1. Remember that detail means the specifics in the story. This may include the time and place as well as any details that appeal to the sense of sight, hearing, taste, touch or smell.
Look back at The Rattler and underline 6 details.
Then, write an explanation that connects the details to the tone.
Detail (usually 2-8 words)
“After sunset, I walked out into the desert”
The darkness makes the narrator more vulnerable to danger.
2. Before you start the detail paragraph, you need a topic sentence. This sentence should include the word detail, sensory detail, or imagery and focus on how the author’s description contributes to the tones in the story.
Example: The detail increases the sense of danger the narrator feels when he sees the snake. Please write your topic sentence now.
3. The next part of the sentence follows the same pattern as the diction paragraph. You will write one example sentence with two phrases from your chart. They must be in quotation marks and part of a complete sentence. Then, please add two more sentences that explain the connotation of the words.
Example: The confrontation between the man and the snake begins “after sunset” when the man ”[walks] out into the desert” alone and sees the rattler in his path. Although he is alone and vulnerable to danger, he acts quickly before darkness takes over. He shows great courage. Special Note: Sometimes you will need to change one or more of the words in your quote so that it can make sense in the example sentence. In this case, put the changed word in brackets [ ]. Please write your first detail chunk below.
1. Remember that point of view means the perspective of the person telling the story. First person and third person limited points of view usually have stronger tones than third person omniscient.
Look back at The Rattler. Draw a box around the phrases that explain the thoughts and feelings of the narrator. Then, write six of these phrases below.
“My first instinct was to let him go his way and I would go mine”
The man is not aggressive and really did not want to hurt the snake.
2. Before you start the point of view paragraph, you need a topic sentence. This sentence should include the specific point of view in the story and focus on how this type of narrator contributes to the tones.
Example: The first person point of view conveys the man’s sense of responsibility to the others on the ranch. Please write your topic sentence now.
3. The next part of the sentence is a chunk similar to the diction and detail paragraphs. You will write one example sentence with two phrases from your chart. They must be in quotation marks and part of a complete sentence. Then, please add two more sentences that explain the how the point of view is important for the tone. Remember to put any words that you change in brackets.
Example: When the man saw the snake, “[his] first instinct was to let [the snake] go his way and [the man] would go [his]” because he has never felt “obliged to kill” an animal. The man is not aggressive and really doesn’t want to hurt the snake. He has a strong respect for life.
Please write an example sentence with two phrases that show the narrator’s feelings at the beginning of the story followed by two sentences explaining the narrator’s perspective.
1. The concept of an author’s organization, structure, or form is difficult to master because there is no set formula to follow. As you read, watch for a broader pattern in the piece of writing. Then, when you notice a framework or structure, you must identify it and analyze why the author chose to write it that way.
The following is a starting point to learn to recognize organization. Watch for the following.
The beginning or ending of the passage
A particular sequence (order that is important)
A noticeable chronology
Any literary techniques that stand out
An emphasis on any one part
A shift in tone from one section to the next
Any transitions the author uses to make the organization evident to the reader
The process of studying organization is different from the earlier sections of the unit. First, you will divide the passage into three parts: beginning, middle, and end. There is no one right place to divide it as long as you can support the division logically.
Look over The Rattler. Put slashes (/) to divide the piece into three sections. Then, fill in the chart below.
4. Before you start the organization paragraph, you need a topic sentence. This topic sentence is different from the others you have written so far. It will follow this pattern:
The organization moves the piece from _____ to _____ and finally to _____.
The words that go into the blanks will describe the tone of each section.
Example: The organization of the piece moves from calm to violence and finally to reflection. Please write your topic sentence now.
5. Once you identify the author’s organization, you will summarize or paraphrase each section in your example sentence. Quotes are not necessary.
Example: In the beginning, the man encounters a snake unexpectedly.
6. Follow your summary of the section with two sentences of commentary. In the organization paragraph, the commentary analyzes the significance of the summary and discusses why the author uses this organization. For organization paragraphs, you will need three chunks because there are three sections in the story.
Example: In the beginning, the man encounters a snake unexpectedly. This accidental confrontation disrupts the serenity of his afternoon walk and foreshadows the future violence. The author uses this random meeting to emphasize the conflict between nature and civilization.
4. Once you identify the author’s syntax, you will write your example sentence. You may use quotes, but they are not always necessary. Your example sentences describe the syntax at the beginning, the middle, and the end of the selection..
Example: In the beginning, the first two sentences are followed by ellipses points.
5. Follow your example sentence with two sentences of commentary. In the syntax paragraph, the commentary analyzes the significance of the grammar, punctuation and sentence structure and relates back to the tone. For syntax paragraphs, you will need three chunks because there are three sections in the story.
Example: In the beginning, the first two sentences are followed by ellipses points. This suggests that the narrator is thinking deeply about his surroundings. He is taking in the scene and contemplating its beauty.