Subject : education



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pircy

“ix9` sO4I xik\txa5I Hi4yar 0e, jeno ]pyog tme iv&Vane bdlva ma3e krI xko 0o.” à neLsn m>Dela

ix9` ƒ samaNy A4Rma> A@yynnu> ƒk Sv½p 0e, jema> lokona )an, kux5ta Ane j½iryatone talIm A4va s>xo2n ¹ara ƒk pe!Ima>4I bI+ pe!Ima> pirvHn krvama> ‚ve 0e. wartma> ix9`p/4a bHu p/acIn 0e. p/acIn wartma> gu½… t4a b/aMH`o ¹ara ix9` ‚pvanI p/4a HtI. m>idro p` ix9`na keN¸o Hta, jema> 2aimRk ]pra>t sa>p/daiyk iv8yo pr ix9` ‚pvama> ‚vtu> Htu>. {.s. pUveR × mI sdIma> t9xIla ]Cc ix9` ma3enu> =`Itu> keN¸ Htu>. nal>da yuinvisR3I wartnI p/acIn yuinvisR3ImanI ƒk 0e. wartma> piÃmI ix9`no payo ib/3Ix raj 4kI nqa`o, ‚2uink wartma> ix9` =Her temj qangI9et/ ¹ara ‚pvama> ‚ve 0e, jenu> iny>t/` keN¸, raJy A4va S4aink s>S4a… ¹ara 4ay 0e. wartIy b>2ar`na iviv2 leqoma> ix9` mU5wUt H¡ 0e. wartma> yuinvisR3I…nu> s>caln keN¸ A4va raJy srkar ¹ara krvama> ‚ve 0e.
Hetu…


  • sa9rtadr tpasvo

  • g/aMy St/Iàpuru8na sa9rtano tfavt =`vo

  • g/aMy ix9` ma> rHelI qamI… =`vI

  • g/aMy ix9` su2arva ma3ena srkarna pgla>… =`va

  • ix9`ma> ‚vel pirvtRn tpasvu>


gamDa>>…ma> vselu> wart

wart ƒ muQyTve qetIp/2an Ane gamDa>>…ma> vselo dex 0e. wartma> ÊÈÉÉnI vStI g`trI mujb É,ÊÉ,ÈÉ,ÑË,ÌÊÊ vStI 0e. wartna gamDa>>…ma> ÐË,ËÈ,ÐÏ,ÎÎÊ je3la loko vsva3 kre 0e, je kul vStIna ÎÐ.Ð% 0e. wartma> gamDa>>>…nI s>Qya Î,ËÐ,ÍÑÎ 0e, je gamDa>>…ma> muQyTve qetI temj pxupaln pr inwRr 0e. wartma g/aMy Ane xHeroma vStInu> ivtr` ca3R ¹ara =e{ xkay 0e.


wartma> vStInu> ivtr`

s>dwR: http://www.censusindia.gov.in/

]prok\t ca3R pr4I =e{ xkay 0e ke 0eLla ƒk sdI4I gamDa>>…ma>4I 2Ime 2Ime vStI 63tI ={ 0e Ane xHero trfnu> S45a>tr v2I rÁu> 0e. ‚ S45a>tr muQyTve rojgarI Ane ix9` ma3e 4tu> Hoy 0e, kar` ke gamDa>>…ma> Amuk Asuiv2a…ne kar`e ix9` VyvS4It p/aPt krI xkatu> n4I, ƒ ix9` ne su2arva ma3e temj ‚2uink ix9` ‚pva ma3e srkar kayRrt 0e.0ta> p` g/aMy ix9`nI qamI…ne dur krva ma3eno ‚p`a sO ma3e ƒk pDkar 0e.
wartma> g/aMy sa9rtanu> p/ma`

wartma> ix9` samaNyrIte ‚>g`vaDI, p/a4imk xa5a, ma@yimk xa5a Ane kolej vgere tb¡a…ma> vHecvama> ‚ve 0e. ÊÈÉÉnI vStI g`trI mujb =e{ƒ to wartna Î,ËÐ,ÍÑÎ gamDa>>…ma> ÉÌ,ÉÊ,ÉÏÐ xa5a… 0e. je xa5a…ma> ÎÎ,ÐÏ,ÑÐË je3la ix9ko kayRrt 0e. temj ra*§Iy ‚vkma>4I ix9` pa05 Ë.Ë% je3lo qcR krvama> ‚ve 0e. wartma> sa9rtano dr nIce p/ma`ena ca3Rma> =e{ xkay 0e.


