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(Rajasthan, Gujarat & Dadra and Nagar Haveli)

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(Rajasthan, Gujarat & Dadra and Nagar Haveli)

(vii) Rain Forest Research Institute, Jorhat

(Caters to research needs of the North Eastern Region)

(viii) Institute of Forest Productivity, Ranchi

(West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand and Sikkim)

Advance research centers under the council are:

  1. Centre for Social Forestry and Eco-Rehabilitation (CSFER), Allahabad

  2. Centre for Forestry Research and Human Resource Development (CFRHRD), Chhindwara.

  3. Forest Research Centre (FRC), Hyderabad

2.1.1 Objectives

  • To undertake, aid, promote and co-ordinate forestry research, education and its application.

  • To extend the research findings from lab to land.

  • To develop and maintain a National Forest Library & Information Centre.

  • To provide consultancy services in the field of forestry research, education and training, and in allied sciences.

2.1.2 Mission
“To generate, preserve, disseminate and advance knowledge, technologies and solutions for addressing the issues related to forests and promote linkages arising out of interactions between people, forests and environment on a sustained basis through research, education and extension”.

2.1.3 Vision

  1. Update, develop and provide knowledge, skill, technology and experiences to support development in forestry sector in accordance with priorities of National Forestry Research Plan (NFRP) and National Forest Policy for sustainable forest development.

  2. As model organization undertake, coordinate, promote and aid forestry research, extension and education.

  3. Develop packages of technology and practices according to the needs of different stakeholders so as to contribute towards sustainability and promote these technologies through aggressive marketing.

  4. Focus research efforts on priorities as identified in NFRP and attain global leadership in few emerging strategic areas.

  5. Optimize the use of research resources e.g. financial, human and infrastructure through establishing and nurturing symbiotic networking, with ICFRE providing a core of such network at national and regional level.

2.2. Indian Institute of Forest Management , Bhopal (IIFM)

The Indian Institute of Forest Management (IIFM) is premier autonomous Institute under the Ministry of Environment and Forest (MOEF), Govt. of India. The Institute has four main activities, namely research, teaching, training and consulting in the forestry and allied sectors. It was established in 1982 in response to the growing need for application of business methods in the management of forest and natural resources to ensure efficiency in resource use and conservation.

The Institute has about 25 faculty members working in the multidisciplinary faculty areas such as applied Computer Technology and Quantitative Techniques Communication Methods, Eco-system Management and Technical Forestry Financial Management, Accounting and Control , Forest Resource Economics and Management, Marketing Management, Personnel Management and Organizational Behavior, Sociology and Social Anthropology

2.2.1 The Institute conducts the following major programmes:

  • Two year post graduate programme in forestry management (PFM, Equivalent to MBA)

  • One year post masters programme in Natural Resource Management (NRM, Equivalent to M.Phil.)

  • Management Development Programmes for industry, development sector, government sector, non government sectors, covering forestry policy and institutional aspects, rural livelihoods, community participation, micro finance etc.

2.2.2 Research and Publications Activities

Research and publications are among the key priority activities of the Institute. As a result, the IIFM faculty members have been undertaking various types of research projects related to the forestry and allied sectors. As a sectoral management institute, its research activities are primarily applied in nature. Drawing on the strength of multi disciplinary faculty, the institute promotes research projects of interdisciplinary nature. The research projects generally emphasize upon sustainability of natural resources benefit flow to the disadvantaged communities dependent on the forestry resources.

In addition to the internal research funding, the research projects receive funding support from a number of national and international organization. Among the international funding agencies supporting research projects at IIFM include International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), Yokohama, Japan; the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Canada; the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID); the Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations, CIFOR; the World Bank; the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN); the United State Forest Service (USFS) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

2.2.3 Main Research areas

  • Sustainable Forest Management and Forest Certification;

  • Community Forestry including Joint Forest Management;

  • Micro-Finance and Micro-Enterprise;

  • Participatory Forest Resource Assessment, Monitoring and Evaluation;

  • Legal and Policy Analysis in Forestry;

  • Forestry and Livelihood;

  • Valuation of Forests and Natural Resource Accounting;

  • Remote Sensing and GIS Applications in Forestry;

  • Gender in Forestry;

  • Protected Area and Biodiversity Conservation;

  • Management of Non-Wood Forest Products (NTFP) including Medicinal Plants and Wood fuel;

  • Wetlands Management;

  • Trees Outside Forest.

