Technical workshop for establishing a regular process for the global assessment of the marine environment



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Annex 1. Map of the World’s 64 LMEs and Linked Watersheds

Large Marine Ecosystems are areas of the oceans characterized by distinct bathymetry, hydrography, productivity, and trophic interactions. The annually produce 95 percent of the world’s fish catch. They are national and regional focal areas of a global effort to reduce the degradation of linked watersheds, coastal resources and environments from pollution, habitat loss, and over-fishing.


Table 1. Countries where Marine Resource Ministries (fisheries, environment, finance) are supportive of resource assessment and management from an ecosystems perspective, and LME project planning and/or implementation is underway.


LME

Participating countries

Status

Bay of Bengal

Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand

PDF Block B funding approved. UN Executing Agency is FAO1.

South China Sea

Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam

Project Implementation funding approved. UN Implementing Agency is UNEP2.

Yellow Sea

China, Korea

Project Implementation funding approved. UN Implementing Agency is UNDP3.

Guinea Current

Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone, Togo

Phase I completed. Project in Phase II. UN Executing Agency is UNIDO4.

Benguela Current

Angola, Namibia, South Africa

Project Implementation funding approved. UN Implementing Agency is UNDP.

Somali Current

Kenya, Tanzania

PDF Block B for W. Indian Ocean approved. Further funding pending. UN Implementing Agency is UNEP.

Agulhas Current

Madagascar, Mozambique, South Africa

PDF Block B for W. Indian Ocean approved. Further funding pending. UN Implementing Agency is UNEP.

Canary Current

Cape Verde, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea Bissau

Mauritania, Morocco, Senegal



PDF Block B funding approved. UN Implementing Agency is UNEP, IUCN5 is a partner institution.

Humboldt Current

Chile, Peru

In planning phase.

Caribbean Sea


Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, St. Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela (IOCARIBE members)

In planning phase. Block A funding approved with UNESCO/IOC6.

Gulf of Mexico

Cuba, Mexico, United States

PDF Block B funding approved. UN executing agency is UNIDO.

Baltic Sea

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Sweden

Project Implementation funding approved. Implementing Agency is the World Bank.

Pacific Central American Coastal

Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama

In planning phase.

1 United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization, Rome.

2 United Nations Environmental Programme, Nairobi.

3 United Nations Development Programme, New York.

4 United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Vienna.

5 IUCN - The World Conservation Union, Gland.

6 United Nations Educational and Scientific Organization/Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, Paris
Table 2. List of 33 LMEs and subsystems for which syntheses relating to primary, secondary, or tertiary driving forces controlling variability in biomass yields have been completed for inclusion in LME volumes.

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Large Marine Ecosystem Volume No Authors

____________________________________________________________________________________________

U.S. Northeast Continental Shelf 1 M. Sissenwine

P. Falkowski

6 S. Murawski

U.S. Southeast Continental Shelf 4 J. Yoder

Gulf of Mexico 2 W. Richards and M. McGowan

4 B. Brown et al.

9 R. Shipp

California Current 1 A. MacCall

4 M. Mullin

5 D. Bottom

Eastern Bering Shelf 1 L. Incze and J. Schumacher

8 P. Livingston et al.

West Greenland Shelf 3 H. Hovgård and E. Buch

Norwegian Sea 3 B. Ellersten et al.

Barents Sea 2 H. Skjoldal and F. Rey

4 V. Borisov

North Sea 1 N. Daan

Baltic Sea 1 G. Kullenberg

Iberian Coastal 2 T. Wyatt and G. Perez-Gandaras

Mediterranean-Adriatic Sea 5 G. Bombace

Canary Current 5 C. Bas

Gulf of Guinea 5 D. Binet and E. Marchal

Benguela Current 2 R. Crawford et al.

Patagonian Shelf 5 A. Bakun

Caribbean Sea 3 W. Richards and J. Bohnsack

South China Sea-Gulf of Thailand 2 T. Piyakarnchana

East China Sea 8 Y-Q Chen and X-Q Shen

Sea of Japan 8 M. Terazaki

Yellow Sea 2 Q. Tang

Sea of Okhotsk 5 V. Kusnetsov et al.

Humboldt Current 5 J. Alheit and P. Bernal

Pacific Central American 8 A. Bakun et al.

Indonesia Seas-Banda Sea 3 J. Zijlstra and M. Baars

Bay of Bengal 5 S. Dwivedi

7 A. Hazizi et al.

Antarctic Marine 1 & 5 R. Scully et al.

Weddell Sea 3 G. Hempel

Kuroshio Current 2 M. Terazaki

Oyashio Current 2 T. Minoda

Great Barrier Reef 2 R. Bradbury and C. Mundy

5 G. Kelleher

8 J. Brodie

Somali Current 7 E. Okemwa

South China Sea 5 D. Pauley and V. Christensen

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Vol.1 Variability and Management of Large Marine Ecosystems. Edited by K. Sherman and L. M. Alexander. AAAS Selected Symposium 99. Westview Press, Inc., Boulder, CO, 1986. 319 p.

Vol.2 Biomass Yields and Geography of Large Marine Ecosystems. Edited by K. Sherman and L.M. Alexander. AAAS Selected Symposium 111. Westview Press, Inc., Boulder, CO, 1989. 493 p.

Vol.3 Large Marine Ecosystems: Patterns, Processes, and Yields. Edited by K. Sherman, L.M. Alexander, and B.D. Gold. AAAS Symposium. AAAS, Washington, DC, 1990. 242 p.

Vol.4 Food Chains, Yields, Models, and Management of Large Marine Ecosystems. Edited by K. Sherman, L.M. Alexander, and B.D. Gold. AAAS Symposium. Westview Press, Inc., Boulder, CO, 1991. 320 p.

Vol.5 Large Marine Ecosystems: Stress, Mitigation, and Sustainability. Edited by K. Sherman, L.M. Alexander, and B.D. Gold. AAAS Press, Washington, DC, 1992. 376 p.

Vol.6 The Northeast Shelf Ecosystem: Assessment, Sustainability, and Management. Edited by K. Sherman,

N.A. Jaworski, and T. J. Smayda. Blackwell Science, Inc., Cambridge, MA, 1996. 564 p.

Vol.7 Large Marine Ecosystems of the Indian Ocean: Assessment, Sustainability, and Management. Edited by K.

Sherman, E.N. Okemwa, and M.J. Ntiba. Blackwell Science, Inc., Malden, MA, 1998. 394 p.

Vol.8 Large Marine Ecosystems of the Pacific Rim: Assessment, Sustainability, and Management. Edited by K.

Sherman and Q. Tang. Blackwell Science, Inc., Malden, MA. 1999, 455 p.



Vol.9 The Gulf of Mexico Large Marine Ecosystem: Assessment, Sustainability, and Management. Edited by H. Kumpf, K. Stiedinger, and K. Sherman. Blackwell Science, Inc., Malden, MA, 1999. 736 p.


1Global Environment Facility Secretariat, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433 USA

2USDOC/NOAA/NMFS, Northeast Fisheries Science Center, Narragansett Laboratory, 28 Tarzwell Drive, Narragansett, RI 02822 USA



TECHNICAL WORKSHOP FOR ESTABLISHING A REGULAR PROCESS FOR THE GLOBAL ASSESSMENT OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT
(BREMEN / GERMANY: 18-20 MARCH 2002)



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