Strain that met our ears as we entered the old theater. There was a beauty in the voice that we’d never forget. This would be a special concert. It was a sad and haunting strain



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1. It was a sad and haunting strain that met our ears as we entered the old theater. There was a beauty in the voice that we’d never forget. This would be a special concert.

  • 1. It was a sad and haunting strain that met our ears as we entered the old theater. There was a beauty in the voice that we’d never forget. This would be a special concert.
  • What does “strain” mean in the context of the selection?
  • a. effort b. injury c. melody d. filter
  • C. melody

2. I want you to weigh his words carefully. He seems sincere and presents his arguments well. There is, however, something that doesn’t quite ring true about the candidate.

  • 2. I want you to weigh his words carefully. He seems sincere and presents his arguments well. There is, however, something that doesn’t quite ring true about the candidate.
  • What does “weigh” mean in the context of the selection?
  • a. to measure the mass b. to put pressure on a scale c. to think about d. to be important
  • C. to think about it

3. Michael is an ardent supporter of his presidential candidate. That became obvious to me when I found out how much time he’s donated to the campaign. Perhaps Michael knows what he’s doing.

  • 3. Michael is an ardent supporter of his presidential candidate. That became obvious to me when I found out how much time he’s donated to the campaign. Perhaps Michael knows what he’s doing.
  • What does “ardent” mean in the context of the selection?
  • a. old b. intelligent c. foolish d. very strong
  • d. Very strong

4. The signal from the cable is too strong for our television. We’ll have to use a filter to attenuate it.

  • 4. The signal from the cable is too strong for our television. We’ll have to use a filter to attenuate it.
  • When you attenuate something, you _______________.
  • a. watch it carefully b. take good care of it c. make it be less d. get past it
  • d. to get past it

5. “If you knew the gravity of the situation, you wouldn’t be laughing,” Mr. Farmer said quietly. He didn’t have to say more to get everyone’s attention.

  • 5. “If you knew the gravity of the situation, you wouldn’t be laughing,” Mr. Farmer said quietly. He didn’t have to say more to get everyone’s attention.
  • What does “gravity” mean in this context?
  • a. a force that draws different objects toward
  • each other b. seriousness c. humor d. enjoyable, or comfortable
  • b. Seriousness

6. Her cardinal rule is this: Be kind to others! She believes that everything else in life will fall properly into place if one follows that rule.

  • 6. Her cardinal rule is this: Be kind to others! She believes that everything else in life will fall properly into place if one follows that rule.
  • What does “cardinal” mean in this context?
  • a. main, or most important b. red c. like a bird d. not worth remembering

7. The owner of the restaurant wouldn’t allow Samantha to walk through the door. “I’m sorry,” she said, “but you started a food fight the last time you were here. You may not have ingress to my restaurant!”

  • 7. The owner of the restaurant wouldn’t allow Samantha to walk through the door. “I’m sorry,” she said, “but you started a food fight the last time you were here. You may not have ingress to my restaurant!”
  • What does “ingress” mean in this selection?
  • a. a kind of bird that lives by the sea b. any food that can be thrown c. a good price for a meal d. the right to enter
  • d. The right to enter

8. Your uncle wouldn’t even part with a dime to help the kids pay for their trip. That’s just one more example of his penurious ways. In contrast, many people who have much less money have donated a great deal to the cause.

  • 8. Your uncle wouldn’t even part with a dime to help the kids pay for their trip. That’s just one more example of his penurious ways. In contrast, many people who have much less money have donated a great deal to the cause.
  • What does “penurious” mean?
  • a. very old b. very wealthy c. very humorous d. very stingy
  • d. Very stingy

9. There is a very interesting article about solar storms in the February 14, 2000 issue of Time magazine. It tells about how these disturbances not only affect spacecraft, but can also disrupt terrestrial life. For example, they have even caused automatic garage doors to open in one town.

