The hero Odysseus’ return home from the War at Troy



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  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odyssey
  • The
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Beginning_Odyssey.svg

Intro to the story

  • Epic
  • History
    • Of the poem
    • Of Trojan War
  • Homer
  • Main Characters
  • Map
  • http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_IVSCWlHLcro/TGcmaY22kZI/AAAAAAAABWs/WJ1s0uHDNec/s1600/odyssey-suitors.jpg
  • http://mythologyapfive.wikispaces.com/file/view/odyssey_map.jpg/216861166/odyssey_map.jpg
  • TELEMACHUS’ STORY
  • Telemachus (Odysseus’ son) and Penelope (Odysseus’ wife) have waited 20 years for the king to come home
  • 10 years at Troy
  • 10 years at sea
  • http://www.nesseler.org/pages/uploaded_images/ulysses_ship-781628.jpg
  • TELEMACHUS’ STORY
  • Suitors are invading his home
  • http://karenswhimsy.com/public-domain-images/the-odyssey/images/the-odyssey-3.jpg
  • http://www.shmoop.com/media/images/large/penelope-suitors.jpg
  • "Penelope and the Suitors." Painting by John William Waterhouse, 1912
  • http://images.perseus.tufts.edu/images/1993.01.2/1993.01.0667
  • TELEMACHUS’ STORY
  • Athena helps Telemachus decide how to look for his father
  • http://www.fjkluth.com/t.d/odyssey1_130.jpg
  • TELEMACHUS’ STORY
  • Telemachus takes a ship to find and talk to the war heroes who fought with his dad at Tory.
  • http://mythologyapfive.wikispaces.com/space/showlogo/1302700956/logo.jpg
  • TELEMACHUS’ STORY
  • Telemachus travels to Pylos find Nestor, a war buddy of his dad.
  • http://www.nadasisland.com/odyssey/map-odyss.gif
  • TELEMACHUS’ STORY
  • He meets Nestor in Pylos
  • http://0.tqn.com/d/ancienthistory/1/5/6/g/2/Telemachus_and_Mentor.JPG
  • Really that’s Mentor, not Nestor 
  • TELEMACHUS’ STORY
  • Telemachus travels from Pylos to Sparta to meet Menealaus.
  • http://www.adnax.com/images/maps/odysseus0101.jpg
  • TELEMACHUS’ STORY
  • Menelaus tells Telemachus of his own journey back from Troy.
  • He met Proteus off the Egyptian island of Pharos.
  • Menelaus wrestled the shape-shifting water-god.
  • The hero won, and Proteus told Menalaus that Odysseus was a captive of Calypso
  • http://static.enotes.com/images/enotes/8860/OD6.JPG
  • TELEMACHUS’ STORY
  • Menelaus also tells the story of the murder of his brother Agamemnon at the hands of Clytemnestra, Agamemnon’s wife and the sister of Menelaus’ wife, Helen.
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/operaatelier/3987496151/
  • http://www.didaskalia.net/issues/vol5no1/taplin/agcly02fs.jpg
  • http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_gmDxcWMSxEY/TKdZ5RDknsI/AAAAAAAAA1Q/ZpTsj08PhOM/s1600/Agamemnons+bad.jpg
  • ODYSSEUS’ STORY
  • Begins very close to the end:
  • Odysseus is captive of Calypso
  • The Odyssey
  • Odysseus and Calypso
  • http://0.tqn.com/d/ancienthistory/1/5/S/g/2/800px-Arnold_Bocklin_008.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • http://fc04.deviantart.net/fs71/i/2011/238/f/7/calypso_and_odysseus_by_dewmanna-d47y4kj.jpg
  • http://rockintheodyssey.wikispaces.com/file/view/assante-odysseus_and_calypso.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • http://www.deviantart.com/download/112765927/Calypso_and_Odysseus_by_tenshiketsueki1000.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • http://www.enotes.com/odyssey/pictures/three-8787
  • ODYSSEUS’ STORY
  • Hermes persuades Calypso to release Odysseus
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f4/Hubert_Maurer_-_Hermes_bei_Calypso_und_Odysseus.jpg
  • ODYSSEUS’ STORY
  • Odysseus sails off on a raft, and is marooned in the land of the Phaeacians.
