The Project Gutenberg ebook of The Koran

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consulting the arrows,7 is impiety in you. Woe this day on those who forsake

your religion! And fear them not, but fear Me.

This day have I perfected your religion for you, and have filled up the

measure of my favours upon you: and it is my pleasure that Islam be your

religion; but whoso without wilful leanings to wrong shall be forced by

hunger to transgress, to him,verily, will God be Indulgent, Merciful.

They will ask thee what is made lawful for them. Say: Those things which are

good8 are legalised to you, and the prey of beasts of chase which ye have

trained like dogs, teaching them as God hath taught you. Eat, therefore, of

what they shall catch for you, and make mention of the name of God over it,

and fear God: Verily, Swift is God to reckon:
This day, things healthful are legalised to you, and the meats of those who

have received the Scriptures are allowed to you, as your meats are to them.

And you are permitted to marry virtuous women who are believers, and virtuous

women of those who have received the Scriptures before you, when you shall

have provided them their portions, living chastely with them without

fornication, and without taking concubines. Vain the works of him who shall

renounce the faith! and in the next world he shall be of the lost.
O Believers! when ye address yourselves to prayer, wash your faces, and your

hands up to the elbow, and wipe your heads, and your feet to the ankles.

And if ye have become unclean, then purify yourselves. But if ye are sick, or

on a journey, or if one of you come from the place of retirement, or if ye

have touched women, and ye find no water, then take clean sand and rub your

faces and your hands with it.9 God desireth not to lay a burden upon you, but

he desireth to purify you, and He would fill up the measure of His favour

upon you, that ye may be grateful.

And remember the favour of God upon you, and His covenant which He hath

covenanted with you, when ye said, "We have heard and will obey;"10 and fear

God; verily, God knoweth the very secrets of the breast.
O Believers! stand up as witnesses for God by righteousness: and let not ill-

will at any, induce you not to act uprightly. Act uprightly. Next will this

be to the fear of God. And fear ye God: verily, God is apprised of what ye

God hath promised to those who believe, and do the things that are right,

that for them is pardon and a great reward.
But they who are Infidels and treat our signs as lies�these shall be mated

with Hell fire.

O Believers! recollect God's favour upon you, when11 certain folk were minded

to stretch forth their hands against you, but He kept their hands from you.

Fear God then: and on God let the faithful trust.
Of old did God accept the covenant of the children of Israel,12 and out of

them we raised up twelve leaders, and God said, "Verily, I will be with you.

If ye observe prayer and pay the obligatory alms, and believe in my Apostles

and help them, and lend God a liberal loan, I will surely put away from you

your evil deeds, and I will bring you into gardens 'neath which the rivers

flow! But whoso of you after this believeth not, hath gone astray from the

even path."
But for their breaking their covenant we have cursed them, and have hardened

their hearts. They shift the words of Scripture from their places, and have

forgotten part of what they were taught. Thou wilt not cease to discover

deceit on their part, except in a few of them. But forgive them, and pass it

over: verily, God loveth those who act generously!
And of those who say, "We are Christians," have we accepted the covenant. But

they too have forgotten a part of what they were taught; wherefore we have

stirred up enmity and hatred among them that shall last till the day of the

Resurrection; and in the end will God tell them of their doings.

O people of the Scriptures! now is our Apostle come to you to clear up to you

much that ye concealed of those Scriptures, and to pass over many things. Now

hath a light and a clear Book come to you from God, by which God will guide

him who shall follow after his good pleasure, to paths of peace, and will

bring them out of the darkness to the light, by his will: and to the straight

path will he guide them.

Infidels now are they who say, "Verily God is the Messiah Ibn Maryam (son of

Mary)! SAY: And who could aught obtain from God, if he chose to destroy the

Messiah Ibn Maryam, and his mother, and all who are on the earth together?
For with God is the sovereignty of the Heavens and of the Earth, and of all

that is between them! He createth what He will; and over all things is God

Say the Jews and Christians, "Sons are we of God and his beloved." SAY: Why

then doth he chastise you for your sins? Nay! ye are but a part of the men

whom he hath created! He will pardon whom he pleaseth, and chastise whom he

pleaseth, and with God is the sovereignty of the Heavens and of the Earth,

and of all that is between them, and unto Him shall all things return.
O people of the Book! now hath our Apostle come to you to clear up to you the

cessation13 of Apostles, lest you should say, "There hath come to us no

bearer of good tidings, nor any warner." But now hath a bearer of good

tidings and a warner reached you. And God is Almighty.

And remember when Moses said to his people, "O my people! call to mind the

goodness of God towards you when he appointed Prophets among you, and

appointed you kings, and gave you what never had been given before to any

human beings:

Enter, O my people! the holy land which God hath destined for you. Turn not

back, lest ye be overthrown to your ruin."

They said, "O Moses! Therein are men of might. And verily, we can by no means

enter it till they be gone forth. But if they go forth from it, then verily

will we enter in."
Then said two men of those who feared their Lord and to whom God had been

gracious, "Enter in upon them by the gate: and when ye enter it, ye overcome!

If ye be believers, put ye your trust in God."
They said, "O Moses! never can we enter while they remain therein. Go thou

and thy Lord and fight; for here will we sit us down."

He said, "O my Lord, Verily of none am I master but of myself and my brother:

put thou therefore a difference between us and this ungodly people."

He said, "Verily the land shall be forbidden them forty years: they shall

wander in the earth perplexed. Fret not thyself therefore for the ungodly

Relate to them exactly the story of the sons of Adam14 when they each offered

an offering; accepted from the one of them, and not accepted from the other.

The one said, "I will surely slay thee." Said the other, "God only accepted

from those that fear Him.

"Even if thou stretch forth thine hand against me to slay me, I will not

stretch forth my hand against thee to slay thee. Truly I fear God the Lord of

the Worlds.
"Yea, rather would I that thou shouldest bear my sin15 and thine own sin, and

that thou become an inmate of the Fire: for that is the recompense of the

unjust doers."
And his passion led him to slay his brother: and he slew him; and he became

one of those who perish.

And God sent a raven which scratched upon the ground, to shew him16 how he

might hide his brother's wrong.17 He said: "O woe is me! am I too weak to

become like this raven, and to hide away my brother's wrong?" And he became

one of the repentant.

For this cause have we ordained to the children of Israel that he who slayeth

any one, unless it be a person guilty of manslaughter, or of spreading

disorders in the land, shall be as though he had slain all mankind; but that

he who saveth a life, shall be as though he had saved all mankind alive.18

Of old our Apostles came to them with the proofs of their mission; then

verily after this most of them committed excesses in the land.

