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C. FORESTRY EDUCATION

  • ICFRE should be declared as an apex body to standardize and certify quality education in the field of forestry in consultation with UGC, ICAR etc.

  • Syllabus across universities should be made uniform with adequate emphasis on field skills. Syllabus review should develop backward linkages with job requirements.

  • Specialized courses should be offered in all forestry programmes in collaboration with other institutions/organizations/industries.

  • Inter-linkages amongst the universities, institutions and industries should be improved by an annual meet of faculty of all concerned universities, representatives from related institutions, industries, SFDs, UGC, ICAR and ICFRE.

  • Forestry should be allowed as an optional subject in various competitive examinations (particularly civil services).

  • All universities and institutes offering courses in forestry should have active Placement Cells.

  • Link forestry education with forestry research to provide latest technical inputs and advances.

  • A post of National Training Coordinator needs to be created to facilitate assessment of the training requirements.Effort should be made to linked forestry education with forestry research by the institutions.

  • Private, Government and Non-Government organizations should recruit forestry professionals for pursuing forestry activities.

  • Some percentage of posts in state forest services and rangers should be reserved for graduates in forestry.



  • Research fellowships should be provided by ICFRE on the pattern of ICAR.



  • There should be synergy between UG/PG forestry curricula followed by Universities and IFS/SFS/Rangers training programmes for better integration of the education standards at different levels.

  • Uniform UG course curricula at national level has been developed by the ICAR . ICFRE should encourage all the forestry educational institutes to adopt this to bring uniformity in knowledge base of the forestry graduates.

  • Ample opportunities for training of faculty in new emerging areas at national and international institutes for the advancement of education and research in forestry should be created.

  • There should be very strong linkages between universities and different forest based industries so as to create opportunities for industrial training/internship of the students as well as employment avenues. Identify sectors/institutes for the placement of students for practical training/internship (5-6 months).

  • Appropriate mechanisms for exchange of faculty among institutions imparting forestry education should be developed.

D. FORESTRY EXTENSION

  • Van Vigyan Kendras (VVKs) on the analogy of Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) for operationalization and transfer of technology should be established.

  • Mini mission projects in forestry (on the analogy of horticulture mission) for developing focused strategies of research, development and extension in specialized areas of forestry like non-wood forest products, timber engineering, wood composites, agroforestry, plantation forestry etc should be launched.

  • The task of conservation cannot be undertaken without partnership between various sectors of the society. Therefore, a holistic partnership package involving various levels of the society should be encouraged/developed.

  • Involvement and commitment of all stakeholders, especially landholders, in forest conservation and management, towards the development of national program on priority species should be encouraged and supported.

  • Regular interaction between the forest conservation and Forestry Research Institute should be encouraged for sharing experiences.

  • Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) which are now present in every district of India should be geared up for providing right information/material to the forestry community for afforestation work.

  • Publication of brochures/ bulletins should be made in local/regional languages.

  • Documentary films/street plays and other educational mass communication programmes should be developed/ conducted by the state governments.

E. ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH

  • Systematic research to evaluate the impacts of pollution and climate change on freshwater resources needs to be commissioned to evaluate the impacts of climate change on glaciers and river flows. Research based integrated approaches need to be developed for management of river basins taking into account the upstream and downstream seasonal inflows and withdrawals, land and water interface, pollution loads, and natural regenerating capacities of the rivers.

  • Research is also required to study and mitigate the impacts of river valley projects, power plants and industries on riverine and estuarine flora and fauna.

  • The present policy and legislative prescriptions need to be analyzed, researched and adjusted to be in tune with the changing developmental perspectives and scientific knowledge. Such analysis will also be used to develop synergies between different statutes and to remove obsolescence, as also to decide upon the degree of decentralization of the particular statute.

  • Research studies may also be launched to streamline the processes and procedures for statutory environmental clearances. Also, Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification needs to be reviewed and analyzed with a view to making the underlying approach holistic to provide protection to the composite coastal ecological system.