wartma> sa9rta dr

s>dwR: http://www.censusindia.gov.in/

]prok\t ca3R pr4I =e{ xka{ 0e ke 0eLla ƒk dskama> xHerI sa9rtama> Í% je3lo v2aro =eva m5e 0e. jyare g/aMy sa9rtama> ÉÈ% 4I v2are v2aro =eva m5e 0e. g/aMy sa9rtama> 4yel v2aro te ivStarma> m5tI xE9i`k suiv2a…ne ‚warI 0e. g/aMy ix9` xHerI ix9` krta …0u> qcaR5 p` 0e.


wartIy puru8oma> sa9rta dr

s>dwR: http://www.censusindia.gov.in/



wartna kul puru8oma> 0eLla ƒk dskama> sa9rtama> ‚xre Ï% je3lo v2aro 4yo 0e. xHerma> ‚ p/ma` Ë% je3lu> jyare g/aMy puru8oma> sa9rta p/ma`ma> Ð% je3lo v2aro no>2ayo 0e.

wartIy St/I…ma> sa9rta dr

s>dwR: http://www.censusindia.gov.in/

]prok\t ca3R pr4I =e{ xkay 0e ke wartma> 0eLla ƒk daykama> kul St/I sa9rtama> ÉÉ% je3lu> v@yu> 0e. xHeroma> te v2aro Ï% jyare g/aMyma> lgwg ÉÊ% je3lo 0e. g/aMy St/I…ma> sa9rtama> v2aro 4vanu> kar` wart srkarna St/I ix9` p/oTsaHnne ‚warI 0e.
g/aMy ix9`ma> rHelI qamI…

g/aMy iv2a4IR…ne muQy p/Ä p/a4imkno j½iryatno 0e.te potanI p/a4imk j½iryat p` me5vI xkta n4I to p0I te… ix9` Ane sara wiv*yno ivcar k\ya>4I kre? ‚p`I srkarno Hetu g/aMy iv·a4IR…ne gu`vtaswr ix9` pUru> paDI xHerI iv·a4IR sm9 Sp2aR krI xke teva bnavano 0e. wartIy g/aMy ix9`nI qamI…ne ‚p`e nIce mujbna t/` tb¡ama> vHe>cI xkay 0e.



É.g/aMy iv·a4IR

Jya> su2I p/a4imk j½iryato na s>to8ay Tya> su2I ‚ spnu> muXkel 0e. g/aMy iv·a4IR…nI qamI… nIce mujbnI 0e.



  • S4aink A4va p/adeixk wa8ama> xE9i`k vataRlawno Awav

  • xa5a… dur Hova4I vaHn VyvHarno Awav

  • Amuk gamDa>>…ma> vIj5Ina Awav4I xE9i`k Asr

  • Amuk grIb ku3u>bma> =g

  • sara AWyas¢m, xE9i`k samg/I, puStkaly vgereno Awav

Ê.ix9k

g/aMy ix9`ma> ix9k sO4I mHTvnI wUimka wjve 0e. ix9k vgr iv·a4IR qubj mayaRidt =`karI me5vI xke 0e. g/aMy ix9kna s>dwRma> nIce mujbnI ix9`ma> qamI… =e{ xkay 0e.



  • AWyas samg/I mayaRidt Hova4I ix9kne w`avvama> tklIf pDe 0e

  • ‡tirya5 gamDa>>…ma> ix9kna waivno p/Ä

  • ApUrta ix9kone lI2e ix9k pr kayRwarno v2aro

  • ix9ko pase tajetrnI maiHtI n pHocta ix9` gu`vta pr Asr

Ë. ‚>trma5qu>

payanI xE9i`k samg/I… jevIke pen, peiNsl, puStko, koMPyu3r, p/ojek\3r, ca3R, boDR, temj S3exnrI vStu…no smavex 4ay 0e. je iv·a4IR Ane ix9k vCcenI kDI 0e. ‚>trma5qakIy Asuiv2a… nIce mujbnI 0e.



  • kMPyu3r, p/ojek\3r, …iDyoàivDIyo, rmtna sa2no jevI sa2n samg/Ino Awav

  • xa5a…nu> mkan temj ANy suiv2a… jevI ke pa`InI VyvS4a, puStkalyno Awav vgere =eva m5e 0e

  • =Her rSta…nI smSya… =eva m5e 0e

  • ix9ko Ane iv2a4IR… vCce Asrkark ix9` magRdxRn ma3enI sa2n samg/Ino Awav

  • rmt ‚2airt ix9`no Awav

  • ‚2uink xE9i`k samg/I… ma3enI =5v`I qcRno Awav


ix9` Ai2karno Ai2inym ÊÈÈÑ

ÉÑÍÈma> wartnI raJynIitna magRdxRk isµa>tonI klm n>.ÌÍnI =egva{ Anusar ÉÌ v8R su2Ina tmam ba5kone mft Ane fr+yat ix9` ‚pva ma3e ƒk b>2ar`Iy p/itbµta krI HtI. v8R ÊÈÈÍma> ra*§pitnI Anumit He#5 mft Ane fr+yat ix9` pr bIl pas krvama> ‚Vyu>. Ë sP3eMbr ÊÈÈÑna roj ix9` Ai2karno Ai2inymàÊÈÈÑnI =Herat krvama> ‚vI. jenu> AmlIkr` É ƒip/l ÊÈÉÈ4I 4yu> 0e. ‚ Ai2inym jMmu Ane kaXmIr isvayna tmam raJyma> lagu pDe 0e. ‚ Ai2karna muQy pasa nIce mujbna 0e.



