Student Name: Instructions: Read each question carefully and select the correct answer



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Reading Practice 9
03/22/2010
Student Name: ___________________________
Instructions: Read each question carefully and select the correct answer.
Read the story and answer the questions that follow.

On a foggy morning in early February, a female turtle swims toward the sandy shore of a lonely island in the sea. Struggling onto shore, using her flippers to walk up the beach, she lumbers to a place in the sand where the water will not disturb her brood of eggs. When she finds a suitable location, she digs a deep hole in the sand. Digging throughout the day, the turtle lays her eggs and finishes the laborious process by covering the hole with sand. As evening falls she finishes her task and walks back toward the sea, leaving the sand to tend to the eggs she will never see again.


The eggs remain undisturbed for at least forty-five more days, since birds and other predators do not suspect what lies beneath the sand. The temperature of turtle eggs determines the gender of the turtles, so warmer temperatures produce female hatchlings and cooler temperatures produce males. Finally, two feet under the sand something begins to happen— the hatchling turtles break through their tough, leathery shells and begin their arduous journey to the sea. Because their mother hid them well, the tiny turtles must first climb through the sand that covers their nest.
The turtles struggle against the sand for nearly a week, but it is when the young turtles reach the surface that the real danger begins. A small turtle is a tasty snack for a bird flying over the beach. Instinctively the turtles move toward the water, miraculously following their unknown mother's trail to the sea.
At this point, the baby turtles have been alive for a week and have yet to have a meal or a rest. As they come closer to the water, the sand becomes flatter and they move faster, moving quickly toward the waves that will pick them up and carry them to their new home. They will swim through the waves and be carried by the ocean for another week, until they reach their home in the sea. In three years the process will begin again, and the female turtle will return to the shore to deposit her eggs in the cradle of the deep sand.

1. What is the most dangerous part of the process for the baby turtles?

A. walking from the nest to the sea

B. climbing out of the nest onto the beach

C. swimming in the ocean for the first time

D. information not provided


2. Where does the story take place?

A. a beach in Hawaii

B. an island

C. a lake

D. a ship

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Read the story and answer the questions that follow.

At first, inspectors wearing oxygen masks indicated that they were conducting a routine safety check of our local schools. However, their undertaking was much more complex. This special unit of hazardous substance investigators had a mission of the utmost importance in the lives of our students.


A routine repair at the Crescent Leaf School District's Ash Street High School turned into a near disaster last month. As members of the district's mobile repair unit pulled out old ceiling tiles, they discovered that the sprayed-on insulation in the ceiling contained asbestos. People in the affected classrooms were immediately relocated. Nearly one hundred students, teachers, and staff were exposed to the asbestos before it was discovered.
Asbestos is the common name for a group of naturally occurring minerals. These minerals have properties that make them excellent for insulation. Unfortunately, some of these same properties make them potentially harmful to people. The individual fibers are smaller than a human hair. They will remain airborne for hours. The fibers are easily inhaled but are nearly indestructible once inside the body. With enough exposure, these tiny fibers can cause cancerous and noncancerous respiratory diseases. Children are the most affected by these diseases. Each exposure increases the risk of health problems.
The day after the incident, a district spokesperson said that investigators had been dispatched throughout the district to examine the problem. Today we spoke with State Health Department official Mr. Art Beltway. He commented that the real danger was only in the buildings where the ceiling tiles had been disturbed. "The asbestos in the ceiling that has not been disturbed does not pose a threat. Only fibers that have been released into the air are potentially harmful." When questioned about what Crescent Leaf Schools should do, Mr. Beltway suggested, "Eliminating the asbestos in the classrooms where the ceiling has been disturbed should be all that is done during the school year. If the district decides to undertake the costly task of eliminating asbestos, the schools should be closed until the work is complete."
Students at Ash Street High School have been relocated to other area schools until the asbestos is sufficiently cleaned up in their school. Additionally, district officials are still undecided about what course of long-term action they will take. The results of their investigation will be finalized next week. The school board plans to discuss the issue at its January meeting.

3. What were the inspectors doing at local schools?

A. a safety check of the sprinkler system

B. searching for asbestos

C. a repair of the schools boiler

D. information not provided


4. Which asbestos fibers are harmful?

A. those that are naturally occurring

B. those that are in the ceiling

C. those that have been released in the air

D. those that have been chemically altered


5. Read the following passage and choose the sentence that includes an assumption.

1. Mika watched as the sailors pulled the huge anchor out of the water and put out to sea. 2. The air smelled salty and the breeze was cool. 3. As she walked back home she thought wistfully, "They must love the sea." 4. Secretly she wished that she could travel across the sea with them.



A. Sentence 1

B. Sentence 2

C. Sentence 3

D. Sentence 4


6. Read the following passage and choose the sentence that includes an assumption.

1. Ellen observed a police car sitting by the side of the road. 2. "I had better slow down," she thought. 3. "He must be looking for speeders. 4. I don't want to get pulled over and get a ticket."



A. Sentence 1

B. Sentence 2

C. Sentence 3

D. Sentence 4


7. Use the sentence to help you determine the best meaning for the underlined word.

After swimming all afternoon, I had a voracious appetite.



