The following items have been registered æthelmearc adelheidis Spätauf



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ACCEPTANCES Page of 30 February 2003 LoAR

THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED

ÆTHELMEARC

Adelheidis Spätauf. Name.

Alan FitzOdin. Name and device. Per chevron sable and azure, a dragon in annulo head to chief and in dexter chief an increscent argent.

There was some discussion whether the use of Odin in this name was presumptuous. Indeed, the byname Odinsson was ruled unregisterable long ago:

Of course he can't be "Odinsson" without proof of his parentage. (KFW, 17 Aug 78 [21], p. 9)

[N. Odinsson.] Let him submit a history form documenting whose son he is, or change his name. (HB, 5 Aug 72 [56], p. 1)

In this case, the submitted documentation shows that Odin is found as "a man's name found once in Nicolaa de Bracton's article, 'A Statistical Survey of Given Names in Essex Co., England'" (http://members.tripod.com/nicolaa5/articles/names.html). Sommelier also found that Reaney & Wilson (pp. 327-328 s.n. Oden, Othen) "date Oudon 1066, Odin Goldeberd 1327, and Thomas Oden 1332 (among others)." These examples are sufficient to support the use of Odin as a rare name used by humans in English. As such, it is registerable in the patronymic form FitzOdin so long as there are no additional references to the mythological Odin or a child of Odin.

Note, though, that no documentation was found of Odin used by humans in period in Old Norse. Lacking such evidence, it is continues to be unregisterable in an Old Norse patronymic byname.

Alwin the Silent. Name.

Anlaith ingen Trena. Name change from Adelina die Bogenschützin and device. Argent, a willow tree vert and a ford proper.

Note: in Gaelic, T does not lenite if the previous word ends in an n. Therefore, the byname ingen Trena is grammatically correct.

Her previous name, Adelina die Bogenschützin, is released.

Annalies Rosenhartes. Name.

Batu Chinua. Name and device. Per chevron sable and argent, two wolf's heads erased and a rose counterchanged.

Beowulf fitz Malcolm. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Submitted as Beowulf fitzMalcolm, there was some question of whether Beowulf was a unique legendary name, and thus not registerable. Reaney & Wilson (p. xl) say of this name:

In Old English the name Beowulf is known only from the Old English epic of which he is the hero. Since there are no other medieval references to the poem, it is impossible to know whether it or the name of its hero were at all widely known during the Old English period. But the name of Beowulf certainly survived until at least the end of the thirteenth century: Bowulf 1195 PN D 604; Bowulf de Rugeberge 1196 P (D); William Bewlf 1264-5 FFSx; William Bewolf 1296 SRSx; William Beowoulf 1297 MinAcctCo. This would suggest either that a knowledge of the poem and of its hero long survived the Conquest, or that Beowulf was a normal Old English name, and not simply an invention by the author of the poem.

Given the dated examples provided by Reaney & Wilson cited above, Beowulf is registerable as a Middle English name.

No support was found for the form fitzMalcolm. Reaney & Wilson (s.n. Malcolm) date Aleyn fitz Maucolum to 1296 with Black as the source. As the submitter allows minor changes, we have added a space after fitz in the byname in order to follow documented period practice in order to register this name.

Bonifatius Eburhard. Badge. Per chevron Or and gules, a sun in its splendor counterchanged.

Bran MacNaughton le Hammer. Name change from holding name Bran of Æthelmearc.

Submitted as Bran Hammer MacNaughton, the construction in this name seemed particularly implausible. Pennon summarized these bynames:

[The byname] le Hammer (rather than Hammer) [is documented] as 1332 English, and MacNaughton (while documented from Reaney & Wilson as a header form) is Scots. [...] The 'le Hammer' appears to be a locative (Dweller in the hamme) or an occupational (metronymic for a maker or user of hammers) dated to period.

No evidence was found that an occupational or locative byname would appear before a Mac- byname in Scots. We have reversed the order of the bynames in order to register this name. Additionally, all examples found of bynames following a Mac- byname in Scots included a marker in the second byname. Therefore, we have added le to follow these patterns.

Brangwayna MacKinnon. Name and device. Per bend vert and purpure, on a bend cotised between two fleurs-de-lys argent three thistle heads palewise proper.

The "head" of the thistle is comprised of a ball of sepals with a tuft of petals at the top.

Branwen ferch Gwythyr. Device. Vert, on a pale sable fimbriated argent a tree eradicated Or, a chief argent.

Brennus Barbatus. Badge (see RETURNS for alternate name). Per pale sable and Or, two griffins addorsed counterchanged.