  • 9. There is a very interesting article about solar storms in the February 14, 2000 issue of Time magazine. It tells about how these disturbances not only affect spacecraft, but can also disrupt terrestrial life. For example, they have even caused automatic garage doors to open in one town.
  • What does “terrestrial” mean?
  • a. of or on the planet Earth b. protective of automotive equipment c. solar d. in or near a pond
  • A. on or above the planet earth

10. “Michelle, I’m very upset about what you said,” Rosie stated firmly. “You didn’t come right out and accuse me of eating all your candy. On the other hand, your remarks about my love of chocolate were made for a reason. You are insinuating that I’m the candy thief!”

  • 10. “Michelle, I’m very upset about what you said,” Rosie stated firmly. “You didn’t come right out and accuse me of eating all your candy. On the other hand, your remarks about my love of chocolate were made for a reason. You are insinuating that I’m the candy thief!”
  • What does “insinuate” mean?
  • a. to keep something hot or cold b. to suggest without clearly saying c. to do something evil d. to protect from disease

11. I think it would help our basketball team, if we allowed girls to play. I’ve seen how Patty has a knack for making the tough shots when they’re needed most. She wants to play on our team and we’d win more games with her help.

  • 11. I think it would help our basketball team, if we allowed girls to play. I’ve seen how Patty has a knack for making the tough shots when they’re needed most. She wants to play on our team and we’d win more games with her help.
  • What does “knack” mean?
  • a. to throw or toss b. a hard punch c. a kind of sports bag d. an ability
  • d. An ability

12. Connie is never happy when everyone is getting along. She always instigates fights and then acts like little Miss Innocent.

  • 12. Connie is never happy when everyone is getting along. She always instigates fights and then acts like little Miss Innocent.
  • When you instigate something, you __________.
  • a. check it out b. protect it c. get it started d. ignore it
  • c. Get it started

13. I like that store. All the employees strive to make the customers feel right at home.

  • 13. I like that store. All the employees strive to make the customers feel right at home.
  • Which word is a synonym of “strive”?
  • a. complain b. try c. fail d. clean
  • B. try

14. This is a clandestine operation. It is extremely important that no one discovers what you’re doing!

  • 14. This is a clandestine operation. It is extremely important that no one discovers what you’re doing!
  • A clandestine operation is supposed to be __________.
  • a. dangerous b. harmful c. exciting d. secret
  • d. secret

15. If you don’t recover quickly from your condition, it could become chronic. Then you might have to take medicine for the rest of your life.

  • 15. If you don’t recover quickly from your condition, it could become chronic. Then you might have to take medicine for the rest of your life.
  • If something is chronic, it __________.
  • a. is very painful b. won’t go away c. makes you smell bad d. isn’t real
  • B. won’t go away

16. David hoped that nobody would know that he was in the building. Didn’t he realize that parking his new car in the driveway made his presence rather conspicuous?

  • 16. David hoped that nobody would know that he was in the building. Didn’t he realize that parking his new car in the driveway made his presence rather conspicuous?
  • If something is conspicuous, it is __________.
  • a. important b. expensive c. unfortunate d. noticeable
  • d. noticeable

17. All of the camping plans were contingent on the weather since no one wanted to set up tents or cook in rain and high winds.   

  • 17. All of the camping plans were contingent on the weather since no one wanted to set up tents or cook in rain and high winds.   
  • a. Dependent  
  • b. Predicted  
  • c. Explained  
  • d. Discussed
  • a. Dependent

18. The two brothers were complete opposites; John was ruthless, whereas his brother Adam was compassionate and caring.   

  • 18. The two brothers were complete opposites; John was ruthless, whereas his brother Adam was compassionate and caring.   
  • a. Sympathetic  
  • b. Compassionate  
  • c. Cruel  
  • d. Secretive
  • C. cruel

19. Desiree sought vengeance; she wanted to get back at her ex-boyfriend for the suffering he had caused her.   

  • 19. Desiree sought vengeance; she wanted to get back at her ex-boyfriend for the suffering he had caused her.   
  • a. Security  
  • b. Revenge; injury in return for an injury  
  • c. Friendship  
  • d. Sensitivity to one's needs
  • B. Revenge; an injury in return for an injury

20. Recognizing the role of positive interaction between parents and children, the therapist recommended the family spend time talking at the dinner table, reading aloud to each other, and planning a weekly family game night.   