Only, the recompense of those who war against God and his Apostle, and go

about to commit disorders on the earth, shall be that they shall be slain or

crucified, or have their alternate hands and feet cut off, or be banished the

land: This their disgrace in this world, and in the next a great torment

shall be theirs�
Except those who, ere you have them in your power, shall repent; for know

that God is Forgiving, Merciful.

O ye who believe! fear God. Desire union with Him. Contend earnestly on his

path, that you may attain to happiness.

As to the infidels�if that they had twice the riches of the earth to be their

ransom from torment on the day of resurrection, it should not be accepted

from them! And a dolorous torment shall be their's.
Fain would they come forth from the Fire; but forth from it they shall not

come: and a lasting torment shall be their's.

As to the thief, whether man or woman, cut ye off their hands in recompense

for their doings.19 This is a penalty by way of warning from God himself. And

God is Mighty, Wise.
But whoever shall turn him to God after this his wickedness, and amend, God

truly will be turned to him: for God is Forgiving, Merciful.

Knowest thou not that the sovereignty of the Heavens and of the Earth is

God's? He chastiseth whom He will, and whom He will He forgiveth. And God

hath power over all things.
O Apostle! let not those who vie with one another in speeding to infidelity

vex thee;�of those who say with their mouths, "We believe," but whose hearts

believe not;�or of the Jews listeners to a lie�listeners to others�but who

come not to thee. They shift the words of the law from their places, and say,

"If this be brought to you, receive it; but if this be not brought to you,

then beware of it." For him whom God would mislead, thou canst in no wise

prevail with God! They whose hearts God shall not please to cleanse, shall

suffer disgrace in this world, and in the next a grievous punishment;

Listeners to a falsehood and greedy devourers of the forbidden!20 If,

therefore, they have recourse to thee, then judge between them, or withdraw

from them. If thou withdraw from them, then can they have no power to injure

thee. But if thou judge, then judge between them with equity. Verily, God

loveth those who deal equitably.
But how shall they make thee their judge, since they possess already the Law,

in which are the behests of God, and have not obeyed it? After this, they

will turn their backs; but such are not believers.
Verily, we have sent down the law (Towrat) wherein are guidance and light. By

it did the prophets who professed Islam judge the Jews; and the doctors and

the teachers judged by that portion of the Book of God, of which they were

the keepers and the witnesses. Therefore, O Jews! fear not men but fear Me;

and barter not away my signs for a mean price! And whoso will not judge by

what God hath sent down�such are the Infidels.

And therein21 have we enacted for them, "Life for life, and eye for eye, and

nose for nose, and ear for ear, and tooth for tooth, and for wounds

retaliation:"�Whoso shall compromise it as alms shall have therein the

expiation of his sin; and whoso will not judge by what God hath sent down�

such are the transgressors.
And in the footsteps of the prophets caused we Jesus, the son of Mary, to

follow, confirming the law which was before him: and we gave him the Evangel

with its guidance and light, confirmatory of the preceding Law; a guidance

and warning to those who fear God;�

And that the people of the Evangel may judge according to what God hath sent

down therein. And whoso will not judge by what God hath sent down�such are

the perverse.
And to thee we have sent down the Book of the Koran with truth, confirmatory

of previous Scriptures, and their safeguard. Judge therefore between them by

what God hath sent down, and follow not their desires by deserting the truth

which hath come unto thee. To every one of you have we given a rule and a

beaten track.
And if God had pleased He had surely made you all one people; but He would

test you by what He hath given to each. Be emulous, then, in good deeds. To

God shall ye all return, and He will tell you concerning the subjects of your


Wherefore do thou judge between them, by what God hath sent down, and follow

not their wishes! but be on thy guard against them lest they beguile thee

from any of those precepts which God hath sent down to thee; and if they turn

back, then know thou that for some of their crimes doth God choose to punish

them: for truly most men are perverse.
Desire they, therefore, the judgments of the times of(pagan) ignorance? But

what better judge can there be than God for those who believe firmly?

O Believers! take not the Jews or Christians22 as friends. They are but one

another's friends. If any one of you taketh them for his friends, he surely

is one of them! God will not guide the evil doers.
So shalt thou see the diseased at heart speed away to them, and say, "We fear

lest a change of fortune befall us." But haply God will of himself bring

about some victory or event of His own ordering: then soon will they repent

them of their secret imaginings.

Then will the faithful say, "What! are these they who swore, by their most

solemn oath, that they were surely with you?" Vain their works; and

themselves shall come to ruin.
O ye who believe! should any of you desert His religion, God will then raise

up a people loved by Him, and loving Him, lowly towards the faithful, haughty

towards the Infidels. For the cause of God will they contend, and not fear

the blame of the blamer. This is the Grace of God! On whom He will He

bestoweth it! God is Vast, Omniscient!
Verily, your protector is God and His Apostle, and those who believe, who

observe prayer, and pay the alms of obligation, and who bow in worship.

And whoso take God and His Apostle, and those who believe for friends, they

truly are the people of God; they shall have the upper hand.

O ye who believe! take not such of those who have received the Scriptures

before you, as scoff and jest at your religion, or the Infidels, for your

friends, but fear God if ye are believers:
Nor those who when ye call to prayer, make it an object of raillery and

derision. This they do because they are a people who understand not.

SAY:23 O people of the Book! do ye not disavow us only because we believe in

God, and in what He hath sent down to us, and in what He hath sent down

aforetime, and because most of you are doers of ill?
SAY: Can I announce to you any retribution worse than that which awaiteth

them with God? They whom God hath cursed and with whom He hath been angry�

some of them hath He changed into apes and swine; and they who worship

Thagout are in evil plight, and have gone far astray from the right path!

When they presented themselves to you they said, "We believe;" but Infidels

they came in unto you, and Infidels they went forth! God well knew what they

Many of them shalt thou see hastening together to wickedness and malice, and

to eat unlawful things. Shame on them for what they have done!

Had not their doctors and teachers forbidden their uttering wickedness, and

their eating unlawful food, bad indeed would have been their doings!

"The hand of God," say the Jews, "is chained up."24 Their own hands shall be

chained up�and for that which they have said shall they be cursed. Nay!

outstretched are both His hands! At His own pleasure does He bestow gifts.

That which hath been sent down to thee from thy Lord will surely increase the

rebellion and unbelief of many of them; and we have put enmity and hatred

between them that shall last till the day of the Resurrection. Oft as they

kindle a beacon fire for war shall God quench it! and their aim will be to

abet disorder on the earth: but God loveth not the abettors of disorder.

But if the people of the Book believe and have the fear of God, we will

surely put away their sins from them, and will bring them into gardens of

delight: and if that they observe the law and the Evangel, and what hath been

sent down to them from their Lord, they shall surely have their fill of good

things from above them and from beneath their feet. Some there are among them

who act aright; but many of them�how evil are their doings!

