies for improving natural regeneration of economically important forest plant species

Total Budget: Rs. 230.57 Lakhs

(vii) Control of Weeds and Invasive Species

  • Database creation at National and International level and capacity building to facilitate research and management of forest invasive species

  • Development of regional strategies for control of forest invasive species through increased coordination and cooperation among the States Forest Departments and Regional Institutes of ICFRE

  • Promote exchange and share information on forest invasive species at National & International level through Asia Pacific Forest Invasive Species Network (APFISN)

Total Budget: Rs. 69.80 Lakhs

(viii) Management of Wetlands and Mangrove Forests

  • Assessment of habitat features and phytodiversity of wetlands and mangrove forests

  • Development of strategies for the conservation of biodiversity in wetland and mangrove forest ecosystems

Total Budget: Rs. 119.80 Lakhs

(ix) Environmental Impact Assessment vis a vis Development

  • Explore possibilities to undertake the EIA studies and formulation of EMP for housing societies, Industrial Area Development, Hydro and Thermal Power projects and other developmental projects.

  • Consultancy service in Forestry and Social Environment.

  • Training to the various user agencies on EIA

Total Budget: Rs. 369.45 Lakhs

(x) Impact of Climate Change and CO2 Sequestration in Forest Canopies

  • Studies on impact of Climate change on Forest ecosystems and assessment of Carbon sequestration potential of various land use systems for climate Change mitigation.

  • Validation and verification process of CDM Afforestation and Reforestation (A&R) projects by acquiring Designated Operational Entity (DOE) status of UNFCCC and Implementation of ISO 9001:2000 QMS.

  • Implementation of a CDM A&R Project.

  • Capacity building for promotion of CDM A&R Projects by conducting Trainings and workshops for all stake holders.

Total Budget: Rs. 106.65 Lakhs

(xi) Environmental Amelioration Urban Forestry and Trees Outside Forests

  • Research on bioaesthetic value of wild plants

  • Assessment of performance of wild plants under urban environment

  • Research on shelterbelts.

Total Budget: Rs. 1308.62 Lakhs

(xii) Bioremediation and Pollution Control

  • Research on evaluation of bioremediation potential of forest trees, shrubs, herbs, etc

  • Development of mitigation strategies in forestry sector to reduce and store green house gases

Total Budget: Rs. 163.00 Lakhs

(xiii) Ecorestoration of Degraded Forests

  • Ecorestoration of barren/saline/water logged lands

  • Ecorestoration of mined forest areas

  • Ecorestoration of deserts including sand dune stabilization

Total Budget: Rs. 296.17 Lakhs

(xiv) Shifting Cultivation

  • Research on social aspects of the practices of shifting cultivation

  • Development of alternative cultural practices for poverty alleviation in forest areas under shifting cultivation

Total Budget: Rs. 59.80 Lakhs

(xv) Forest Products Development

  • Development of forest products, value addition and improved utilization of forest products

  • Development of technologies for improved utilization of wood

  • Development of eco-friendly wood preservatives

  • Development of new value added wood products

Total Budget: Rs. 1080.60 Lakhs

(xvi) Chemistry of Non wood Forest Produces and Valued Addition

  • Research on chemistry of noon wood forest products for value addition and improved utilization

  • Development of eco-friendly techniques for pulp and paper production

  • Production of specialty and quality paper from indigenous woods

Total Budget: Rs. 429.50 Lakhs

(xvii) Biofuel from Forests

  • Research on wild plants having high potential as biofuel resources

  • Research on production of biofuel from forest biomass

Total Budget: Rs. 77.55 Lakhs

A.2 Research Grant Fund

For providing financial assistance to SAUs, Industry, NGOs, State Forest Departments and other User Groups to conduct research in identified areas of forestry

Total Budget: Rs. 10,000.00 Lakhs

A.3 All India Coordinated Phytodiversity Project

Documentation of phytodiversity of the country in collaboration with SAUs, other Universities, NBRI, DBT, DST etc.