The Government of India has been supporting the IIFM research projects through funding form the Department of Science and Technology (DST), the National Afforestation and Eco-development Board (NAEB), the Ministry of Tribal Affaris, the Ministry of Textiles etc. The State Government Forest Departments also sponsor number of research studies of IIFM. The Institute has also undertaken some collaborative research projects with institutions such as the Cambridge University and the Kerala Forest Research Institute. Other organization like Sir Dorabji Tata Trust Mumbai have been providing support for research at IIFM.

2.3 Directorate of Forest Education (DFE)

The Directorate of Forest Education has been functioning directly under the Ministry since 1991 to cater to the training needs of the SFS officers and Range Forest Officers of the states and union territories in the country.

The forestry training institutes under the direct administrative control of the Directorate of Forest Education are

  1. State Forest Service College, Dehradun (Uttaranchal)

  2. State Forest Service College, Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu)

  3. State Forest Service College, Burnihat (Assam Mehgalaya)

  4. Eastern Forest Rangers College, Kursenon (West Bengal)

The Directorate is responsible for

  • Conducting induction training for the direct recruits to the State Forest Service (SFS) and exercising technical control over the induction training for RFOs being organized by the colleges under the State Governments.

  • Conducting in-service training for SFS officers and FROs, and organize courses for the frontline staff in the form of short term refresher and theme based courses.

2.4 Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy

Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy (IGNFA) was constituted in the year 1987 by renaming the erstwhile Indian Forest College, which was originally established in 1938 for training senior forest officers. IGNFA is currently functioning in Dehradun as a Staff College for the officers of the Indian Forest Service (IFS). The primary mandate of the Academy is to impart knowledge and skills to the professional foresters and help them to develop competence for managing the country’s forest and wildlife resources on a sustainable basis. It also enables them to act as catalysts for environmental protection, economic development and social change. In the Academy training is provided at different levels of seniority in the IFS besides training the new entrants to the service. The Academy also imparts skill upgradation training to officers inducted into the IFS on promotion from the State Forest Service (SFS). The Academy also imparts Advanced Forest Management (AFM) training to contemporary batches of IFS officers belonging to three different senior levels, viz, executive, supervisory and policy development levels, and thematic training to IFS officers in a vertical integration format.

Direct recruitment to IFS is made through the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) examination. The successful candidates are appointed to the IFS on probation for a period of three years. This is the period during which IGNFA imparts professional training to the young entrants into the IFS. Foreign trainees are also imparted training. This includes Foundation Course at LBSNAA, Professional Phase Training at IGNFA and OJT in the Cadre States. The professional training of these IFS officers is imparted mainly by the in-house faculty members drawn on deputation basis from among the serving professionals working in various States and Union Territories. Inputs from guest faculty are also drawn from eminent persons of repute from various institutes and organisations including non-governmental organizations on certain specialized aspects of forest service. Study tours to various parts of the country and specialized field exercises form an integral part of the training.

IGNFA is placed directly under the administrative control of the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF), Government of India (GOI). Accommodation for officers undergoing training at IGNFA comprises three hostels – the New Hostel, the Old Hostel and the Executive Hostel. These hostels are provided with mess and other facilities. There are billiards room, badminton court, table tennis hall and gymnasium in the Old Hostel complex. The Academy has spacious play-grounds adjacent to the New Hostel complex, which are used for physical training and out-door games. The Executive Hostel provides 30 rooms residential facilities to the senior officers coming to the Academy for in-service courses. A state-of-the-art pavilion-cum-indoor sports complex overlooks the playing ground at New Hostel. The two storied impressive structure houses multi gymnasium hall, billiards and table tennis room besides providing seating for 200 people to enjoy outdoor games. Adjoining the New Hostel, a modern, spacious assembly hall with a seating capacity of 600 is provided for holding cultural, academic and social functions.