A. dangerous

B. vegetarian

C. picky

D. big


8. Use the sentence to help you determine the best meaning for the underlined word.

By observing others, the soldier learned the proper protocol for approaching an officer.



A. dance

B. etiquette

C. ritual

D. rank
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Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Ms. Adams's math class and Mrs. Boyd's life skills class worked together on a holiday project for a local children's home. The assignment was as follows:

You will be making a gingerbread structure or structures to display in the Oakmont Children's Home for the holidays. The final display will be a gingerbread town. All the ingredients must be edible materials. Please follow the instructions carefully to create an excellent final product for the children at Oakmont to enjoy.

A. Sketch a rough design of the structure or structures you would like to create for the gingerbread town. Some ideas include: houses, stores, farms, sleighs, animals, people, parks with play equipment.


B. Have your design reviewed by Mrs. Boyd by November 3rd. Duplicate designs will need to be modified.
C. Simplify your design to its two-dimensional components. For example: rectangles are used for walls; triangles are used in roofs; a sleigh will require two identical sides.
D. Calculate how many pieces of each shape will be necessary to create your design.
E. Create pattern pieces out of cooking parchment (available from Mrs. Boyd) for each unique piece of your design. (For example: if you need 4 six-inch by eight-inch walls, you only need to make one pattern piece and use it four times)
F. Calculate the amount of gingerbread dough you will need to mix to create your design. The rule is that 100 square inches of gingerbread is equal to one batch of dough.
G. Recalculate the amount of ingredients you will need to make the correct amount of dough for your design.
H. Using the following formulas, determine the amount of frosting and decorations you will need for your design. Frosting = ? x batches of dough; Decorations = 2 x batches of dough.
I. Using the price list available in Ms. Adams's classroom, determine how many units of each ingredient you will need and how much they will cost. Turn in your price list to Ms. Adams.
J. The next day pick up your money for ingredients from Ms. Adams.
K. Shop for your ingredients at ValueMart Groceries. Remember to show them your school identification to ensure the correct price for your ingredients.
L. Follow the recipe to make your gingerbread.

Gingerbread - 1 batch

Ingredients:
6 cups all-purpose flour
2 cups molasses
2 tablespoons powdered ginger
2 teaspoons baking soda
1 teaspoon baking powder
1 cup butter or margarine
2 eggs, lightly beaten
Frosting for mortar
Frosting for decoration
Decorations

Method:


1. In a large bowl, mix flour, ginger, baking soda, and baking powder. Set aside.
2. In a medium size saucepan, heat the molasses over medium heat until it boils slightly.
Add the butter and stir until it is melted.
3. Add the molasses and butter mixture to the flour mixture and stir until well blended.
4. Stir eggs into mixture, and mix until smooth and no lumps remain.
5. Refrigerate overnight.
6. On a lightly floured board, roll gingerbread dough into a 12 by 15 inch rectangle.
7. Using your patterns, cut out pieces for your design. Do not re-roll scrap pieces of dough.
8. Carefully transfer pieces to baking sheet.
9. Bake at 300 degrees for 90 minutes.
10. Cool pieces on baking sheet for 10 minutes and then on wire rack until completely cool.
11. Prepare frosting for mortar by mixing 1 cup powdered sugar with a quarter of the prepared
frosting.
Allow to set for 30 minutes at room temperature.
12. Using frosting for mortar, attach gingerbread pieces according to your design.
Allow to dry overnight before decorating.
13. Use remaining frosting to frost and decorate the exterior of your gingerbread pieces.
Allow to dry overnight.
14. Transfer pieces to the transporting tray provided to you by Mrs. Boyd.

M. Bring your completed gingerbread pieces to Mrs. Boyd's room by the end of homeroom on December 2nd.


N. Join Oakmont Children's Home for their holiday party on December 3rd at 4:00 p.m.

9. How many batches of gingerbread does the recipe make as written?

A. one batch

B. two batches

C. three batches

D. four batches


10. Looking at instruction B, what is the purpose of having your design reviewed by Mrs. Boyd?

A. to determine that there are a variety of structures for the gingerbread town

B. to ensure that your calculations are correct

C. to determine if your walls are strong enough to support the structure

D. to make sure that your structure is edible


11. Choose the antonym for the underlined word.

The girl scouts assembled early so that they could distribute all of the cookie orders in one day.



A. consume

B. give

C. list

D. gather


12. Choose the antonym for the underlined word.

I was surprised how sly my brother was when he planned my father's surprise party.



A. slippery

B. covert

C. forthcoming

D. impatient
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Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

"You haven't seen Alexis, have you William?" Ashley queried as she approached her brother, who was waiting in line to buy tickets.