Total Budget: Rs. 5,400.00 Lakhs

A.4 Establishment of National Bureau of Forestry Genetic Resources (NBFGR)

Total Budget: Rs. 10,020.00 Lakhs


  • Biodiversity data base of MPTS in various regions and their utilizations aspects should be developed for effective planning as well as their introduction into various programmes for enhancing productivity of farming systems.

  • Research for making use of ethnic knowledge in grassland and forest ecosystems followed by applied research to obtain intellectual property rights that are capable of benefiting the local communities and the nation.

  • Commercial Agroforestry should be encouraged in irrigated areas after identifying proper clones for different agro – climatic and edaphic regions.Rainfed Agroforestry models should be designed for complimenting the rainfed agriculture providing extra income to the farmer and soil conservation.

  • Undertaking inventory, characterization and documentation of the available grasslands in the country with a view to add up and update the existing data base.

  • Long term research on grassland ecology, invasive species in grassland and forest ecosystems and their control , protected area management through cut and carry options vs grazing management , reintroduction and rehabilitation of species etc. should be undertaken with proper funding.

  • Food chain analysis of grassland and forest (that including agro – forest ) ecosystems, Carbon sequestration patterns in promising forestry, Agroforestry and grassland systems for its evaluation as well as improvement.

  • The management of Agroforestry and silvipastoral systems should revolve around clientele and regional needs with provision of land conservation. Modeling efforts should also focus on the same lines.

  • Undertaking soil biology studies in forest and grassland ecosystem to understand their role in sustainability.

  • Research on improvement of planting stock of important MP
    TS for their introduction in silvipasture and Agroforestry based development project Similarly, there should be more emphasis on developing vegetative propagation techniques for mass scale multiplication of elite clones.

  • Developing genetic markers for identification of plus strains of promising forestry species as well the MPTS.

  • Rehabilitation of disturbed habitats like mined areas and problem soils like saline lands with a variety of tree and grass combinations. More emphasis on short rotation nutritious fodder trees and shrubs for creating fodder resources outside reserve forest lands so that the pressure on forests for forage is lessened.

  • Greater focus on scientific collection and handling of forest seeds. their conservation through proper seed storage options , development of ex situ seed orchards.

  • More research on prevention and management of invasive species both domestic as well as alien.

  • Designing and developing a sound analytical framework accommodating valuation of ecosystem services, both tangible and intangible, and their delivery across social groups .

  • Networking of ICAR and ICFRE programmes and scientists where the working areas in forestry related activities are interfacing.

Total Budget: Rs. 1500.00 Lakhs

7.2 Environment Research, Education and Extension

7.2.1 Nature awareness areas and interpretation centers

This innovative and participatory environmental education program can be initiated at any city, town or taluka level place. It is intended to initiate a large mass environmental awareness program especially at school and college level, as well as, for people at large, through direct exposure to Nature in the individuals own natural environment. The scheme envisions setting up a Nature Awareness Area (NAA) with an Interpretation Center and a Nature Trail.

Total Budget: Rs. 150.00 Lakhs

7.2.2 Development of ‘Nature Awareness Area’ (NAA) for Urban Environments

The management of the NAA must center on permitting Nature to re-establish itself, by removing factors that have led to the development of a man-modified ecosystem. The strategy to manage the area as a small biodiversity demonstration unit would have to be aimed at reverting the area to near-natural conditions. Sustainable use of such an area could become a focal factor that is demonstrated in the NAA.

Total Budget: Rs. 100.00 Lakhs Selection of possible sites

Forested hill-slopes, grasslands and water-bodies such as wetlands, rivers or seacoasts with natural vegetation are ideal locations. The closer the area to the town, the more easily it could be utilized for day trips by school children. It would also act as an educational asset for field visits to document biodiversity for the UGC’s core module course on environment for all undergraduate students as suggested by the Supreme Court. The Nature Awareness Area would include an Interpretation Center and a Nature Trail. The Interpretation Center would provide pictures, module and flow charts, with information that is required to be able to appreciate and identify plant and animal species that are present in the Nature Trail. Booklets to guide school teachers as to what to show the students could be made available. A local Nature Education Officer may be appointed to supervise and coordinate activities with local schools. School teachers could be given orientation courses by institutions. The NAA would bring about a sense of belonging and an attachment to the natural resources within the site.