O Apostle! proclaim all that hath been sent down to thee from thy Lord: for

if thou do it not, thou hast not proclaimed His message at all. And God will

protect thee from evil men: verily, God guideth not the unbelievers.
SAY: O people of the Book! ye have no ground to stand on, until ye observe

the Law and the Evangel, and that which hath been sent down to you from your

Lord.25 The Book which hath been sent down to thee from thy Lord will

certainly increase the rebellion and unbelief of many of them; but, be not

thou troubled for the unbelievers.
Verily, they who believe, and the Jews, and the Sabeites,26 and the

Christians�whoever of them believeth in God and in the last day, and doth

what is right, on them shall come no fear, neither shall they be put to

Of old we accepted the covenant of the children of Israel, and sent Apostles

to them. Oft as an Apostle came to them with that for which they had no

desire, some they treated as liars, and some they slew;27

And they reckoned that no harm would come of it:�but they became blind and

deaf! Then was God turned unto them: then many of them again became blind and

deaf! but God beheld what they did.
Infidels now are they who say, "God is the Messiah, Son of Mary;" for the

Messiah said, "O children of Israel! worship God, my Lord and your Lord."

Whoever shall join other gods with God, God shall forbid him the Garden, and

his abode shall be the Fire; and the wicked shall have no helpers.

They surely are Infidels who say, "God is the third of three:" for there is

no God but one God: and if they refrain not from what they say, a grievous

chastisement shall light on such of them as are Infidels.
Will they not, therefore, be turned unto God, and ask pardon of Him? since

God is Forgiving, Merciful!

The Messiah, Son of Mary, is but an Apostle; other Apostles have flourished

before him; and his mother was a just28 person: they both ate food.29 Behold!

how we make clear to them the signs! then behold how they turn aside!
SAY: Will ye worship, beside God, that which can neither hurt nor help? But

God! He only Heareth, Knoweth.

SAY: O people of the Book! outstep not bounds of truth in your religion;

neither follow the desires of those who have already gone astray, and who

have caused many to go astray, and have themselves gone astray from the

evenness of the way.

Those among the children of Israel who believed not were cursed by the tongue

of David,30 and of Jesus, Son of Mary. This, because they were rebellious,

and became transgressors: they forbade not one another the iniquity which

they wrought! detestable are their actions!

Thou shalt see many of them make friends of the infidels. Evil the actions

which their own passions have sent on beforehand; for God is angry with them,

and in torment shall they abide for ever:
But, if they had believed in God, and the Prophet, and the Koran which hath

been sent down to him, they had not taken them for their friends; but

perverse are most of them.
Of all men thou wilt certainly find the Jews, and those who join other gods

with God, to be the most intense in hatred of those who believe; and thou

shalt certainly find those to be nearest in affection to them who say, "We

are Christians." This, because some of them are priests and monks,31 and

because they are free from pride.
And when they hear that which hath been sent down to the Apostle, thou seest

their eyes overflow with tears at the truth they recognise therein, saying,

"O our Lord! we believe; write us down therefore with those who bear witness

to it.
And why should we not believe in God, and in the truth which hath come down

to us, and crave that our Lord would bring us into Paradise with the Just?"
Therefore hath God rewarded them for these their words, with gardens 'neath

which the rivers flow; they shall abide therein for ever: this the reward of

the righteous! But they who believe not and treat our signs as lies shall be

the inmates of Hell-fire.

O ye who believe! interdict not the healthful viands which God hath allowed

you; go not beyond this limit. God loveth not those who outstep it.32

And eat of what God hath given you for food, that which is lawful and

wholesome: and fear God, in whom ye believe.

God will not punish you for a mistaken word in your oaths: but he will punish

you in regard to an oath taken seriously.33 Its expiation shall be to feed

ten poor persons with such middling food as ye feed your own families with,

or to clothe them; or to set free a captive. But he who cannot find means,

shall fast three days. This is the expiation of your oaths when ye shall have

sworn. Keep then your oaths. Thus God maketh his signs clear to you, that ye

may give thanks.
O believers! surely wine and games of chance,34 and statues, and the divining

arrows, are an abomination of Satan's work! Avoid them, that ye may prosper.

Only would Satan sow hatred and strife among you, by wine and games of

chance, and turn you aside from the remembrance of God, and from prayer: will

ye not, therefore, abstain from them? Obey God and obey the Apostle, and be

on your guard: but if ye turn back, know that our Apostle is only bound to

deliver a plain announcement.
No blame shall attach to those who believe and do good works, in regard to

any food they have taken, in case they fear God and believe, and do the

things that are right, and shall still fear God and believe, and shall still

fear him, and do good; for God loveth those who do good.

O ye who believe! God will surely make trial of you with such game as ye may

take with your hands, or your lances, that God may know who feareth him in

secret: and whoever after this transgresseth, shall suffer a grievous


O believers!35 kill no game while ye are on pilgrimage. Whosoever among you

shall purposely kill it, shall comsent pensate for it in domestic animals of

equal value (according to the judgment of two just persons among you), to be

brought as an offering to the Caaba; or in expiation thereof shall feed the

poor; or as the equivalent of this shall fast, that he may taste the ill

consequence of his deed. God forgiveth what is past; but whoever doth it

again, God will take vengeance on him; for God is mighty and vengeance is

It is lawful for you to fish in the sea, and to eat fish, as provision for

you and for those who travel; but it is unlawful for you to hunt by land

while ye are still on pilgrimage: fear ye God, therefore, before whom ye

shall be assembled.
God hath appointed the Caaba,36 the sacred house, to be a station for

mankind, and the sacred month, and the offering, and its ornaments. This,

that ye may know that God knoweth all that is in the heavens and on the

earth, and that God hath knowledge of everything. Know that God is severe in

punishing, and that God is Forgiving, Merciful.
The Apostle is only bound to preach: and God knoweth what ye bring to light,

and what ye conceal.