  • Research studies need to be commissioned to ascertain risks posed by LMOs to the ecological resources with a view to defining safe processes and procedures for introduction of LMOs.

  • Scientific substantiation and validation of traditional land use practices need to be done on priority followed by effective demonstration and extension projects with the overall aim of arresting degradation of soils and improving productivity of desert ecosystems. Research needs to be initiated to develop workable multi-stakeholder partnership for adoption of science-based, traditional and sustainable land use practices with a view to optimizing production. Research based modules for increasing green cover in desert ecosystems incorporating the traditional knowledge need to be developed.

  • Research studies on mountain ecosystems are required to be commissioned to develop best practices norms for infrastructure development, housing, other developmental activities, and for participation of local community in ecotourism activities.

  • Policy research needs to be initiated to effect statutory reforms to incentivize the use of renewable energy technologies, decentralization of energy generation and distribution, and use of bio-diesel to gradually replace fossil fuel. Research also needs to be accelerated to develop technology for reducing transmission losses, and bringing down cost of solar photovoltaic cells. Research studies need to be initiated to indicate regulatory shortcomings and to recommend efficient pricing of fossil fuel based energy. Research and development is also required for development of low cost technologies for sewage treatment. Research based models of sewage treatment, and solid waste disposal to be financed and managed by local community should be developed.

F. ENVIRONMENT EDUCATION AND TRAINING

  • Preparation of an overall training plan based on the periodic assessment of the training need in all sub–sectors at all levels to support regulations during the five tear plan period (for all scientific and technical fields related to forestry and wildlife management, monitoring of stack emissions, ambient air quality, wastewater, hazardous wastes, other toxic emissions, assessment of pollution load, development of action plans, environmental regulations formulation of guideline, health risk assessment policy statements and laws). The existing capacities of all the individuals in different functional areas at different levels of the organization - like use of equipments, monitoring, data and information generation, field assessment, information dissemination, development of action plans, policy formulation -- should be assessed periodically in line with the policy goals.

  • The training plan should include definite objectives, output and target groups for all the sub-sectors

  • Develop evaluation system for all training programmes conducted by all institutes in terms of quality, outputs obtained. Develop framework for post training evaluation and quality assurance of training programmes. Develop indicators for assessing impact of training on skill building and enhancement.

  • Need resources for augmentation of high skill personnel in CPCB, SPCBs.

  • Develop institutional network and a formal protocol to engage with the research/educational institutions, scientific community, laboratories, public agencies to source credible science and information and field experience to support regulatory action. Also develop an active plan for implementation to strengthen the technical capabilities of institutions and organizations selected for training. Develop annual plans to make the targets achievable.

  • A web based platform needs to be created for networking of various institutions for increasing the knowledge and skill base of all institutes and for dissemination of information and science. Encourage distance learning. Assess the need for information and communication technology.

  • Initiate curriculum development, guidance material to reflect the emerging science and regulatory best practices.

  • CPCB should create guidelines for training of regulators and trainers involved in pollution control and management and health risk assessment.

  • Special programmes should be created for high skill training of senior and field staff and trainers needed for advanced sophisticated monitoring techniques and analysis.

  • Development of training programmes to strengthen the capacity of the panchayats and JFM societies to monitor and manage forestry resources and facilitate data generation on use and regeneration of forest and biodiversity resources. ICFRE and other related institutions must strengthen their system and create training modules and programmes to enable this. Managerial and field inputs should be integrated. Create a time bound plan which ensures wide coverage of these local bodies across the country.

  • Develop training modules and programmes customized to meet the training needs of the urban local bodies and also the panchayats that are expected to play an increasing role in implementation of the environmental laws and regulations for pollution control and EIA assessment. Managerial and field inputs should be integrated. Create a time bound plan which ensures wide coverage of these local bodies across the country.

  • Create a well-structured scientific advisory for all sub sectors to guide the formulations of the training programmes.

