The convention on the rights of the child submitted to committee on the rights of the child



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IV. CHALLENGES AND CONSTRAINTS





  1. Political instability and the protracted armed conflict for more than a decade have weakened public institutions and service delivery systems. The conflict has adversely affected economic growth, which declined from an average of five per cent per year before the conflict to about 4.7 per cent, in 2008-200953.




  1. The GoN has developed policies and programs to address the issue of children affected by armed conflict. However, there is an urgent need to establish services for the rehabilitation of children who are victims of violence, facilitate their access to services, and reduce the levels of re-victimization.




  1. Despite a range of policies, and legal and institutional measures that have been taken, children’s and their families' ability to enjoy child rights is constrained by a number of factors, which also relate to governance and structural and functional capabilities of the state organs.




  1. The apparent under-reporting of cases of child abuse and neglect (attributed to social taboo; fear of undermining the social status of the family; and other structural factors) remains a challenge.




  1. The major economic and social issues such as poverty, inaccessibility and environmental degradation remain major threats to the enjoyment of rights of the child. Nepal has devised a multipronged policy and strategy to alleviate poverty.




  1. The GoN considers the local bodies as the first point of contact with the people. The local bodies, which are the vehicle of devolution, decentralization and good governance at the local level, have remained out of political leadership for long. This has adversely affected the delivery of basic services to the people effectively and efficiently. Though the GoN has made alternative arrangements for delivering services to the people through a team of dedicated officials, it still feels that there can be no substitute to elected bodies.




  1. The GoN believes that the recently introduced CFLG Framework and guidelines would narrow the gaps in implementing programs and establishing child protection system in collaboration with development partners for the enjoyment of rights of the child at local level.



ANNEXES

Annex-I

Summary of Demographic Indicators




Description

Survey Name and Year

2001 (Census)

2008 (NLFS)

Total population

22,736,934


23,543,505


Child population 5-17 years

7,643,496


7,770,321


Sex

Boys


Girls

3,893,311

3,750,185

3,936,807

3,833,514


Age group

5-9 years

10-13 years

14-17 years


3,211,442

2,440,714

1,991,340


2,978,188

2,622,844

2,169,289



Locality

Urban


Rural

976,480


6,667,016

1,022,188



6,748,133

Source: Compiled from Census, 2001; NLFS, 2008; Nepal Child Labour Report 2010

Annex -II


Summary of Macroeconomic Indicators


Description

Fiscal Year

2004/05

2008/09

Percapita GDP (NRs)

23300

35865

Percapita GNI (NRs)

21626

36290

Percapita GNDI (NRs)

27227

43316

Percapita GDP at constant price

19754

21416

Percapita GNI at constant price

19809

21924

Percapita GNDI at constant price

23083

26718

Annual change in nominal percapita GDP (per cent)

7.41

18.87

Annual change in real percapita GDP(per cent)

1.47

1.46

Percapita GDP (USD)

328

467

Percapita GNI in (USD)

329

472

Gross domestic saving as percentage of GDP

11.6

9.71

Gross national saving as percentage of GDP

28.41

36.07

Exports of goods and services as percentage of GDP

14.58

12.38

Imports of goods and services as percentage of GDP

29.48

34.55

Resource gap as percentage of GDP (+/-)

1.96

4.18

Gross fixed capital formation as percentage of GDP

19.94

21.29

per cent of population below international poverty line of US$1.25 per day, 1994-2008*

-

55

per cent of central government expenditure (1998-2008) allocated to health*

-

7

per cent of central government expenditure (1998-2008) allocated to education*

-

18

per cent of central government expenditure (1998-2008) allocated to defence*

-

9

ODA inflow in millions US$, 2008*

-

716

ODA inflow as a per cent of recipient GNI, 2008*

-

6

Source: Compiled from Economic Survey 2010, Central Bureau of Statistics; *http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/nepal_nepal_statistics.html



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