SAY: The evil and the good shall not be valued alike, even though the

abundance of evil please thee; therefore fear God, O ye of understanding!

that it may be well with you.
O believers! ask us not of things which if they were told might only pain

you; but if ye ask of such things when the entire Koran shall have been sent

down, they will be declared to you: God will pardon you for this, for God is

Forgiving, Gracious. They who were before you, asked concerning such things,

and afterwards quickly disbelieved therein
God hath not ordained anything on the subject. of Bahira, or Saďba, or

Wasila, or Hami;37 but the unbelievers have invented this lie against God:

and most of them had no understanding.
And when it was said to them, "Accede to that which God hath sent down, and

to the Apostle:" they said, "Sufficient for us is the faith in which we found

our fathers." What! though their fathers knew nothing, and had no guidance?
O believers! take heed to yourselves.38 He who erreth shall not hurt you when

ye have the "guidance:" to God shall ye all return, and He will tell you that

which ye have done.
O believers! let there be witnesses between you, when death draweth nigh to

any of you, at the time of making the testament; two witnesses�just men from

among yourselves, or two others of a different tribe from yourselves�if ye be

journeying in the earth, and the calamity of death surprise you. Ye shall

shut them both up, after the prayer; and if ye doubt them, they shall swear

by God, "We will not take a bribe though the party be of kin to us, neither

will we conceal the testimony of God, for then we should be among the

But if it shall be made clear that both have been guilty of a falsehood, two

others of those who have convicted them thereof, the two nearest in blood

shall stand up in their place, and they shall swear by God, "Verily our

witness is more true than the witness of these two; neither have we advanced

anything untrue, for then should we be of the unjust."

Thus will it be easier for men to bear a true39 witness, or fear lest after

their oath another oath be given. Therefore fear God and hearken; for God

guideth not the perverse.
One day will God assemble the Apostles, and say, "What reply was made to

you?" They shall say, "We have no knowledge, but Thou art the Knower of

When He shall say: O Jesus! Son of Mary! call to mind my favour upon thee and

upon thy mother, when I strengthened thee with the Holy Spirit, that thou

shouldest speak40 to men alike in the cradle, and when grown up;�
And when I taught thee the Scripture, and Wisdom, and the Law, and the

Evangel: and thou didst create of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by

my leave, and didst breathe into it, and by my leave it became a bird; and

thou didst heal the blind and the leper, by my leave; and when, by my leave,

thou didst bring forth the dead; and when I withheld the children of Israel

from thee, when thou hadst come to them with clear tokens: and such of them

as believed not said, "This is nought but plain sorcery;"41
And when I revealed unto the Apostles, "Believe on me and on my Sent One,"

they said, "We believe; and bear thou witness that we are Muslims."

Remember when the Apostles42 said�"O Jesus, Son of Mary! is thy Lord able to

send down a furnished TABLE to us out of Heaven?" He said�"Fear God if ye be

They said�"We desire to eat therefrom, and to have our hearts assured; and to

know that thou hast indeed spoken truth to us, and to be witnesses thereof."

Jesus, Son of Mary, said�"O God, our Lord! send down a table to us out of

Heaven, that it may become a recurring festival to us, to the first of us and

to the last of us, and a sign from thee; and do thou nourish us, for thou art

the best of nourishers."

And God said�Verily, I will cause it to descend unto you; but whoever among

you after that shall disbelieve, I will surely chastise him with a

chastisement, wherewith I will not chastise any other creature.43
And when God shall say�"O Jesus, Son of Mary: hast thou said unto mankind�

'Take me and my mother as two Gods, beside God?"' He shall say�"Glory be unto

Thee! it is not for me to say that which I know to be not the truth; had I

said that, verily thou wouldest have known it: Thou knowest what is in me,

but I know not what is in Thee; for Thou well knowest things unseen!
"I spake not to them aught but that which thou didst bid me�'Worship God, my

Lord and your Lord;' and I was a witness of their actions while I stayed

among them; but since thou hast taken me to Thyself, Thou hast Thyself

watched them, and Thou art witness of all things:

"If Thou punish them, they are Thy servants, and if Thou forgive them. . .

.44 Thou, verily, art the Mighty, the Wise!"

God will say�This day shall their truth advantage the truthful. Gardens shall

they have 'neath which the rivers flow, and remain therein for ever: God is

well pleased with them and they with Him. This shall be the great bliss.
Unto God belongeth the sovereignty of the Heavens and of the Earth, and of

all that they contain; and He hath power over all things.

1 The garlands, etc., attached to the victims offered at Mecca.
2 When you have again returned to your common and everyday life by laying

aside the ihram, or pilgrim's robe. This generally consists of two pieces of

cotton, or linen, or woollen cloth, without seam or ornament, one of which is

wrapped round the loins, and the other thrown over the shoulders. The instep,

heel, and head must be bare.
3 The Koreisch sent to meet Muhammad, who was on his way to visit the Caaba

with 1400 men, at Hudaibiya (An. Hej. 6) to prohibit his nearer approach. A

truce for ten years was ultimately concluded.
4 By making war in the holy month.
5 Comp. Tract Cholin, c. 3.
6 Lit. on blocks or shafts of stone. These were set up by the pagan Arabs in

front of their houses for the purpose of sacrificing thereon. See Freytag's

Einl. p. 462, and Tr. Cholin, p. 39, 40, 41.
7 It was the custom to draw lots for joints of a camel with arrows, some

feathered and others unfeathered, kept for this purpose in the temple of

Mecca. See Pocock, Spec. Hist. Ar., under the word Hobal.
8 In the sense of sound, healthful.
9 Thus Talm. Tr. Berachoth, 46.
10 This refers to the oath of fidelity which Muhammad's followers took at Al

Akaba. Abulf. Vit.Moh.p.43.

11 It is quite uncertain to what events this refers. The commentators

narrate, and have doubtless invented, various incidents as having occasioned

12 Verses 15-38 belong probably to the period shortly before the taking of

Chaibar in the beginning of Hej. 7. It is remarkable that Muhammad, although

he has invented these twelve leaders of tribes, should nowhere mention the

number of the Apostles. There is no doubt, however, from the ancient

biographies, that he chose twelve assistants for the propagation of Islam.

See Gagnier, Vie de M. ii. xvi.

13 The space between the mission of different prophets.
14 Called by the Arabians Habeel and Kabeel. The dialogue between Cain and

Abel is slightly varied from that given in Targ. Jerus. on Gen. iv. 8, and

Jonath. Ben Uzziel.
15 Or, the sin against me, i.e. of slaying me.
16 In the Jewish tradition the raven shews the mode of burial to Adam, not to

Cain. Pirke R. Elieser, c. 21. Midr. fol. II ap. Weil (Legenden, p. 39).

17 Or, corpse.
18 Thus Mischn. Sanhedr. iv. 5, "We find it said in the case of Cain who

murdered his brother�'The voice of thy brother's bloods crieth'�It is not

said, blood of thy brother, but bloods, i.e. his blood and the blood of his

seed. Therefore was man created single, in order to shew that to him who

kills a single individual of Israel it shall be reckoned as if he had slain

the whole race, and that he, etc." precisely as in the text. Comp. also the

same form of expression in Bab. Tal, Kidush, § 1, "If one fulfil but one

commandment, he causes the scale of innocence to preponderate for himself and

the whole world; but if he commit one sin, he causes the scale of guilt to

preponderate for himself and the whole world.