  • Î 4I ÉÌ v8Rna wartna tmam ba5kone mft Ane fr+yat ix9`

  • iv·a4IRàix9kno gu`otr =5vvo

  • p/a4imk ix9` pUru> krva ma3e p/oTsaiHt krva

  • tmam qangI xa5a…ma> ‚i4Rk p0at smuday ma3e xa5a p/vexma> ÊÍ% ‚r9` pu½ paDvu>

  • ix9`nI gu`vta su2arvI

  • xa5anu> ‚>trma5qu> su2arvu>

  • ix9konI yoGy laykat 0e ke niH te ckasvI

  • ix9`na ‚i4Rk bo=nu> keN¸ Ane raJy srkar vCce ivwajn krvu>

  • iv·a4IR…ne xarIirk Ane manisk stam`I4I r9` pUru> paDvu>

  • xa5anI s>caln simitma> cU>3ayela S4aink p/itini2…, ba5kona valI…no smavex krvo

  • ko{ p` ix9kne xE9i`k temj ibnxE9i`k Hetu ma3e tEnat krI xkay

  • ko{ p` ix9k qangI ¦uxn sa4e =eDay na xke


wartma> g/aMy ix9`nI yojna…

wartIy ix9` VyvS4a iv&Vama> sO4I mo3I VyvS4a 0e Ane tenI iv&VanIy maiHtI ƒk#I krvI ƒ ƒk smSya 0e. ‚ smSyana invar` ma3e nexnl yuinvisR3I …f ƒJyukexnl Plain>g ƒND ƒDiminS§exn ÜNUEPAÝ ¹ara p/a4imk ix9` pr Vyapk De3abez bnaVyo 0e jene iDS§Ik\3 {NfomeRxn isS3m for ƒJyukexn ÜDISEÝ kHevama> ‚ve 0e. jena ¹ara g/aMy ivStarma>4I ix9`ne lgtI maiHtI ƒkit/t krI ra*§Iy Stre xE9i`k Str }>cu> lavvano 0e. g/aMy ivStarma> Hju p` xE9i`k s>dwRma> 6`I smSya… =eva m5e 0e. jene dur krva ma3e wart srkare lI2el pgla… nIce mujbna 0e.


svR ix9a Aiwyan

svR ix9a Aiwyan ƒ ra*§Iy yojnano muQy kayR¢m 0e. ‚ yojna He#5 wartna tmam raJyo ‚vrI levama> ‚Vya 0e. svR ix9a AiwyannI yojna ÊÈÈÉma> xru krvama> ‚vI HtI. ‚ yojnano muQy Hetu Î 4I ÉÌ v8Rna iv·a4IR…ne ÊÈÉÈ su2Ima> ]pyogI p/a4imk ix9` pUru> pDvano 0e. ‚ Aiwyanno Hetu nvI xa5a…nI S4apna krvI temj kayRrt xa5a…nu> ‚>trma5qu> su2arvanu> 0e. ‚ yojna mujb xE9i`k S3afnI wrtI krvI temj ix9kone xE9i`k talIm ‚pvano 0e. ‚ yojna kNya ke5v`I pr temj ba5ko pr v2u @yan keiN¸t kre 0e. ‚ yojna drek raJy srkar sa4e s>k5ayel 0e.



ix9a sHyog yojna

‚ yojnanI xru‚t ËÉ DIseMbr ÊÈÈÉna roj 4yelI 0e. ‚ yojnano law grIbI reqa nIce ‚vta valI…na ba5kone m5e 0e. ‚ yojna He#5 ‚sre Î kroD je3la iv·a4IR…ne law m%yo 0e.



sa9r wart

‚ yojna wartna vDap/2an Do. mnmoHn is>H ¹ara Ð sP3eMbr ÊÈÈÑna roj xru krvama> ‚vI 0e. ‚ yojnano muQy Hetu ÉÍ v8R4I ]prna inr9r ma3e 0e. ‚ yojna He#5 gamDa>>…ma> É laq Ane ÏÈ Hajr je3la lok ix9a ke¸o ÜvySk ix9` keN¸oÝ qolvama> ‚Vya 0e. ‚ yojnano muQy Hetu St/I…ne sa9r bnavvano 0e.