G. TRAINING AND CAPACITY BUILDING

  • Consolidate training initiatives of the Central Government and expand the same to cover all stakeholders. Present scattered initiatives may be transformed into a structured composite scheme of the MoEF.

  • Management oriented research topics should flow from IGNFA/DFE in consultation with various stakeholders including the government. IGNFA should establish a Research Cell to achieve this objective.

  • Research may focus on realistic issues like HRD, Crime Investigation etc.

  • The Sub Group may consider modalities of identification of issues, approval mechanism and networking framework to involve stakeholders.

  • Create linkages between training programmes and regulatory development process to ensure that training is consistent with the regulatory action.

  • Build skills for research, monitoring, data generation, regulatory impact assessment, compliance assurance, public consultation etc related tasks.

  • Assess the ways to work with other concerned scientific agencies and other
    stakeholders within and outside the government sector to expand and build capacity for training of the staff and the trainers. Develop institutional network and a formal protocol to engage with the research/educational institutes, scientific community, civil society groups, laboratories, etc to source credible science and information and field experience to support regulatory action.

  • Assessment of curriculum development, guidance materials for regulatory development, use of traditional method of training and also newer methods involving information and communication technology, distance learning etc. Also link training with information management. Create benchmark for quality assessment.

  • Bringing out a regular newsletter to keep the filed foresters up to date with the latest developments.

  • Availability of information from the research and documentation center upon payment by field officers. Such payments will ensure financial viability of the center.

  • Identification of nodal persons in each state to liaison with the Centre e.g., DFO Research / State Silviculturist).

  • Flow of funding for research on project basis to states (DFO Research/State Silviculurist) through ICFRE.

  • Exchange programme between ICFRE and state research institutions.

  • Exchange of information on initiatives through seminars and workshops cutting across Ministeries. 

  • Formulating joint projects and working together on issues of common interests.

  • Jointly setting priorities for implementation and research in the sector.

  • Setting up an empowered joint consultative mechanism to ensure greater inter ministry co-operation and information sharing.

  • Focused funding on prioritized areas to institutions outside government set up.

  • Engage such folk taxonomists, ecologists and scientists in a dialogue that will feed into decision making at the policy level.

  • Establish a network of such scientists etc., so that the work being carried out by them and their research finding are disseminated across the government institutions. This will ensure that their work feeds into and builds up on the work done by the government institutes.

  • Organize training programmes under the supervision of these scientists so that a larger audience can benefit from their experience.

  • Offer trainings and other capacity building measures specifically targeted to these scientists outside the government.

  • Offer newsletter and other publications of government institutions to institutions outside the government at subsidized costs.

H. INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

  • Data on socio-economic parameters in addition to physical data.

  • Development of standard modules at each level for processing and easy analysis.

  • Structuring of information flow at different levels needs to be worked out in consultation with NIC.

  • Organizing the existing information available with the SFDs and other departments / organizations.

  • Building the capacity of the staff of the SFDs upto range level in data collection and compilation including handling of GPS to collect spatial data and enter into Computers.

  • Also build capacity of the local community for monitoring NTFP harvest and collecting data.

  • Equipping around 800 forest divisions and 4000 ranges in the country with Computers and Handheld GPS by the end of XIth Five Year Plan period.

  • Requirement of developing an Intra Government Portal for data sharing.

  • FSI to be developed as a Nodal Center for all forestry related data and linked with SFDs with help of NIC.

  • National organizations like FSI which are responsible for collection, compilation and analysis of primary data on various parameters of forest resource needs to be strengthened.

  • ICFRE is also to suitably equipped for collection of research/ non-spatial data.

  • Develop proper mechanism for flow of information from National organizations to state and vice versa.

  • Suitable policy for easy and transparent access to information and data to other users.