19 Muhammad is said by the early traditionists to have punished a woman who

had been guilty of theft in this manner while on the route to Mecca previous

to its capture. We are, therefore, able to fix the date of verses 39-44.
20 Usury, bribes.
21 Ex. xxi. 23-27.
22 This may refer to proposals made to the Muslims to enter into alliance

with the Jews and Christians against the heathen, after the reverse at Ohod.

Lane observes (Mod. Egyptians, i. 358) with regard to this precept, that "of

the leading features of the character of the Mooslims none is more remarkable

than their religious pride. They regard persons of every other faith as the

children of perdition; and such the Mooslim is early taught to despise." They

are, however, "as remarkable for their toleration as for their contempt of


23 Weil suggests that verses 64-88 were revealed subsequently to contests

with the Jews, but before Muhammad had broken with the Christians, i.e.

between Hej. 4 and 8.
24 That is, God has ceased to be bounteous. The Muslims believe that at the

day of judgment all the Jews will appear with the right hand tied to the

25 That is, the Koran. The Jew was to retain a faith in the Towrât, or Law;

the Christian in the Injil, or Gospel; but both Jews and Christians were to

receive the Koran as the complement of both.
26 See Sura [xci.] ii. 59, p. 344.
27 I Thess. ii. 15.
28 Did not give herself out to be a goddess. Djelal.
29 That is, were human beings, and subject to the usual wants and liabilities

of ordinary persons.

30 See Sura ii. 61, p. 344. Mark viii. 30.
31 Geiger derives both the Arabic words from Syriac terms, and renders elders

and clerics, p. 51. But the root of the Arabic word rendered monk is

generally said to be rahaba, to fear.
32 Comp. Sura [cix.] 1xvi. 2. The date of verses 89-91 is therefore probably

Hej. 7.
33 If you violate it.

34 See verse 4. Tradition has expanded the word ansab, so as to include all

figures, and hence the strict observers of the letter of the Koran forbid the

game of chess. The Persians, however, and Indians generally interpret this

verse more liberally.

35 This and the two following verses are placed by the commentators in the

year of Hudaibiya, as also 98, 99, 100.

36 That is, Cube-House. Maison Carrée. It is also commonly called the Bait

Ullah, House of God. The Caaba is an oblong massive structure 55 ft. in

length, 45 in breadth, and the height somewhat greater than the length. At

the S.E. corner is the famous Hajar El-Aswad, or Black Stone, according to

Lieut. Burton, an undoubted aerolite. It is figured in Mr. Muir's "Life of

Mahomet." The Caaba stands in an open parallelogram of about 500 ft. by 530

ft. and is surrounded by colonnades, the pillars of which, made of various

marbles, some Egyptian but mostly Meccan, stand in a quadruple row on the

east side, and three deep on the other sides, and amount to 554. It has been

rebuilt several times, but has not been materially altered since A.H. 1040.

37 Names given to the sacred animals which were marked and allowed to range

for pasture at liberty. The dedicated mother-camel was the Saiba; the Wasila

included also goats or ewes; the eleventh female offspring of the camel was

Bahira; the dedicated stallion was Hami. These forms of superstition grew up,

obviously, from a remote period, out of the intense affection of the Bedouin

for his flocks, especially his horses and camels.

38 Lit. on you your souls.
39 Lit. upon its face, i.e. according to its plain scope.
40 See Evang. Infant. c. 1, Invenimus in libro Josephi Pontificis qui vixit

tempore Christi, Jesum locutum esse, et quidem cum in cunis jaceret, etc. The

date of verse 108 to the end is uncertain.
41 Precisely the same expression is applied to our Lord in the Arabic Evang.

Infantić, c. 36 at the end, which also relates the story of the Birds.

42 Ar. El-hawariyin, a different word from that used for Jesus, Hud, Saleh,

and the other apostles par excellence. The root of the word is the Ćthiopic

hawyra, to go, send; hence the Church is called in Ćthiopic the Beth

chrestyan ant hawariyat, i.e. Apostolic. See, however, the note on Thilo's

Cod. Apoc. p. 152, who derives from the root hur, to be white, pure; hence,

friends, helpers.

43 Comp. 1 Cor. xi. 27, sqq.�Muhammad obviously refers to the Eucharist.
44 Thou hast a right to do so as their Lord.
End of The Project Gutenberg Etext of The Koran as translated by Rodwell End

of The Project Gutenberg Etext of The Q'uran as translated by Rodwell


[The Roman figures shew the Sura, the second figures the verse, and the

third, in parenthesis, the page.]

AARON, relics of, ii. 249 (365)

Receives a revelation, iv. 161 (428);

vi. 84 (324); xxi. 49 (154)

Makes the calf, xx. 92 (99)

Clear of speech, xxviii. 34 (250)

Brother of Mary, xix. 29 (119)

Ababils, cv. 3 (36)

Abel and Cain, v. 30 (489)

Ablutions, iv. 46 (416); v. 9 (486)

Abraham, receives a revelation, ii. 130 (352); lxxxvii. 19 (40)

Neither Jew nor Christian, ii. 134 (352)

Is a Hanyf, or sound in faith, iii. 89 (395); vi. 162 (333); xvi. 121


Is visited by Angels, xi. 72 (221); xv. 51 (114)

Preaches the Divine unity, xxix. 15 (262); xliii. 25 (136); vi. 74


Is made Imâm, ii. 118 (350)

Argues with Nimrod, ii. 260 (367)

Is taught the resurrection, ii. 262 (367)

Is a Muslim, iii. 60 (392)

Is ready to sacrifice his son, xxxvii. 101 (82)

Builds the Caaba, xxii. 27 (455); iii. 91, note (395)

Prays for his race, xiv. 38 (229)

Is condemned to the flames, xxi. 68 (155)

Abrogation, ii. 100 (349); xvi. 103 (207)

Abu Jahl, xcvi. 16 (20)

Abu Lahab, cxi. (29)

Ad or Adites, vii. 63, note (300)

Adam, his sin, vii. 18 (295); ii. 34 (341)

Worshipped by angels, ii. 32 (341); xx. 115 (101); xviii. 48 (185);

xvii. 63 (169)

Is as Jesus, iii. 52 (391)

Adopted Children, xxxiii. 4, 5, 37 (434)

Adultery, iv. 19, 30 (412); xvii. 34 (167); xxiv. 6 (444); xxxiii. 30 (437)

Ahmed, lxi. 6 (405)

Al Araf (Purgatory), vii. 44 (298)

Alexander the Great, or Dhoul-karnain, xviii. 82 (188)

Alms, ii. 211 (361); lviii. 13, 14 (452); lxiv. 16, 17 (373); xxx. 38 (213)

Amulets, note (27)

Angels, bear God�s throne, lxix. 17 (59)

Intercede, xl. 7 (240); xlii. 3 (270)

Die, xxxix. 68 (260)

Aid believers, xiii. 12 (334); iii. 120 (397); vi. 61 (322); viii. 9,

12 (376)

Daughters of God, xvi. 59 (204); xvii. 42 (168); xxxvii. 150 (84);

xliii. 18 (136); liii.

