Standar Kompetensi



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What is a kangaroo?

A kangaroo is an animal found only in Australia, although it has a smaller relative, called a wallaby, which lives on the Australian island of Tasmania and also in New Guinea.

Kangaroos eat grass and plants. They have short front legs, but very long, and very strong back legs and a tail. These they use for sitting up on and for jumping. Kangaroos have been known to make forward jumps of over eight metres, and leap across fences more than three metres high. They can also run at speeds of over 45 kilometres per hour.

The largest kangaroos are the Great Grey Kangaroo and the Red Kangaroo. Adults grow to a length of 1.60 metres and weigh over 90 kilos.

Kangaroos are marsupials. This means that the female kangaroo has an external pouch on the front of her body. A baby kangaroo is very tiny when it is born, and it crawls at once into this pouch where it spends its first five months of life.

Text Source: Peter Haddock Ltd., Ref.083


    1. ………………….

    2. ………………….

    3. ………………….

    4. ………………….

    5. ………………….

    6. ………………….



B. Modelling of Text

B.1. Report Text

Text 1


Activity 9

Read the text carefully then answer the questions








No.

Title

Tigers

1.

General Classification

Tigers vary in size and appearance. The Siberian tiger weighs up to 650 pounds (295 kilograms) and may be 13 feet (4 meters) from its nose to the tip of its tail. It is the largest of all cats. Indian, or Bengal, tigers may weigh from about 300 to 550 pounds (about 135 to 250 kilograms) and are about the size of a lion. Tigers in Malaysia and Indonesia are smaller.

2.

Detailed Description







Parts

The background of the tiger’s coat is usually a bright reddish orange or a pale yellow-brown. The stripes that mark the body and limbs are usually back.

The appearance of the tiger depends to a great extent on where the animal lives. Tigers that live in cold regions are pale in color and large in size. Their fur is long and thick. In warmer climates tigers are smaller and more colorful. They have shorter, thinner fur.



Like all cats, tigers have sharp claws and teeth, and they can move quickly and quietly. Springing with ease, tigers may cover 15 feet (4,5 meters) in one leap. They rarely climb trees but are very good swimmers.




Quantities

Young tigers, or cubs, are born from 100 to 112 days after the parent have mated. There may be from one to six young in a litter, but the usual number is two or three. Cubs weigh a couple of pounds when they are born. The tiny cubs open their eyes about 10 to 16 days after birth. At the age of 6 or 8 weeks, the young begin to go on hunting trips with their mother. They usually stay with the mother for at least a year. At the end of this time they can hunt for themselves. By the time ready to raise their own families.




Habits or behaviour

(For living-things)



Tigers usually stalk their prey alone and a night. To make a kill, the tigers leaps on the animal, biting its neck. It then takes the slain prey to some hidden spot. If it is a large animal, the tiger may feed on it for several days. During this time the tiger does not kill again. Tigers eat deer pigs, cattle, goats, and some smaller animals.




  1. How many kinds of tigers do you know ?

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  1. From the several kinds of tigers which one is the biggest ?

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  1. Mention the characteristics of tiger live in cold regions !

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  1. How many meters in one leap that tiger can reach !

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  1. How long does tiger pregnant its babies ?

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  1. When is tiger able to raise their on families ?

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  1. Their striped bodies blend well with the underbrush through which they move.

What does the underlined word mean ?

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  1. In zoos tigers may live to be 20 years old. Why they seldom survive larger in the wild ?

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  1. It then takes the slain prey to some children spot. The word “it “ refers to …

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  1. Where does tiger prefers to live ?

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Text 2


Activity 10

Read the text carefully then answer the questions








Text Organization

General Classification



Pandas are extremely rare, bearlike animals that inhabit the snowy regions of central China.

Language Features.

1. Technical term



  • bear like animals

Description

  • Parts

  • Qualities

  • Habit/behaviours

There are two kinds of pandas – the giant panda and the red panda, also called the lesser panda. The giant panda, with its distinctive black and white markings, is the more familiar of the two. Giant pandas and red pandas belong to their own separate animal family, the Ailuropodidea. Their closest living relativites are the bears.

Most Giant pandas start life at the surprisingly small weight of 4 ounces (104 grams), about the size of a stick of butter. This tiny infant grows into an adult weighing between 180 and 270 pounds (80 and 120 kilograms). Adult giant pandas have coarse black and white fur, small black ears, and large black eye patches that give them their unique appeal.

Description.

1. “Timeless” present tense



  • belong to

2. Relational(linking verbs)

  • are

3. General Participants

  • bears

4. Quantifiers



  • most

  1. Action verb

  • start

Answer the questions

1. The type of the text above is called ?

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2. The generic structure of the text consist of two main parts. Mention!

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  1. What is the function of the text above?

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4. What the text tells us about?

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5. What tense is mostly used in the text?

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6. What is the focus participant of the text?

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B.2. Short Functional Text

Activity 11

Read the postcards below.

Nadia has a pen pal. Her name is Aisyah. Two days ago, she sent Aisyah a postcard, telling about whales that she observed at Sea World Jakarta where she studies at.







stamp





Ais, I’ll tell you about whales. I observed it at Sea world.
Whales are sea-living mammals.

They therefore breathe air but cannot survive on land. Some species are very large indeed and the blue whale, which can exceed 30m in length, is the largest animal to have lived on earth. Superficially, the whale looks rather like a fish, but there are important differences in its external structure: its tail consists of a pair of broad, flat, horizontal paddles (the tail of a fish is vertical) and it has a single nostril on top of its large, broad head. The skin is smooth and shiny and beneath it lies a layer of fat (blubber). This is up to 30cm in thickness and serves to converse heat and body fluids.



Responding to Nadia’s postcard, Aisyah writes the following card



Dear Nadia,


I’m very glad to receive your marvelous postcard.

What a nice animal it is!. It makes me jealous to you

That you can study well-programmed at your school.

I wish I could go there someday. Sea world is one of

My favourite place to visit. When the time comes,

Don’t forget to accompany me there

Give my best regards to your family.

Nadia Hutabarat

Jl. Buncit Raya 32

Love, Palmerah Jaksel

Ais

Stamp

Questions:

1. What is the function of a post card?

_____________________________________________________________________


  1. Where can you buy a post card

______________________________________________________________________

  1. How will you send your post card?

______________________________________________________________________

  1. What must you put on the post card so that the post office will send it to the addressee?

______________________________________________________________________
C. JOINT CONSTRUCTION OF TEXT

Activity 12

Group in two. Complete the report text by filling the blank with the words from the box.



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