Subject : education

*Significant level of ‘t’ value

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*Significant level of ‘t’ value: 0.05 level 1.98 (df=98), 0.01 level 2.63 (df=98)

I can observe in Table: 6 that urban below graduate parents shows lower mean score (M=76.44) then the rural below graduate parents (M=81.38) and ‘t’ value of 2.88 indicate that the differences between the two groups in parental involvement is find to be statistically significant at 0.01 level, it means sixth null hypothesis is reject. That's why I can say that the rural below graduate parents have great involved in their children than urban below graduate parents reside in north Gujarat.


From the data available in table 1 to 6 I easily come to conclusion that parents who are offering above graduation have great involved in their children in compare to below graduate parents. It may be in account of the awareness and creativeness observes in above graduate parents. The above graduate parents may have more try to prove their ability and groom their potentiality in development of their children by involvement. In this investigation area is not effects to parental involvement in children; it means urban and rural parents are same to involve and responsible for children’s activities. The interactive effects of this study also support to main effects, but case of below graduation, rural parents has great to involve in their children than urban parents and case of urban parents, above graduate parents have great involved in their children’s activities than below graduation.


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  2. Chao, R. K. (1994). Beyond parental control and authoritarian parenting style: Understanding Chinese parenting through the cultural notion of training. Child Development, 65(4), 1111-1119.

  3. Chopra Rita; & Sahoo, (2007). Manual for Parent Involvement Scale. Agra: National Psychological Corporation.

  4. Fan X. & Chem, M. (2001): Parental involvement and student’s academic achievement: a Meta analysis. Educational Psychology Review, 13(1), 1-22.

  5. Hart, C. H.; Newell, L.D; & Olsen, S.F. (2002): Parenting skills and social communicative competence in childhood. Handbook of communication and social inter action skill. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

  6. Kim,E.(2002): The relationship between parental involvement and children’s educational achievement in the Korean Immigrant Family. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 33(4), 529-543.

Relationship between Teacher and Student: The Base for Positive Schooling

Parikshit D. Barot

Ph.D. Student (H.N.G.University, Patan, Gujarat)



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