The Economic and Social Impacts to India and Its Citizens from Inward Foreign Direct Investment


Appendix One: List of documents used in empirical research



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Appendix One: List of documents used in empirical research




  • World Investment Report by UNCTAD: 2006; 2007; 2008; 2009; 2010; 2013; 2014; 2015.

  • World Economic Forum: Global Competitiveness Report: 2012-2013; 2014-2015.

  • World Bank: Doing Business: India 2015.

  • National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO), 2010: Employment and Unemployment Situation in India

  • Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-2017

  • National Manufacturing Policy, Press Note No. 2 (2011 Series)

  • FDI in Multi-Brand Retail Trading, Press Note No. 5 (2012 Series)

  • Special Economic Zones Act 2005

  • Consolidated FDI Policy (Effective from April 17, 2014)

  • Fact Sheet on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): From April 2000 to January 2015

  • The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act 2013


Appendix Two: List of Interview Participants




Initials

Area of Expertise

Organisation Number

Type of Organisation

Theoretical Orientation

Description of Organisation

AB

Director of an NGO that works to promote social equity and justice. He is very active in advocacy, networking and coalition building with a focus on issues of governance and civil society from the perspective of rights and justice.

12

NGO

Human Rights

An independent Indian foundation that is both a fund raising and grant-making organisation to promote civil society action and public deliberation for social change. It uses development action and development communication to promote social equity and justice.

AG

A medically trained physician and has conducted extensive research in the areas of public health, pharmaceuticals policy and intellectual property rights.

18

International NGO

Human Rights

A multidisciplinary global network that brings together grassroots health activists, academic and research institutions and civil society organisations under the united aim to tackle the global health crisis that has resulted from growing inequities within and among nations.

AK

Director of policy, research and campaigns with an international NGO that works to fight poverty and injustice.


10

International NGO

Human Rights

An NGO working to promote human rights and justice. The organisation works to fight poverty and injustice by connecting grassroots programming to local, national and global advocacy and policy making.

AM

Professor of development economics with a research institute that concentrates on economic and social development. His areas of specialization include urban development, labour and welfare, and the informal sector.


4

Research and Academic Institution

Both

Autonomous, multidisciplinary centre for advanced research and training in the fields of economic and social development.

AMK

Professor with one of India’s premier economic policy think tanks. Her research has directly contributed to India’s negotiating strategies in the WTO and her research interests include world trade, FDI, and the service sector.


6

Research Organisation

Liberal Market

An autonomous, policy-oriented, not-for-profit economic policy think tank. The main focus is to enhance the knowledge content of policy making by undertaking analytical research that is targeted at improving India's interface with the global economy.


AS

Senior Fellow for an applied economics research organisation. Her areas of expertise are the informal economy, gender equity, and globalisation and development. Her research uses equilibrium frameworks to analyse the impact of policies and economic shocks to women in informal and service sectors.

8

Research Institution

Liberal Market

Established as a registered society, it is an independent, non-profit research institution that works to assist the government, civil society and the private sector with policy issues concerned with business and economics. Through its research, it aims to facilitate solutions that will contribute to India’s overall development.

BG

Senior Economist involved with research and policy analysis for a national business association.

5

Business Association

Liberal Market

Not for profit, non-government organisation that works to promote and sustain an environment conducive for growth for Indian industry. It serves as a liaison between industry and the government through advisory and consultative processes.

BJ

Specialist on international labour standards and an expert on discrimination for an international organisation that promotes fair labour standards. His areas of specialisation are social origin, Tribal and Indigenous peoples, and disabilities.

1

IGO

Human Rights

An independent agency of the United Nations, it works to bring governments, employers, and workers together in the cause for decent work, social justice, and better living conditions. The branch in New Delhi serves to realize decent work for sustainable social and economic development in South Asia.

BN

Professor of economics with an academic institution concerned with economic and social development. His research specializes in trade and foreign investment.


4

Research and Academic Institution

Both

Autonomous, multidisciplinary centre for advanced research and training in the fields of economic and social development.

CC

Professor of economics with a major university in India. His area of expertise is development economics.

9

University

Both

A public university located in New Delhi.

CD

Senior Research Fellow at an applied economics research institute. Her research interests are international and development economics. She has conducted several projects concerning FDI and inequality in Eastern Europe and America.


8

Research Institute

Liberal Market

Established as a registered society, it is an independent, non-profit research institution that works to assist the government, civil society and the private sector with policy issues concerned with business and economics. Through its research, it aims to facilitate solutions that will contribute to India’s overall development.