Total Budget: Rs. 140.00 Lakhs Ecological Management of the NAAs

The management of the NAA is dependent on the landscape ecology of the region.

1. Size of the proposed areas

It is obvious that the larger the area, the greater would be the diversity of plants, insects, birds and mammals, that is could support. However, where a large area cannot be allocated for this purpose close to a town, even a smaller area can be effectively developed.

In a wetland ecosystem a small pond could harbor insects, fish, amphibia and a few local birds. A small forested patch would attract only ‘garden’ birds and would be more of a seasonal attraction, when its few trees are flowering and fruiting. A slightly larger patch would attract more specialized forest species such as frugivores, nectivores and insectivores. The contrast between, a part of the area that is left undisturbed, and one which is being utilized sustainably, and the external surrounding landscape that is essentially degraded could form a major demonstration of logical forms of land use for the region.

2. Special Site Requirements

(a) Forest Ecosystems: The ideal sites to establish ‘Nature Awareness Areas’ in forest ecosystems near towns is in nearby hilly areas. An existing temple grove could form an excellent location.

(b) Grassland Ecosystems: Where extensive overgrazing by sheep, goats and cattle has led to the deterioration of natural grasslands, appropriate range land management is essential to reform the natural ecosystem. Such eroded areas which are considered ‘wasteland’ can thus be restored and developed as ‘Nature Awareness Areas’ as well as where relevant to demonstrate methods of sustainable utilization.

(c) Aquatic Ecosystems: A ‘Nature Awareness Area’ in a wetland such as a percolation tank, or a stretch of secluded river outside town have several different habitat characteristics. The water body should be restocked with small local fist, which birds such as cormorants, darters, terns, kingfishers, and birds of prey such as marsh harriers and osprey can be feed on. It mush provide secluded roosts in the form of rocks and islands surrounded by water, so that the waterfowl can rest undisturbed.

(d) Coastal Areas: A variety of ecosystems along the western and eastern coasts can be used as demonstration areas. This includes coastal marshes, sandy breaches, rocky coasts and river deltas.

(e) Himalayan Ecosystems: The fragility of this ecosystem must form a major aspect of understanding land water and forest resources.

(f) Multi-landscape systems: Certain sites could incorporate a variety of landscape elements such as a combination of a forested path around a small water body or a grassland patch with a forest patch.

Total Budget: Rs. 350.00 Lakhs

7.2.3 The Interpretation Centres

The Interpretation Center should be an environmentally friendly structure based on local traditional architectural patterns of the region. It would thus establish the dependence of local people on available resources and demonstrate why they must be used sustainably. It is envisioned that the Interpretation Center should be at least 600 sq. ft. in size and lit by natural light as far as possible. The Interpretation Center should ordinarily use the local language, for the displays. Most of the visual aids should be simple and direct and focus on local concerns.

Total Budget: Rs.245.00 Lakhs

7.2.4 The Nature Trail

The Nature Trail would have signage linked to the different species of plants and locally resident’s faunal communities such as beehives, ant hills, reptiles and birds etc. Signage would provide information on the services and goods that the natural ecosystem provides if used sustainably. Nature Trails would orient visitors to the varied and diverse ecological features of each bio geographic region.

Total Budget: Rs. 200.00 Lakhs

7.3 Regulatory Reforms

The following specific actions would be taken:

  • Institutionalize a holistic and integrated approach to the management of environmental and natural resources, explicitly identifying and integrating environmental concerns in relevant cross-sectoral policies, through review and consultation, in line with the National Environment Policy

  • Identify emerging areas for new legislation, due to better scientific understanding, economic and social development, and development of multilateral environmental regimes, in line with the National Environment Policy.

  • Review the body of existing legislation in order to develop synergies among relevant statutes and regulations, eliminate obsolescence, and amalgamate provisions with similar objectives, in line with the National Environment Policy. Further, encourage and facilitate review of legislation at the level of State and Local Governments with a view to ensuring their consistency with this policy

  • Take steps to adopt and institutionalize techniques for environmental assessment of sector policies and programmes to address any potential adverse impacts, and enhance potential favourable impacts.