kNya sa9rta p/oTsaHn yojna

‚ yojnano muQy Hetu ‚idvasI iv·a4IRnI…ne ix9`ma> p/oTsaHn pu½ pDvano 0e. ‚ yojna É ƒip/l ÊÈÈÌna roj xru krvama> ‚vI 0e. je raJy temj keN¸ srkar ¹ara s>cailt 0e. ‚ yojna He#5 2or` Í4I Ðma> AWyas krtI ba5a…ne ½ipya ÍÈÈ, 2or` Ñ Ane ÉÈma> AWyas krtI ba5a…ne ½ipya ÉÈÈÈ Ane 2or` ÉÉma> p/vexel ba5a…ne ½ipya ÊÈÈÈnI ix*yv ‚ve 0e.



kSturba ga>2I bailka iv·aly yojna

‚ yojna …gS3 ÊÈÈÌma> wart srkar ¹ara xru krvama> ‚vI 0e. ‚ yojna p0at vgR temj grIbI reqa nIce ‚vta lIko ma3e 0e. ‚ yojna He#5 ËÍÈÈ4I v2are ke¸o 0e, jema> Ë laq Ane ÎÈ Hajr je3lI kNya… AWyas krI rHI 0e. ‚ yojnano laq 2or` Í 4I Ð 2or`ma> AWyas krtI ba5a…ne m5e 0e.



ra*§Iy ma@yimk ix9a Aiwyan

ra*§Iy ma@yimk ix9a Aiwyan yojna macR ÊÈÈÑma> ma@yimk ix9`ne p/oTsaHn ‚pva Ane tenI gu`v|a su2arva ma3e krvama> ‚vI 0e. ‚ yojnama> vgRq>Do, puStkaly, lebore3rI, pa`InI suiv2a, ix9ko ma3e rHevanI sgvD vgere pr @yan ‚pvama> ‚ve 0e. ‚ yojna Ñ,ÊÉÑ xa5a…ma> kayRrt 0e.

‚ ]pra>t wart srkar ¹ara ANy 6`I yojna… =eva m5e 0e, jem ke m@yaHn wojn yojna, p/o! ix9`, jn ix9` s>S4an, kNya 0at/aly, miHla samQy, ƒklVy ‚dxR invasI xa5a, l6umtI iv·a4IR… ma3e ix*yvtar`o

‡tma> ƒ3lu> kHI xkay ke sa9rtanu> p/ma` 2Ime 2Ime v2I rÁu> 0e je ivkasga4anI ƒk sarI inxanI 0e. tema> p` g/aMy sa9rta Ane St/I sa9rta qubj v2I rHI 0e je srkarna p/oTsaHn pglane ‚warI 0e. g/aMy sa9rtama> Amuk qamI… =eva m5e 0e p` te qamIne dur krva srkar H>mexa kayRrt 0e. temj tenu> AmlIkr` p` 4{ rÁu> 0e. s>pU`R sa9rnu> SvPn ƒ mat/ srkarnI j niH ‚p`I p` jvabdarI 0e.



"sO w`e sO ‚g5 v2e"

sUcno

  • g/aMy lokoma> ix9` ivxe =g

  • v2are iv·a4IR…ne w`tr ma3e ‚k8Rva ma3e xE9i`k samg/I… jevI ke koMPyu3r, p/ojek\3r, …iDyoàivDIyo vgereno ]pyog krvo

  • g/aMy Ane durSt ivStaroma> ix9ko ¹ara Apatu> ix9` ƒ ƒk ivksta A4Rt>t/no wag 0e ƒvu> sm=vI ix9` ‚pva ma3e p/eirt krva

  • Hoixyar iv·a4IR…ne ‚g5 AWyas ma3e ‚i4Rk sHay ‚pI p/eirt krva

  • gamDa>>…ma> qetI temj bagaytI s>b>i2t ]Cc AWyas¢mo xru krva


s>dwR sUic

  1. Anupam Hazra, The Challenge of Educating Rural India, A Journal on Rural Development , Vol. 59, No.7, May 2011, P-3

  2. Dr Bandaru Rama Krishna Rao And Lincy Meera Mathews, A Feasible Rural Education System, International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2012, Pp-1,2

  3. Niraj Kumar Roy, ICT–Enabled Rural Education in India, International Journal of Information and Education Technology, Vol. 2, No. 5, October 2012, P-1

  4. K.K.Khullar, The meaning of Education, A Journal on Rural Development , Vol. 59, No.7, May 2011, P-21
  5. Elementary Education in Rural India, Analytical Reports 2011-12, National University of Educational Planning and Administration


  6. http://mhrd.gov.in

  7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_India

  8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education

  9. http://www.censusindia.gov.in/






The Economy of India



PROF.JATIN PANDYA


KEYWORDS:

SUBJECT : COMMERCE



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