Annexure 1

Constitution of the Working Group on Research, education, training, capacity building and information management for the Environment & Forests Sector for the eleventh Five-Year Plan (2007-2012)

1

Secretary, Ministry of Environment & Forest, New Delhi

Chairman

2

Principal Adviser (E&F), Planning Commission

Member

3

Secretary, Deptt. of Biotechology

Member

4

Secretary, Deptt. of Science & Technology

Member

5

Director General Forests & Special Secretary, MOEF

Member

6

Director General, ICFRI, Dehradun

Member-Secretary

7

Dr. S S Negi, Director, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Member-Convener

8

Dr. D Pandey Director, Forest Survey of India, Dehradun

Member

9

Director-General, ICAR

Member

10

Director General, CSIR, New Delhi

Member

11

Chairman, UGC, New Delhi

Member

12

Vice Chancellor, YS Parmar University, Solan (HP)

Member

13

Director, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources

Member

14

Dr. P.S. Roy, Dy. Director, NRSA, Hydrabad

Member

15

Prof. C.R.Babu, ICEMDE, Delhi University

Member

16

Dr.Ulhas Karanth, Wildlife Conservation Society India, Banglore

Member

17

Shri Kartikeya Sarabhai, Director, CEE, Ahmedabad

Member

18

Shri B K P Sinha, Director Amity School of Natural Resources

Member

19

Dr. K.A. Singh, Director, Fodder Research Inst. Jhansi

Member

20

Dr. P Neema, Dy Sir & Head, APC Div NEERI

Member

21

Representative of Centre for Science and Environment, N.Delhi

Member

22

Director, IPIRTI, Bangalore

Member

23

Representative of the Energy & Resources Institute, N.Delhi

Member

24

Dr. P. J. Dilip Kumar, PCCF Karnataka

Member

25

Advisor ((EE), MOEF)

Member

26

Joint Advisor (E&F), Planning Commission

Member

27

Director (Forestry), Planning Commission

Member

28

Director, WII, Dehradun

Member

29

Dr. Lalit Pande, Almora

Member

30

Dr. S R Shetye, Dona Paula, Goa

Member

31

Dr. Sharad Lele, Banglore

Member

32

Dr. C S Rathore, Bhopal

Member

33

Dr. Erach Bharucha, Bharati Vidhyapeeth, Pune

Member

34

Dr. Jaishree Sharma, NCERT, New Delhi

Member

35

Dr. K.S. Swaminath, CCF Karnatka Forest Deptt.

Member

36

Dr. K.D. Singh ex-FAO Sr. Forestry Officer, ATREE, Delhi

Member

37

Director, IIFM, Bhopal

Member

38

Director, IGNFA, Dehradun

Member


Terms of Reference of Working Group will be as follows:

  1. To make a critical review of the achievements in the field of environment and forestry research & education with special reference to the programmes undertaken in the sectors in tenth five plan. This will include evaluation of the outcomes of the programmes.

  2. To evaluate adequacy and recommend strategy and approach for management of research, education & training with reference to target groups, specific areas and infrastructural development, in the field of Forestry & Wildlife, Environment and Animal Welfare. This may also include the problems of private and public sector activities for research back up.

  3. Examine possibilities of uploading all environmental information accessible to the public under the Right to Information Act on a public web site.

  4. Review proposals for establishment of data and information base for understanding, assessment, planning and monitoring of the sectors at local, state and national level on various spatial and temporal scales. This will also include establishment of a national network for the forest biodiversity as well as other environmental information.

  5. Recommend a strategy for implementing the recommendation of the National Curriculum Framework Review 2005 that the knowledge on environmental parameters generated through student projects on environment be used to create a publicly accessible database on Indian environment

  6. Recommend a strategy for greater involvement of folk taxonomists, ecologists and scientists outside the Government institutions in forestry, wildlife and environment research.

  7. Recommend guiding principles for deciding the research priorities based on the global commitments on conservation and nation needs.

  8. Suggest measures for ensuring effectives coordination the field of forestry research in the State Sector with ICAR/ICFRE system.

  9. Examine the existing system of forest education in the states/ country and scope of linkages between management and conservation research. This will include the existing forestry education paradigm in the universities, management institutions and its utility in career planning.