  • Their princess, Nausicaa, shows him hospitality
  • The Odyssey
  • http://static.enotes.com/images/enotes/8860/OD10.JPG
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9e/Odysseus_And_Nausica%C3%A4_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_13725.jpg/800px-Odysseus_And_Nausica%C3%A4_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_13725.jpg
  • http://0.tqn.com/d/ancienthistory/1/0/W/g/2/Odysseus_and_Nausicaa.jpg
  • Odysseus and Nausicaa,
  • Christoph Amberger, 1619.
  • Alte Pinakothek, Munich.
  • ODYSSEUS’ STORY
  • Odysseus is invited to a feast, where he hears songs about the Trojan War
  • The Odyssey
  • http://www.enotes.com/odyssey/pictures/five-8791
  • The Odyssey
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/63/Francesco_Hayez_028.jpg
  • Ulysses at the court of Alcinous
  • Francesco Hayez
  • The Odyssey
  • The Trojan Horse
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Troj_Horse.JPG
  • Trojan horse.
  • Istambul Museum of Archaeology
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Theprocessionofthetrojanhorseintroybygiovannidomenicotiepolo.jpg
  • Detail from
  • "The Procession of the Trojan Horse in Troy"
  • by Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo
  • The Odyssey
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Trojan_horse_%C3%87anakkale.jpg
  • The "wooden horse" from the 2004 film Troy, preserved on the seafront at Çanakkale, Turkey. Digital photo by Ross Burgess, 20th october 2004.
  • The Odyssey
  • The Odyssey
  • Raid on Cicones
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:OdrysianKingdom.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • Bad Storms
  • http://naveedsheikh.dyndns-web.com/_RefFiles/storm.gif
  • The Odyssey
  • The Odyssey
  • Lotus-Eaters:
  • almost loses two men
  • http://0.tqn.com/d/ancienthistory/1/G/1/X/2/lotus_th.jpg
  • http://2vancouver.com/Images/lotus-land-vancouver.jpg
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/26/Lotus-eaters.png
  • 18th-century French engraving of Odysseus on the island of the lotus-eaters
  • The Odyssey
  • The Odyssey
  • Polyphemos
  • (a Cyclops son
  • of Poseidon)
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cyclops_P6110086.JPG
  • http://www.greeka.com/ionian/ithaca/ithaca-myths/odysseus/odysseus-cyclops.jpg
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Jakob_Jordaens_009.jpg
  • Odysseus in the Cave of Polyphemus
  • Jakob Jordaens
  • Odysseus’ men are trapped in the cyclops’ cave
  • The Odyssey
  • http://www.davidclaudon.com/odyssey/poly.jpg
  • They blind the Cyclops to escape.
  • The Odyssey
  • http://www.freewebs.com/odysseynewman2008/polyphemus_being_blinded_by_Odysseus.bmp
  • http://0.tqn.com/d/ancienthistory/1/5/z/b/2/Odysseus_Polyphemos.jpg
  • Odysseus and four of his men thrust a wooden spike into the Cyclops' eye
  • http://static.enotes.com/images/enotes/8860/OD8.JPG
  • The Odyssey
  • Poseidon is furious!
