2.Name the underlined verb phrases in the text and describe the meaning.
Yuko is a language student who flats with my sister. Shehas been studying English since she was in junior high school in Japan. She has always wanted to live in another country. As a school student, Yuko was shy and didn’t like other people listening to her speak. Gradually she built up her confidence and joined an English club, where she spoke (a) English every day.
Currently, Yuko is living (b) in New Zealand and studying at The Campbell Institute. She has made (c) many friends from all over the world. She attends (d) her English class in the morning and volunteers as a Japanese language teacher in the afternoon.
Recently, Yuko has made the decision to travel around New Zealand. This time next month she will be picking (e) grapes in Blenheim. She also wants to kayak in the Abel Tasman National Park and keep improving her English with her new friends.
(she)has been studying= present perfect continuous (or present perfect progressive), used to talk about an activity which continues from the past up to now. It is unfinished. Yuko started studying in the past and is still studying now.
is living =
has made =
will be picking =
Part B: Vocabulary
Explain how the following words differ in meaning and/or use. You may use example sentences to illustrate your ideas.
(A learner dictionary such as Cobuild or Oxford Wordpower are useful references)
There are many kinds of chairs and stools, but the main difference between them is that a chair has a back and a stool doesn’t have a back. You might sit on a stool in a bar or at someone’s kitchen bench.
a. visit/drop in
Part C: Language Use
1. Usage - Explain the difference in usage between sentences for the following two pairs.
a. If I visited the moon, I'd take a camera.
If I visit Lake Taupo, I'll take my fishing rod.
b. You must take your passport when you are travelling overseas.
You should check the weather forecast before you pack your bag.
Correct each sentence and give the learner advice about how to avoid making this error again.
They have been to Auckland last week.
They went to Auckland last week.
‘last week’ is a finished time period. You cannot use the present perfect (have been) with a finished time reference, so you need the past simple (went).
There are many pollutions in China.
When started you to smoke cigarettes?
This is more bad than I thought.
She is a very high person.
The people which came I no like.
Part D: Pronunciation
1. Word Stress
Check the most correctly stressed syllable for each of the words in the list below. In this context 'stressed syllable' refers to the syllable that is said with the most force and is underlined. Two examples have been done for you.