The dinner is not ready for a while; I think we should just sit here by the fire.
I usually read when I go to bed. I can get sleepy after some minutes.
Write sentences using “as soon as” or “once’ based on the following situations! The car engine stopped. Then the car exploded loudly. (once)
The man went out of the house. Immediately, the house was on fire. (as soon as)
The baby’s loud cry could be heard from here. A second before that, the mother cried loudly in the room. (as soon as)
The commander said, “Fire!!” Immediately, the soldiers destroyed the military camps of US army in the China. (once)
Lola got to the museum. The exhibition had ended. (by the time)
Complete the sentences using would, could, should, or might ! When I was a kid, I . . . always go to the beach not far from my house.
Rosa can’t find Vita in the classroom at the second break. She . . . be in the library.
Drivers . . . pay attention to the speed limit.
My father . . . run ten miles in his twenties.
When Hilda was a student, she . . . always do her homework well.
People with high cholesterol level . . . eat low fat foods.
I . . . rather study Math than play chess.
. . . you accompany me to go to the mall?
You . . . spend your vacation in Puncak.
Every time Vita visited me, she . . . bring me a lot of apples and pears.
Combine the following ideas by using therefore, consequently and hence.
Make a good punctuation. There are only few jobs provided in the rural areas. Many young citizens go to the big cities. (therefore – use a period)
The exam will come soon. You should study more intensively. (consequently – use a semicolon)
They don’t go to school. They don’t have enough money to pay for the school fee and the expensive books. (hence – use a period)
The government should build a new market place for the traders. The old market cannot accomodate the big number of traders there. (therefore – use a semicolon)
Their houses are flooded with mud produced from the Lapindo drilling sources. The citizens have become frustrated. (consequently – use a period)
This part is really important to help students produce the text. You will practice creating simple sentences related to the sentence patterns used in the generic structure components of a hortatory exposition: thesis, arguments, recommendation. Decide the title of the text first.
Thesis:Try to state your main idea ( a sentence) which contains your issue. Note: Your thesis is your position or point of view.
Thesis is the author’s point of view (stated in the introduction) toward the problem.
Introduction also covers the preview of arguments which will be given.
See the examples of thesis of hortatory exposition (in the previous activities). Write one or two first sentence of thesis for your sample in the given space. Then, write the parts of speech under the words / phrases to help you understand the structure.
b. Analyze in detail the structure of the sample sentence. What tense is used?
Are there any verbs and to be? Is there any negative sentence?
c. Practice writing your first sentence of thesis (maybe the teacher gives the Indonesian and you translate it into English before you create your own ideas).
Arguments:State your reason for concern and explain what you mean.
Your arguments will lead to a recommendation. Note: A series of arguments to convince the audience:
Use generalizations or good reasons to support the argument.
Use evidence to prove the generalization or support the reasons (research report,
Show the cause and effect relationship (using because, so, consequently, cause, since,
See the examples of two sentences of arguments in hortatory exposition (in the previous activities). Then, write the parts of speech under the words / phrases to help you understand the structure.
b. Analyze in detail the structure of the sample sentence: the tense, parts of speech,
c. Practice writing your own sentences of arguments (maybe the teacher gives the Indonesian and you translate it into English before you create your own ideas). Write two or three sentences to state your arguments.
Recommendation: State what should or should not happen or be done based on your
a. See the examples of recommendation of a hortatory exposition. Write two sentences. Then, write the parts of speech.
b. Analyze in detail the structure of the sample sentences. What tenses are used? Are
there any verbs or to be? Is there any negative sentence? How is it made?
c. Practice writing your own sentences of recommendation (maybe the teacher gives the Indonesian and you translate it into English before you create your own ideas).
You will have to produce the type of the text individually. Work independently to produce written text. In this stage, you will practice writing individually. Each of you should have been capable of producing a hortatory exposition text in written language. The teacher will assess your achievement here.
Scoring Rule School Name : SMA N 7 PURWOREJO Class /semester : XI / 2
Subject : English Year : 2011/2012
Type of Test : written
The students are asked to change the verbs in brackets into their appropriate forms (tenses).
The students are asked to combine the sentences using “until”.
The students are asked to write sentences using “as soon as” or “once’ based on the following situations.
The students are asked to complete the sentences using would, could, should, or might .
The students are asked to combine theideas by using therefore, consequently and hence.
The students are asked to produce the text in the form of hortatory exposition text.
Marks = score gotten X 2
SOURCE / MATERIAL / TEACHING AID
- The bridge English Competence 2 English for SMA grade XI – Yudhistira