  • http://images.protopage.com/view/952744/cpj9k0iqt3oy4mj23jm7dvc9u.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • The Odyssey
  • Aeolus
  • Bag of Winds
  • Men think bag is full of gold >>> blown off course
  • http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2428/3575002893_4127fa7f0a.jpg
  • http://images.protopage.com/view/952744/ez7mseopciyo5j9ynr22euahm.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • Laestrygonians
    • cannibals
    • Loses 11 (out of his 12) ships
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Laestrygonians_Hurling_Rocks_at_the_Fleet_of_Odysseus.jpg
  • Wall painting from the Odyssey Landscapes, Musei Vaticani,
  • http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3060/2832588525_5c1f95e385_o.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • http://medievalandrenaissancestudies.vassar.edu/images/ulysses.jpg
  • The Adventures of Ulysses: The Contest with the Laestrygonians
  • The Odyssey
  • http://0.tqn.com/d/ancienthistory/1/0/6/Z/2/Laestrygons.png
  • The Odyssey
  • Laestrygonians (detail) by Jordan Crane
  • Laestrygonians by Jordan Crane
  • The Odyssey
  • Laestrygonians (detail) by Jordan Crane
  • The Odyssey
  • Laestrygonians (detail) by Jordan Crane
  • Laestrygonians (detail) by Jordan Crane
  • The Odyssey
  • Laestrygonians (detail) by Jordan Crane
  • Laestrygonians by Jordan Crane
  • The Odyssey
  • http://blogs.sch.gr/makarono/files/2008/04/laistrygones-320x200.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • http://nc.water.usgs.gov/about/presentations/EmergingContaminants/odyssey.gif
  • Circe
      • Men are
      • turned
      • to swine
  • The Odyssey
  • http://www.maryaliceharley.com/circe.htm
  • Circe drugged the men's wine and touched them with her wand, transforming them into pigs.
  • http://static.enotes.com/images/enotes/8860/OD15.JPG
  • The Odyssey
  • http://ithaka.wikispaces.com/file/view/Circe_turning_men_into_swine.jpg/53694684/Circe_turning_men_into_swine.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Snowdrop_Galanthus_elwesii.jpg
  • Snowdrop, perhaps the herb moly
  • http://edu.glogster.com/media/4/22/70/65/22706502.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • They stay with Circe for a year
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Circe_Offering_the_Cup_to_Odysseus.jpg
  • Circe Offering the Cup
  • to Odysseus,
  • by John William Waterhouse.
  • The Odyssey
  • Land of the Dead
  • Sacrifice
  • http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-v287dgUdspo/TbCP8uFq_nI/AAAAAAAAAes/kbZMqDH2xjQ/s1600/Passover%2BLamb.jpg
  • Odysseus and his men prepared a drink offering for the spirits in a shallow pit.
  • http://static.enotes.com/images/enotes/8860/OD12.JPG
  • The Odyssey
  • Land of the Dead:
    • Tiresias >> directions home to Ithaca
    • Odysseus’ mom >> news of the suitors back home
    • Agamemnon >>
    • Clytemnestra murdered Agamemnon
    • Achilles >> lack of glory in Hades
  • http://www.rbhs208.org/mancoff/tiresias.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • The Odyssey
  • Sirens
  • Seirēnes
  • Σειρῆνες
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Siren.jpg
  • Knut Ekwall
  • Fisherman and The Siren
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Knut_Ekwall_Fisherman_and_The_Siren.jpg
  • The Siren,
  • by John William Waterhouse
  • (circa 1900),
  • The Odyssey
  • Seirēnes
  • Σειρῆνες
  • Sirens
  • http://www.davidclaudon.com/odyssey/siren.jpg
  • http://www.greeknews-tanea.com/History-Mythology/ODYSSEUS_files/shapeimage_5.png
  • The Odyssey
  • http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Gods/HomerStamps/Sirens.jpg
  • Ulysses and the Sirens
  • John William Waterhouse (1891)
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:John_William_Waterhouse_-_Ulysses_and_the_Sirens_(1891).jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_qyhZ9_eXCHM/StJXBiOwV0I/AAAAAAAACxQ/XxWP6sZ2TBc/s400/sirens-and-ulysses-1153493224.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • Scylla
  • & Charybdis
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Caught_between_a_rock_and_a_hard_place.jpg
  • The painting is an Italian fresco dating to 1560 C.E.
