Content of lessons: (please provide the subject of individual lessons, keeping in mind the need to contribute to the intended educational results)
The lectures are correlated with practical classes and apart from the information about the body structure provide the basic functional and clinical aspect of teaching deals.
The first semester: The introduction to the anatomical terminology. The structure of the bones and their joints. The axial skeleton – the structure, joints and mechanics. The skeleton of the upper limb – the structure, joints and mechanics. The pelvis as a delivery canal. The bones of the neurocranium and the facial skeleton. The joints of the skull and their changeability with the age. The division of the body on regions. The muscles, vessels and nerves of the head. The viscerocranium. The muscles, vessels, nerves and viscera of the neck. The structure of the axilla. The structure of the thoracic wall. The muscles, vessels and nerves of the upper limb. The muscles, vessels and nerves of the back. The muscles, vessels and nerves of the lower limb.
The second semester : The thoracic cavity – division, location and structure of the viscera. The nerves and vessels of the thoracic wall. The diaphragm. The structure of the abdominal wall. The inguinal canal. The abdominal cavity – location of the viscera; the peritoneum. The structure of the abdominal viscera. The nerves and vessels of the abdominal cavity. The retroperitoneal space. The structure of the genito-urinary system. The structure of the pelvis wall. The nerves and vessels of the pelvis. The viscera of the true pelvis. The neuroanatomy: The development of the nervous system. The meninges, meningeal spaces and subarachnoid cisterns. The circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid. The cranial nerves. The blood supply of the central nervous system. The external structure of the brain. The olfactory system. The limbic system. The internal structure of the brain. The spinal cord – external and internal structure. The tracts of the central nervous system. The pyramidal and the extrapyramidal motor system. The reticular formation. The eye and related structures. The auditory and vestibular apparatus. The autonomic nervous system.
Are performed in dissecting room with using the following methods: presenting of previously dissected material, dissection if possible, plastic models and computer teaching.
Subjects of practical classes are the following:
In the first semester: osteology, arthrology and the regional anatomy of the head, neck, back, upper and lower limbs.
In the second semester: neuroanatomy and regional anatomy of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis.
Primary and secondary literature
Richard Drake; Gray’s Anatomy for Students; 2005 Churchill Livingstone; ISBN 0443066124