  • 20. Recognizing the role of positive interaction between parents and children, the therapist recommended the family spend time talking at the dinner table, reading aloud to each other, and planning a weekly family game night.   
  • a. Action without others  
  • b. Action between people  
  • c. Avoidance of communication  
  • d. Isolation

21. The emergency response leader rehearsed procedures in case citizens were evacuated following a local disaster such as a tornado, hurricane, or earthquake.   

  • 21. The emergency response leader rehearsed procedures in case citizens were evacuated following a local disaster such as a tornado, hurricane, or earthquake.   
  • a. Determined the value  
  • b. Considered the consequences  
  • c. Withdrew from an area for protection  
  • d. Retained a position in a place

22. The children looked forward to each Thursday morning, since it was always their day for an excursion to the park, the zoo, a movie, or the nearby playground.   

  • 22. The children looked forward to each Thursday morning, since it was always their day for an excursion to the park, the zoo, a movie, or the nearby playground.   
  • a. A short trip  
  • b. An excuse  
  • c. An opportunity for work  
  • d. An imaginary work of art

23. Matthew scanned the sparse crowd and suddenly felt a surge of relief that he would not have to give his poorly rehearsed speech to a large group of people.   

  • 23. Matthew scanned the sparse crowd and suddenly felt a surge of relief that he would not have to give his poorly rehearsed speech to a large group of people.   
  • a. Bored  
  • b. Alert  
  • c. Thinly spread; not crowded  
  • d. Large; overly crowded

24. As the music reverberated down the hall of the dorm, rattling the windows and shattering the Saturday morning silence, Alice sighed, realizing she would need to hike to the library if she wanted some quiet study time.   

  • 24. As the music reverberated down the hall of the dorm, rattling the windows and shattering the Saturday morning silence, Alice sighed, realizing she would need to hike to the library if she wanted some quiet study time.   
  • a. Made calm and peaceful  
  • b. Caused to echo and resound loudly  
  • c. Marked by hard work  
  • d. Ignored as a result of weak talent

25. The grandmother clutched the cigar box bedecked with colorful glass beads and ribbonsa treasure that housed notes, sketches, and thank-you notes from her artistic granddaughter now away at college.   

  • 25. The grandmother clutched the cigar box bedecked with colorful glass beads and ribbonsa treasure that housed notes, sketches, and thank-you notes from her artistic granddaughter now away at college.   
  • a. Bewildered and confused  
  • b. Abandoned  
  • c. Decorated  
  • d. Forgotten; ignored

26. The aroma of bacon, pancakes, and hot syrup wafted from the kitchen, increasing Ben's appetite and enticing him to crawl out of bed.   

  • 26. The aroma of bacon, pancakes, and hot syrup wafted from the kitchen, increasing Ben's appetite and enticing him to crawl out of bed.   
  • a. Traveled through the air  
  • b. Dazzled in shimmering light  
  • c. Echoed in quick fashion  
  • d. Startled by a sudden movement

27. Alison knew she was obsessed with her fear of failure, so she read several self-help books to learn how to stop her constant negative self-talk.    

  • 27. Alison knew she was obsessed with her fear of failure, so she read several self-help books to learn how to stop her constant negative self-talk.    
  • a. Hidden in a dark corner  
  • b. Haunted by a particular thought  
  • c. Overcome with sudden joy  
  • d. Provided with a particular talent

28. People who lead a sedentary lifethat is, those who sit all day at their jobs and then at homeare encouraged by physicians to find ways to introduce some exercise into their daily routine.   

  • 28. People who lead a sedentary lifethat is, those who sit all day at their jobs and then at homeare encouraged by physicians to find ways to introduce some exercise into their daily routine.   
  • a. Consisting of a layer of rock and sand  
  • b. Aided by an assistant  
  • c. Privately arranged  
  • d. Characterized by little physical activity

29. As the college seniors lined up for the graduation ceremony, they grew wistful, sharing memories of the past four years and already longing for the simple, predictable days of attending classes.   