A residential complex for providing accommodation to the faculty and staff of IGNFA is situated on Chakrata Road, opposite the FRI campus. Medical facilities for both outdoor and indoor patients are available at the New Forest Hospital. The Academy has a Guest House having 22 sets of rooms The Guest House is mainly used for accommodating visiting faculty and middle and senior level in-service officers who come to the Academy time to time for attending in-service training courses, workshops, seminars, etc. The primary mandate of the Academy is to impart capacity building and professional level training to the IFS officers.

2.5. Indian Plywood Industries Research and Training Institute (IPIRTI)

The Indian Plywood Industries Research and Training Institute (IPIRTI) institute was established in 1961-62 as a Central Research Laboratory of the Indian Plywood Manufacturers' Research Association under the Cooperative Research Scheme of the Government of India from out of the funds provided by CSIR and voluntary contribution from the Plywood Industries (in pursuance of Ministry of Commerce and Industries Resolution No.CI-9(5)/50 dated 22.9.1951). Consequent to the reorganization of the CSIR during 1977-78 (vide letter No. 5(15)/77-IED dt. 21.3.1978 of the Secretary, DST and Notification No.CD-261/78 dated 6-4-1978), IPIRTI was one of the several cooperative research laboratories, museums etc. that were transferred to various user Ministries. With this transfer the erstwhile cooperative research laboratory of plywood industry got converted into an autonomous body of the Ministry of Industry. Subsequently, vide Government Order No.2/1/88-CI of the Ministry of Industries, Department of Industrial Development dated 30-4-1990, the Institute was transferred to the administrative control of Ministry of Environment and Forests from 1.5.1990. This change was notified by the Government of India (GOI/Allocation of business rules 1959) amended vide Cabinet Secretary notification dated 15.5.1990 i.e. (GOI/Allocation of business 211 Amendment). The name of the Institute was changed to Indian Plywood Industries Research and Training Institute (IPIRTI) in the year 1992.

2.5.1 Mandate

Research on all aspects of production of sawn timber, manufacturing plywood and other allied engineered and reconstituted wood or lignocellulosic products, including improvement of materials, manufacturing processes, improvement of machines and appliances, conditions of work time and motion studies - standardization of methods of work conditioning of factories, Inspection, certification and marking of all forest products viz. plywood, wood, timber, hardboard, particleboard, chipboard, furniture, gluelams, compreg, doors, panel doors, blockboard, flush doors, veneered panels, energy consuming, non biodegradable and on the whole highly environment friendly. A two pronged approach is essential to bridge this gap.

  1. Rationalizing the utilization of available wood resources through appropriate technological intervention, and

  2. Development of wood alternates from other natural/renewable fibers.

At IPIRTI, R&D activities have already been reoriented to achieve these twin goals. Consequently, two main areas of applied research are: development of efficient technologies for wood and wood based composites, and evolving technologies for manufacturing wood alternates from natural/renewable fiber.

Guided by the fact that plantation grown wood will be the major source of industrial raw material for wood products, the main R&D activity of the Institute aims at efficient utilization of fast growing plantation timber species for production of sawn timber, plywood, and other wood composites. Wood produced in fast growing plantations has several characteristics compared to wood available from traditional forest grown tree species, viz. smaller diameters, lower dimensional stability and low natural durability, necessitating technological intervention for their proper utilization in meeting the societal needs in respect of wood and wood products.

Training in connection with forest product utilization for plywood industries and trade and for allied industries. Imparting technical education or/and training at undergraduate, post graduate and any other level of technology.

2.6 Forest Survey of India

Forest Survey of India (FSI) was created with effect from June 1, 1981 as a successor to “Pre-investment Survey of Forest Resources” (PISFR), a project initiated in 1965 by Govt. of India and sponsored by FAO and UNDP. The main objective of PISFR was to ascertain the availability of raw material for establishment of wood based industries in the selected areas of the country. Further the National Commission on Agriculture (NCA), in its report in 1976, recommended the creation of a National Forest Survey Organistaion for collection of data on scientific lines through country-wide comprehensive forest resources survey at regular intervals. Consequently, PISFR was reorganized into FSI. After a critical review of activities undertaken by FSI, Government of India, in 1986, redefined its mandate as follows in order to make it more purposeful and relevant to the needs of the country. To prepare a comprehensive State of Forest Report (SFR) including National Vegetation Map once every two years. It will also prepare thematic maps through use of remote sensing data with minimal essential ground truth verification (most ground –truth verification would be done by the respective state government) on a ten year cycle. To collect, store and retrieve necessary forestry and forestry related data for national and state level planning and to create a computer based National Basic Forestry Inventory System (NBFIS).