"Not for a few minutes, but wasn't she with you?" responded William, his face showing concern.
"Well, yes," Ashley paused and frowned, "she was walking beside me, eating her cotton candy, but the next time I looked she was gone."
"Try not to worry— she's too young to walk a great distance on her own. Why don't you look that way," William pointed to the left of where they stood, "I'll go to the right, and we will meet back in front of the ticket booth in ten minutes."
"All right, that sounds reasonable," Ashley paused for a few moments, "I hope she is okay, because I, well, I won't worry yet."
"Don't be anxious— I'm sure she is simply sitting somewhere enjoying her cotton candy and watching the rides, probably not even noticing that we aren't with her. Just make sure to meet back here at 12:15, in front of this ticket booth no matter what happens."
"All right," nodded Ashley. She attempted to move through the swarm of people to search for Alexis, but the crowd seemed to be moving against every step that Ashley made, making it impossible for her to see more than a few feet in front of her. Her heart began to race, and a feeling of panic crept over her as the crowd pushed her further from the ticket line and her brother. Glancing at her watch, Ashley realized that not only was she never going to find Alexis in this crowd, but also, she had begun to doubt that she would ever make it back to the ticket booth in time to meet William. Ashley contemplated her options, but the desire to locate her youngest sister won.
Back in the ticket line, as William watched Ashley move away from him through the crowd, he paused to think through the events leading up to their current situation. "We'll need more than two pairs of eyes looking for a four-year-old child in this crowd," he realized, beginning to weave as quickly as he could toward the entrance. As he began looking for the security guards he had seen as they entered the park, he suddenly recognized that he had almost walked passed the security office. William checked the time— 12:14— and hoped that Ashley would not be concerned when he showed up late at the ticket booth.
As he entered the doorway he heard a young girl's voice call out, "Willy!" and he turned around to see Alexis seated on the shoulders of man in a blue uniform. As the man drew closer, Alexis lunged off the man's shoulders and into William's arms. Alexis looked up at William and asked, "Where did you and Ashley go? I finished my cotton candy, see?" she said, holding up her candy-covered hands.
William smiled at his little sister, "Let's go find Ashley, and then we'll get you cleaned up."
William thanked the security guard for his help and started off through the crowd with Alexis securely in his arms, calling out, "Ashley, where are you?"

13. How old is Alexis in the story?

A. two years old

B. four years old

C. five years old

D. The information is not given in the story.


14. Why is William looking for security guards?

A. to reclaim lost property

B. to discuss park safety

C. to find help for locating Ashley

D. to gain additional help searching for Alexis
15. Choose the answer that best completes the analogy.

RENEGADE:DEFECTOR ::__________:___________



A. nurse:doctor

B. winner:loser

C. advisor:student

D. companion:comrade


16. Choose the answer that best completes the analogy.

NIMBLE:AGILE::__________:__________



A. inert:speedy

B. deft:dull

C. limber:flexible

D. active:passive
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Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Daniel woke up feeling disoriented. It took a few seconds for him to remember where he was. Then he began to feel both nervous and excited at the same time. He was about to start his first full day on the interplanetary cruiser the USS Houston. Daniel had been so thrilled when he found out that his application was accepted for the Summer in Space Program. He had wanted to join the Space Corps since he was a little boy and heard an astronaut talk to his class about the new branch of service. With a growing number of space stations being built throughout the solar system, the U.S. government decided there needed to be a dedicated fleet of spacecraft to represent their national interests in space. This summer Daniel would learn firsthand what life on a spacecraft was like, as well as the different duties Space Corps officers perform.


He hurried to ready himself to meet the officer who was assigned to be his mentor for the summer. Lieutenant Maggie Irwin sat down to breakfast with him on the mess deck and began to explain some things about their mission. She told him their three-month deployment was mainly spent spreading goodwill among space stations belonging to foreign governments. Docking at various foreign space stations also helped to make their presence felt in the solar system. It let others know that the United States was a formidable ally. They were also responsible for maintaining peace and security among the space stations. So far in the history of the Space Corps, there had never been any hostilities among the many space stations. Lieutenant Irwin explained that rather than indicating their mission wasn't necessary, the record of peaceful relations indicated that their service has always been effective.
When they had finished their meal, Daniel followed Lieutenant Irwin to the captain's quarters to be introduced to the commanding officer. Captain Yun Takashi was a stern-looking man, but he smiled at Daniel and shook his hand. Daniel stood taller and gave the best salute he could manage. Captain Takashi laughed and returned the salute, but told him, "You don't have to salute me, son, you're not a member of the Corps."
Daniel smiled and replied, "Not yet, that is, sir."

17. Which of the following is the best summary of this passage?

A. After hearing an astronaut speak, a boy decides he wants to join the Space Corps.

B. A boy named Daniel meets two officers on a spacecraft.

C. A captain teaches a young boy about what it means to be in the Space Corps.

D. On a program aboard a spacecraft, a boy begins to learn about the Space Corps.
18. Which of the following is not included in this story?

A. the rank or position of Daniel's mentor

B. the name of the spacecraft Daniel was on

C. when Daniel had first become interested in the Space Corps

D. when Daniel had applied to the Summer in Space Program


19. Choose the word that has the same meaning as both of the following phrases.

to begin


an establishment

A. habit

B. prison

C. institute

D. tradition


20. Choose the word that best completes both sentences.

The ___________ experiment failed, so we started a new one.

Jenny had to ___________ the important documents to show that she had read them.

A. sign

B. primary

C. first

D. initial
21. Choose the word that best completes the sentence.

The frightened woman unintentionally ____________ the grease fire by pouring water on it, forcing her to call 911.



A. doused

B. smothered

C. ignited

D. exacerbated


22. Choose the word that best completes the sentence.

When I go away to college next year, my biggest fear is that I'll find it difficult to _________to my new surroundings.



