State regents exam ~ U. S. History & Govt. ~



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In the late 1800s, the theory of laissez-faire capitalism was used by many industrialists to (1) petition the government for assistance during times of financial crisis (2) oppose colonial expansion in Africa and Asia (3) argue against government regulation of business practices (4) defend limits on the number of immigrants allowed to work in factories

  • In the late 1800s, the theory of laissez-faire capitalism was used by many industrialists to (1) petition the government for assistance during times of financial crisis (2) oppose colonial expansion in Africa and Asia (3) argue against government regulation of business practices (4) defend limits on the number of immigrants allowed to work in factories
  • GILDED AGE … Labor + Unions - Open Shops vs Closed Shops - Tactics + Immigration - wages & hours - Melting Pot - Quotas …. Nativism - Nationalism … role of schools + NATIVISM = WASP (white protestant male) … protect rights of those born in America … anti foreigner … anti communist

Nativism in the late 19th century was motivated primarily by

  • Nativism in the late 19th century was motivated primarily by
  • 1. hostility toward immigrant workers
  • 2. the need to reduce overcrowding in western states
  • 3. cultural conflicts with Native American Indians
  • 4. the migration of African Americans to northern cities

Nativism in the late 19th century was motivated primarily by

  • Nativism in the late 19th century was motivated primarily by
  • 1. hostility toward immigrant workers
  • 2. the need to reduce overcrowding in western states
  • 3. cultural conflicts with Native American Indians
  • 4. the migration of African Americans to northern cities
  • … IMMIGRANTS could take their jobs .. Because they were willing to work for less $$$
  • GILDED AGE … U.S. Government - Sherman Anti-Trust Act …break-up BIG companies - Interstate Commerce Act … regulate RRs - Munn v. Illinois … Congress has power on INTERstate commerce

A main purpose of President Theodore Roosevelt’s trustbusting policies was to

  • A main purpose of President Theodore Roosevelt’s trustbusting policies was to
  • 1. reduce corruption in government
  • 2. save the nation’s banks
  • 3. encourage competition in business
  • 4. end strikes by labor unions

A main purpose of President Theodore Roosevelt’s trustbusting policies was to

  • A main purpose of President Theodore Roosevelt’s trustbusting policies was to
  • 1. reduce corruption in government
  • 2. save the nation’s banks
  • 3. encourage competition in business
  • 4. end strikes by labor unions
  • THE WEST - Appalachian Mountains - Louisiana Purchase - Manifest Destiny - Mexican-American War - Indian Removal Acts - Worcester v. Georgia - “Trail of Tears”

The Indian Wars that occurred between 1860 and 1890 were mainly the result of (1) disputes over the spread of slavery (2) conflict with Mexico over Texas and California (3) the search for gold in California (4) the movement of settlers onto the Great Plains

  • The Indian Wars that occurred between 1860 and 1890 were mainly the result of (1) disputes over the spread of slavery (2) conflict with Mexico over Texas and California (3) the search for gold in California (4) the movement of settlers onto the Great Plains

The Indian Wars that occurred between 1860 and 1890 were mainly the result of (1) disputes over the spread of slavery (2) conflict with Mexico over Texas and California (3) the search for gold in California (4) the movement of settlers onto the Great Plains

  • The Indian Wars that occurred between 1860 and 1890 were mainly the result of (1) disputes over the spread of slavery (2) conflict with Mexico over Texas and California (3) the search for gold in California (4) the movement of settlers onto the Great Plains
  • HOMESTEAD ACT … Railroad building .. The “Iron Horse”
  • THE WEST - Homestead Acts - role of the Railroad - Grange Movement = Farmers Rights - Populism = Farmers & Socialism
  • The Populist movement was most interested in improving conditions for (1) farmers (2) business leaders (3) African Americans (4) Native American Indians
  • The Populist movement was most interested in improving conditions for (1) farmers (2) business leaders (3) African Americans (4) Native American Indians
  • PROGRESSIVE ERA - Social Reformers - Susan B. Anthony - Dorothea Dix - Ida Tarbell - Upton Sinclair - Muckrakers - investigate: social, economic & political “wrongs” - Teddy Roosevelt & “Square Deal” - stewardship - anti-Monopoly … fair labor

In the early 20th century, muckrakers were able to influence American society mainly through their

  • In the early 20th century, muckrakers were able to influence American society mainly through their
  • 1. frequent acts of civil disobedience
  • 2. activities as government officials
  • 3. publication of articles and books
  • 4. control over factories

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