Sustainable tourism lady of lourdes college

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CHAPTER 1 |Tourism and Sustainability

  1. What is meant by making tourism more sustainable? And

  2. Why should governments be concerned about it?

  3. what are the departments in-charge in sustaining tourism not

only in the Philippines but around the world?
In developing an answer, the chapter outlines why tourism is in a special position with respect to sustainable development; discusses some of the key challenges that need to be addressed; and reviews the international recognition that is being given to the sustainability of tourism. Using this as a basis, it goes on to outline some guiding principles that should be observed and then presents an agenda for sustainable tourism, in the form of twelve aims. Finally, it is shown that, although visitors and the tourism industry are becoming increasingly responsive to these issues, governments nevertheless have a critical role in creating the context and stimulating actions to ensure that tourism is more sustainable in the future.

With 760 million international arrivals recorded in 2004, accounting for almost US$622 billion of receipts, tourism is a major global activity that has grown by 25 per cent in the past 10 years.1 Predicted growth rates remain high and, although global and regional patterns have fluctuated from year to year (most recently owing to fears over terrorism, health crises (e.g. SARs) and natural disasters), tourism has shown a strong and rapid ability to recover. More and more people have the desire and means to travel and the World Tourism Organization (WTO) is predicting over 1 500 million international arrivals by 2020, more than double the current level.2 Forecasts to the year 2020 predict growth in tourism in all regions of the world, with the strongest relative growth occurring in parts of the developing world. Although Europe, the Americas, and East Asia and the Pacific will account for 80 per cent of total arrivals, and thus continue to dominate in terms of volume, international tourist arrivals to Africa are forecast to grow, on average, by 5.5 per cent per year during this period and those to South Asia by more than 6 percent, compared with a world average of just over 4 per cent.3 International travel is only one aspect of tourism. In many countries, domestic tourism outweighs international arrivals in terms of volume and income generated. This is also predicted to grow strongly. Tourism is also a major source of employment, supporting 74 million jobs directly according to a World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) estimate, and 215 million (8.1 per cent of the world total) if all the indirect economic effects of the sector are taken into account. It represents US$4 218 billion of GDP (10.4 per cent of the world total), with travel and tourism making a particularly significant contribution to international trade, at over 12 per cent of total exports.

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