A. acrimony

B. insinuate

C. acclimate

D. disengage


23. Choose the word that is a synonym for the underlined word.

After my mom's awful day at work, I fixed dinner, hoping to placate her.



A. motivate

B. anger

C. calm

D. rebuff

24. Choose the word that is a synonym for the underlined word.

The student's incessant talking forced the teacher to move him away from the rest of the class.



A. mild

B. continuous

C. interrupted

D. inconspicuous
25. Choose the word or phrase that has the closest meaning to the underlined word in the sentence.

Because he started before the signal, the test is invalid.



A. not acceptable

B. ill person

C. perfect

D. incorrect
26. Choose the word or phrase that has the closest meaning to the underlined word in the sentence.

I would never desert a friend who was in trouble.



A. hot, dry region

B. help

C. accompany

D. leave
27. Choose the word that is the synonym for the underlined word.

pertinent

A. troubled

B. relevant

C. stony

D. stubborn


28. Choose the word that is the synonym for the underlined word.

ulterior

A. concealed

B. final

C. uncut

D. modest
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Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Dear Superintendent Laurel,

Currently there are 1.7 million students in home schools across the nation. Ranging from kindergarten to twelfth grade, these students are excelling at impressive rates. Many of them are being educated in their homes because schools across the nation failed to meet test-scoring requirements. Since most public schools have abandoned their educational missions, I feel that home schooling is a great alternative.

Too often students are being subjected to overly populated classrooms. In addition, school violence and a lack of morals within schools are also concerns. I often hear critics argue that private schooling would be a better choice for our students. They hold that homeschoolers do not acquire sufficient socialization skills. However, I've found studies proving that this is a fallacy. Homeschoolers actively participate in extracurricular activities as often as their counterparts, if not more. Another study shows homeschoolers are generally more patient. They are not as competitive and they tend to fight less. Our students are much more prone to introducing themselves to one another. Quite frequently, they exchange addresses and phone numbers.

Our homeschoolers perform four grade levels above the national average. In addition, they surpass their public schooled peers on SAT tests. On average, homeschoolers score 1100. Public school students average 1019. A rising concept, homeschooling offers us a way to ensure the delivery of a quality education to our children. However, allocating educational resources for our students has proven difficult. As parents, we feel it is important for our students to have access to current materials; however, many schools feel that they cannot afford to contribute to our efforts. I hope I can count on your assistance since it will be instrumental in our efforts to attain better resources for our students. With your endorsement, I am quite confident that we can achieve our goals for more resources and continue to see success in our homeschoolers.

Respectfully,

Diane Bates
Home Schooling Parent

29. Why was this letter most likely written?

A. to prove that parents can provide a better quality education

B. to request the resignation of the superintendent

C. to solicit assistance for homeschool parents

D. to develop a relationship with the board of education


30. According to the letter, why are critics opposed to homeschooling?

A. because they feel that it requires too much funding

B. because they feel that private school offers more peer socialization

C. because they feel it does not offer current educational information

D. because they feel that parents are not qualified to teach

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Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

During yesterday's wrestling practice, Coach Pasqual had announced that a girl wanted to join the team. He told the team that Jenny, who had recently moved from Milwaukee, had wrestled for Carver High School for the last two years. Coach Pasqual told the team he felt Jenny had a lot of talent, and she would begin practicing with the boys the following week.


Jenny's arrival did not threaten Ricky, a top competitor on the team; he figured if a girl wanted to wrestle, that was her decision. Many of the boys on the team felt the same way, but some of the other seniors seemed indignant at the very idea, including the team captain, Ramon.
The following morning, Ramon, sounding irritated, asked Ricky, "I bet you don't know the real reason Coach Pasqual wants to let that girl wrestle? It's only because Principal Johnson threatened his job yesterday— some of the guys and I overheard her talking to him after practice." As a member of student government, Ricky had interacted with Principal Johnson on numerous occasions, and her threatening actions were appallingly shocking to him. Ricky didn't hesitate before marching up to the principal's office to speak with Principal Johnson about the matter.
Later that afternoon, as the team stretched out their muscles before practice, Coach Pasqual called Ricky into his office. "Yesterday when I announced that Jenny would join our team, you didn't appear to be overly concerned with the matter, Ricky. Today, however, Principal Johnson informed me that, in fact, you are very much concerned. I'm a little confused as to why you spoke to the principal about this situation before coming to me."
Suddenly unsure of himself, Ricky stammered, "Coach, some of the guys overheard her threatening your job. I thought if I spoke to her about it, she would change her mind."
"I see," said Coach Pasqual, but he did not seem pleased with Ricky's show of support. "I'm disappointed you would choose that line of attack without gathering all the facts. Had you discussed this with me prior to going to the principal, you could have avoided some of the embarrassment."
"Embarrassment," Ricky lamely restated, wondering what on earth he had done.
"Yes, embarrassment," Coach Pasqual said, handing Ricky a newspaper article from a town in Milwaukee. Quickly scanning the article, Ricky read about another coach who had lost his job for refusing to allow a girl to compete on the high school's wrestling team.
"Principal Johnson and I were discussing this article; she never threatened my job, nor would she have to under the circumstances. While I appreciate your support, I do not appreciate any team member who reacts without critical thought. Now, not only will you have to apologize to Principal Johnson, you will also have to do extra sit-ups and push-ups after practice for the next three weeks. And," continued Coach Pasqual, "you will personally help with Jenny's training. Understood?"
Ricky nodded and slouched out of the office, disappointed in himself. Next time, he would not let his emotions get the better of him, and he would gather all the facts before accosting the wrong person.