  • Ensure accountability of the concerned levels of Government (Centre, State, Local) in undertaking the necessary legislative changes in a defined time-frame, with due regard to the Objectives and Principles of National Environment Policy, in particular, ensuring the livelihoods and well-being of the poor by ensuring improved access to the necessary environmental resources.

Total Budget: Rs. 50.00 Lakhs

7.4 Process Related Reforms

In addition, the following actions will be taken:

  • In order to ensure faster decision making with greater transparency, and access to information, use of information technology based tools will be promoted, together with necessary capacity-building, under all action plans.

  • In order to realize greater decentralization, State level agencies may be given greater responsibility for environmental regulation and management. Such empowerment must, however, be premised on increased transparency, accountability, scientific and managerial capacity, and independence in regulatory decision making and enforcement action. Accordingly, States would be encouraged to set up Environment Protection Authorities on this basis

  • Mechanisms and processes would be set up to identify entities of “Incomparable Value” in different regions. It would be ensured that all regulatory mechanisms are legally empowered to follow the principles of good Governance

Total Budget: Rs. 50.00 Lakhs

7.5 Economic Principle in Environmental Decision Making

The following actions will be taken:

  • Strengthen, including through capacity building, the initiatives, taken by the Central Statistical Organization in the area of natural resource accounting, with a view to its adoption in the system of national income accounts. Further strengthen in all respects, the system of collection, collation and analysis of all significant and relevant environmental monitoring data.

  • Develop and promote the use of standardized environmental accounting practices and norms in preparation of statutory financial statements for large industrial enterprises, in order to encourage greater environmental responsibility in investment decision-making, management practices, and public scrutiny.

  • Encourage financial institutions to adopt appropriate appraisal practices, so that environmental risks are adequately considered in the financing of projects.

  • Facilitate the integration of environmental values into cost-benefit analysis, to encourage more efficient allocation of resources while making public investment decisions.

  • Prepare and implement an action plan on the use of economic instruments for environmental regulation in specified contexts, including those relating to unsustainable production and consumption

  • Consider creation of a National Environment Restoration Fund from the net proceeds of economic instruments, user fees for access to specified natural resources, and voluntary contributions. The Fund may be used for restoration of environmental resources, including clean-up of toxic and hazardous waste legacies.

7.6 Other Proposals and Action Plans

  • Periodically identify and prioritize areas for research.

  • Establish a research programme in priority areas within the Government, with expected outputs clearly specified.

  • Encourage research in priority areas outside the Government, with necessary financial and institutional support.

  • Avail of multilateral and bilateral cooperation programs, for capacity building for environmental management, particularly in relation to commitments under multilateral instruments.

  • Participate in mechanisms and arrangements under multilateral agreements for enhancing flows of resources for sustainable development.

  • Provide assistance to other developing countries, in particular for scientific and technical capacity building for environmental management.

  • The following provisions are, accordingly made for review, updating, and renewal of the National Environment Policy

  • Undertake consultations every three years with groups of diverse stakeholders, i.e. researchers and experts, community based organizations, industry associations, and voluntary organizations, and update the National Environment Policy.

  • In the third of the three-year reviews, undertake a more comprehensive examination of the scientific and policy understanding of environmental issues, redefine the Objectives and Principles, and recast the Strategic Themes for Action. Anew National Environment Policy should be the outcome.

Total Budget: Rs. 1500.00 Lakhs

D Training And Capacity Building

A. The new composite scheme may be called as “Capacity Building in the Forestry Sector”.

B. The components of the new composite scheme are:

I. Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy, Dehradun – existing

II. The Directorate of Forest Education may be renamed as ‘Regional Forest Academies’ – existing

III. In-service training

(a) Training of IFS officers- existing

(b) Training of officers/personnel of other Services – proposed

IV Domestic funding for foreign training of forestry personnel – proposed

V Capacity building of other stakeholders – proposed

Proposed components of the scheme

I Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy, (IGNFA) with mandate to

  • Conduct initial professional training for the IFS probationers – existing

  • Skills up-gradation courses for the promoted IFS officers – existing

  • Organizing in-service refresher training courses for the IFS officers of various seniorities-Advance Forest Management (AFM) courses – existing

  • Organizing seminars/workshops on various themes for forest officers and sponsored courses for officers of other services – existing

  • Knowledge management for the forestry sector – existing

An amount of Rs. 1913.91 lakhs would be required for completing the various programmes under this component.