  10. Suggest measures for effective coordination between the scientific Ministries / Departments of the Govt. of India who are also dealing with environment & forestry related activities.

Annexure 2

F. No. 225/DRI/2006

Dated 25 September 2006

OFFICE MEMORANDUM

The Planning Commission vide its office order number M-3033/1/2006-E&F Dated 21.08. 2006 has constituted a Working Group on Research, Education, Training, Capacity Building and Information Management for the Environment and Forest Sector for the Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007-2012) under the chairmanship of Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forests.

Keeping in view the enormity of the exercise and diversity of issues involved, the Chairman has desired that to assist the Working Group in preparation of its report, it is essential to allocate specific subjects for thorough deliberations thereon to four Sub Groups. The subjects assigned to the Sub Groups are as under:


  1. Sub Group I : ‘Forestry Research, Education and Extension’

  2. Sub Group II : ‘Environment Research, Education and Extension’

  3. Sub Group III : ‘Training and Capacity Building’

  4. Sub Group IV : ‘Information Management’

Constitution of the Sub Groups along with TORs assigned to each Sub Group are as follows:

Sub Group on Forestry Research, Education and Extension

Dr. S. S. Negi, Director, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun Chairman

Dr. K. A. Singh, Director, Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi Member

Director, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources Member

Vice Chancellor, Y. S. Parmar University, Solan (HP) or his Member

Representative

Director, IPIRTI, Bangalore Member

Representative of Director General ICFRE Member

Representative of Director General ICAR Member

Representative of Director General CSIR Member

Representative of CII Special Invitee

Dr. A. K. Hooda, Group Coordinator Research FRI, Dehradun Special Invitee

Shri Ajay Kumar Lal, Dean, FRI Deemed University, Dehradun Special Invitee
Terms of Reference


  1. Make a critical review of the achievements in the field of forestry research, extension and education with special reference to the programmes undertaken in the sectors in the Tenth Five Year Plan. This will include evaluation of the outcomes of the programmes.

  2. Evaluate adequacy and recommend strategy and approach for management of research, with reference to target groups, specific areas and infrastructural development, in the field of Forestry and Wildlife, and Animal Welfare. This may also include the problems of private and public sector activities for research back up.

  3. Recommend guiding principles for deciding the research priorities based on the global commitments on conservation and national needs

  4. Examine the existing system of forest education in the States and country as a whole, and the scope and possibility of linkages between management and conservation research. This will include the existing forestry education system in the universities, management institutions and its utility in career planning.

Sub Group on Environment Research, Education and Extension

Director, Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal Chairman

Shri B. K. P. Sinha, Director Amity School of Natural Resources Member

Prof. C. R.Babu, ICEMDE, Delhi University Member

Shri Kartikeya Sarabhai, Director, CEE, Ahmedabad Member

Dr. Erach Bharucha, Bharati Vidhyapeeth, Pune Member

Dr. Jaishree Sharma, NCERT, New Delhi Member

Dr. P. Neema, Deputy Director and Head, APC Division NEERI Member

Representative of Director General, ICFRE, Dehradun Member

Dr. Kanchan Chopra, Institute of Economic Growth , New Delhi Special Invitee

Dr. N. S. Bisht Head RSM Division FRI Dehradun Special Invitee

Dr. R. Mehta, Advisor, MoEF Special Invitee



Terms of Reference

  1. Make a critical review of the achievements in the field of environment research, education and environment with special reference to the programmes undertaken in the sectors in Tenth Five Year Plan. This will include evaluation of the outcomes of the programmes.

  2. Recommend a strategy for implementing the recommendations of the National Curriculum Framework Review 2005 that the knowledge on environmental parameters generated through student projects on environment could be used to create a publicly accessible database on Indian environment

  3. Recommend guiding principles for deciding the research priorities based on the global commitments on environmental conservation and national needs.