31. How might this passage be different if it was written a hundred years ago?

A. Coach Pasqual would have recognized Jenny's talent and encouraged her to wrestle.

B. Coach Pasqual would have thought of a punishment for Ricky other than sit-ups and push-ups.

C. Jenny probably would not have been allowed on a high school boys' wrestling team.

D. The Milwaukee coach would have immediately let Jenny on the team.


32. Which of the following genres best describes this passage?

A. realistic fiction

B. mystery

C. science fiction

D. fantasy

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Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.


Imagine that every inhaled breath taken felt as though it came in through a pinched straw. Having very sensitive airways, children with asthma often experience this feeling. Nearly five million children in the United States have asthma, a chronic lung disease. Asthma is caused by muscle swelling, squeezing, or excessive mucus. When suffering an asthma attack, the airflow to and from the lungs is often blocked.


One out of every thirteen school-aged children suffers from this illness. Forty percent of them have parents with asthma. Childhood asthma attacks are the cause of over 200,000 hospitalizations annually. Plus, more than fourteen million school days are missed due to asthma. Some sufferers of asthma will outgrow the illness. However, in many cases the symptoms will persist throughout adolescence and adulthood.
Nearly eighty percent of children with this disorder develop symptoms before turning five years old. These symptoms include wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and tightening of the chest. Pediatric physicians often give pulmonary function tests to their patients in order to accurately determine how well the child's lungs function. These tests also help doctors determine a health management system for their patients.
Specific irritants like chalk dust or other allergens often trigger attacks in school-aged children; therefore, many carry special devices and instructions to school. This way these children are prepared if an attack occurs. Quick relievers such as mist inhalers are commonly used to treat the condition when students are away from home and parents. Other elements like extreme weather conditions, strenuous exercise, or even emotional stress can initiate an attack. Many children learn to limit strenuous activities during recess or physical education. However, a good management plan will keep most sufferers from having to totally eliminate themselves from fun childhood activities.
Parents of children with this illness also learn to prevent attacks. Before school begins, many parents use special tools to measure how well their child's lungs are functioning. Tools like peak flow meters help determine a child's breathing ease. If the lungs' airways are agitated, preventive medicines may be given. These medicines can come in the form of dry powder inhalers or pills, which help to open the airways. Other options are liquids and injections.
Although there is no cure for asthma, the illness can be controlled. Being informed about the disease and having an asthmatic management plan in place are great ways for children and parents to start.


33. From which of the following points of view is the passage written?

A. third person

B. second person omniscient

C. first person

D. second person limited


34. Which answer best restates the information in the fifth paragraph?

A. Asthmatic medicines are the only way to prevent children from getting asthma.

B. Parents with children who have asthma must purchase expensive tools to help combat the illness.

C. There are several asthmatic medications and various ways to take these medications.

D. Special asthmatic tools are used to help the lungs' airways to greatly expand.

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Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

"Ozymandias of Egypt"
by Percy Bysshe Shelley

1 I met a traveller from an antique land


2 Who said: Two vast and trunkless legs of stone
3 Stand in the desert. Near them on the sand,
4 Half sunk, a shatter'd visage lies, whose frown
5 And wrinkled lip and sneer of cold command
6 Tell that its sculptor well those passions read
7 Which yet survive, stamp'd on these lifeless things,
8 The hand that mock'd them and the heart that fed.
9 And on the pedestal these words appear:
10 "My name is Ozymandias, king of kings:
11 Look on my works, ye mighty, and despair!"
12 Nothing beside remains: round the decay
13 Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare,
14 The lone and level sands stretch far away.

35. Which of the following lines from the poem is an example of descriptive language?

A. "And on the pedestal these words appear:"

B. "The hand that mocked them and the heart that fed."

C. "Nothing beside remains:"

D. "Look on my works, ye mighty, and despair!"


36. Which of the following character traits does Ozymandias most likely possess?

A. arrogance

B. intelligence

C. kindess

D. cowardice

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Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.