28 (70)

Guard Hell, lxxiv. 30 (22)

Of Death, vi. 61 (322); vii. 35 (296); xvi. 30 (201); xxxii. 11 (190);

xlvii. 29 (384)

Of Babel, ii. 96 (348)

Ant, xxvii. 17 (175)

Arafat, ii. 194 (359)

Ayesha, xxiv. 10 (444), note

Azar, vi. 74 (323); lx. 4 (466)
Babel, Angels of, ii. 96 (348)

Balance, xxi. 48 (154); vii. 7 (294); lvii. 25 (409)

Baptism, ii. 132 (352)

Beast, the, xxvii. 84 (179)

Becca. See Mecca.

Bedr, iii. 11 (386); viii. 5 (375), 42 (378)

Bird, i.e., Destiny, vii. 128 (305); xvii. 14 (166); xxvii. 48 (177); xxxvi.

18 (131)

(Ababils), cv. 3 (36)

Booty, viii. 1, 42 (375); xlviii. 19, 20 (462)

Caaba, ii. 119-21 (351)

Cain, v. 30 (489)

Calf (Golden), ii. 48 (342), 88 (347), iv. 152 (427); vii. 146 (306); xx. 90


Christians, less opposed to Muslims than Jews, etc., v. 85 (495)

Circumcision, not mentioned in the Koran

Corah, xxviii. 76 (252); xxix. 38 (264); xl. 25 (242)

Creation of the world, xvi. 3 (200); l. 37 (93); xiii. 3, 4 (334); xxxv.


Of Heavens and Earth, xli. 8-11 (193)

To set forth his truth, xvi. 4 (200)

For man, xvi. 14 (201), 82 (206)

David, makes coats of mail, xxi. 80 (156); xxxiv. 10 (285)

His judgment, xxxviii. 20 (125)

His praises of God, xxxiv. 10 (285); xxxviii. 16, 17 (125)

Deluge, liv. 9 (77); lxix. 11 (59)

Dhoul Karnain, xviii. 82 (188)

Dhoul Kefl, xxi. 85 (156); xxxviii. 48 (127)

Dhoul Noon, xxi. 87 (157)

Disciples of Christ, lvii. 27 (409)

Divorce, iv. 24 (413); xxxiii. 48 (439); lviii. 4 (451); lxv. 1, 2, 6 (429);

ii. 226 sqq. (362)

Djalout (Goliath), ii. 250 (366)

Djibt, iv. 54 (417)

Djinn, vi. 100 (326), 128 (329); xli. 24, 29 (194)

Created of fire, xv. 27 (113); lv. 14 (74)

Good and bad, xi. 120 (225); lxxii. 11 (141)

In the power of Solomon, xxvii. 39 (176); xxxviii. 36 (127)

Hear the Koran, xlvi. 28 (316); lxxii. (141)

Hear what passes in Heaven, xxvi. 212 (110); xv. 17 (113); xxxvii. 7

(79); xviii. 48

(185), etc.

Eblis (note, 341)

Eden, ix. 73 (478); xiii. 23 (335); xviii. 30 (183); xxxv. 30 (292); lxi. 12


Edris or Enoch, xix. 57 (121); xxi. 85 (156)

Egypt. See under Pharaoh, Moses, Magicians

Elephant, cv. (36)

Elias (an Apostle), vi. 85 (325); xxxvii. 123 (83)

Elisha, vi. 86 (325); xxxviii. 48 (127)

Enemies, treatment of, lx. 9 (466)

Evangel, lvii. 27, note (409)

Ezdras, ix. 30 (473)
Faith and Good Works, xvi. 99 (207); viii. 1 (375)

Fast, the, ii. 179-183 (357)

Fatalism, iii. 139 (399); lxxxvii. 3 (40); viii. 17 (376); ix. 51 (476);

xiii. 30 (336); xiv. 4

(226); xviii. 81 (187), 102 (189)

Fire, obtained by friction, xxxvi. 80 (134); lvi. 70 (68)

Gabriel, xvi. 104 (207); lxvi. 4 (464); lxxxi. 19 (46)

Enemy of the Jews, ii. 81 (346)

Bearer of Revelation, liii. 5, 6 (69)

Gehennam, the form of the word (189), note

Has seven gates, xv. 44 (114)

Its guardians, xl. 52 (244); lxxiv. 30 (22)

Genii. See Djinn

God (Allah), one cxii. (29); xxxvii 4 (79); xx. 7 (94)

His names, vii. 179 (310)

Creator, vi. 101 (326)

Unwearied by creation, l. 37 (93)

His power, ii. (throughout); iii. 159 (401)

Is a light, xxiv. 35 (446)

Perfect in His works, lxvii. 3 (142)

Provides for all, xv. 20 (114); xvii. 21, 32 (166)

His words are countless, xviii. 109 (189); xxxi. 26 (269)

The avenger, iii. 3 (386); v. 96 (496); x. 100 (283); xiv. 48 (230)

Has no offspring, ii. 110 (350); vi. 100 (326); xix. 36 (120); 91-93

(123); xxi. 26

(152); xxxvii. 149 (84); xxxix. 6 (255); lxxii. 3 (141)

Because He has no wife, vi. 101 (326); cxii. 3 (29)

Changes not, xlviii. 23 (462)

Created all beings to adore Him, li. 56 (63)

How He speaks with man, xlii. 50 (274)

Leads and misleads, xxxv. 9 (290); xiii. 27 (336); lxi. 5 (405)

His decrees, xiv. 4, 32 (226-28)

God, made reprobates for Hell, vii. 178 (310)

Is author of good and evil deeds, xci. 8 (38)

And yet good is from Him, evil from man, iv. 81 (419)

Omniscient, vi. 59 (322); lviii. 8 (451)

Omnipotent (passim)

All seeing but unseen, vi. 103 (327); lvii. 6 (407)

All hearinng, xliv. 5 (89)

Gracious, iii. 28 (388)

Omnipresent, lvii. 3 (407)

His Providence (passim)

Eternal, cxii. 2 (29)

The first and last, lvii. 3 (407)

Forgiving (passim)

Grateful, iv. 146 (426)

Subtile, vi. 103 (327)

Self-sufficient, xxvii. 40 (176); xxxv. 27 (292)

Gog, Magog, xviii. 93 (188); xxi. 96 (157)

Goliath. See Djalout.