CW

Long-term expert on the issue of child labour involved in agricultural TNC operations. He has conducted several large studies concerning the use of children in hybrid seed operations run by TNCs.


22

NGO

Human Rights

A registered trust that works to build capacities within communities in both rural and urban areas for the abolition of child labour. It works to universalize education and empower women and children.

DA

Professor of Science and Technology for an organisation devoted to the study of science, technology and developing countries. One of his areas of expertise is intellectual property rights, TRIPS and the pharmaceutical industry.

24

Research Institute

Both

A national institute devoted to the study of various aspects of interaction between science, society, and issues relevant to developing countries.

DH

Director of Economic Policy with one of India’s business associations. He also serves as a consultant with the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.

5

Business Association

Liberal Market

Not for profit, non-government organisation that works to promote and sustain an environment conducive for growth for Indian industry. It serves as a liaison between industry and the government through advisory and consultative processes.

DN

Visiting Professor with an organisation concerned with human development and empowerment. His areas of expertise include subcontracting chains in the global garment industry.

17

Research Organisation

Human Rights

A non-profit autonomous research institution that works to integrate research with policy recommendations for greater empowerment of the people.

DR

High-ranking member of a national trade union that is politically attached to the Communist Party of India (Marxist). It is one of the largest trade unions in India.


23

Trade Union

Human Rights

One of the major central trade unions in India. The union is tied to the political party, the Communist Party of India. It supports the cause of the working class and economic sovereignty in India and opposes imperialist globalisation.

FO

Senior Economist with an applied economics and development research institute. The majority of her research concerns FDI, regional trade agreements, and trade policies of developing countries.


8

Research Institute

Liberal Market

Established as a registered society, it is an independent, non-profit research institution that works to assist the government, civil society and the private sector with policy issues concerned with business and economics. Through its research, it aims to facilitate solutions that will contribute to India’s overall development.

GD

Specialist with Employers’ Activities Unit. His and department works to organize and advance the collective interests of employers in India.


1

IGO

Human Rights

An independent agency of the United Nations, it works to bring governments, employers, and workers together in the cause for decent work, social justice, and better living conditions. The branch in New Delhi serves to realize decent work for sustainable social and economic development in South Asia.

GK

Legal advisor to an international NGO involved in North-South development issues. His area of expertise is pharmaceuticals, access to medicines, and trade related intellectual properties.


19

International NGO

Human Rights

An independent, non-profit international network of organisations involved in North-South development issues. The aim to promote the following: the needs and rights of peoples in the South, the fair distribution of world resources, and sustainable development.

GN

Visiting Professor with a research institute concerned with issues regarding social development. He has previously worked for several UN agencies specializing in displacement and resettlement issues around the world.


15

Research Organisation

Human Rights

A leading institution working in the area of development research in India. The objective is to undertake and promote the study of social development and assist in integrating these needs with economic development, especially concerning the needs of the underprivileged sections of Indian society.

JC

Head of the Department for Human Rights and Law within an NGO concerned with socioeconomic development and human rights.


3

NGO

Human Rights

An NGO with special consultation status with the Economic and Social Council of the U.N., it serves as a centre for research, training, and action for socioeconomic development and human rights. The priority populations are all the marginal and excluded communities, especially the Dalits, Tribals, Unorganized, landless labourers, and women.

KD

Actively involved with an NGO concerned with FDI and the corporate takeover of the retail sector in India.


13

NGO

Human Rights

An NGO that works to build awareness and facilitate grassroots action to protect the corporate takeover of India’s retail sector.

KT

Distinguished researcher with a national-level policy research organisation in the public domain that concentrates on India’s industrial development and the corporate sector. His area of specialization is FDI.


7

Policy Research Organisation

Both

A national-level policy research organization in the public domain, it concentrates on India’s industrial development and the corporate sector.

LM

Lawyer and leading activist that has been involved in several high profile campaigns and litigation battles against pharmaceutical TNCs for access to Indian generic medications.

2

INGO

Human Rights

An international medical aid organisation that provides assistance to populations in distress and aims to save lives and alleviate suffering by working directly with these populations. It acts with full independence and is free of all ethnic, political, religious or economic discrimination.

LN

Senior Fellow with an organisation concerned with energy use and sustainable development. She also works with the World Economic Forum on issues concerning regulatory and governance issues regarding energy, minerals and the environment.