Sub Group on Training and Capacity Building

Director, IGNFA, Dehradun Chairman

Director, WII, Dehradun or his Representative Member

Dr.Ulhas Karanth, Wildlife Conservation Society India, Bangalore Member

Dr. K. S. Swaminath, CCF Karnataka Forest Department Member

Representative of The Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi Member

Ms. Anumita Roychowdhary, Centre for Science and Environment, Member

Representative of Director General ICFRE Special Invitee

Shri A. K. Goyal, DIG ( RT ) MoEF Special Invitee

Terms of Reference


  1. Examine the existing system of forestry training in the States and the country as a whole and the scope and possibility of linkages between management and conservation research.

  2. Suggest measures for ensuring effectives coordination in the field of forestry research in the States with ICAR/ICFRE system.

  3. Suggest measures for effective coordination between the scientific Ministries/ Departments of the Government of India who are also dealing with environment and forestry related activities.

  4. Recommend a strategy for greater involvement of folk taxonomists, ecologists and scientists outside the Government institutions in forestry, wildlife and environment research.

Sub Group on Information Management

Dr. D. Pandey Director General, Forest Survey of India, Dehradun Chairman

Dr. K. D. Singh ex-FAO Sr. Forestry Officer, ATREE, Delhi Member

Dr. P. S. Roy, Deputy Director, NRSA, Hyderabad Member

Dr. Lalit Pande, Almora Member

Dr. S. R. Shetye, NIO, Dona Paula, Goa Member

Dr. Sharad Lele, Bangalore Member

Dr. C. S. Rathore, IIFM, Bhopal Member

Shri Kiran Karmic, President, NASSCOM ,New Delhi Special Invitee

Representative of Director General ICFRE Special Invitee

Shri Sanjay Gehlout, Senior Technical Director, NIC, MoEF Special Invitee

Terms of Reference


  1. Examine possibilities of uploading all environmental information accessible to the public under the Right to Information Act on a public website.

  2. Review proposals for establishment of data and information base for understanding, assessment, planning and monitoring of the environment and forest sector at local, State and national level on various spatial and temporal scales. This will also include establishment of a national network for the forest biodiversity as well as other environmental information.

Each Sub Group is expected to deliberate on the assigned subject thoroughly with respect to the corresponding TORs and submit its report to the Chairman of the Working Group in due course. Meeting of the Working Group has been scheduled for 27.10.2006 at 1100 hrs in Paryavaran Bhavan under the Chairmanship of Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forests. The Sub Groups are requested to initiate deliberations at the earliest, and are advised to present salient features of their deliberations in the full Meeting of Working Group on 27.10.2006.

This issues with the approval of the Chairman, Working Group.



( Dr. S. S. Negi )

Director, Forest Research Institute and Member Convener

Dehradun

To


All members and Special Invitees of the Working Group

Annexure 3



Abbreviations

A&R

Afforestation & Reforestation

APFSIAN

Asia Pacific Forest Invasive Species Network

CDM

Clean Development mechanism

DOE

Designated Operational entity

EIA

Environmental Impact assessment

EMP

Environmental management Plan

FAO

Food & Agricultural Organisation

FDA

Forest development

FSI

Forest Survey of India

FYP

Five year Plan

GIS

Geographic Information System

GPS

Global Positioning system

ICAR

Indian Council of Agricultural research

ICFRE

Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education

IGNFA

Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy

IIFM

Indian Institute of Forest Management

IPIRTI

Indian Plywood Industries Research & Training Institute

IT

Information Technology

JFM

Joint Forest Mangement

KVK

Krishi Vikas Kendra

MoEF

Ministry of Environment & Forests

NAEB

National Afforestation & Eco-Restoration Board

NFDMC

National Forest Data Management Centre

NGO

Non Government Organisation

NTFP

Non Timber Forest Product

PISFR

Preinvestment Survey of Forest Resources

SAU

State Agricultural University

SFD

State Forest Department

SFRI

State Forest Research Institute

TFI

Training and Forest Inventory

TOF

Tree Outside Forest

UGC

University Grant Commission

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

UT

Union Territory

VVK

Van Vigyan Kendra

WII

Wildlife Institute of India





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