  • 29. As the college seniors lined up for the graduation ceremony, they grew wistful, sharing memories of the past four years and already longing for the simple, predictable days of attending classes.   
  • a. Full of yearning or longing for something  
  • b. Lacking thought or care  
  • c. Sneaking an opportunity to change plans  
  • d. Secretly planning a new move

30. Impulsive shoppers rarely think about the consequences of making large credit card purchases.   

  • 30. Impulsive shoppers rarely think about the consequences of making large credit card purchases.   
  • a. Deliberately denying oneself a present  
  • b. Planning with great preparation  
  • c. Logically weighing the possible consequences of an action  
  • d. Acting without thought of the future

31. All students are expected to adhere to classroom rules; for those who do not stick to the codes set by the college, there will be negative consequences.   

  • 31. All students are expected to adhere to classroom rules; for those who do not stick to the codes set by the college, there will be negative consequences.   
  • a. Celebrate  
  • b. Stick to or follow  
  • c. Begin a new journey  
  • d. Deliberately avoid punishment

32. Although the diminutive speaker had to stand on a box to be seen over the lectern, the audience agreed that his ideas were anything but small.   

  • 32. Although the diminutive speaker had to stand on a box to be seen over the lectern, the audience agreed that his ideas were anything but small.   
  • a. Unusually tall  
  • b. Intelligent  
  • c. Distinguished  
  • d. Short or small

33. The 2-year-old was reluctant to get his first haircut until he saw the smiling stylist dressed as a kind fairy godmother.   

  • 33. The 2-year-old was reluctant to get his first haircut until he saw the smiling stylist dressed as a kind fairy godmother.   
  • a. Willing and eager  
  • b. Sensitive  
  • c. Unwilling and resistant  
  • d. Remarkable and superior

34. Why is it that strange people who are rich are considered eccentric, but strange poor people are merely odd?   

  • 34. Why is it that strange people who are rich are considered eccentric, but strange poor people are merely odd?   
  • a. Sad  
  • b. Inexpensive  
  • c. Ordinary  
  • d. Unusual

35. Wearing conventional clothes to a job interview at a bank is highly recommended, whereas more unusual outfits are acceptable for individuals seeking jobs as entertainers and artists.   

  • 35. Wearing conventional clothes to a job interview at a bank is highly recommended, whereas more unusual outfits are acceptable for individuals seeking jobs as entertainers and artists.   
  • a. Having to do with a conference  
  • b. Customary and usual  
  • c. Unusual  
  • d. Expensive

36. Despite the onset of Alzheimer's disease, the patient had some good days when he was cognizant of his surroundings and aware of the loved ones who visited him.   

  • 36. Despite the onset of Alzheimer's disease, the patient had some good days when he was cognizant of his surroundings and aware of the loved ones who visited him.   
  • a. Forgetful  
  • b. Healthy  
  • c. Aware  
  • d. Angry

DIRECTIONS: There is a word printed in italics before each selection. Use the context of each selection to identify and underline the synonym of that word.

  • DIRECTIONS: There is a word printed in italics before each selection. Use the context of each selection to identify and underline the synonym of that word.
  • 37. strange
  • I was really appalled at how Don decorated his new apartment. Almost everything is solid black. When anyone sits on a chair or couch, a scream comes out of a concealed loudspeaker. Don thinks it’s hilarious. I think he has a bizarre sense of humor!

38. stick

  • 38. stick
  • This tape you gave me doesn’t work at all! I can’t get a single poster to adhere to the wall. I’m going to have to use my staple gun.
  • 39. smell
  • Patty loves to use an abundant amount of garlic in her cooking. Almost any time you approach her kitchen, the aroma of that famous plant is unmistakable.

40. write

  • 40. write
  • Ronald wanted to establish an advantage over the other boys who were all trying to win Mary’s heart. Deciding to inscribe his and Mary’s names on the tree in her front yard turned out to be a blunder. He certainly did not win the affection of her parents.