Greeks, xxx. 1 (210)

Greetings, iv. 88 (420)

Habil (Abel), v. 30 (489)

Haman, vizier of Pharaoh, xxviii. 5 (247); xxix. 38 (264); xl. 25, 38 (242,


Harut and Marut, ii. 96 (348)

Heavens, seven, lxvii. 3 (142); lxxviii. 12 (52)

Hedjr, xv. 80 (115)

Hell, made for Djinn and men, vii. 36 (296); xi. 120 (225)

Duration of, xi. 109 (224); vi. 128 (329)

Honein, ix. 25 (473)

Hotama or Crushing Fire, civ. 4, 5 (30)

Houd, vii. 63 (300); xi. 52 (220); xxvi. 123 (107)

Houris, lvi. 34 (67)

Hypocrites, ii. 9-19 (339)

Their conduct at Medina, xxxiii. 9-15 (435)

Their treatment, xxxiii. 47 (439)

Their portion hereafter, lvii. 13 (408)

Idolaters, those who associate other gods with God, ii. 107 (350); xxv. 3

(159); xxviii. 62-

74 (252); lii. 34-49 (64)

Are unclean, ix. 28 (473)

Idolators, not to be prayed for, ix. 114, 5 (483)

The unpardonable sin, iv. 51 (417), 116 (424)

Immunity, ix. 1 (468)

Imran, iii. 30 (388); lxvi. 12 (465)

Infidels deny the future life, vi. 29 (319); xix. 67 (122)

Their portion, iii. 8 (386), 112 (397)

Their hardness of heart, vi. 109 (327)

Hold mere opinions, liii. 29 (70)

Those who die infidels, iii. 85 (394)

Initial Letters, 32 (note)

Irem, lxxxix. 6 (54)

Isaak (Ishak), ii. 127 ff. (351); vi. 84 (324); xi. 74 (221); xix. 50 (121);

xxi. 72 (155); xxxvii.

112 (83)

Islam, ii. 132 (352); iii. 79 (394); xlix. 14 (470)

Ismael, ii. 119 ff. (351); vi. 86 (324); xix. 55 (121); xxxviii. 48 (127)

Israelites, a pre-eminent race, ii. 116 (350)

Pass the Red sea, xxvi. 63 (105)

In Egypt, xxviii. 2, 3 (247)

See Jews.

Jacob, ii. 126 (351); iii. 87 (395); xi. 74 (221); xix. 50 (121); xxxviii. 45


Jesus, ii. 81 (346), 254 (366); v. 50 (491); vi. 85 (325); xxiii. 52 (147);

lvii. 27 (409); lxi. 6,

14 (405)

His history, iii. 40-52 (390)

His divinity denied, iii. 73 (393)

Was not put to death, iv. 156 (427)

God could destroy him if He chose, v. 19 (488)

Is only a servant of God, v. 109 ff. (498); xliii. 57 (138), 63 (139)

His birth, xix. 23, 24 (119)

His profession, xix. 31 (119)

Jews (of Muhammad�s time), ii. 59 (344), 88 (347); iii. 62 (392); ix. 30

(473); lviii. 15 (452)

The punishment in store for them, iv. 50 (416); v. 69 (493)

Their conduct, iii. 184 (403)

Their captious words, iii. 179 (403)

Their perversions of Scripture, ii. 98 (348); iv. 48 (416)

Jews, enemies to Muslims, v. 85 (495)

Their lex talionis, v. 48, 49, 69 (491, 493)

Their calumnies against the Virgin Mary, iv. 155 (427)

Job, vi. 84 (324); xxi. 83 (156); xxxviii. 40 (127)

John, xix. 7 (117); xxi. 90 (157)

Jonah, vi. 86 (324); x. 98 (283); xxxvii. 139 (84); lxviii. 48 (34)

Joseph, vi. 84 (324); xii. (230); xl. 36 (242)

Joshua, xviii. 59 (186)

Kadr or Power (night of), xliv. 2, 3 (89); xcvii. 1-5 (36)

Karoun (Corah), xxviii. 76 (252); xxix. 38 (264); xl. 25 (242)

Kebla, ii. 109 (350), 136-145 (353)

Khidr, xviii. 62, note (186)

Koran, a divine work, iv. 84 (420); xlvi. 2-7 (313); liii. 4 (69)

Preserved in Heaven, xiii. 39 (337), lxxxv. 21 (43)

Is not the work of djinn, xxvi. 210 (110)

Is admired by djinn, xlvi. 28 (316)

Confirms the Scriptures, x. 38 (278)

Koreisch, cvi. 1 (36)

Lokman, xxxi. (267)

Lot (a prophet), vi. 86 (325); vii. 78 (301)

Lotus (of the boundary), liii. 14, note (69)
Madian, vii. 83 (301); xxviii. 24 (249)

Magi, xxii. 17 (589)

Magicians, x. 80 (282); xx. 60 (97); xxvi. 37 (104)

Malec, xliii. 77 (454)

Man, his creation, ii. 28 (340) etc.

Hasty, xxi. 38 (153); xvii. 12 (165); lxx. 19 (73)

Created weak, iv. 32 (414)

Of clay, xv. 26 (113)

Of clots of blood, xcvi. 2 (19); xxii. 5 (453)

Inconstant, xxii. 11 (454)

Ungrateful, xvii. 69 (170)

Was one people, ii. 209 (360)

Manna, vii. 160 (308); xx. 82 (98)

Marriage, xxxiii. 50 (439)

Lawful and unlawful, ii. 220 (361); v. 7 (486); iv. 26-30 (413)

Mary, Mother of Jesus, iii. 31 (389); iv. 169 (428); v. 79 (494); xix. 16

(118); xxi. 91

(157); lxvi. 12 (465)

Calumniated by Jews, iv. 155 (427)

Meats forbidden, ii. 168 (356); v. 1-4 (485); vi. 118 (328)

Mecca or Becca, iii. 90 (395); xlvii. 14 (383); xlviii. 24 (462)

Merwa, ii. 153 (354)

Michael, ii. 92 (348)

Mina, ii. 199 (359)

Mohadjers, ix. 101 (481); lix. 8 (432)

Monastic Life, lvii. 27 (409)

Monks, ix. 31 (474)

Month (sacred), ii. (361); ix. 5 (471)

Moon, its worship forbidden, xli. 37 (195)

Moses, ii. 48 ff. (342)

Brings water from rock, vii. 160 (308)

Reared in Egypt, xx. 36 (95); xxviii. 2-30 (247)

His meeting with Khidr, xviii. 62 (186)

His wrath at Aaron, xx. 95 (99)

Prophet and apostle, xix. 52 (121)

Muhammad, illiterate, vii. 156 (307)

Foretold in the Scriptures, vii. 156 (307); lxi. 6 (406)

Seal of the Prophets, xxxiii. 40 (438)

Sees Gabriel, liii. 9 (69); lxxxi. 22 (46)

Becomes apostle at man�s estate, x. 17 (276)

Subject to hallucinations, note 1 (21)

His Night-journey, xvii. 1 (164). See Pref.