II Regional Forest Academies (RFAs) with mandate to

  • Conduct professional induction courses for the direct recruit SFS officers and the FROs recruited by the State Governments, in the SFS and Ranger Colleges under the directorate-existing

  • Conduct in-service refresher courses for the forestry personnel (SFS officers, FROs and the frontline staff) of the SFDs for boosting the capacity building efforts of the States and sponsored courses for the personnel of other services-existing

  • Organizing seminars/training workshops for various levels of forestry personnel.-existing

  • Refresher courses for the promoted SFS officers-existing

  • Upgradation of training capabilities (training materials, training of trainers, training methodology etc.) and infrastructure facilities for training of frontline staff (taking one State Training Institute in each region of the country as Nodal Training Institute.)-proposed

An amount of Rs. 2426.74 lakhs would be required for completing the various programmes under this component.

III In-service Training

a) Training of IFS officers

  • To sponsor short-term (one to three week) refresher courses – existing

  • Training workshops/seminars in the premier training and academic institutions/organizations in the country – existing

  • To sponsor a few IFS officers for long-term training courses and institutions approved by the Government of India (in institutions like Indian Institute of Public Administration, National Defence College, Indian Institutes of Management, Management Development Institute, The Energy and Resources Institute etc.) – existing

An amount of Rs. 1526.24 lakhs would be required for completing the various programmes under this component.

b) Training of Officers/Personnel of Other Services – Rationale for organizing in-service training for personnel of other services has been explained earlier. Personnel of Police, Revenue, Customs, Agriculture, Horticulture, Soil Conservation, Animal Husbandry, Tribal/Rural Development, Judiciary, Public Health Engineering etc., have an interface with forestry sector. Sensitization of these departments through in-service training of their personnel will be covered under this component. It is proposed to include awareness programmes in the form of short-term trainings, study tours, seminars and workshops in the institutions under the government as well as in the private sector. The trainings can be organized at two levels one for the senior officers (group A/class I) at IGNFA/LBSNAA/WII/Customs Academy or any other reputed training institute and the other one for the class II/class III state level officers at the State ATIs/Forest Training Institutes (Regional) and institutions under ICFRE etc. Adequate budgetary provision has been proposed for organizing/sponsoring courses for this category of personnel. For participation in these courses, a provision has been kept for meeting expenses on TA/DA in the budget proposals. An amount of Rs. 1770.47 lakhs would be required for completing the various programmes under this component.

IV Domestic Funding for Foreign Training of the Forestry Personnel

Present-day foresters have to deal with non-technical issues e.g. inter-sectoral policy and programme linkages. Also, the forestry personnel need to keep themselves abreast of the technological advances in the fast changing world to address the changing requirements of the developing societies as well as the various global, regional national and local environmental concerns. It is important that officers from IFS and SFS are provided opportunities to learn and to present their views at international events related to forestry sector. Presently there is no scheme for providing opportunities to forest officers working in the States and under the Central Staffing Scheme of MoEF for IFS officers/ autonomous forestry institution of the MoEF, for undergoing courses/ participating in study tours/workshops in foreign institutions organizations. A provision has been made in the scheme for foreign training of IFS and SFS Officers and also for providing opportunities to them (including the FROs) for participating in international seminars, workshops and study tours abroad on emerging issues and challenges in forestry sector. An amount of Rs. 7631.37 lakhs would be required for completing the various activities under this component.