In the lifeguard-supervised beach area, red warning flags flapped in the wind.

  • In the lifeguard-supervised beach area, red warning flags flapped in the wind.
  • Families dotted the shoreline, wading, skiboarding, and building sandcastles, but no one was swimming.
  • Farther down the beach, in the unsupervised area, a few surfers rode the waves.
  • 41. What can you infer from these details?    
  • a. It is too windy to be in the water.  
  • b. Sharks have been sighted.  
  • c. The riptides are too treacherous for swimming.  
  • d. Lifeguards have determined that the conditions are not safe for swimming today.

John is surrounded by stacks of library books.

  • John is surrounded by stacks of library books.
  • Index cards, filled with notes, sit next to his computer.
  • On the computer monitor is a working thesis statement and detailed outline. 42. What can you infer from these details?    
  • a. John has waited until the last minute to write his research paper.  
  • b. John is still in high school and is working on an essay for a college application.  
  • c. John does not like English.  
  • d. John is preparing to write a research paper.

Elias makes his bed and begins putting away the clothes on the floor of his room.

  • Elias makes his bed and begins putting away the clothes on the floor of his room.
  • In the corner of the bedroom is a 16- by 24-inch canvas of an unfinished painting.
  • Tubes of acrylic paint, a palette, and clean brushes line a nearby table.
  • 43. What can you infer from these details?    
  • a. Elias cannot work in the midst of clutter.  
  • b. Elias is an excellent artist who must wait for inspiration before he can begin to work.  
  • c. Elias is cleaning his room before he returns to working on his painting.  
  • d. Elias dreads working on the painting and is postponing the work by doing other chores.

In the Jeep are tightly rolled sleeping bags and a new tent.

  • In the Jeep are tightly rolled sleeping bags and a new tent.
  • A camping stove, a Dutch oven, and an unopened bag of charcoal sit in the driveway next to the car.
  • A box of groceries and a cooler of ice are on the front porch.
  • 44. What can you infer from these details?    
  • a. The family has just returned home from a camping trip.  
  • b. The family is preparing to go on a camping trip.  
  • c. The family is being evacuated because of a hurricane.  
  • d. The family is preparing for a cross-country excursion.

The thermostat always reads below 65 degrees in Chris's home.

  • The thermostat always reads below 65 degrees in Chris's home.
  • Each evening a fire blazes in the fireplace.
  • Frequently, candles of varying sizes flicker in the den and kitchen.
  • 45. What can you infer from these details?    
  • a. The power is out.  
  • b. Chris does not care if the other family members are uncomfortable.  
  • c. Chris prefers cool temperatures and the illumination of candles and a fire.  
  • d. Chris will soon be sick from the cooler temperatures in his home.

The sign reads, "First Time Ever Sale! Omni Game Box Now Half Off!"

  • The sign reads, "First Time Ever Sale! Omni Game Box Now Half Off!"
  • A line of patrons snakes along the aisle by the customer service counter.
  • Each patron has a sales receipt in one hand and an Omni Game Box in the other.
  • 46. What can you infer from these details?    
  • a. Customers who bought the Omni Game Box are displeased with their purchase.  
  • b. Omni Game Box is a poorly made imitation of a good product.  
  • c. Customers want to exchange their Omni Game Boxes for a better product.  
  • d. Customers want to return their Omni Game Boxes.

Dandelions and buttercups dot the field.

  • Dandelions and buttercups dot the field.
  • Sweater-clad families spread the contents of their picnic baskets on blankets.
  • Some children are flying kites in the blustery wind.
  • 47. What can you infer from these details?    
  • a. It is fall, and a hurricane warning has been issued.  
  • b. It is the Fourth of July.  
  • c. The season is spring.  
  • d. It is a Sunday afternoon in the park.

A sprinkler whirrs over a green lawn, which sports a sign saying, "Well water used here."