Brigette de Sainte Mere-Église. Badge. Azure, on a pale between two roses argent another azure all barbed and seeded proper.

She has a letter of permission to conflict with a badge of Klement St. Christoph, Azure, a pale argent, in fess three trefoils slipped counterchanged.

Cadifor Cynan. Device. Per fess wavy sable and Or, in pale a plate and a hurt.

Catherine of Oakden. Name and device. Or, four oak leaves conjoined in saltire stems to center vert.

Christopher Rawlyns. Badge. (Fieldless) A fleur-de-lys within and conjoined to an annulet of chain Or.

He is a knight and is thus entitled to use an annulet of chain in his armory.

Cicilia Corsini. Name and device. Azure, a bend invected Or and in sinister chief a Latin cross bottony argent.

Collys Bythesea. Badge. Argent, a palm tree bendwise sinister sable within a bordure wavy azure.

Craft Hunold. Device. Or, a rooster sable maintaining a fleur-de-lys azure atop a trimount checky argent and vert.

Eleanor Elizabeth Burgar. Name.

Eoin mac Cionaoith ui Reannachain. Name and device. Argent, a chevron and in base a crescent sable.

Submitted as Eoin Mac Cionaoith ui Reannachain, the submitter requested authenticity for 12th to 14th C Irish. In Gaelic names of this form, the mac 'son' is literal. In other words, this name indicates that Eoin is the son of Cionaodh ua Reannachain. We have lowercased mac to follow documented examples of this type of construction.

Nice device!

Eowyn Swiftlere. Device. Per chevron azure and argent, three Phrygian caps one and two argent and a joscelyn wreathed azure and Or with three bells gules.

Eva Rosenberg. Name.

Fearghus mac Eoin. Device. Argent, a boar statant within a bordure gules.

Nice device! Please advise the submitter to draw the bordure wider.

Fiachra the Bonesetter. Name and device. Per pale gules and sable, a Celtic cross and on a chief argent three Maltese crosses vert.

Submitted as Fiachrae the Bonesetter, the submitter requested authenticity for 13th to 14th C Ireland. As submitted, this name combined the Middle Irish (c. 900 to c. 1200) masculine given name Fiachrae with an English byname. Additionally, the term bonesetter was dated to c. 1510 as an English word. In the spelling boone setter, it was dated to c. 1470. Therefore, the submitted form of this name had two weirdnesses: one for combining Gaelic and English in a name, and a second for elements whose forms are dated more than 300 years apart. To remove the weirdness for temporal disparity in order to register this name, and to partially meet the submitter's request for authenticity, we have changed the given name to the Early Modern Irish (c. 1200 to c. 1700) form Fiachra. Lacking evidence that the Bonesetter would have been used as occupational byname for a Gael in Ireland, we were unable to make this name authentic for the submitter's requested time and culture.

Gareth Kincaid. Device. Per pale sable and argent, on a sun a Celtic cross all within a bordure counterchanged.

Gareth Kincaid. Badge. Per saltire argent and gules, a hammer reversed within a bordure embattled sable.

Geneviève Ravencrest. Device. Azure, a pegasus passant reguardant contourny and on a chief dovetailed argent three fleurs-de-lis azure.

Please advise the submitter to draw the pegasus so that the head does not overlap the wing.

Grifon fuiz Guillaume. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Ihon Edmideston. Device. Per fess argent and gules, a saltire and a swan's head couped at the shoulder counterchanged.

Isabella Ironstone. Name and device. Gules, an hourglass argent between three suns Or.

Ivak Marzik. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Submitted as Ivak Martsch, Martsch was submitted as an undated form found in Bahlow (s.n. Martsch(ke), Martschick). This entry dates Marzik to 1376 in Prague. However, no evidence was found that the form Martsch was used in period. Nebuly explains:

[T]he byname is an undated German form of a Czech given name (Bahlow, s.n. Martsch(ke)). The spelling and grammar of the byname are certainly wrong for Czech and probably for Russian as well. [...]

There are some close forms in Polish (Rymut, s.n. Marcin) including Marcinek 1224, Marcisz 1374, Marciesz 1375, Marc 1400, Mercisz 1411, and others. Of these forms, Marc is pronounced most like the submitted one, but the spelling may not appeal to the submitter.

As the submitter allows minor changes, we have changed the byname from the undated form Martsch to the dated form Marzik. As this change does not change the language of the byname, it falls within the changes allowed as a minor change.

Jane Atwell. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Submitted as Jane Attwelle, the submitter requested authenticity for 16th C England. F. K. & S. Hitching, References to English Surnames in 1601 and 1602 (p. xx) date Atwell to 1601. We have changed the byname to this form to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.