2.7 Wildlife Institute of India

Wildlife Institute of India (WII) set up in 1982, has emerged as an eminent regional centre for training and research in the field of wildlife conservation in South Asia and South East Asia. It is an autonomous institute under the Ministry of Environment and Forests. The mission of the Institute is “To nurture the development of wildlife science and promote its application in conservation, in consonance with the cultural and socio-economic milieu”.

The mandate of the Institute is (i) Build capacity, develop human resources in wildlife; (ii) Develop as a centre of excellence in wildlife science; (iii) Provide consultancy & advisory services to Central and State Governments in matters related to wildlife. Since its inception, Institute has trained more than 900 field managers through its flagship programmes of 9-months Post-gradate Diploma Course in Wildlife Management and 3-months Certificate Course in Wildlife Management. This includes 113 foreign trainees belonging to 19 countries. About 200 wildlife professionals have been trained by Institute through its M.Sc. Wildlife Science and doctoral programmes. Institute has been actively engaged in undertaking research on different facets of wildlife science across the country and has generated scientific database in the form of research reports (about 115) and technical papers (about 600). WII has also provided about 25 consultancy services to different states of India as well as to other neighbouring countries. Institute has also taken up additional responsibilities assigned by the MoEF for implementation of activities under National Wildlife Action Plan 2002 - 16. Currently, a country wide tiger and prey base estimation programme is underway in WII as per the requirement of Project Tiger Directorate.

Increasing human induced changes are posing new threats to conservation of wilderness resources today. The forests harboring wild animals are deteriorating in terms of quality and quantity (fragmentation) thereby threatening survival of species particularly mega species like elephants, tigers, rhinos and other large bodied animals. As habitats shrink and populations become increasingly isolated, factors like poaching, disease, population structure (sex-ratio) and stochastic events like droughts, fire and floods which once were part of natural processes causing manageable oscillations are now becoming limiting and critical factors. The situation is throwing enormous challenges to managers and policy makers alike. WII, with its sound foundation in wildlife sciences, needs to respond to these emerging challenges adequately by implementing innovative approaches to manage wildlife resources in the country.

2.8 Forestry Research Institutions under the aegis of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)

The forestry research is attempted in several institutes falling under crop science and natural resource management institutes of ICAR . Besides the work done in the research institute, there is an All India Coordinated Research Project on Agroforestry involving about 30 centers, many of them located in State Agricultural Universities across the country.

The activities in the major area of forestry research (including allied fields ) under Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), including Indian Grassland & Fodder Research Institute ( IGFRI) may be broadly classified into three parts – (i) Agroforestry Research ( targeting primarily farm lands); (ii) Silvipastoral Research (targeting degraded forests and other wastelands); (iii) Grassland Ecology and Management (targeting natural grasslands and community grazing lands).

List of major research institutions of ICAR imparting forestry research


Indian Grassland & Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi (IGFRI)


National Research Center for Agroforestry, Jhansi (NRCAF)


Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur (CAZRI)


Central Soil Salinty Research Institute, Karnal(CSSRI)


Central Soil & Water Conservation Research & Training Institute, Dehradun


ICAR Research Complex for North Eastern Hills Region , Shillong (ICAR- RC- NEH)


Vivekananda Parvatiya Krishi Anusandhan Sansthan, Almora (VPKAS)


Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad (CRIDA)


Central Agricultural Research Institute , Port Blair (CARI)


2.9 Centre for Science and Environment (CSE )

The Institute deals subjects of Ecology and Environment; Environmental Education; Pollution Monitoring/Control; Water Management; Health.

Environmental activities include communication for awareness; rainwater harvesting; climate change; research and advocacy; education and training; documentation; CSE’s pollution monitoring laboratory is an independent analytical, research and development laboratory that monitor and document pesticide residues, conducts water quality analysis and monitors ambient air quality in cities and communities across India; lab services include analysis over a wide range of parameters for food, water, soil, air, and biological materials; including blood, tissue and other environmental analysis.