  • A sprinkler whirrs over a green lawn, which sports a sign saying, "Well water used here."
  • Next door, the grass is sparse, and the shrubs and flowers are brown and wilted.
  • The cars in both driveways are covered with a film of dust.
  • 48. What can you infer from these details?    
  • a. The neighbors with the dying shrubs do not have a well.  
  • b. There is a drought in the area, and watering restrictions are in effect.  
  • c. The neighbor with the wilted flowers does not care about the landscape of the property.  
  • d. The neighbor with the dying lawn and shrubs has not watered the lawn and garden enough.

All public restrooms in the town have the water faucets turned off and have hand sanitizers by the sink instead.

  • All public restrooms in the town have the water faucets turned off and have hand sanitizers by the sink instead.
  • In local public restaurants, food is served on paper plates and menus have handwritten notes, "Water will be served only on request."
  • In local hotels, water fountains, which are turned off, have been replaced by containers of bottled water.
  • 49. What can you infer from these details?    
  • a. The town is on water restrictions.  
  • b. The town's water supply has been contaminated.  
  • c. The local merchants are tying to save money by using less water.  
  • d. The cost of water has increased significantly in the area.

The cottage deck railing is decorated with strings of colorful lights.

  • The cottage deck railing is decorated with strings of colorful lights.
  • Reggae music fills the air, and laughter ripples from the people inside, who are holding full Margarita glasses.
  • The aroma of grilled blackened tuna wafts from the deck.
  • 50. What can you infer from these details?    
  • a. People are gathered for a birthday party.  
  • b. The occasion is a party after a wedding.  
  • c. It is Christmas at the beach.  
  • d. People have gathered to enjoy company, music, and food.

The sky is pewter gray.

  • The sky is pewter gray.
  • The temperature has dropped rapidly and now hovers around 29 degrees.
  • The humidity is 90 percent, and the barometric pressure is falling.
  • 51. What can you infer from these details?    
  • a. It will probably snow soon.  
  • b. The precipitation will begin as rain and taper off in a few hours.  
  • c. The precipitation will begin as snow and then change to rain.  
  • d. A hurricane is approaching.

Rachel has cat figurines on the shelf by her bed.

  • Rachel has cat figurines on the shelf by her bed.
  • She wears a T-shirt that says, "Love me, love my cat."
  • A box of kitty litter sits in the corner of the laundry room.
  • 52. What can you infer from these details?    
  • a. Rachel's cat has run away.  
  • b. Rachel is a cat lover.  
  • c. Rachel is obsessed with cats.  
  • d. Rachel loves cats but is allergic to them.

On the closet door hangs a stunning sea-foam green formal dress with shimmering glass beads and sequins.

  • On the closet door hangs a stunning sea-foam green formal dress with shimmering glass beads and sequins.
  • Stephanie sits in front of the mirror, carefully applying her makeup.
  • Stephanie's hair is in hot curlers, and she is dressed in her bathrobe and fuzzy blue slippers.
  • 53. What can you infer from these details?    
  • a. Stephanie is preparing to go to the prom.  
  • b. Stephanie is preparing to go to a dance.  
  • c. Stephanie is preparing to go out.  
  • d. Stephanie is preparing for bed.

Josh goes to swimming practice every morning from 4:00 to 7:00 a.m.

  • Josh goes to swimming practice every morning from 4:00 to 7:00 a.m.
  • Josh goes to history class from 8:00 to 8:50 a.m. three days a week.
  • Josh has fallen asleep in history class twice this week.
  • 54. What can you infer from these details?    
  • a. History is a difficult course for Josh.  
  • b. The history teacher is a boring lecturer.  
  • c. Josh is sick.  
  • d. Josh needs to get more rest.

The downhill skier travels at a fast clip along the slope while fans cheer on the sidelines.

  • The downhill skier travels at a fast clip along the slope while fans cheer on the sidelines.
  • He glides over the finish line.
  • When he looks at the clock, the skier sighs heavily, shrugs, and then slumps slightly as he moves to the sidelines.
  • 55. What can you infer from these details?    
  • a. The skier has improved his time.  
  • b. The skier has injured himself on the run.  
  • c. The skier has won a medal.  
  • d. The skier is disappointed with his time.


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