Normally, Skylar relished taking long motorcycle rides with her mother, but today was the Friday that marked the final weekend of her spring break. Skylar didn't mind having to spend the weekend with her Uncle Kaiyen and her younger cousin Glory; after all, Glory would be thirteen years old in another week and she had finally outgrown some of her annoying little sister-like habits. Skylar actually looked forward to spending some time with her uncle and cousin while her mom went to her annual motorcycle rally for the weekend. However, the assignment she had avoided throughout her entire vacation continued to call out to her, reminding her that the time of procrastination had expired. Unless she wanted to receive an F in English, Skylar knew she had to complete her expository essay this weekend. For her assignment, Skylar needed to instruct her teacher on how to complete some type of activity. At this point, Skylar still had no idea what the topic of her writing assignment would be.
Pulling up to her uncle's, Skylar hopped off her mom's bike and kissed her goodbye. Skylar's Uncle Kaiyen and Glory met her at the front door. With her backpack still on and helmet in hand, Skylar followed her uncle and cousin into the house.
"Here Skylar, have a slice of pizza," her uncle began. "We just ordered it, and I'm sure you're a little hungry after your ride." Taking the pizza from her uncle, Skylar glanced around the kitchen. Not much had really changed since her last visit. The pots and pans still dangled from the organizer hanging from the kitchen ceiling, and the plants, although larger now, still owned every nook and cranny. Skylar knew Uncle Kaiyen kept things the exact same so that Glory would still feel her mother's presence in their home. He wanted Glory to have something to remember her mother by, and since his wife had not possessed many valuables, Skylar's uncle had not changed anything since that sad time three years ago.
Finishing her pizza, Skylar followed Glory up to her bedroom and lightly tossed her backpack onto the bottom bunk bed. "So, what's up Glory? How've you been?" Skylar asked her younger cousin who had been following her every move since she walked into the house.
"Skylar, you have to help me," began Glory. "Dad is insisting that I have a slumber party this year for my thirteenth birthday. He claims that it's important that I still get to do 'girly' things, even though Mom's no longer with us."
"That sounds like fun. What's the problem?" Skylar inquired.
"You've obviously never been to one of Dad's parties," Glory whined.
"I'd love to help," Skylar began, "but I can't. I have an assignment that I have to work on and I'm sure it's going to take up most of my time."
"Well, will you at least come with me to the party supply store so that I can try to save my teenage reputation before it begins?" begged Glory.
Unable to keep from chuckling at her younger cousin, Skylar agreed. As the two walked to the neighboring party store, Glory explained in detail about the Hawaiian themed slumber party Kristin Kennedy had about a month ago; all the girls had talked about it for weeks and Glory just knew that if she let her dad plan her slumber party it would be disastrous. Inside the store, the two girls walked up and down every aisle browsing for party favors and decorations that would provide hours of entertainment and a fun theme for Glory's thirteenth birthday party. Wanting to help, Skylar shared her slumber party experiences with her younger cousin and offered her expertise, suggesting that Glory remember to not fall asleep first because something always happens to the first girl to fall asleep. Just as the two girls rounded the last aisle in the store, Skylar had an idea that would easily benefit them both. She grabbed her notepad from her purse and insisted that Glory follow her through the store aisles once more so that she could jot down some ideas to help Glory throw the most amazing slumber party ever. Cruising through the aisles once more, Glory noted the things Skylar quickly scribbled down on her notepad— face paint, photo booth with dress up clothes, pajama fashion show, magazine scavenger hunt, popcorn, corn dogs, snow cones.
When they got home, Skylar explained to Glory that she had to go work on her paper for her class assignment, but promised that by the time she was finished, Glory would have a well detailed instruction sheet on how to throw the best slumber party ever. After rushing upstairs, Skylar sat down and began her assignment. In the middle of the top of her paper she wrote— How to Throw a Successful Slumber Party.


37. From whose point of view is this story told?

A. the narrator's

B. Skylar's

C. the uncle's

D. Glory's
38. What is the meaning of the word procrastination as used in the following sentence?

The assignment she had avoided throughout her entire vacation continued to call out to her, reminding her that the time of procrastination had expired.



A. academics

B. postponement

C. achievement

D. progression

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Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.



By the time Dad and I managed to set sail, the sun had peaked, and its golden rays spread over the ocean as if King Midas himself had touched it. A gust of wind blew in from the south and rippled the tranquil waves. I thought Dad seemed to be acting a little strange, as though he were waiting for something to happen, so I asked him if today began a new season for catching some rare type of fish or something. "Not exactly," was all he said.
Just before Dad set up his fishing rods, he cast his net to pull in trash from the bottom of the sea as he always did whenever we set sail. And as usual, I proceeded to pull out a novel, this time it was The Island of the Blue Dolphins, from my backpack. As I opened the book and found my marked page, the boat began to swirl around in circles rather rapidly. Panicked, I looked over at my dad who wore a peculiar, yet very composed smile on his face. Feeling unsettled I gently stepped toward my father, but the boat still heaved and tossed me overboard. As I fell into the deep cold waves, I tried to regain my position, struggling to turn my body upright so that I could swim to the surface close to where the boat was anchored. As I battled the whirlpool, panic began to set in as I knew I wouldn't be able to survive underwater much longer. And where was Dad? How come he hadn't come to my rescue? Unable to hold my breath any longer, I inhaled a lungful of cold, bitter, salt water and closed my eyes.
When I reopened them, before me floated two mythical creatures that up until now, I had only seen in fairytales and picture books. One was a male about my age, and the other was a female who seemed to be a little older than the male. They both had long glorious fish tails that brilliantly sparkled in colors of turquoise, green, and gold. The girl wore a top made of clam shells strung together with the most elegant pearls, and in the front of her hair flowed two flawless braids that were intertwined with thin strands of seaweed. The younger male was closer to my own age and had muscular arms that he must have developed from swimming underwater.
Before my brain could register the fact that I was breathing underwater without any effort, the mermaid motioned for me to follow her and the male, whom I had concluded to be her younger brother. When we finally reached our destination, I could not believe what lay before my eyes— the legendary underwater kingdom of Atlantis. The towers were constructed of vibrant pink and white coral and adorned with pearls, jewels, and gold. Swimming past the majestic castle with my new companions, I observed a corral of sea horses, and just beyond the corral sat a sunken ship loaded with treasures and jewels. Swimming a bit further, I came to an abrupt halt, for beyond the sunken ship was a field of waste and trash that had obviously come from above these salty waters. Sadly, my mythical friends looked at me with eyes full of hope. Reassuringly I looked back at them and nodded, knowing that once they returned me to land, I would join my father and his crusade to save the sea from pollution.