Publications: State of India’s Environment – The Citizen’s Report, Down to Earth, Air Pollution Booklet etc.

2.10 The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)

Environmental activities include providing environment-friendly solution to rural energy problems to help in shaping the development of the Indian oil and gas sector; from tackling global climate change issues across many continents to enhancing forest conservation efforts among local communities; from advancing solutions to growing urban transport and air pollution problems to promoting energy efficiency in the Indian industry. All activities in TERI move from formulating local – and national – level strategies to suggesting global solutions to critical energy and environment related issues.

2.11 Centre for Environmental Education (CEE)

Environmental activities include Environmental education and training; conservation of biodiversity; eco-development; networking for environmental education; adapting to different geographic, culture, social and economic contexts built into the basic design of programmes and material; CEE in association with the Environmental Law Institue, Washington DC, has launched a project for capacity building of judiciary in Uttar Pradesh with funding from the Ford Foundation. The objective is to help the judiciary plan an informed and effective role in protecting the environment and upholding and strengthening environmental law in India.

2.12 G. B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development

G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development was established in August 1988, at Kosi-Katarmal, Almora, as an autonomous institute of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. The Institute is identified as a focal agency, to advance scientific knowledge, to evolve integrated management strategies, demonstrate their efficacy for conservation of natural resources and to ensure environmentally sound development in the entire Indian Himalayan Region (IHR). Apart from undertaking research and technology development and/or demonstration on its own, the Institute has established linkages with National and International Organizations committed to environment and development linked issues in the mountain regions. The Institute has been recognized as a nodal agency for research and development programs in the Indian Himalaya by the Planning Commission, the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, and many International organizations. All R&D activities of the Institute are essentially multi-disciplinary in nature, and based on a conscious effort to interlink natural and social sciences to promote sustainable development. The vision and area of operation of the institute are as follows:

  • To undertake in-depth research and development studies on environmental problems of the Indian Himalayan Region.

  • To identify and strengthen the local knowledge of the environment and contribute towards strengthening researches of regional relevance in the scientific institutions, Universities/NGOs and Voluntary agencies working in the Himalayan region, through interactive networking.

  • To evolve and demonstrate suitable technological packages and delivery systems for sustainable development of the region in harmony with local perceptions.

Chapter 3



3.1 Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE)

  1. Enhancing Productivity of Forests

  • Developed cost-effective micro-propagation protocols for mass propagation of Dendrocalamus strictus, Bambusa arundinacea, B. arundinacea var. gigantean, D. membranaceous, B. nutans and Oxytenanthera stocksii.

  • Standardized in-vitro propagation methods for mature tissues of Azadirachta indica.

  • Rejuvenated difficult to root clones of E. tereticornis and E. camaldulensis rejuvenated and 10% rooting achieved. Methods developed for the micro-propagation of tropical hybrid Eucalyptus urophylla X E. grandis.

  • Maintained germplasm bank for 400 clones of Poplar (Populus deltoides) for tree improvement studies.

  • Identified twelve clones of Casuarina equisetifolia, as superior performers, selected for fingerprinting using RAPD and AFLP techniques. Developed DNA finger printing for molecular base characterization of germplasm of - Pine, Shisham and Eucalyptus.

  • Identified 1156 plus trees of neem in different agro-climatic zones of Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh and Orissa.

  • Standardized the clonal propagation technology for mass multiplying the high yielding neem tree.

  • Standardized a procedure for rapid multiplication of Dalbergia sissoo (Shisham) through axillary bud proliferation and clonal propagation technology and micro-propagation package for teak has to produce high quality-planting stock.

  • Selected twenty outstanding clones each of Casuarina equisetifolia and
    C. junghuhniana sub-sp. timoresnsis and vegetatively propagated in a hybridization garden.

  • Developed molecular cataloguing of 36 plus trees of teak from 11 states of India and one allied species (Tectona hamiltoniana Wall) endemic to Myanmar using RAPD markers.

  • Developed in-vitro shoot proliferation mehods for large-scale multiplication of mature clumps of Bambusa nutans and Dendrocalamus giganteus.

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