Political instability and the protracted armed conflict for more than a decade have weakened public institutions and service delivery systems. The conflict has adversely affected economic growth, which declined from an average of five per cent per year before the conflict to about 4.7 per cent, in 2008-200953.
The GoN has developed policies and programs to address the issue of children affected by armed conflict. However, there is an urgent need to establish services for the rehabilitation of children who are victims of violence, facilitate their access to services, and reduce the levels of re-victimization.
Despite a range of policies, and legal and institutional measures that have been taken, children’s and their families' ability to enjoy child rights is constrained by a number of factors, which also relate to governance and structural and functional capabilities of the state organs.
The apparent under-reporting of cases of child abuse and neglect (attributed to social taboo; fear of undermining the social status of the family; and other structural factors) remains a challenge.
The major economic and social issues such as poverty, inaccessibility and environmental degradation remain major threats to the enjoyment of rights of the child. Nepal has devised a multipronged policy and strategy to alleviate poverty.
The GoN considers the local bodies as the first point of contact with the people. The local bodies, which are the vehicle of devolution, decentralization and good governance at the local level, have remained out of political leadership for long. This has adversely affected the delivery of basic services to the people effectively and efficiently. Though the GoN has made alternative arrangements for delivering services to the people through a team of dedicated officials, it still feels that there can be no substitute to elected bodies.
The GoN believes that the recently introduced CFLG Framework and guidelines would narrow the gaps in implementing programs and establishing child protection system in collaboration with development partners for the enjoyment of rights of the child at local level.