16

Research Organisation

Both

A non-profit policy research organisation that assists in the development of solutions to global concerns regarding energy, the environment, and sustainable development.

MC

Professor of Sociology specialising in gender, feminism and media studies.

9

University

Both

A public university located in New Delhi.

NK

Senior Research Associate for a research foundation that studies various issues of the economy. Her area of interest is poverty and development.


21

NGO

Human Rights

NGO with Special Consultative Status with the UN Economic and Social Council that aims to help provide health, education, rural development, poverty alleviation and empowerment to the citizens of India.

PJ

Professor of economics at a major university located in New Delhi. His areas of specialization include labour economics, development economics, the agriculture sector as well as rural development. He has been a Visiting Professor in major universities in several countries including Germany and China and he was at one time a Senior Research Economist at the International Labour Organization.


9

University

Both

A public university located in New Delhi.

PS

Professor of macroeconomics with a multidisciplinary centre for advanced research and training in the fields of social and economic development. His areas of speciality are development economics and international trade and finance.


4

Research and Academic Institution

Both

Autonomous, multidisciplinary centre for advanced research and training in the fields of economic and social development.

QC

Programme Coordinator for Economic Justice for an international NGO that works to promote human rights and fight poverty.


10

International NGO

Human Rights

An NGO working to promote human rights and justice. The organisation works to fight poverty and injustice by connecting grassroots programming to local, national and global advocacy and policy making.

RC

Senior Research Specialist in international trade, foreign direct investment and regulatory reforms. He has over 35 years teaching and research experience with a prestigious university in India. He has been a Visiting Professor in several prestigious American universities as well.


8

Research Institution

Liberal Market

Established as a registered society, it is an independent, non-profit research institution that works to assist the government, civil society and the private sector with policy issues concerned with business and economics. Through its research, it aims to facilitate solutions that will contribute to India’s overall development.

RO

Representative of, and economist within an international organisation concerned with monitoring the global economy and the economies of member countries.

14

IGO

Liberal Market

International organisation that monitors the economic performance of member countries, provides monetary loans, and technical assistance to member countries seeking support.

RS

Director of an NGO devoted to the promotion of inclusive civil society, democracy building and social action in India.


11

NGO

Human Rights

An NGO devoted to the promotion of inclusive civil society, democracy building and social action in India.

RW

Senior Employment Specialist with an international organisation that promotes decent labour standards. His research specialities are in areas of informal employment and working poor as well as labour regulations.


1

IGO

Human Rights

An independent agency of the United Nations, it works to bring governments, employers, and workers together in the cause for decent work, social justice, and better living conditions. The branch in New Delhi serves to realize decent work for sustainable social and economic development in South Asia.

SK

Senior Child Labour Specialist for an international organisation promoting fair labour standards.


1

IGO

Human Rights

An independent agency of the United Nations, it works to bring governments, employers, and workers together in the cause for decent work, social justice, and better living conditions. The branch in New Delhi serves to realize decent work for sustainable social and economic development in South Asia.

SS

Visiting Professor with a policy research organisation for industrial development. Her area of expertise is globalisation and development.


7

Policy Research Organisation

Both

A national-level policy research organization in the public domain, it concentrates on India’s industrial development and the corporate sector.

SSK

Health Economist for an organisation that works to strengthen public health in India. His areas of expertise are pharmaceutical economics.


20

Public-Private Initiative

Human Rights

A public- private initiative of multiple constituencies including Indian and international academia, state and central governments, multi & bi-lateral agencies and civil society groups. It works to strengthen training, research and policy development in the area of Public Health.


SR

Professor at a policy research organisation for industrial development. His research specialities include industrial organisation, industrial clusters, and technology and employment, FDI and spillovers in the automotive industry.

7

Policy Research Organisation

Both

A national-level policy research organization in the public domain, it concentrates on India’s industrial development and the corporate sector.

SZ

The founder of an NGO in India that is proactive in combatting child labour.

22

NGO

Human Rights

A registered trust that works to build capacities within communities in both rural and urban areas for the abolition of child labour. It works to universalize education and empower women and children.

TB

Professor of Economics specialising in small scale industries, trade and policy aspects of industry and the institutional and political economy of reforms. She has authored several books and has received special recognition and awards from both the Ford Foundation and World Bank for her high quality research.


4

Research and Academic Institution

Both

Autonomous, multidisciplinary centre for advanced research and training in the fields of economic and social development.




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