39. Where would you most likely find a story of this type?

A. in an encyclopedia under mermaids

B. in a collection of fantasy stories

C. on a charted map to Atlantis

D. in a history book about secret lands


40. The narrator fell into the ocean because _______________ .

A. the father pushed her in order for the adventure to occur

B. her book fell into the waves and he or she tried to retrieve it

C. the boat swirled in circles rapidly

D. she was learning how to swim

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Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

The Great Barrier Reef is located in the Coral Sea off the coast of Queensland in northeastern Australia. It is thought of as one of the great natural wonders of the world. It is the largest barrier reef in the world, measuring approximately 1,250 miles from north to south. It has an area of 80,000 square miles.
The skeletal remains of millions of tiny coral created the reef. On the Great Barrier Reef, coral flourishes because of the warm water temperatures and lack of pollution. Coral cannot survive in water temperatures that are not mild. Over millions of years, mounds of remains became covered with plankton, which is a microscopic combination of a plant and animal. Plants, algae, and debris from the ocean added to the mounds.
Captain James Cook discovered the Great Barrier Reef in 1770, when Cook's ship ran aground on a reef off coast. Exploration began at that time, and over the years, extensive studies covering numerous topics, from coral physiology to fish behavior, have been performed. The first lab to study the plants and animals on the reef was established in 1951 on Heron Island.
The underwater environment of the Great Barrier Reef continues to support many forms of marine life. These include lower forms such as plankton, and more complex animals such as sharks. It houses a true food chain in which plants, plankton, shellfish, fish, clams, jellyfish, and many more species of marine animals exist. There are more than fifteen hundred species of saltwater fish alone. One reason that the Great Barrier Reef plays host to so many varieties of fish is that the floor of the Coral Sea makes it nearly impossible for commercial fishing.
While law on the Great Barrier Reef now protects sea turtles that were once captured for food, scallop collecting and pearl harvesting are still businesses owned and operated by islanders. Big game fishing, for marlin and sailfish, is still very popular. But the tourism industry still best supports the reef. The Great Barrier Reef continues to be a popular tourist destination, especially for scuba divers.

41. The sentence is an example of _______________ .

Plankton feed on coral, while small fish feed on plankton.



A. sea myth

B. scientific study

C. surprising behavior

D. food chain


42. Why was a lab set up on Herron Island?

A. The story did not say.

B. to study the plants and animals that inhabit the reef

C. to help injured marine life

D. to create a tourist attraction

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Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.


Centerville was known around the region for having the best football team in the state. Every year they made it to the state finals, and more often than not, they won the championship title. The town was very proud of their hard-working athletes, and the team's dedicated coach, Mr. Rogers. Mr. Rogers had played football in college and went on to play one season in the pros, so he knew what it took to make a winning team. He instilled a strong work ethic in his boys, and he always built team spirit at the beginning of the season, believing that in order for a team to be successful, everyone needed to feel supported and trust one another. His philosophy had managed to make seven championship titles possible, but Mr. Rogers knew that this year's championship game would be more difficult than any other year. Not only was the opposing team, the Park City Panthers, their archrival, but Centerville's quarterback and team leader, Sean, could not play due to an injured ankle. Sean continued to come to practice to show his moral support, but there was little he could do when it came down to game day.


The week before the championship game, the coach was frantically trying to decide who could replace Sean in the game. He knew Michael had the potential to do well, but Mr. Rogers wasn't sure if the young man had the leadership skills needed for a victory. As Mr. Rogers contemplated his plight, Michael came to talk to him. Michael pleaded with the coach to allow him to play in the game. He knew he had what it took to win, and he wanted the opportunity to show the school what he could do. The coach reluctantly agreed, knowing that if Michael was not able to succeed, he would have serious consequences to pay, both emotionally and socially. The townspeople and student body were extremely loyal, but they could be ruthless when athletes failed to perform at the highest levels.
The night before the championship game Michael decided to take some peaceful time away from his friends and family, knowing he needed to clear his head in order to stay focused for tomorrow's game. His biggest obstacle would be convincing himself that he could make the winning passes necessary to beat the Panthers, but as he sat alone on the roof of his apartment building staring at the stars, he worried that he would not have the confidence during tomorrow's game. He knew how much the team was counting on him, as he was the only player trained to play quarterback since Sean's injury.
The day of the game arrived and everyone in the town gathered early in the parking lot to have their picnics before the big event. In the locker room, Coach Rogers was pacing back and forth anxiously awaiting the arrival of his only hope, Michael.
Elsewhere, Michael was running late because he had slept through his alarm. He knew that if he didn't make it to the field soon, Coach might not let him play. Pressing harder on the gas pedal, Michael began racing to the field in his dad's car. As he flew around a corner, he lost control of the car and hit a tree. Thankfully, he had been wearing his seatbelt and was not severely injured, but the car had been totaled and Michael realized that he would not be able to play in the game.
Back at the school, Coach Rogers was getting really worried; he knew something must be wrong. It was not like Michael to skip an important pregame meeting. He made a few phone calls, but when the highway patrol showed up, his heart sank. After the police informed him of the situation, he realized he would have to forfeit the game since he lost his one and only quarterback. He spoke with the coach of the opposing team, and they announced the game's forfeiture. The town and the students were crushed to learn their team would not even play for the title.
While Centerville never fully recovered from losing the game by default, many people learned a tremendous amount about themselves from this event. Michael learned that rushing is not always the smartest thing to do, especially when you are driving a car. Coach Rogers realized that putting all of his eggs in one basket is not wise. Next time, he would train more players to fill the role of quarterback. The people of Centerville, students and adults alike, learned that although winning would have been nice, they could still feel proud without a first place trophy.