Jonathan Stone. Device. Sable, a pale argent and on a chief Or a lightning bolt sable.

Juliana de Beaujeu. Badge. (Fieldless) A horse's head couped erminois.

Katerina McGilledoroughe. Name.

Submitted as Caitríona M'Gilledoroughe, the submitter requested authenticity for Irish and allowed any changes. This name combines the Early Modern Gaelic (c. 1200 to c. 1700) feminine given name Caitríona with the Anglicized Irish byname M'Gilledoroughe. An authentic name that combined these elements in period would have been written all in Gaelic or all in Anglicized Irish depending upon the language of the document in which the name was recorded. A fully Gaelic form of this name would be Caitríona inghean mhic Ghiolla Dhorcha. Based on examples found in Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn's article "Names and Naming Practices in the Red Book of Ormond (Ireland 14th Century)" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/lateirish/ormond.html), a fully Anglicized Irish form of this name would be Katerina McGilledoroughe. As the Anglicized Irish form is closer than the Gaelic form to the submitted spelling, we have changed this name to the Anglicized Irish form in order to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.

Katherine Kersey. Name change from holding name Katherine of Rhydderich Hael.

Katherine Vivans. Name and device. Argent, a fox rampant and on a chief azure two rapiers in saltire argent.

Kings Crossing, Shire of. Branch name and device. Gules, a saltire bretessed Or and in chief a laurel wreath argent.

A question was raised in commentary regarding the registerability of the element Crossing. The documentation for crossing provided in the name submission for the Canton of Charlesbury Crossing (registered in August 2000) showed crossing as a term dating to 1575 referring to "a place or structure (as on a street or over a river) where pedestrians or vehicles cross". This meaning is also compatible with the current submission.

Nice branch device!

Leah Janette. Name and device. Or, an open book gules and a chief embattled azure.

Leonor Farfán. Device. Sable, a lion's head couped contourny and on a bordure argent three decrescents sable.

Matheus of Coppertree. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per bend argent and sable, a hound rampant and a hound rampant contourny counterchanged.

This does not conflict with Matthew de Wolfe, Per bend sinister embattled argent and sable, in bend two wolves rampant combattant counterchanged. To understand why there is no conflict, it is helpful to remove all blazon shortcuts and blazon each of these pieces of armory explicitly. Note that there are two important common blazon shortcuts which are found in both Matheus' and Matthew's current blazons. The first blazon shortcut is that two charges on a divided field are placed on opposite sides of a line of division by default. The other blazon shortcut is the use of the word counterchanged rather than using the tinctures argent and sable.

Thus, when we remove blazon shortcuts, Matheus' arms may be blazoned Per bend argent and sable, in sinister chief a hound rampant sable and in dexter base a hound rampant to sinister argent. Matthew's arms may be blazoned Per bend sinister embattled argent and sable, in dexter chief a wolf rampant to sinister sable and in sinister base a wolf rampant argent.

Precedent has consistently held that "you cannot 'blazon your way out of' a conflict" (stated succinctly in this quote from the LoAR of February 2000, which upheld years of previous precedent). Thus, we must compare these two pieces of armory using the "explicit" blazons. There is one CD for changing the field. There is no difference for changing the type of canine from wolf to hound.

The charges may not lie on a portion of the field with which they have no contrast. Matheus' charges could not be arranged like Matthew's (with the sable charge in dexter chief and the argent charge in sinister base) on a per bend argent and sable field, because each charge would have no contrast with half of the field on which it lies. The charges must change their arrangement. Because this change in arrangement is "caused by other changes to the design" (namely, the changes to the field) it is not worth difference per RfS X.4.g for arrangement changes. (This is often known as a "forced" arrangement change or "forced" position change.)

The second CD comes from the change of posture. Each canine is facing in the opposite direction from the corresponding canine in the other coat. This posture change is a CD by RfS X.4.h.

By this analysis we are expressly overturning the precedent set in January 1994 that stated in pertinent part:

[Per pale and per chevron argent and sable, in chief two counterchanged vs. Huffam, Per bend sable and argent, two counterchanged ] Because the charges are counterchanged, they could legitimately be placed anywhere on the field, even over the line(s) of division. As a consequence, the change in position of the cannot be considered to be "forced" by the field division (though in Huffam they are in the expected position, one on either side of the line of division), thus giving a CD for position on the field

By this precedent, the use of the word counterchanged would remove a conflict which would apply if the tinctures of the charges were explicitly sable and argent, which is contrary to long-standing SCA policy.

Submitted under the name Matheus Hunda-Maðr.



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