V Capacity Building of Other Stakeholders

Forest Management in India is in a transitory stage moving from traditionally centralized forest management to participatory forest management. In traditional system of control, regulations and policing the forests have alienated the people from developing a sense of belonging to the forests. There is a need to sensitize other stakeholders for conservation of these natural resources. It is proposed to sponsor a number of specially designed short-term courses, study tours, workshops and seminars on various aspects of forest and environmental conservation for different stakeholders which may include NGOs, students in educational institutions, nature clubs/eco-clubs, Panchayats, elected public representatives, personnel from banking institutions, social activists, press and media persons etc. However, due to financial constraints it may be not be possible to reach all the target groups. An amount of Rs. 1220 lakhs would be required for the various activities under this component.

21 The ‘Task Force’ discussed the need for strengthening of the Forestry Research and Training Division in the MoEF and in other training institutions of the MoEF for successful implementation of the additional components. Till the time new additional posts are created, it was decided to keep some provision in the scheme for outsourcing of services. Further, for better coordination and pooling of resource persons and infrastructure among the existing forestry training institutions, the ‘Task Force’ recommends that the MoEF may consider bringing all the institutions in the field under one umbrella. This may be considered while formulating proposals for the composite scheme.
VI Outsourcing the Resource Persons/Consultants for Managing the Components III, IV & V (2% of the expenditure) Rs. 243 lakhs
VII Contingency Fund/Critical Gaps (to Meet the Unforeseen Expenditure, 2% of the Total Expenditure) Rs. 330 lakhs

The total requirement of funds for the proposed scheme (only for the training component) would be Rs. 17061.73 lakhs

Financial Implications under the Scheme for the XI Plan period
(2007-08 to 2011- 12)

(Rupees in lakhs)

(The proposals here have been restricted to only training component and do not include provisions for other activities such as capital works, medical expenses, domestic travel for faculty, foreign travel expenses etc. The non-plan budget also has not been shown in the proposals. 10% annual escalation has been shown for the plan period in the budget proposals)

Annexure I

I. Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy

(Expenses /year)

  1. Initial Professional Training of the IFS Probationers 135.00 lakhs

  2. Professional Skills Up-gradation Courses (PSUC) 2.50 lakhs

  3. I Conduct of In-service Advanced Forest Management 120.00 lakhs
    Courses (AFMC)

  4. Senior Foresters Workshops (25/30 years)
    (Two for a group of 50 (appox.) participants each) 6.00 lakhs

  5. Knowledge Management for the Forestry Sector 50.00 lakhs

Grand Total for five years = 1913.91 lakhs


Financial Requirements








Initial professional training of the IFS (P)
















AFM Courses








Workshops (SFWs)






















Annexure II

II Regional Forest Academies

  1. Induction Courses for SFS officers and FROs 30.00 lakhs

  2. (Two-week Refresher Courses for SFS officers & FROs and
    150 Courses for Frontline Staff) 300.00 lakhs

  3. Six-week Courses for Promoted SFS officers 10.00 lakhs

  4. Up-gradation of State Forest Training Institute (Regional Level) 40.00 lakhs

  5. Sponsoring officers (SFS & FROs) for Long-term Courses
    recognized by the GOI – 05 officers/year
    (@ Rs. 03.50 lakh/person) 17.50 lakhs

Sl. No.


Financial Requirements








Induction Courses for SFS and FROs








Short-term Courses for SFS & FROs and Frontline Staff








Six-week Induction Courses for Promoted SFS officers








 Up-gradation of State Training Institutes (Regional level)







Sponsoring officers (SFS & FROs) for long-term courses














Annexure III

III(a) In-service Training of IFS Officers (within India)

a. Short-term refresher courses

Forty one-week courses

(20 courses @ 2.5 lakhs/course (50 lakhs), 20 courses @ 3.63 lakhs/course (A) (72.6 lakhs),

Ten two-week courses

(05 courses @ 4.75 lakhs/course (A) (23.5 lakhs), 05 @ 3 lakhs/course (G) (15 lakhs)

161.00 lakhs

b. Thematic training workshops 20 @ 2.70 lakhs/workshop

54.00 lakhs

c. Sponsoring officers for Long-term Courses recognized by the GOI – 10 officers/year (@ Rs. 03.50 lakhs/person)

35.00 lakhs

Sl. No.


Financial Requirements








In-service courses








Thematic Workshops








Sponsoring officers for long term courses














III(b) In-service Courses for Personnel of Other Services

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