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Presentation of Certificates to the participants by Prof. R. Limbadri, Registrar, Telangana University and Prof. C. Beena, Honorary Director, ICSSR-SRC, Hyderabad in Valedictory Cession held in Telangana University on 14-12-2013 at 5.00 pm


  1. Six day Workshop on Research Methodology Course in Social Sciences from 6th – 11th January, 2014 held at Dept. of Applied Psychology, Pondicherry University, Puducherry in collaboration with ICSSR, Southern Regional Centre, Hyderabad.


Contents
Acknowledgements
1. Introduction
2. Aim of the Workshop
3. Method
4. Brief Summary about theInaugural Function
5. Day-wise Summary of the Sessions
6. Brief Summary of the Valedictory Function
7. Evaluation of Lecture of the Resource Persons by the Participants
8. Overall Evaluation of the Workshop by the Participants
9. Recommendations for Improvement and Effective Implementation of Future Research Methodology Workshopfor the Ph.D. Scholars
Acknowledgements
At the outset, I would like to extend my gratitude to Prof. C.Beena, Hony. Director of the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR), Southern Region, Hyderabad for giving fund for organizing such an important Six Day Workshop on Research Methodology for the SC/ST PhD. Scholars of Southern Region successfully. The workshop was highly successful in achieving its broad aim as highlighted in the final evaluation of the workshop by the participants after the workshop.
I extend my gratitude to Prof. R.Prabhakara Raya, Dean, School of Management Studies, Pondicherry University for attending the Inaugural Function of the workshop on Jan.6, 2014 despite his busy schedule and delivering an inspiring speech as Chief Guest of the Workshop. Mr. R.Thangal, Asst. Professor, Department of Applied Psychology, Pondicherry University another dignitary of the Inaugural Function motivated the scholars by his positive speech. I highly appreciate his positive speech.
I am also grateful to Mr. Raajiv Yaduvanshi, Registrar of Pondicherry University, Prof. C.Beena, Hony. Director of ICSSR, Southern Region, Hyderabad, Prof. N.K.Jha, Dean, School of Social Science and International Studies, Pondicherry University and Dr. S. k. Sia, Associate Professor, Dept of Applied Psychology, Pondicherry University for attending the Valedictory Function and delivering motivating brief speech highlighting the importance of this type of workshop and relevance of social research.
Success of any such program depends upon the resource persons. Careful selection of the experienced resource persons from various social science disciplines from Pondicherry University and other universities of southern region and their effective styles of teaching benefitted all the participants. I am highly grateful to all the resource persons for taking the sessions with full interest, seriousness and enthusiasm.
Active participation of the Ph.D., scholars in the workshop is worth praising. In fact, active participation of the participants created a very good academic environment and all the resource persons clarified all the queries of the participants satisfactorily.
Volunteers of the workshop viz., Aneesh Kumar, Anjali Gireesan, T.S. Saranay, Shinto Thomas and Parveen Banu facilitated the workshop efficiently and addressed all the issues of the participants with smiling face. I thank all of them for their responsible roles in the workshop. Finally, I acknowledge the full support of the university administration, accounts department, Electric Wing, Electronic and Media Department and cooperation of all the staff of the Convention-cum-cultural Centre, Pondicherry University for implementing the workshop effectively.
Prof. Sibnath Deb, Ph.D., D.Sc.

Co-Director of the Workshop &

Head, Dept of Applied Psychology, Pondicherry University

R.V.Nagar, Kalapet, Puducherry-605014; M.08489797876


1. Introduction

Evidence generated by social science research is getting more attention day by day from the policy makers since field based evidence is required for understanding complex issues related to various social, cultural and health related aspects and for taking appropriate measures. In other words, it might be stated that behavioral and social sciences contribute substantially to health research, primarily in psychosocial vulnerability related issues, prevention of undesirable behavior, and psycho-biological response to treatment. Social science research methods can generally vary along a quantitative and qualitative dimension. Now there is a growing tendency among the researchers to combine both quantitative and qualitative methods in the social science research.


The behavioral and social sciences are as complex and variable as the natural sciences; not only do many factors affect individual and social behavior, but also these factors combine and interact in complicated ways. Partly because of the overall complexity of these sciences and partly for historical and cultural reasons, research support and research training in the behavioral and social sciences has lagged well behind those in other sciences. Therefore, there is a necessity to organize short-terms and long-term workshop on research methods for the fresh researchers to orient them with the methodology so that they can carry out need-based research following appropriate methods.
In social science research a researcher should be sensitive and should have special interest in understanding the issues in-depth and then only one can do a meaningful research. Perseverance is another quality which a researcher should have. In addition, a social and behavioral science researcher should have the following qualities viz.


  • Should be well-versed in the research techniques

  • Technical know-how to use appropriate study tools for investigation of an issue

  • Involvement and dedication to devote enough time to research

  • Open mind with keen observation and precision

  • Biases and prejudices should be minimum

  • Should have the capacity to get deeper into the problem

  • Should have a critical outlook, and

  • Good communication skills in terms of both reading and writing

Given the background as mentioned above, the workshop intended to sensitize the fresh researchers to develop the above skills to become a good social science researcher.


2. Aim of the Workshop: The broad aim of the research methodology workshop was to impart knowledge and skills about every steps of research including searching for reliable secondary data through search engines, analysis of data using IBM SPSS and hand-on training on SPSS so that SC/ST research scholars feel comfortable and confident to carry out their research work successfully.
3. Method: Mixed method was followed in the workshop for dissemination of knowledge and skills among the researchers i.e., lecture followed by interaction and hands on training on IBM SPSS.
3.1 Participants: A group of 31 participants attended the workshop (Male: 24; Female: 7) from four universities and came from 10 disciplines viz.