  • http://loki.stockton.edu/~kinsellt/projects/ulysses/storyReader$11_files/picture46.jpg
  • http://www.hellenica.de/Griechenland/Mythos/Bild2/Scylla.jpg
  • http://www.freebenholt.org/scylla.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Scylla_and_Charybdis.jpg
  • An 1840 steel engraving of the Strait of Messina by A.H.Payne
  • The Odyssey
  • A map of the wanderings of Aeneas, showing the positions of Charybdis and Scylla (underlined in red), from an edition of The Aeneid of Virgil, Book III, edited by Philip Sandford, London: Blackie & Son. 1900
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Strait_of_Messina.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • The Odyssey
  • Cattle of Helios
  • http://www.maryaliceharley.com/cattle-of-the-sun.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • Cattle of Helios
  • http://img.chogger.com/c/1KYKn/main.png
  • The Odyssey
  • http://www.summitcds.org/ashcraft/odyss182.jpg
  • Cattle of Helios
  • Ignoring warnings, the starving crew kill and eat the holy cattle
  • The Odyssey
  • Cattle of Helios
  • All men (except Odysseus)are drowned
  • http://img.chogger.com/c/1KYKn/main.png
  • The Odyssey
  • Calypso is a water-witch.
  • Odysseus shipwrecked on Calypso’s island
  • http://www.elfwood.com/art/h/i/hilmar//odysseus_und_calypsoweb.jpg
  •        
  • "Odysseus und Calypso"
  • by Hilmar Wild

Hermes convinced Calypso to let him go, and now Odysseus is reliant on the Phaeacians’ hospitality.

  • Hermes convinced Calypso to let him go, and now Odysseus is reliant on the Phaeacians’ hospitality.
  • http://www.fjkluth.com/t.d/odyssey1_49.jpg
  • http://www.marvunapp.com/Appendix/hermesmr1.jpg
  • http://www.mediastorehouse.com/image/calypso_and_hermes_4322874.jpg
  • http://img.blog.yahoo.co.kr/ybi/1/54/64/koramsohn@sbcglobal.net/folder/221/img_221_1684_0?1285535098.jpg
  • "Hermes Ordering Calypso to Release Odysseus" by Gerard de Lairesse, 1670
  • The Odyssey
  • Phaeacians transport Odysseus home to Ithaca
  • Beggar: http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQpIMB_py1WoaRWkNii9HltlTk1yj1g303TMXwtLqSOwuteQW68
  • Eumaeas
  • (a swineherd)
  • takes Ody in
  • Athena disguises Ody as a wandering beggar from Crete, making his way back from Troy
  • http://artmight.com/albums/2011-02-07/art-upload-2/J/Jacque-Charles-Emile/Jacque-Charles-Emile-The-Swineherd.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • Telemachus returns to Ithaca
  • Goes to Eumaeas’ hut
  • http://www.kashmirhouseboats.com/kashmir-gallery/a-typical-village-hut005zoo.jpg
  • Ody reveals himself
  • They plan to kill the suitors, together.
  • http://www.goddess-athena.org/Museum/Paintings/Troy/Athena_Odysseus_Telemachus.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • Odysseus (still disguised as an old beggar), Telemachus and Eumaeas
  • return go to Ody’s house
  • The suitors (led by Antinous)
    • beat up Telemachus
    • make fun of the old beggar
    • throw a chair at the old beggar
  • http://static.enotes.com/images/enotes/8860/OD14.JPG
  • http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Mythology/Images/AntinousOd.gif
  • The Odyssey
  • The Odyssey
  • Still in disguise, Odysseus talks to Penelope and tests her faith in her missing husband
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Odysseus_and_Euryclea_by_Christian_Gottlob_Heyne_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_13725.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • http://static.enotes.com/images/enotes/8860/OD11.JPG
  • The Odyssey
  • The Odyssey
  • A house-keeper (Eurycleia) washes Ody’s feet and sees an old scar that reveals his true identity to her
  • She tries to tell Penelope that Odysseus is home, but Athena blocks her words
  • Odysseus swears Eurycleia to secrecy
  • Boar: http://www.animationbuddy.com/Animation/Animals/Pigs/Boar.gif
  • Feet: http://villageconnector.com/baltimorecountymd/files/cache/3733_NpAdvHover.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • The next day, Penelope declares to hold an archery competition:
  • http://www.shmoop.com/media/images/large/penelope-3.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • http://www.mccunecollection.org/images/Odyssey%20of%20Homer/%5B4-033%5D%20Penelope%20carrying%20bow%20of%20Ulysses%20to%20the%20suitors.%20pg.%2056.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • In the archery competition:
  • suitors must:
    • string Odysseus’s bow
    • fire an arrow through 12 axe heads
  • Axe: http://www.manufacturer.com/cimages/product/www.alibaba.com/1222/o/Sell_Axe_Head.jpg
  • Bow: http://www.scottishmist.com/assets/weapons/Bow_Arrow.jpg
  • Arrow: http://www.animatedgif.net/arrowpointers/arrow.rt.spin_e0.gif6
  • http://static.enotes.com/images/enotes/8860/OD7.JPG
  • None of the suitors can string the bow.