43. How many championships had Coach Rogers won?

A. one

B. five

C. seven

D. none


44. Which information was excluded from the passage?

A. the name of the town

B. the name of the starring quarterback

C. the name of Michael's team

D. the name of the opposing team

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Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.


The American flag is an important symbol for the United States; therefore, there are many regulations and rules when it comes to caring for it. One of those regulations is how the flag is folded when it is not hanging. When the flag is folded it must be folded into a neat triangle and is done in a specific manner and ritual.


You need two people to fold the flag because it should never touch the ground. You and your partner should face each other and each hold two corners of the flag so that the short side is facing your waist and it is parallel to the ground. Fold the lower portion of the flag, the part entirely covered with stripes, over the top portion with the stars on it. Repeat the same widthwise fold so half the stars are facing up and half are facing the ground. You should now be holding a rectangular flag folded twice; one long side is open and the other long side is a closed crease.
Now you will fold the flag into a triangle shape by starting your folds at a specific point. Begin by taking the closed corner with the stripes and folding it diagonally across to the opposite side to create a triangle, then take the pointy open corner and fold it down over the first triangle to form another straight edge. Repeat this process, switching corners, until all the stripes are covered and only a square of the stars are showing. This time, fold the open corner from the stars side diagonally across to the closed side, creating a triangle. Then tuck the remaining blue triangle with the stars on it, into the thick triangle folded first so it forms one neat triangle that will not unravel.

45. The American flag should never _______________.

A. be folded incorrectly

B. be folded when it is not hanging

C. touch the ground

D. be stored for long periods of time

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Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.


Make Your Own Paper
When paper is made at a mill, wood pulp and water are put into a large machine with a long moving screen. The screen allows water to seep through while catching the pulp. It then moves through another machine, which presses the pulp and dries it. Next, it goes through several more machines to make the paper smooth and flat.
You can create your own paper very easily with recycled old newspaper, office paper, or wrapping paper. However, the paper you create at home will end up being thicker and rougher than the paper made at a mill, because you don't have access to the machines, which flatten and smooth the paper.

Directions:
1. Tear paper into tiny bits until you have ? cup. Add 2 cups hot water, and put in blender. If you wish, you could also add your own decorations, such as flowers, glitter, or string, to the mixture in the blender.
2. Blend the mixture. Add two teaspoons of instant starch and blend again until the pulp is the consistency of split pea soup.
3. Place a non-rusting screen in the bottom of a flat pan and pour the pulp over the top of the screen.
4. Spread out some newspaper and place a piece of cloth on top to use as a blotter.
5. Gently lift the screen out of the pan, and let the water drain out. Place the screen, pulp-side up, on top of the piece of cloth, and gently put another piece of cloth over the pulp. Then layer another piece of newspaper over the top of the cloth.
6. Take a rolling pin and roll over the top of the newspaper and the cloth blotter to squeeze the remainder of the water from the pulp.
7. Carefully remove the screen with the pulp from the newspaper and blotter, and let the paper dry for 12 to 24 hours, depending on the thickness and dampness of the paper.
8. Enjoy your new creation to use for stationery, cards, or just plain paper, and see how creative you can become!

46. What causes the pulp to become the consistency of split pea soup?

A. ? can soup

B. 2 teaspoons starch

C. boiling on a stove

D. 4 tablespoons glue


47. Read each sentence carefully. Choose the answer in which the underlined words are used correctly.

A. Does Tristan no how to cook beets?

B. Does Tristan know how to cook beets?

C. Does Tristan no how to cook beats?

D. Does Tristan know how to cook beats?


48. Read each sentence carefully. Choose the answer in which the underlined words are used correctly.

A. The captain blew the whistle and the team moved forward.

B. The captain blue the whistle and the team moved foreword.

C. The captain blue the whistle and the team moved forward.

D. The captain blew the whistle and the team moved foreword.

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Read the paragraph and answer the question that follows.

The woman wore a simple blue dress and a floral bonnet. Her skin was like worn leather, and her hands felt like sandpaper. The years she had spent working on the farm had taken their toll. She was plain. She might even be considered homely.

49. Which of the following statements from the passage is based on fact?

A. "working on the farm"

B. "skin was like leather"

C. "considered homely"

D. "She was plain."


50. Identify the following sentence as either a fact, an opinion, or both.

The architecture of this church is magnificent.



A. fact

B. opinion

C. both fact and opinion

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