  • Psychology

  • Sociology

  • Social work

  • Anthropology

  • Management,

  • Physical Education

  • Performing Arts

  • Economics

  • Social Inclusion

  • Hindi


3.2 Resource Persons: The resource persons who delivered lectures in the workshop came from the following disciplines:

  • Psychology

  • Sociology

  • Social Work

  • Anthropology

  • Education

  • Statistics, and

  • Management Studies


3.3 Issues Covered in the Workshop


  • Nature of Scientific Methods and its Application to Social Phenomenon & Nature, Importance and Scope of Research

  • Types of Research: Historical, Analytical, Interdisciplinary, Evaluative, Participative and Action Research

  • Steps in the Process of Research-Problem Selection, Formulation and Planning: How to write a Research Proposal

  • Types of Research Design: Exploratory, Diagnostic, Descriptive

  • Types of Research Design: Experimental; Control Group & Experimental Group; Ex-Post Facto Research Design

  • Concepts in Research: Variables, Attributes, Hypotheses: Concept & Types of Hypotheses, Formulation of Hypothesis, Testing of Hypothesis

  • Universe, Nature & Types of Sampling: Probability Sampling: Non-Probability Sampling

  • Field Study

  • Rating Scales: Osgood, Bogardus, Rating Scales: Thurston; Likert; Guttman

  • Descriptive Statistics: Measurement of Central Tendency, Dispersion, Skewness, Kurtosis, Regression and Correlation and Measurement

  • Statistical Inference: Point and Interval Estimates, Parametric and Non Parametric Test( Chi-Square, Test of Differences, Significance and Freedom) Analysis of Variance and Co-Variance: One way and Two way Classification

  • References writing (Style Sheet) in APA Format, Plagiarism, & Gathering Secondary and Reliable Information/Data through Search Engines.

  • Tool of Data Collection: Primary & Secondary-Questionnaire, Types and Formats; Schedule, Interview

  • Ethnographical Perspective, Phenomenological Perspective, Ethno-Methodological Perspective

  • Observation, Case Study Method, Content Analysis

  • SPSS: Theoretical and Hands on Training

  • Writing Abstract, Thesis and Academic Research Paper


4. Brief Summary about Inaugural Function

The first day of the six day intensive workshop on Research Methodology Course in Social Sciences for SC/ST Ph. D Scholars, sponsored by the Indian Council of Social Sciences, Southern Region, Hyderabad and organized by the Department of Applied Psychology, Pondicherry University commenced with an inaugural session presided over by Prof. R. Prabhakara Raya, Dean, School of Management Studies, Pondicherry University, Prof. Sibnath Deb, Workshop Co-Director and Head, Department of Applied Psychology, Pondicherry University and Mr. Rejoyson Thangal, Assistant professor, Department of Applied Psychology, Pondicherry University. The participants included SC/ST Ph.D. scholars from Pondicherry University and other neighboring universities in the southern region. Prof Sibnath Deb welcomed all the participants to the program and highlighted the major objectives of the workshop. He urged the participants to involve themselves in the workshop with a zeal and spirit of curious researcher clarifying their doubts in the process. Prof. R.Prabhakara Raya, in his inaugural address, emphasized on the focus and needs of present day social science research and how one can become a good researcher thus stressing on the relevance of the workshop in initiating the essential to fulfill the above mentioned concepts. He mentioned about the significance about formulation of research problem, employing novel methods for data collection, nuances about the process of data collection as well as learning from this process. He encouraged all participants to learn and realize their potential. Mr. Rejoyson Thangal felicitated the session by sharing his views on how scholars from SC/ST communities are lacking in self-confidence and how this can be overcome by putting in hard work and possible effort to become more knowledgeable and satisfied in themselves. He expressed that the workshop may be used as the opportunity to make their research a fruitful experience. The session ended with a vote of thanks by Mr. Aneesh Kumar, PhD. Scholar of the Department of Applied Psychology, Pondicherry University.



5. Day-wise Summary of the Technical Sessions

Day 1 (Monday, Jan.6, 2014)

The first lecture was delivered by Prof. D. Jamuna, Centre of Research on Aging, Department Of Psychology, Sri Venkateshwara University, Tirupati on the nature of scientific methods and its application in social phenomenon. She emphasized on the steps involved in scientific method, attitude of a scientific method, and the qualities that a researcher should have to make the process scientific like objectivity and accuracy. She also talked about the limitations of scientific methods in their inability to explain certain phenomenon. The session was interactive and invited question about the ethical issued involved in modifying hypothesis according to the results of a research as well as the difference between replicability and redundancy of data in scientific method. The second lecture was delivered by Prof. Sibnath Deb on how to select a research problem and how to write a research proposal. The criteria for selecting a good research problem like novelty, relevance and availability of associated resources were discussed in detail as well as the mistakes committed in selecting the problem like being emotional and ambiguous were also focused upon. Different steps involved in writing research proposal were also discussed and the steps that need to be especially taken care of to make the proposal more appealing were discussed.


The afternoon session commenced with a lecture by Prof. D. Jamuna on different types of research methods. She explained the different types of research methods employed in different fields of study like philosophy, medical sciences, Law and legislation, Economics and other social sciences. The nature, characteristics, steps involved, advantages and disadvantages of these research methods were discussed and enthusiastically interacted upon during the session. The last lecture of the day was given by Prof. B.B. Mohanty, Dept. of Sociology, Pondicherry University, on research designs employed. Four research designs were discussed- Exploratory, Descriptive, Diagnostic and Experimental. The employability and application of designs were discussed and relevance of the same was explained in the context of research methods and statistical techniques employed to collect and understand the data. An effort was made to make the session interactive and interesting and queries were encouraged and satisfied.

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