  • Odysseus tries and is successful.
  • The Odyssey
  • Axe: http://www.manufacturer.com/cimages/product/www.alibaba.com/1222/o/Sell_Axe_Head.jpg
  • Arrow: http://www.animatedgif.net/arrowpointers/arrow.rt.spin_e0.gif6
  • Odysseus fires an arrow through all the slots in the axes.
  • The Odyssey
  • The Odyssey
  • http://www.maicar.com/GML/000Iconography/Penelope/slides/liebod06.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • Odysseus then turns the weapons on the men who’ve invaded his home.
  • With the help of his allies, Odysseus kills all the suitors, along with his unfaithful servants.
  • It’s a bloodbath!
  • http://www.shmoop.com/media/images/large/suitors.jpg
  • Odysseus and the Suitors
  • The Odyssey
  • The Odyssey
  • http://0.tqn.com/d/ancienthistory/1/0/R/g/2/745px-Mnesterophonia_Louvre_CA7124.jpg
  • The Odyssey
  • http://images.perseus.tufts.edu/images/1993.01.2/1993.01.0658
  • The Odyssey
  • http://www.culture.gouv.fr/Wave/image/joconde/0002/m504104_98de1077_p.jpg
  • hallucinatory re-enactment of Ulysses slaughter of Penelope's suitors
  • The Odyssey
  • Odysseus proves his identity to Penelope by describing their bed (made from a living olive tree)
  • http://karenswhimsy.com/public-domain-images/the-odyssey/images/the-odyssey-7.jpg
  • http://static.enotes.com/images/enotes/8860/OD18.JPG
  • The Odyssey
  • Odysseus and son visit Ody’s dad, Laertes
  • Odysseus proves his identity by describing, in detail, an orchard that Laertes had given Odysseus
  • http://static.enotes.com/images/enotes/8860/OD16.JPG
  • The Odyssey
  • Odysseus (with Athena) calms the people of Ithaca, who are upset about the deaths of so many citizens
  • (Ody’s shipmates & the suitors)
  • Ody becomes king of his homeland once again.
  • http://www.englishtap.com/media_library/images/maps/ancient_greece.gif
  • In Homer's story, Odysseus was a Greek leader who fought a terrible war (1) the Trojans in Troy. The Greeks finally won, and after the last battle Odysseus wanted to return home to the island of Ithaca.
  • (2) it was only about 500 km, the journey took him a very long time. (3) a strong wind blew him around Crete to a big island where the one-eyed giants called the Cyclops lived. They kept him prisoner, but after many adventures he escaped.
  • (4) of terrible storms, he sailed north again, away from Ithaca, up to the island of the goddess Circe. Circe was kind, and sent him
  • (5) to Hades, the land of the Dead, to get help for his journey home.
  • (6) there he went
  • (7) to Circe's island. When he left the island he went
  • (8) the coast past the beautiful but deadly Sirens and
  • (9) the dangerous waters between Cyclops island and the mainland, where two terrible monsters lived. With great difficulty, he sailed past them, and finally he sailed across the sea
  • (10) Ithaca. His journey took him ten years - an average of 50 km a year. But all that time, his wife Penelope was still waiting for him !
  • http://www.englishtap.com/library/grammar_reference/odysseus.html


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