Sustainable tourism lady of lourdes college



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SUSTAINABLE-TOURISM-MODULE
Poverty alleviation
Halving world poverty by 2015 is the foremost UN Millennium Goal. The potential for tourism to contribute to this reduction is increasingly recognized, partly because it is one of the few sectors in which poor countries’ cultural and natural resources give them a comparative economic advantage. The development of tourism provides a good opportunity to help alleviate poverty because it is often a new source of revenue in rural areas, where three-quarters of the world’s poor are to be found. It is also a labour intensive activity and one that has low entry barriers. The challenge is to find better ways of channelling visitor spending towards poor people, including through the informal economy
There is a parallel challenge here: to reverse the tendency for tourism jobs to be low paid. All countries need to ensure that people employed in tourism are properly remunerated, receive proper treatment and are given opportunities for advancement.


Support for conservation
The need to find more financial resources to support conservation is a worldwide issue, although the severity of the problem varies from country to country. Protected areas in developing countries receive less than 30 per cent of their basic funding needs, and some governments have cut spending on conservation by over 50 per cent in the past decade.

Tourism already makes a major direct contribution to income for protected areas and heritage sites, through entry fees, permits, concessions, etc. and this can be extended. More widely, tourism can become a force for more sustainable land management in all parts of the world by providing an additional or alternative form of livelihood for farmers and rural communities that is dependent on well maintained natural resources.




Health, safety and security
In recent years, uncertainty about the health and safety of travel and of certain destinations has caused significant fluctuations in tourism flows. Although this may be a short term phenomenon and recovery is often fast, it should be regarded as a global issue for the sustainability of tourism. There are policy implications for image, for management of information, and for specific measures to improve the safety and security of tourists.



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