Belief in Satanic influence, xvi. 101-2 (207)

Muslims, their description, iii. 106 (396); xlviii. 29 (463)

Nicknames forbidden, xlix. 12 (469)

Noah, iii. 30 (388)

Is a prophet, iv. 161 (428); vi. 84 (324)

And apostle, vii. 57 (299)

Builds the ark, xi. 40 (218)

Preaches, lxxi. 1-29 (85)

Offerings, v. 2 (485)

Ondhorna, ii. 98 (348)

Ozair or Esdras, ix. 30 (473)
Parables of the two Gardens, xviii. 32 ff. (184)

Parables of the Light, xxiv. 35 (446)

For the Resurrection, xli. 39 (195)

For Infidels, ii. 16, 18, etc. (339)

Of truth and error, xiii. 18 (335)

Paraclete, lxi. 6, note (406)

Paradise, lvi. 12 (66); lv. 46 (75)

Terresrial, ii. 33 (341)

The abode of the blessed, ii. 23 (340); xxxvi. 54 ff. (133); xxxvii. 38


Parents, duties towards, xvii. 24, 25 (166); xxix. 7 (262); xxxi. 13 (268);

xlvi. 14 (314)

Pharaoh, ii. 46 (342); x. 76 (281); xliii. 45 (138); xl. 38 (242)

A believer in his family, xl. 29 (242)

The impaler, xxxviii. 12 (125)

Piety, or fear of God, ii. 172 (356)

Pilgrimmage, xxii. 25 (455); ii. 153 (354); iii. 91 (395); v. 2 (485)

Prayer, Kebla, ii. 136-140 (353), 239 (364); iv. 46 (416); v. 8 (486); vii.

204 (313); xiii. 15

(335); xi. 116 (225); xvii. 80 (171); xxix. 44 (265); l. 39 (93)

In war, iv. 102, 3 (422)

The Muslims, iii. 188 (404); xxv. 66, 74 (163)

Joseph�s, xii. 102 (239)

Abraham�s, xiv. 38 (229); ii. 120 (351)

Prayers, ii. 286 (370)

Predestination, iii. 148 (400); vi. 35 (320); xvi. 38, 39 (202); xxxii. 13

(191); xxxiii. 38

(438); xxxiv. 19 (286); xxxv. 9 (290); xxxvi. 6 ff. (130); liii. 33 ff.

(71); lvii. 22 (409)

Prophets, xix. 42, note (120); xxi. 25 (152)

Of different degrees, ii. 254 (366); xvii. 57 (169)

Not to be worshipped, iii. 74 (393)

False, vi. 93 (325)

Psalter, xvii. 57 (169); xxi. 105 (158)

Purgatory, vii. 44 (298)
Rahman, xvii. 110 (173)

Raina, ii. 98 (348)

Rakim, xviii. 8 (181)

Ramadhan, ii. 181 (357)

Rass, xxv. 40 (160); l. 12 (92)

Refrain, instances of, li. 50, 51 (62); liv. 17 ff. (77); lvi. 13, 14 (66),

with, 38, 39 (67); lxxvii.

15 ff. (50)

Religion (Monotheistic), ii. 124-134 (351-352); xlii. 11 (271)

Reprobates, iii. 80 (394); vi. 69 (323); xxi. 45 ff. (154); xxii. 20 ff.

(455); lxxvii. 7-40 (48)

Resurrection, ii. 261 (367); iii. 102 (396); vii. 55 (299); xxxiv. 7 (285);

l. 3, 11, 14 (91);

xcix. 2 (44)

Saba, xxvii. 22 (175); xxxiv. 14 (285)

Sabeites, ii. 59 (344); v. 73 (644); xxii. 17 (454)

Safa, ii. 151 (354)

Sakar, lxxiv. 43 (23)

Saleh, vii. 71 (300, note); xi. 64 (220); xxvi. 142 (108); xxvii. 46 (177);

liv. 27 (78)

Saul, ii. 248 (365)

Scriptures, falsified by Jews and Christians, ii. 39 (342), 73 (345)

Selsebil, lxxvi. 18 (88)

Seven Sleepers, xviii. 8 (181)

Shoaib, vii. 83 (301); xi. 85 ff. (222); xxvi. 176 (109); xxix. 35 (264)

Sidjill, xxi. 104, note (158)

Sidjin, lxxxiii. 7 (57)

Sinai, shaken over Israel, ii. 87 (347), 170 (356); iv. 153 (427); xx. 82

(98); xxviii. 44, 46

(250); lii. 1 (63)

Solomon, vi. 84 (324)

His judgment, etc. xxi. 78 (156)

Lord of Djinn and winds, xxi. 81 (156); xxxiv. 11, 13 (285)

and Queen of Saba, xxvii. 17 (175)

His horses, xxxviii. 29, 38 (126, 127)

His death, xxxiv. 13 (285)

Spider, xxix. 40 (264)

Spirit, xvii. 87 (171)

Conveyed unto the Virgin�s womb, iv. 169 (428)

The Holy Spirit, ii. 81 (346), 254 (366); xvi. 104 (207)

Statues and Images, v. 92 (496)

Suicide forbidden, iv. 33 (414)

Sun, its worship forbidden, xli. 37 (195)
Table, Lord�s, v. 112 (499)

Tabouk, ix. 80, 82 (479)

Tasnim, lxxxiii. 27 (58)

Testament, ii. 176 ff. (356); v. 105 (498)

Themoud, vii. 71 (300); ix. 71 (478)

Throne (verse of), ii. 256 (366)

Trinity, iv. 169 (428); v. 77 (494)

Trumpet (last), xxiii. 103 (150); xxxvi. 51 (133); xxxvii. 19 (80)

Trumpets, lxxix. 6 (48)
Visit (Umra) of the Holy places, ix. 18 (472)
Wine, rivers of, xlvii. 16 (383)

Wives, number allowed, iv. 3 (411)

Yathril, xxxiii. 13 (435)
Zacharias, iii. 32 (389); vi. 85 (325); xix. 1 (117); xxi. 88 (157)

Zaid, xxxiii. 37 (438)

Zakkoum, xxxvii. 60 (81); xliv. 43 (90); lvi. 52 (67)

Zendjebil, lxxvi. 17 (88)

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